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nada. I have received a communication perfections. It secured such means of enfrom Valladolid, mentioning that Marshal joyment as the deplorable situation of Bessieres had gone to France, and that things permitted, but none suited to the General Dorsenne had now the command more favourable condition of affairs, which of the North of Spain.
by the grace of the Chief Magistrate, and Extract of an official Dispatch from Lord his sublime and brilliant talents, are apWellington, to Don Miguel Pereira For- proaching to order, prosperity, and happi
ness. — That in the flourishing state of jas, dated head-quarters, Fuente Guinaldo, August 14.
agriculture, commerce, and navigation, re
establishing morals, religion, and advancThe enemy has made no alteration in ing to the highest discipline the public regard to the respective positions which force, such a prospect of security and pertheir different corps occupied, since my manence is afforded which justifies the eslast dispatch of the 8th insi.; the army of tablishment of a firm and stable GovernPortugal was in the same positions in the ment to insure that prosperity.— The said yalley of the Tagus, and near Placentia, Council judging for such reasons, that it is ou the 12th inst. The army of the north, necessary to invest the Supreme Authority and the fifth corps, remained as they were with all that constitutes the grandeur, on the 121h inst. - It appears very certain dignity and power of Majesty, has se. that Soult has marched in the direction of solved : Granada, wilh a large corps of troops.
1. That the establishment of an heredi. WELLINGTON. tary Throne is the best expedient for ful
filling this purpose.—2. That the throne PORTUGAL. The War.
shall descend in the male line, to the con
A Dispatch, of which the following is an extract, was
staat exciusion of females, and that the yesterday received at the Office of the Earl urious family, unceasingly elevated to glory
Sovereign shall be selected from that illusof Liverpool, addressed to his Lordship by and to the good of the country, and that General Lord Viscount Wellington, dated
the Chief of that family shall be the perFuente Guinaldo, cugust 31, 1811.
son on whom the Sovereignty shall deThe enemy have made no movement of volve, as a mark of national gratitude, as any importance since I addressed your on him the political existence of the counjordship on the 14th. On that evening a try has depended.--The nation, by us, the detachment of about 1,200 infantry and organs of its will, thus confers this high cavalry, arrived at Gafa, which is on the distinction upon that Prince who has mainSouth side of the mountains which sepa- tained its glory, and to whom its liberty, rate Castile from Estremadura; and on the its independence, and its happiness may following moining they surprised a small be safely confided. ---It being proper to picquet in St. Martin de Trebejo, under create great public Authorities from Lieutenant Wood, of the 11th Light Dra- among the Officers who have devoted goons, whom they made prisoner with ten themselves to the honour and prosperity of men, and went off that evening 10 Mora- the State, as well for the splendour of the Jegoo, and on the next morning to Monte throne as for the reward of their distin. Hermosso.
guished services, the following law is
sanctioned by the said Council. HAYTI.(St. Domingo.). New Constitu TITLE I.-- Of the Supreme Authority. tion, 1811.
1. The President Henry Christophe, is An Extraordinary Council being con. declared to be King of Hayti, uoder the vened to determine on the changes the name of Henry. This distinction, its preState ought to undergo, the said Council rogatives, and immunities, shall be herediconsider that the Constitution of the 17th tary in his fainily, in the line of the male February, in the year 4 (1807), which and legitimate descendants, according to was made without social compact, and seniority, and to the exclusion of females. during the storms of civil war, is not-2. All the Royal Acts shall be done in the adapted to the present condition of the name of the King, and published and proIsland, on the following grounds :—That mulgated under the Royal Signet.-5. In the Constitution mentioned, although defect of male children, the heirship shall suited to the tempestuous circumstances of pass to the nearest relation of the King, or the country, had ntany acknowledged im to the highest rauk.--4. Notwithstanding
this law, the King may adopt the children | the Prince the deceased King shall have of any Prince of his kingdom, whom he appointed to this duty. Neither the Remay think fit to appoint his heirs.-5. If the gent or bis children are to have the guar. King should have male children subsequent dianship of the young King, to such adoption, his own offspring will bave the prior right.-6. On the decease
TITLE 1V.–Of the Grand and Prity Councils. of the Sovereign, until the accession of the
21. The Grand Council is composed of heir, the affairs of the kingdom shall be the Princes of the Blood, and of the governed by the Ministers and the Royal Princes, Dukes, and Earls to be chosen by Council, who, being formed into a General his Majesty, who shall himself determine Council, shall decide by a majority of the number.-22. The President of the voles, the Secretary of State registering Council is the king himself, and in his the decisions.
absence, such noble person as he shalt - Of the Royal Family.
name.—23. The Privy Council is to be
chosen by the King from the Grand Dis7. The Consort of the King is declared
nitaries of the State. Queen of Hayri.-8. The Members of the
TITLE V.--Of the Grand Oficers of the Royal Family are to receive the titles of
Kingdom. Princes and Princesses, and are to be addressed Most Serene Highnesses. The
24. The Great Ollicers of the kingdom presumptive hei: is to be called Prince are the Grand Marshals of Hayti, and are Royal.-9. Those Princes are Members of chosen from among the persons holding the Council of State as soon as they come
the rank of Generals, 'according to their of age.--10. Neither the Princes or Priu merit.--25. Their number is to be ascesses shall marry without the King's per
signed by the King bimself.--26. The mission.-U. The King himself is to ap
places of the Great Officers are to be held point the Officers of his Palace, in a way
during life.—27. Unless they shall be soited to the dignity of his crown.—-12.
removed by a Royal Order, or from inca. There shall be established under the same pacity, and in such cases they shall preauthority, Palaces and Castles in such si serve their title, their rank, and the half tuations of the Kingdom as his Majesty
of their revenue. shall point out.
TITLE VI.-- (f the Ministers of State. TITLE 11.--Of the Regency.
28. The King shall nominate four Mi13. The King is a minor until he be 15 nisters of State, the Minister of War and years of age. During his minority a Re of the Marine, the Minister of the Fir' gent shall be nominaied.-14., The Re. nances and of the Home Department, the gent shall be 25 years of age at least, and
Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister shall either be chosen from the nearest
of Justice.-29. The Ministers are Memrelation of the King, to the exclusion of bers of the Council, and have votes.-30. females, and in defect of such relations,
The Ministers rendering account of their: from the Grand Dignitaries of the kings services in person to his Majesty, and redom.-15. Should ihe King not have ap
ceive his commands. pointed a Regent, the Grand Council shall
Title VII.-Of Oaths. select a person according to the preceding
31. On the King's coming of age, he is law.-16. Until the King become of age,
to make oath on the Evangelist in the the Regent shall be invested with all the presence of the great Authorities of the attributes of Royalty.-17. But the Re- Kingdom.-32. The Regent is to do the gent is not to conclude treaties of peace,
same on assuming his functions.--33. The alliance, or commerce, or to make decla.
great Officers, the Ministers, and the Se. ration of war, until he shall have taken
cretary of State, are to deliver their oath the advice of the Grand Council, the ma
of fidelity into the hands of the King. jority of the votes of which on such subjects he is to carry into effect.-18. The TITLE VIII. --Of the Promulgation of the Regent is not empowered to nominate to
Laws. the Grand Dignities of the kingdom, nor 34. The promulgation of all the Acts to the rank of Generals and Admirals.- of the Kingdom is as follows:-" By the 19. All the acts of the Regent are to be in Grace of God and the Constitutional Lair the name of the young King.–20. The of the State, we King of Hayti do declare, guardianship of the King is entrusted to grceting."--These public Acts are to cophis mother, and if he have no mother, to clude as follows:- We command and
order that these Presents under our Seal prisoners. My light cavalry, afier the be directed to all Courts, Tribunals, and action, pursued the enemy beyond PaAuthorities, that they may be transcribed lairos, where he took up a position at the in their Registers, that they themselves, same time that General Dumoustier enand all others in the Kingdom, may ob- tered Baneza, Roguet, Cebrones, and Bone seeve and obey the same. The Minister net established bimself in front of Orbigo. of Justice is to promulgate this law."-|I arrived at Baneza, where I learned that 35. The Decrees of Courts of Justice are General Abadia intended to collect his in the following form :-“ By the Grace army under Astorga, and wait for me. I of God, and the Constitutional Law of the gave orders in consequence to all my State, do declare greeting. (Then follows troops to proceed thither.-On the 26th, the Decree.) We command and order all my advauced guard arrived there at seven Officers to put in execution the said judg- a. m. and the divisions of the army at eight. ment, to all our Law Agents to sign their The enemy, after having evacuated the name to it, and to all Military Com. place in the night, continued his retreat, manders to employ their force, if re-taking the road of Galicia. I then ordered quired, to secure obedience to the same. General Bonnet to pursue him with two In witness whereof," &c.
brigades of infantry and 600 horse beyond [To be signed by the President and Villafranca, keeping the two roads that Chief Secretary.)
lead from Astorga to that town. Roguet The above Constitutional Law of the took up a position in front of Astorga, Realm is dated from Cape Henry, in the and during Bonnet's march pushed for8th year of Independence, 1811, and is ward strong parties to watch the designed by all the Public Authorities com bouchés of Asturias.-Dumoustier had orposing the Council of State.
ders to be ready to act as occasion re
quired.-General Bonnet established bimFRENCH ARMY IN Spain.
self the same day in front of Ravanal. ARMY OF THE NORTH.
On the 27th, he came up with the enemy, Report of the Count D’Orsenne, General-in. 5,000 strong, on the heights of. Reigo de
Chief of the Army of the North, to the Ambroso, and in spite of a heavy firing Prince of Neufchatel and Wagram.— the bayonet. General Abadia, who be
carried this strong position at the point of Camp of Astorga, Aug. 28. (Concluded from page 416.)
held the defcat of his troops, retired bas
lily by the mountains of Orensee. On Bonnet's, Dumoustier's, and Roguet's di- the 28th, early in the morning, we entered visions received orders to pass the Elsa on Villafranca. We found there, and at the 25th, at four in the morning, and to Ponferrada, 2,500 muskets, 400 uniforms, proceed, the first by the Leon road to 15,000 pounds of rice, and 120,000 cartAstorga on Puente d’Orbigo--the second ridges—The enemy lost 300 killed and from Valencia de Don Juan on Baneza wounded, and 200 prisoners. We had no -the 3d by Benavente to the same
one killed -General Corsen, Col. Bartel, point, and the reserve, at the head of which and two chasseurs were wounded. All I was, marched from Valderas, to proceed the reports confirm the entire dispersion of to Cebrones, passing by Villaquesjida. the army of Galicia, and the impossibility -The different movements were executed with much unity. General Abadia, who time, which fulfils completely the object
of its resuming the offensive for a long had been informed but a few hours before, I had in view. I am, &c. had only time to evacuate his position, re
Count D'ORSENNE. tiring upon Astorga. Disturbed by the unexpected march of our troops, be re
To the Prince of Neufchatel and Wagram. treated with the greatest precipitation.
Cump of Astorga, Aug. 30. His advanced guard, which was on the The information I receive from all height of St. Martin, shewed a determina. parts, confirms more and more the total tion to defend itself. I ordered the Horse dissolution and dispersion in the mountains Chasseurs, and light Chasseurs of the of the different corps of this army. The Guard to drive them away. Some squa- greatest privations oblige the soldiers to redrons of Galician Hussars maintained turn home-hence these asseniblages which themselves obstinately, but they were for a moment threatened the tranquillity of charged by our brave men, who killed or this province, are dispersed like a cloud. wounded some sixty, and made several
ARMY OF PORTUGAL.
But no law has yet been laid down
either with regard to Frenchmen natural« Five divisions of the English army ised in foreign countries, with or without have passed the Tagus, and directed their our authority, or with regard to such as march to the Coa; two divisions remain on may have already entered), or choose to the left bank of the Tagus. This move-enter. in future, into the service of a foment, at this season, is very fatal to the reign Power. English. It increases diseases which
And as it is not our wish to confound have fatigued them much for some time. those of our subjects who are induced from The heat, wbich is very great this year, legitimate motives to naturalise themselves is more prejudicial to the English, who abroad, with those whose conduct will asare little used to it, than any other nation! sume the character of felony, we have Our army is in good cantonments, and resolved, by these presents, to complete is recovering from its fatigues. It has and make known this important branch of rereived a great quantity of horses to re- legislation, mount its artillery entirely.
For these reasons, on the report of our FOURTH GOVERNMENT,
Grand Judge, Minister of Justice, and our
Council of State, being heard, General Rognet, Commandant at St. We have decreed and ordered, and do Andero, suffered bimself to be surprised decree and order, as follows: on the 14th August. An hour before daybreak, a column of soo insurgents march- Title I.–Of Frenchmen naturalised abroad ed upon the city, after having travelled all
with our permission. nighi, carefully avoiding the different
Art 1. No Frenchman can be naturala posts of the provinces ; it thus arrived at ised abroad, without our authority. The skirts of the town, whilst a second co 2. Our permission shall be granted by lumn of 1,800 men proceeded against the letters-patent, drawn up by our Grand important post of Torre Lovega. The Judge, signed with our hand, countersigned guard before the Hospital of St. Andero by our Secretary of State, inspected by our was the first attacked, and tought with Cousin the Prince Arch-Chancellor, incourage; the day having dawned, the serted in the Bulletin of Laws, and reenemy was attacked in his turn, beat, and gistered in the Imperial Court of the last pursued; upwards of 300 men remained place of domicile of the person to whom on the field, the rest were driven beyond they relate. the mountains of Presillas, where more 3. Frenchmen thus naturalised abroad were killed.— The column which attacked shall enjoy the right of possessing, of Torre Lovega was not more fortunate; the transmitting, and of succeeding to progarrison defended itself bravely, and more perly, even when the subjects of the than half the insurgents were killed. countries where they shall be naturalised
do not enjoy those rights in France.
4. The children of a Frenchman born FRANCE. Decree relative to the Natural ization of Frenchmen. Triunon, 26 Aug. aliens.
in the country where he is naturalised, are 1811.
5. Frenchmen naturalised abroad even Napoleon, by the grace of God, and the with our permission, can at no time carry Constitutions, Emperor of the French, &c. arms against France, under pain of being to all present and to come, greeting : indicted in our Courts, and condeinned to
Different questions having been submitted the punishments enacted in the Penal to us with regard to the condition of Code, Book 3d, cap. 75. Frencbmen established in foreign coun- Title II.- Of Frenchmen naturalised abroad tries, we have thought it right to make
without our permission. known our intentions on that subject.
By our decree of the oth of April, 1809, 6. Every Frenchman naturalised abroad we have already pronounced with regard without our permission, shall incur the to such Frenchmen as have borne arms loss of his property, which shall be confisagainst their country; and those who, re- cated; he shall no longer enjoy the right siding with a Power with whom we go to of succession, and all the succession fallwar, do not quit its territory; or who, ing in to him shall pass to the next heir, being summoned by us, do not obey that provided he is domiciliated in France. order.
By the 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th, it is
than 10 years.
provided, that by a process instituted in 18. They may nevertheless wear the ihe Courts of Justice, such persons shall decorations of foreign orders, when they lose their titles if they have any, together shall have received them with our cons ni. with the property attached to them, which 19. They may not enter France but shall devolve to the nearest heir, being with our special permission. French, the rights of the wife being se 20. Frenchmen in the service of a focured, which shall be regulated as in the reign power can never be accredited as case of widowhood.
Ambassadors, Ministers, or Envoys at our 11. Those who are naturalised abroad Court, nor received as charged with any without permission, and against whom the kind of mission that would render it neabove process has taken place, if found in cessary for them to appear before us in the territory of the Empire, shall, for the ibeir foreign costume. first time, be arrested and conducted be 21. Frenchmen entering the service of yond the frontiers; if they return, they a Foreign Power, without our permission, shall be condemned to a period of impri- and remaining in it after war is declared sonment not less than a year, nor more between France and that Power, shall be
considered as having borne arms against
us, from the circumstance alone of their Title III.—Of Individuals already nalura- having continued to form part of a military lised abroad.
corps destined to act against the French 12. Individuals naturalised abroad at empire or its allies. the period of the publication of this de 22. Our Ministers are charged, each in cree, may, within a year, if on the Con- bis own department, with the execution tinent of Europe; within three years, if of the present degree.-(Signed) beyond that Continent; within five years, By the Emperor, NAPOLEON. if beyond the Cape of Good Hope and in
Count Daru, Secretary of State. the Indies, obtain our confirmation according to the forms prescribed in the present Spain.--IIend Quarters at Valladolid. Decree.
Ordinance. Title IV.- Of Frenchmen in the service of of Istria, Colonel General of the Imperial
We the Marshal of the Empire, Duke a Foreign Power.
Guards, General in Chief of the Army of 13. No Frenchman can enter the ser- the North of Spain; vice of a foreign power without our spe. Considering that the measures of cle. cial permission, and except under condi- mercy by which we had flattered our. tion of returning, should we recal him selves that the people would be brought either by a general proclamation or a din back to submission, and thus avoid the rect order.
evils produced by a more protracted re14. Those of our subjects who shall sistance, have had no other effect but to have obtained this permission, cannot take increase the audacity of the insurgents the oaths to the power which they serve, and their partisans: without a proviso of never bearing arms Considering that measures of rigour against France, and of quitting the service, must be so much the more severe the even without being recalled, should that longer they are deferred, and that we power happen to go to war with us. have not adopted them untill we have
15. The permission of entering the ser- been convinced that they are the sole vice of a foreign Power shall be granted means of maintaining the tranquillity of by letter; patent, according to the forms the country: presented in Act 2d.
Upon the report of the Intendant Ge116. 'I hey cannot act as ministers pleni. neral, we have ordered and do order as potentiary in any treaty where our inte. follows:rests come into discussion.
Art. 1. There shall be formed by the 17. They must not wear a foreign cock. municipalities in the towns, and by the ade in countries in subjection to us, nor magistrates in the villages, a list of all the there appear in a foreign uniform; they individuals who have quit:ed their homes, shall be authorised to wear the national and who do not reside in plares occupied colours when in the Empire.
by French troops. (To be continued.)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent - Garden :--Sold a suby J. BUDD, Pall-Mall,
LONDON :-Printed by T. C. Hansard, Peterborough-Court, Fleet-streel.