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refutation altogether unnecessary; neither such as to require a considerable time would be attempt to follow him through, before this could be effected. MR. CLIF. his various calculations, of which many, FORD asked, whether, when they issued if not all, were evidently founded on er the additional tokens, the Directors meant roneous data With respect to what that to diminish the number of notes, if not the Gentleman had said respecting Bank Dol. issue of tokens would increase the scarcity lars being worth 6s. ld. he could assure of change ?-MR. Pearse answered, that it him that the value of one of these dollars was impossible to give an answer to that was not more than 5s. 2d. He could only question. The DUKE OF NORFOLK exanswer the charge which had been brought pressed his satisfaction for the communicaagainst the Bank Directors, for neglecting tion made by Mr. Pearse, and wished to to lay before the meeting of proprietors know what mode of conveyance was prosuch a statement as would enable them to posed for distributing this money throughsee the different sources of the profits de out the country? He had been lately at a rived by the Bank, by saying, that hi considerable town nearly a hundred miles therto the Proprietors had always reposed distant, when he was informed the expence such confidence in the Directors, as to entrust of conveyance anioanted to 3 per cent.them with the duty of deciding what sum MR. MAC AULAY said, he believed he the Bank could with safety divide from could give the Noble Duke some informatheir profits (applauses); and it had not tion on this subject. He had been at been thought properto deviate from the uni- Manchester lately, where 6000l. had been form practice on this occasion.-Mr. Clip received in cbange, which was deposited FORD observed, that he had not stated the in the Town Hall, and given out to the inhaintrinsic value of the Bank Dollar at 6s. Id. bitants as it was wanted ; and the expence but its value in Bank Paper, and the ad- of conveyance, including freight, insumission of the Governor proved his argu rance, and every other outlay, amounted ment.--MR. PEARSE then moved, that it only to 255. on the 1001.- The Resolution was the unanimous sense of the Meeting was then put and carried nemine contrathat the usual Dividends should be made dicente, after which the meeting adjourned. at this time. The DUKE OF NORFOLK wished to trespass for a few moments on
OFFICIAL PAPERS. the attention of the Meeting before the Resolution should be agreed to. He had American States. (From American Prints.) lately been througb various parts of the
Abstract of the Proceedings of the Court of country, and every where, but particularly
Inquiry, relative to the Affair between the in those parts of England bordering on
Little Belt and the President. Held at Scotland, he found the people complain
New York, Sept. 1811. ing of the great distress to which they The Court of Enquiry on the conduct of were put for the want of small change. Commodore Rodgers, in the action beHe wished to know, therefore, whether it tween the President and Little Belt, has was the intention of the Bank Directors to now closed the testimony in the case. put into circulation such an additional This Court consists of Commodore quantity of tokens as might be fully ade- StepheN DECATUR, President, Captain quate to the wants of the people.—MR. CHARLES STEWART, Captain Isaac Chaun. Pearbe said, he was happy to have it in CEY--and William PAULDING, Jun. Esq. his power to inform the Noble Duke, that Judge Advocate. the Bank had a considerable quantity of
Of the evidence furnished to this Court, silver in their possession, which they des on the oaths of the several witnesses exatined for coining, and that no less a sum mined,' we present a brief outline, in the than 500,0001. had already been put into cir. order it was adduced; and leave the public, culation-considerable sumns had been sent to in a case where doubt is impossible, and the different large towns throughout the conviction irresistible, to make its own country, in proportion to their reputed cominents. Whenever the proper leave populations ; and very large sums also is obtained, the proceedings, in their of. had been distributed among the different Lon- ficial shape and extent, shall be given to don Bunkers, so much as 5001. weekly. our readers. The first witness examined They intended in this way to continue coining till the wants of the country were
Charles Ludlow, Master Commandant completely supplied; but it was to be recol- and acting Captain of the President.--He lected, that the process of coining was was on board the ship at the time of the
action with the Little Belt, on the night of the action, and in six or seven minutes was the 16th of May last. The Little Belt had silenced again, when Commodore R. was her top-sails aback. From his position he anxious to prevent mischief, and stopt his was uncertain which fired the first gon; fire. No fire or sheering off. Commobut the second was from the President, and dore's account confirmed. was instantly followed by three cannom Raymond H. Y. Perry, junior Lieutenant and musketry froin the Belt. Commodore and signal officer. Was on the quarter Rodgers ordered to fire low, and with iwo deck, near Commodore Rodgers's elbow. round shot. After a short pause the Belt The Commodore hailed; got no replyrecommenced fiting, as did the President. hailed a second time, and got none. Heard The Belt soon appeared ungovernable, and a gun, and was looking at the Belt, which Jay bow on towards the President, when fired it, previous to any gun or provocaCommodore R. observed that some accident tion from the President. The Belt was must have happened to her, and ceased silenced in five minutes, and orders were firing. Her gaff was down, and her main- sent to every division of guns on board the topsail-yard on the cap; and mizen, too, President to cease. "The Belt renewed the he thinks. The action continued fourteen fire, and the President also. In six mior fifteen minutes, including the terval. nutes the Belt was silenced again, and the There was nothing but round and grape-shot Commodore was very anxious to stop the fired, or on deck, on board the President. firing on board the President. No fire or The ship was not on fire, or any part of sheering off. The Belt was in a very dan. her, and did not sheer off after the action. gerous situation, and would, probably, have Another broadside would probably have been sunk by another broadside. Heard sunk the Little Belt. Did not know or be. hailing from the Belt, and understood they lieve any part of the Commodore's official said their colours were down; and so account was untrue or incorrect.
Commodore Rodgers hailed, John Orde Creighton, First Lieutenant." Have you struck your colours?" and Was stationed at the 4th division of guns, was answered, “I have, and am in great
upper deck. Commodore Rodgers distress.” Lights were on board the Pre. hailed first, then a second time, when a sident during the night. Commodore shot was fired, as he believes, from the Lit- Rodgers's statement confirmed. tle Belt, no gun having been fired or pro• Andrew L. B. Madison, Lieutenant of vocation given on board the President. Marines.-Was on the gangway. Heard The orders of Commodore R. were to keep the Commodore hail first, then wait fifteen the guns at half cock, and guard against or eighteen seconds, time enough for a reply, accidents. After receiving the Little Belts but got none, and hailed again; when the broadside, was ordered to fire. The Belt Belt fired a gun from her gangway. Saw was silenced in five minutes, and the Presi. the flash, and heard the report ; no gun dent ceased. The Belt renewed the fire, or provocation had been offered by Com. and Commodore R. returned it, and silenced modore Rodgers. In six seconds a gun the Belt again in five minutes. Boarued was fired from the President, when inthe Little Belt the next morning; Com- stantly the Belt fired three guns, and then modore Rodgers sent a friendly message, her broadside and musketry. Belt silenced expressing regret for the occurrence, and in six or seven minutes. Firing stopped offers of assistance. Captain Bingham in the President. In two or three minutes said he took the President for a Frenchman. Belt renewed the action, and in four or fire President was not on fire, and did not sheer minutes was again silenced: when Com. off. Nothing but round and grape was modore Rodgers ordered his fire to cease, fired or on deck. Another broadside would and appeared anxious to prevent damage. probably have sunk the Belt. Commo. No firing or sheering off of the President. dore's account confirmed.
Commodore's report confirmed. Henry Caldwell, Commandant of Ma Caplain Caldwell confirmed the account rines.--Heard the hailing; was looking at of the first and second guns and broadside, the Little Belt and saw ihe first shot pro- as given by the other witnesses. ceed from her: on which Commodore Jacob Mull, sailing-master. Was on the Rodgers said, " What is that?" and he an- quarter deck. Commodore Rodgers hailed, swered, “ She has fired into us." Orders and got no answer, but“ halloo." After were then given to fire. Belt silenced in five sufficient time hailed again, and got no minutes. Commodore R. was anxious to reply, but a shot, without provocation. stop his fire, and did so. The Belt renewed In three or four seconds returned the shot,
and got a general fire from the Little Belt. M Clack; midshipmen, gave their evidence Thought the Belt a heavy frigate until to the same effect. next day. Action continued fourteen or Thomas Gamble, second Lieutenant.-fifteen minutes, including three or four Commanded the first division of guns. minutes' interval. Little Belt could have Commodore Rodgers hailed,“ Ship a hoy!" fired again, but President could have sunk Was answered * halloo !" Asked “ What her. Commodore's official account is ship is that !” Received his own words retrue.
peated in reply. Hailed again, "What Liculenant Creighton thought the Little ship
ship is that ?" Then a gun from the Belt. Belt a frigate (excepting her feeble de. Heard no gun or provocation from the fence) until next day. Captain Bingham President-swears no gun was fired from told him the President's colours were not his division. Nothing but round and grape hoisted, but he recollected the pendant. It fired after the action commenced. Comis the usage as before stated by another modore's orders as before stated; when witness,' for the President to be prepared firing ceased finally. Belt was in a favour. for action on coming along-side an armed able position for firing, but another broadvessel. Thougbt the Little Belt displayed side from the President probably would bad management or want of conduct in her have sunk her. Saw no colours on'the defence.
Belt, and took her for a frigate of 36 or 38 Joseph Smith, midshipman, acting as guns. No firing on board or sheering off master's mate.-Commanded the 4th di. by the President. Statement of Commovision of guns. Heard Commodore R. dore Rodgers confirmed. hail, and no reply for five seconds. Heard John Neese, Captain of the first gun-In second hail, and was looking at the Little the first division on the gun deck, was Belt when the first gun was fired by her, looking at the Little Belt, and saw and before a shot or any provocation was given heard her first fire. from the President. The Commodore fired All the other Captains of the guns tesone gun, then the Little Belt three, and tified exactly the same as Neese. action continued. Thought the Little Lieutenant Creighton testified farther, that Belt a frigate. The duration of the action, when the Belt was silenced the second time and orders to cease, as before stated. The she luffed up towards the Commodore, inlast order to stop firing was received by stead of keeping away, as she should have three different officers. Commodore R.'s done to fire at the President, and would statement confirmed.
have done if her rudder had been free. Henry Dennison, acting chaplain.--Was Commodore R. expressed much humanity on the quarter-deck. Little Belt was 70 and anxiety to stop the firing. Lieutenant or 80 yards distant. Heard Commodore C. also testified to the offers of assistance R. hail, and the reply, and the second hail from Commodore Rodgers to the Little - then a gun, he thinks from the Belt, as Belt the next morning. he felt no jar in the President, and no gun Here the examination closed, having as or provocation had been given by Com we understand, embraced every deck modore R.--Account of Commodore R. officer, as well as captains of guns, now on confirmed.
board the President, who were present Michael Roberts, boatswain.-Was on during the action. The hours when the the forecastle, saw the flash and heard the chace and action took place, with the gun from the Little Belt, before any shot courses steered, and some technical sea or provocation had been given from the terms, are omitted as unessential to the President. Had not seen the Commodore's material objects of the inquiry. account.
Richard Carson, midshipman.- Was on Naval Court Martial. -On Thursday, the forecastle and gangways. · Commo- October 17, a Court-martial was held on dore R. hailed, and was answered by re board His Majesty's ship Gladiator, on peating his words; second hail was an- Captain ROBERT PRESTON, of His Majesty's swered by a shot. Was looking at the Belt ship Ganymede, of 22 guns, which was and saw and heard the gun, before any continued by adjournment till the 23d. provocation from Commodore Rodgers.
MEMBERS OF THE COURT. Gun from the President was followed by the Belt’s broadside, as stated by others.
Capt. Paterson, President. Commodore's account confirmed.
Capt. Phillimore. Matthew C. Perry, Silas Duncan, and John R. Hall.
Capt. P. Browne. Capt. R. Elliot. more in the habit of adopting the sumCapt. Halliday
Lumley. mary punishment of starting than the Hoa. Capt. Rodney. Sneyd. witnesses had known to have ever prevail. M. Greetham, Esq. Judge Advocate.
ed on board other ships; and to have
frequently uttered very intemperate lanUpon charges ,exhibited by the Admi.
guage. ralty of Cruelty, Tyranny, and Oppres Capt. Senhouse, being ordered to proceed sion, contained in the following letter, to sea, was examined, and deposed, that which had been forwarded to their Lord. Captain P. had been his most intimate ships by the Ship’s Company of the Gany friend and messmale; that he was posmede:
sessed of gentlemanly manners, not habi“ Portsmouth Harbour, Sept. 23, 1811. tuated to blasphemous expressions, nor in" For the Right Hon. the Lords Commis- clined to cruel, or oppressive, or tyranni
sioners of the Admiralty, the Petition cal manners. of the Ganymede Ship’s Company, Sir Home Popham sworn.-Capt. P. ask. “ Humbly sheweth,
ed, As you have commanded several of " That your petitioners
, from grievances His Majesty's ships, and been several which they labour under, through the years in the Navy, I would beg leave to
have not found it genecruel treatment they receive from the Captain and Officers belonging to the said rally both expedient and salutary to the ship, we your petitioners, humbly solicit service, in the exercise of your own disyour Lordships, that you will be pleased four dozen lashes, and sometimes more,
cretion, as a summary punishment, to give io remedy the same, by a change of ship or officers, as your Petitioners wish to be and to what extent, at the gang-way, for true to their King and Country, and are offences contrary to the discipline and willing to serve in any ships your Lord- subordination of your ship; and whether ships may think proper. Honourable Sirs, such punishments have not been essentialin granting this your Petitioners will ever
ly necessary for the good of His Majesty's pray. Your Lordships most obedient service !-- The Court was cleared, and humble servants at command.”
agreed, that as the information required
by questions like the above was irrelevant It appeared to the Court, that upon the to the charges, and contained matters of receipt of the above letter the Lords of the opinion unnecessary to the Court, for the Admiralty directed a Court of Inquiry to purpose of forming their judgment, that be held on board the Ganymede, to ascer- the above question should not be put to tain the authenticity of the letter. This the witness. Court consisted of Admiral HARGOOD, Cap The prosecution being closed, Captain tains Otway and Halliday. Upon turn- P. begged the indulgence of the Court ing up the hands, the letter was unani. till the next day, to make his defence : mously declared to have been written when Mr. Minchin having been taken ill, with the consent of the whole ship's com- Mr. WEDDELL, a Solicitor, read it. Cappany; and a seaman (Mac Gowrie) deli- tain P. lamented that the Lords of the Advered another letter to this Court, which miralty should have brought him before was to the same effect. The Court of In- the present Court, upon charges which quiry expressed a wish, that any twelve of were anonymously asserted, and equally the crew would step forward as prosecutors directed against his officers as himself. in the charges. This, however, they declin. When he assumed the command of the ed; and in a letter they afterwards wrote Ganymede, he found his crew in a bad to Admiral Hargood, signed by nearly all state; he had to restore them to that dethe ship's company, they stated their wish gree of discipline and subordination so to prosecute in a body. Upon the above essential in ships of war; he had certainly documents and recital appearing before practised a summary mode of punishment the Court-martial, Admiral HARGOOD, and (that of starting), but there was no degree Captains Otway and Halliday were call- of severity mixed with it; and be coned, and proved their truth.
ceived he was justified in the practice, by John M Gowrie, Wm. Lowrie, George Townsend, and 17 other seamen, were exa * Starting is ordering a boatswain's mined in support of the allegations con mate to take a rope's end, and lay on the tained in the above letter. Their evidence party until ordered to stop by the comwent to prove, that Captain Preston was manding officer.
the custom in all other ships and by the and of 5 florins; but this exchange must salutary effects it produced in all delin- be entirely terminated on the 31st of De. quents: he never punished from caprice, cember: and after the expiration of this nor from any feeling but that of the good period, the said office shall no longer reof the service. When men properly con- ceive any note of 50 or of 25 florins ; beducted themselves, he was their friend and cause, from the first of January, 1812, benefactor: in sickness, they often had these two denominations of bank-notes had his personal attention, were fed from are, by supreme order, declared null and his table, and participated in all the in- of no value. dulgencies the service would admit of. Francis COUNT DE SAURAU, Governor.
Lieut. Sparshott; Mr. Telfer, surgeon; Vienna, Sept. 3, 1811. Mr. Rian, boatwain; Lieut. Waring, R. M. and several other officers were sworn, who
FRANCE. deposed, that they knew of no instance in
Maritime Decree, issued at Capt. P.s conduct which could be desig
Hamburgh, 17th Sept. 1811. naied tyrannical or oppressive.
In the name of his Majesty the EmpeThe Court, after deliberating some con ror of the French, &c. the Commission of siderable time, agreed, " That the charges the Government, established by the Dehad not been proved against the said Capt. cree of the 18th of December, 1810, R. Preston, and did adjudge him to be ac- considering the Decree of his Majesty, quitted; but the Court, however, farther dated 26th of Docember, 1810, orderagreed, that they could not help feeling ing that a maritime administration and it their duty, to express their sense of navigation police should be established in the singularity of punishment, in many in the Hanseatic departments, conformably stances, on board the Ganymede, and to to the laws and regulations in existence strongly recommend to Captain Preston in France, upon the report of the Couna future change of conduct in that respect.” sellors of State, Intendant of the Interior
and Finances, decrees as follows:-Art. 1. Austrian Paper MONEY.The Regency seatic departments, a particular account
There shall be taken throughout the Hanof Lower Austria has published the folo of French citizens who are destined to nalowing Circular.
vigation ---Art. 2. The offices for mari. 1. On the 16th of this month, Redemp- time inscription are provisionally estation-bills of 10 and of 5 florins shall be blished at Hamburgh, for Hamburgh and issued, in order to withdraw from circula. Luneburg; at Travemunde, for the arontion the bank.notes of 50 and of 25 florins. dissement of Lubeck; at Stadte, for the
-2. The above two sorts of redemption arondissement of Stadte; at Bremerlehe, bills are severally to pass in exchange for for the department of the mouths of the bank-notes of 50 and of 25 florins; but Weser; and at Varel, for the department the holders of bank-notes of a lower deno. of the Upper Ems.--Art. 3. There are mination are permitted to exchange them comprehended in the maritime inscription, for redemption-bills of 10 or of 5 florins, -1. Sailors of every description, whether provided they present, in one or more navigating armed or merchants' ships. sorts, 50 or 25 florins in bank-notes, for 2. Those who navigate, or are fishermen. 10 or 5 florins in redemption-bills.-3.-3. Those who sail in barges or boats, From the date of the 16th of September, upon the coasts or in the roads, rivers, of the exchange of bank-notes of 50 and of canals, comprehended in the maritime 25 florins, for bank-notes of a lower de districts. Art. 4. There shall be included nomination, shall cease to take place.-- 4. in the maritime inscription every citizen, From the 15th of October next, bank- aged 18, who has fulfilled one of the fole notes of 50 and of 25 florins are put out lowing conditions:-1. The having per. of circulation. From that date, they shall formed two long voyages, or to the Grand no longer be received at the Treasury, Fishery.--2. Having been at sea eighteen nor in payments to individuals.-5. How months.--3. Having been employed in ever, permission is given, till the 31st of the coasting fishery two years.-4. HavDecember, to carry the above two sorts of ing served two years apprenticeship to bank-notes to the office, created by the the sea.--Art. 5. All foreign sailors re. patent of the 20th of June last, under the siding in the territory of the Empire, who name of Redemption-bill Office, and to have married French women, and sailed exchange them for redemption-bills of 10 in French merchant ships, are subject to