« 前へ次へ »
the maritime inscription. Art. 6. The
Sicily. -General Orders, issued at Mesalready mentioned sailors are bound to
sina, 3d Sept. 1811. present themselves at the office of Maritime Inscription, in the district where Lieutenant General Maitland informs they reside, and have their names in the army, that the Commander of the scrited.-Art. 7. Carpenters, sail-makers, Forces has already sailed for England; &c. exercising their professions in the and that his Lordship has undertaken this maritime ports and places, shall be called voyage from the most urgent political to the military posts in the event of war, motives, which highly interest the hopreparations for war, or of extraordinary nour of Great Britain, and the prosperity or considerable works. There shall be of Sicily.-In the absence of the chief of kept an exact registry in the offices of in- this army, Lieutenant General Maitland scription, and they shall be exempt from finds himself more than ever obliged to all other requisitions than those relative be assiduous in cultivating the good-will to the maritime service.- Art. 8. Every and opinion of his brother officers; and French citizen comprehended in the ma- requests from the soldiers the most soliritime inscription is exempt from all other citous attention to the fulfilment of their services, than those of the Navy, Marine, duties. He trusts that he will receive Arsenals, and the National Guard, in the throughout the district the experienced as. arondissement of their districts. Art. 9. sistance of the General Officers, and that Every sailor who has attained the full age the entire army shall be united and ready of 50 years, is, by right, exempt from the for every emergency that the vicissitude requisition for the ships or arsenals of the of events may produce. The four followEmpire; without, however, losing the ing persons, namely, Orazio Ballantinio, power of continuing the employment of Antonio Barese, Vincenzo Smirida, and fishing, or even serving in the ships of the Giovanni Grillo, who have been impriState.- Art. 10. There shall be granted to soned for holding, correspondence with enrolled sailors, pensions, according to the enemy in Calabria, have been set at their rank, age, wounds or infirmities. liberty by order of General Maitland, on These pensions will be fixed according to his return from Palermo.-These persons their services on board the ships and have been liberated, not because there arsenals of the empire, and the merchants' wanted sufficient proof against them, but vessels.—Art. 11. The length of service because the General would not condemn in the three departments, either in the to death, immediately after having asmerchants' service, or on board ships of sumed the command of the British army, war, shall be computed agreeably to ar- four men, who were arrested by bis preticle 205 of the Imperial Decree of the decessor, whose departure prevented the 4th of July, 1811, as if it had taken place pending sentence.--He avails himself of on board French ships, and give the same this occasion to exercise an act of cleright to half-pay and pensions upon the mency, which will not be renewed at any invalid marine chest.--Art. 12. The wi.other time. He is resolved 10 use his ui. dows and children of sailors shall have most means to put an end to the system of the same claims to assistance and succours, espionage, and of treachery, which has as those of military men who died in the been for so long a time, and in a manner service.--Art. 13. All Captains, &c. na- so notoriously practised by persons of evil vigating the rivers, or on the coasts of the intentions, and equally enemies of the Si32d military division, will, from hence to cilian people and the British. He is rethe 1st of November next, provide them- solved, in consequence, to watch attenselves with a role d'equipage, at the mari- tively persons of this description ; and is time office of inscription.—Art. 14. Every determined from this time forward, 10 Captain, &c. who, after the 1st of No- bring before a Council of War, those, vember, sails upon the rivers, coasts, &c. whoever they may be, who shall be thus of the 32d military division, and has not found holding communication with the conformed to the dispositions of the pre- enemy, and thus placing in danger the sent decree, shall be punished with eight British army and this Island; and imineday's imprisonment, without prejudice to diately the sentence of that Council shall stiil greater penalties, should there be be executed. J. CAMPBELL, Adj. Gen. occasion to inflict them.
Given at the palace at Hamburgh, Sept. 17. (Signed)
SPAIN.—The War.-French Official News The Marshal Prince of ECKMUHL.
from the Armies in Spain.
ARMY OF the South.
| rations of Marshal Suchet against Valen
cia.-Colonel Reizet, ofthe 13th dragoons, On the 20th of August, general Godinot came up with, at Torbiscan, the rear
has surprised, with a detachment of his guard of Montijo, and overthrew it; on
regiment, the band of Chavo. He shot
120 of these banditti and took their horses. the 21st he found a part of the division in position at Velez de Benaudella; he im- their defeats to being abandoned by Lord
-The insurgents of Murcia attribute all mediately caused it to be attacked ; routed with the bayonet : a great number Wellingtop: they breathe the most bitter were killed, and night alone favoured the complaints against the English. escape of a few. Montijo got off with 12
ARMY OF PORTUGAL. men only.-In the meanwhile Colonel
Ciudad Rodrigo, Sept. 30, 1811. Dulong entered Motril, and pursued the Report of the Marshal Duke of Ragusa, Comother part of the enemy's division, which mander in Chief of the Army of Portugal, bad retired to Pinos del Rey; the Adju to his Highness the Prince of Wagram and tant General Remond, detached from Neufchatel, Major Gencral. Grenada to assist the operations of Godi.
MONSEIGNEUR,—I had the honour of acnot, arrived at the same time with one battalion and two squadrons; six compa
quainting your Highness, that after having nies detached by General 'Godinot also raised the siege of Badajoz, and driving the made their appearance; in an instant the
English army beyond the Guadiana, it was
settled between the Duke of Dalmatia and village was penetrated and carried; the enemy, pursued to the summit of the
myself, that I should advance towards the mountain La Cruz, was precipitated from Tagus, leaving one division on the
Gua. it, with the bayonet, into frightful ravines.
diana; that the army of the South should The loss of the enemy cannot be calcu
leave the 5th corps in Estremadura ; that
the Duke of Dalmatia, with his troops, lated; à very few escaped under the cover of night. This division was composed of should march against the Spanish divisions the regiments of Alpuxares, of Cuenca, of which had quitted the English army, and Burgos, of a number of united bands, and
against the insurgent army of Murcia;
and that, while he should destroy them, 300 horsemen.-The Duke of Dalmatia having ordered Count D'Erlon, command.
and clear the provinces of Cordova, Gra. ng the 5th corps in Estramadura, to direct nada, Malaga, and Murcia, I should keep
in check the English army.
We had an expedition towards the mouth of the Guadiana, for the purpose of completely General should make a diversion, and again
taken our measures in case the English clearing that country of the bands of Bal. lasteros, who has still about 3,000 men
advance upon Badajoz; but the English left; General Quiot, and the Adjutant the army of Murcia to its fate, and passing
General, deaf to the Spaniards, abandoned Commandant Foreister, were charged with this expedition. Ballasteros, after an ac then supposed to be his plan, to march to
the Tagus, advanced to the Coa. It was tion of little importance, made off in all haste, and embarked at Ayamonte for
the assistance of the arıny of Gallicia.
soon as General Dorsenne was informed Cadiz. Two hundred Spaniards were
of this new combination, he marched upon sabred in this expedition, and a detachment of 78 cavalry with their horses were
Astorga, beat the Gallicians, dispersed taken. The chief of squadron Millet has the fortifications of Astorga. We hoped
them beyond Villa Franca, and repaired distinguished himself.—General Cassagne
that this movement would induce the occupies Ronda in force ; his moveable columns do not permit any band to gain a English to advance upon Salamanca; but moment’s footing in the mountains. Every
they remained unconcerned at this event, day brigands are arrested, who are de
as they had been at the disasters of the livered up to justice.
Murcian army. -About the beginning of
September, I learned that seven divisions DISTRICT OF THE ARMY OF THE CENTRE.
of the English army were all assembled The Duke of Dalmatia seems satisfied on the Coa; that they blockaded Ciudad with the spirit which prevails in the pro- Rodrigo; that they were collecting fas. vinces of Malaga and Granada. He has cines and gabions at Fuente Guinaldo ; returned to Seville. The Duke of Belluno that the works of their entrenched camp pusbes his operations before Cadiz.-Ge. at Fuente Guinaldo were already advanced, neral Darmagnac has advanced with his and that even the besieging equipage had division upon Cuenca, to second the ope- arrived there from Oporto.
I then pro
posed to Gen. Dorsenne, to join him with fault, and beaten in detail, without being a part of my army, in order to raise the able to reunite. The division of the. siege at Ciudad Rodrigo,—to supply it English General Cole was still at Pajo; with provisions for a long time,- to take while the light division of General Crawthe entrenched camp of the enemy, his ma- ford was at Martiago; but our infantry gazines, and park of besieging artillery, only arrived during the night; and at -and, in short, to give him battle and pur-day-break we perceived the entrenched sue him as far as was compatible with the camp entirely lined with enemy's troops. general plan of operations which your General Dorsenne and myself made ihe Highness communicated to me in your last necessary dispositions for attacking, on letter in cypher; a plan which embraces the 27th in the morning: but the English all these regions. I have now the satis. General did not think proper to await us; faction of announcing to your Highness, be abandoned his camp during the nighi, that our arms have been completely suc- retiring from Alfayates and Sabugal. We cessful.--I set out with five divisions of my entered into Fuente Guinaldo next day, army, and arrived on the 22d, by the pass and caused to be conveyed to Ciudad of Banos, at Tamames, where I formed my Rodrigo a great quantity of fascines, and junction with the four divisions of General other materials collected for the siege. I Dorsenne. I admired the good condition caused the enemy's lines to be destroyed; of a convoy of 1,500 carriages, laden with his retreat was conducted in three columns. provisions, which had been collected and or- General Montbrun went in pursuit of him ganized with an activity and an order that by the route of Casillas de Flores. General are extraordinary. The two armies put Watier, with the cavalry of the army of themselves in motion. We drove in all the north, took the direction of Alber. the enemy's posts, and on the 24th intro- geria; he came up with the rear-guard duced the whole convoy into Ciudad Rod of the enemy at Aldea del-Ponte, and rigo. This fortress is, therefore, supplied immediately charged them. The division with provisions for a long period.-Count Souham having arrived, the action was Dorsenne gave up to me the troops of the glorious for the arms of his Majesty, and garrison which belonged to my army corps, the enemy was driven back with great loss and replaced them by those of the army and confusion. The rear-guard continued of the North.-On the 25th we put our to retreat upon Sabugal. We have taken selves in march. Two leagues from Ciudad the baggage of the Prince of Orange and Rodrigo we perceived the English rear of General Crawford. The confusion was guard. General Montbrun, commanding so great in the English army, that an Aideour advanced guard, charged the enemy de-Camp of Lord Wellington, while enwith that rapidity and boldness which he deavouring to rejoin that General, threw has so frequently displayed; and took himself into our ranks. We have made from them four pieces of cannon. We two hundred prisoners. The army of made ourselves masters of the ridge, and Portugal has had one hundred and twenty maintained ourselves there in spite of all men made unfit for service; the enemy's the efforts of the English, who were loss amounted to between seven and eight obliged to commence a retreat. General hundred men, Assure his Majesty that Montbrun pursued them for two hours; his the Spanish insurgents have felt the fire was so lively, that he expended all his greatest indignation on seeing themselves ammunition. The loss of the enemy was thus abandoned in the North, as in the considerable ; he never stopped till he South; and this contrast between the con. reached the camp of Fuente Guinaldo; duct of the English and the promises which but our advanced guard alone was there : they have incessantly broken, nourishes a our divisions of infantry were a march in national hatred which will break out our rear. Had not this been the case, sooner or later. I must mention with the English army was lost: we had the praise Generals Montbrun and Boyer, mortification of seeing its divisions pre- Capt. Hubert, of the 220 Chasseurs, lieute cipitate themselves in all directions towards nant Merel, of the 15th Light Dragoons, their entrenched camp. If I had then as well as my Aides-de-Camp Jardot and only 15,000 men at band, the English Favier. army would have been caught in a flagrant
(To be continued)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent - Garden :-Sold also by J. BUDD, Pall-Mall.
LONDON :-Printed by T: C. Hansard, Peterborough-Court, Ploet-street,
Vol. XX. No. 19.] LONDON, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1811.
“ The Inquisition is incompatible with the liberty of the press, which has been decreed with the ap. " plause of the whole nation : for that Tribunal once re-established, no public writer could be free « froin alarm, even should he abstain from every topic of religion. While discussing any political " question, or explaining the very rudiments of the science of Government, he would expose himself to “ the risk of being accused and punished by that Tribunal. We all know, by unfortunate experience, " how easy it is to torture the meaning of an expression, and to represent as scandalous an insulated propo. * sition, which, joined with the context, would appear perfectly innocent. We all know with what
cunning policy our kings have availed themselves of the Inquisition, to probibit useful works, which “ were guilty of no other offence than that of exposing the abuses of despotism. We have not forgotten " how many wise and patriotic men have been persecuted as impious or irreligious; while the arm of " the Inquisition, powerless in reaching the infamous minion of power, the audacious insulter of religion “ and morals, suffered the chair of the Holy Ghost to be profaned with the praises of such a monster, " and the party of the altars defiled by placing upon them bis abominable picture. Neither have we « forgotten, that the doctrines of the Sovereignty of the nation, of its authority to dictate laws, and of the " delegated power of monarchs, bare, by a base abuse of texts of holy writ, been cordeinned as anti“ christian, and their propagators persecuted, and immured in the dungeons of the Inquisilion. With « such recent facts before his eyes, where is the writer so rash or thoughtless, who would think of in“structing the people while such a tribunal existed? The Inquisition and the Liberty of the Press! It is “ quite sufficient to mention them, to show that they are placed in the most determined state of mutual " hostility.”-TORTADO's Speech in the Cortes of Spain, 577)
[578 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
tion Bill for five florins in exchange for it;
and so on; and, after the 31st of DecemAustrian PaPeR-MONEY. In page ber, those who hold Bank Notes are to get 509 of the last Number will be found an nothing at all for them, and they are 10 Official-paper, issued in Lower Austria, be suffered to pass no more. on the 3rd of September last, which is pretty sufficient reasons for the scheme. very well worthy of the attention of the The holders of Bank Notes will only lose English reader at this time. They have 4 florins out of 5 ; that is all ; This is a great quantity of Bank Notes in that
no " new way of paying old debts.” It unfortunate country. Formerly these is what the French did with regard to notes were at par ; that is to say, they their Assiynuts and Mandats; and, it is were as good, in the purchase of commo what must always be done first or last, dities, as Gold and Silver; every florin in when a paper-money once becomes deBank Notes was equal in value to a florin preciated ; for, the bare fact of deprecia. in silver. This is not the case now, and tion proves the want of ability ever to pay has not been for a good wbile past. The off to the full amount. A bankruptcy does Bank Notes became, gradually, of less indeed, take place, and the creditors reand less value; they depreciated; they ceive a poundnge. – The sight of this became lower and lower in comparison Austrian Circular naturally forces the with Gold and Silver; and, at last, na mind back to the causes of the humiliation turally arrived at a state of open and no of the baughty Dynasty who govern that tor pus discount. What has been the unhappy country. Twenty six years ago, consequence? Why simply this: the go- ! the House of Austria was contending for vernment, or the Bank (for I do not know the free navigation of the Scheldt; it had which it is) is now prepared to put an end begun to open the port of Antwerp, and to these Bank Notes, by redeeming them. to construct vessels there; it had erected They are to be taken up by “ Redemption Ostend into a sea-port of considerable “ Bills,”', which bills will be paid, it is consequence; it was aiming at the subsaid, to their real amount in Gold and jugation, or, at least, the oppression, of the Silver.-Why not pay off the Bank Notes United Provinces. The Dutch were comthemselves, then the reader will ask. pelied to submit, for the sake of safety, to Ob! I will tell you why: The man, who all sorts of humiliations; and they, at has a Bank Note for fifty florins, is to get last, secured their safety only by throwing a Redemption Bill for ten florins in ex themselves into the arms of Frunce. Hence change for it; he, who has a Bank Note is to be dated the attachment of the Dutch for twenty-five florins, is to get a Redemp to the French; and, indeed, from that
time, they became “ Frenchmen in heart,” | ble, that, with a free people on their cona phrase, which, having recently proceed. fines, the people of Belgium should have ed from the lips of the Mayor of Amster- remained in their former state. But, what dam,, has given such offence to the wise- | ihen? The House of Austria would have acres, who, for our sins, conduct the press lost Belgium ; and, has it not lost it now? of England. - - The House of Austria, It would bave lost Belgium ; but it would with its half million of soldiers and with have lost it without defeat and disgrace. English money to aid, took the lead in the It might still have retained the title at coalition against the republicans of France. least of Emperor of Germany and King of A nation rose up and humbled those im- the Romans; and it certainly would have mense armies; and that same Belgium, avoided those pecuniary distresses that which had so lately been the scene of the now press upon it. It is curious enough, Austrian power and arrogance, received, that the Rulers of Austria and Prussia, who with open arms, its republican invaders, combined against the republicans of whom it hailed as its real deliverers. That France, because, amongst other things, city of Brussels, which had seen the Austrian they had siezed upon the property of the minister treat the Dutch Plenipotentiaries Church, should both have been driven by like scavengers, opened its gates to the their necessities to seize upon the Church French, hailed their arrival with joy un property in their dominions; that is to bounded, and revelled in the defacing and say, to commit themselves, that which destroying of every vestige of its former they warred against as sacrilege in the subjection. Ambition, revenge, shame, people of France; and that the war, which pushed on the House of Austria to recover was to ruin France through her finances, its lost ground and fame. At every should have ended in leaving her rich, and plunge it got deeper in disgrace; till, at in reducing these ber principal opponents last, that haughty House, which had set to beggary.— These are great lessons for out in the war with a declared resolution princes and statesmen. They are well to dictate a government to France, had to calculated to make a deep impression; yield its very capital and its palaces to but, after all that we have seen, it is, pero Frenchmen, and to accept, as a boon at baps, too much to hope, that the dictates their hands, of leave to reign over a part of reason will at last prevail over the dic. of its former dominions, driven out of Ger tates of passion. many and stripped of its most elevated titles. Reduced now to comparatively a
SPAIN. - The War. For more than petty patrimony, which it holds by a pre a week the public were entertained with carious tenure, i's voice is become nothing accounts of a great victory gained over in the affairs of Europe; and, amongst its the French by Ballasteros, whose name, own begyared subjects, it is compelled to connected with the word victory, was act a part as humble almost as even those posted up at the news-paper offices, and subjects can wish; and, to crown all, it is exhibited, in large characters, on the forced, by the French, to be at war with, placards in the news-cryers hats. Many England, with whose aid it so long carried columns, in our public prints, were filled on war against those French.-Such, lo not only with the account of the victory the House of Austria, have been the con itself, but with reflections on the important sequences of the coalitions against France; consequences to which it was likely to lead. such, to that House, have been the conse - What has turned out to be the fact ? quences of erecting itself into a dictator Why, that Ballasteros has been defeated; as to the internal affairs of the French na that, in his attempt to make his first move. tion. If the French had met with no ment, he was met, driven back, pushed opposition in the making of their revolu out of St. Roque, wherein he had taken tion; if they had been suffered to arrange shelter, and compelled to seek refuge their government in their own way; if under the guns of Gibraltar! There the their internal enemies had not met with last advices left him and his army, desticountenance and encouragement
from lule even of water to drink, and receiving • without; if war had not, in short, been wherewith to cool their tongues from the made upon them; how different might tanks of Gibraltar, while the miserable have been the situation of the House of indiabitants of St. Roque, driven from the Austria at this day! The example of town, were lying upon the bare earth on a France might, indeed, have done much; spot called ihe neutral ground, but which, and, it would have been next to impossi- it was feared, would not long afford a