Economic Theory

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Transaction Publishers, 2011/12/31 - 241 ページ
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Others might have called this book Micro Theory or Price Theory. Becker's choice of Economic Theory as the title for his book reflects his deep belief that there is only one kind of economic theory, not separate theories for micro problems, macro problems, non-market decisions, and so on. Indeed, as he notes, the most promising development in recent years in the literature on large scale economic problems such as unemployment has been the increasing reliance on utility maximization, a concept generally identified with microeconomics. Microeconomics is the subject matter of this volume, but it is emphatically not confined to microeconomics in the literal sense of micro units like firms or households. Becker's main interest is in market behavior of aggregations of firms and households. Although important inferences are drawn about individual firms and households, the author tries to understand aggregate responses to changes in basic economic parameters like tax rates, tariff schedules, technology, or antitrust provisions. His discussion is related to the market sector in industrialized economies, but the principles developed are applied to other sectors and different kinds of choices. Becker argues that economic analysis is essential to understand much of the behavior traditionally studied by sociologists, anthropologists, and other social scientists. The broad definition of economics in terms of scarce means and competing ends is taken seriously and should be a source of pride to economists since it provides insights into a wide variety of problems. Practically all statements proved mathematically are also provided geometrically or verbally in the body of the text.
 

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目次

Introduction
1
The Scarcity Principle
11
Indifference Curves
25
Uncertainty
57
Fundamentals of Supply
69
Competition and Monopoly
89
Production by the Firm and Industry
113
Demand for Factors
135
Human Capital
159
Accumulation of Capital over Time
184
General Problems
210
BibliographyReading List
214
Index
219
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著者について (2011)

Gary S. Becker is professor of economics and professor at the Graduate School of Business and Sociology at the University of Chicago. He is also a senior fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institute. He received a Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences in 1992. He is the author of a large number of scholarly articles and books, as well as a member or fellow of a large number of elected and professional societies.

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