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The forest is not three leagues off";

record or recovery roll, in which the writ and If we recover that, we're sure enough. Shakspeare complaint of the demandant are first recited ; A prodigal's course

whereupon the tenant appears, and calls upon Is like the sun's, but not like his, recorerable, I one Jacob Moreland, who is supposed, at the fear.

Id.

. original purchase, to have warranted the title to What should move me to undertake the recovery of

the tenant; and thereupon he prays that the this, being not ignorant of the impossibility? İd.

: said Jacob Moreland may be called in to defend The spirit of wantonness is sure scarcd out of him ; if the devil have him not in fee simple, with fine and

le with fine and the title, which he so warranted.
I

This is called recovery.

Id. the voucher, vocatio, or calling of Jacob MoreOnce in forty years cometh a pope, that casteth his land 10 warranty; and Moreland is called the eye upon the kingdom of Naples, to recover it to the vouchee. Upon this, Jacob Moreland, the church.

Bacon. vouchee, appears, is impleaded, and defends the They promised the good people ease in the matter title. Whereupon Golding, the demandant, of protections, by which the debts from parliament desires leave of the court to imparl, or confer men and their followers were not recoverable.

with the vouchee in private ; which is (as usual) Clarendon.

allowed him. And soon afterwards the deAdam, by this from the cold sudden damp

mandant, Golding, returns to court, but MoreRecovering, his scattered spirits returned. Milton.

land the vouchee disappears, or makes the deThe clouds dispelled, the sky resumed her light, And nature stood recovered of her fright. Dryden.

fault. Whereupon judgment is given for the Any other person may join with him that is in- demandant, Golding, now called the recoverer, jured, and assist him in recovering from the offender lo recover the lands in question against the teso much as may make satisfaction.

Locke. nant, Edwards, who is now the recoveree ; and The sweat sometimes acid, is a sign of recovery Edwards has judgment to recover of Jacob Moreafter acute distempers. Arbuthnot on Aliments. land lands of equal value, in recompense for the

RECOVERY, or Common RECOVERY, in Eng. lands so warranted by him, and now lost by his lish law. Common recoveries were invented by

eries were invented by default; which is agreeable to the doctrine of the ecclesiastics to elude the statutes of mort

tirs to elude the statutes of mort- warranty. This is called the recompense, or remain ; and afterwards encouraged by the finesse covery in value. But Jacob Moreland having no of the courts of law, in order to put an end to lands of his own, being usually the cryer of the all fettered inheritances, and bar not only estates- court (who, from being frequently thus vouched, tail, but also all remainders and reversions ex- is called the common vouchee) it is plain that pectant thereon.

A common recovery is a suitor Edwards has only a nominal recompense for the

A common recovery is a suit or action, either actual or fictitious; and in it the lands so recovered against him by Golding ; lands are recovered against the tenant of the which lands are now absolutely vested in the freehold; which recovery, being a supposed ab- said recoverer by judgment of law, and seisin judication of the right, binds all persons, and thereof is delivered by the sheriff of the county. vests a free and absolute fee-simple in the re. So that this collusive recovery operates merely coverer. There must be three persons at least to in the nature of a conveyance in fee-simple, make a common recovery, a recoverer, a reco- from Edwards the tenant in tail, to Golding the veree, and a vouchee. The recoverer is the purchaser. plaintiff or demandant, that brings the writ of RECOUNT', v. a.) Fr. reconter. To relate entry. The recoveree is the defendant or tenant RECOUNT'MENT. S in detail ; tell distinctly : of the land, against whom the writ is brought. relation; recital. The vouchee is he whom the defendant or tenant Bid him recount the fore-recited practices. voucheth or calls to warranty of the land in de

Shakspeare. mand, either to defend the right, or to yield him

When from the first to last, betwixt us too,

Tears our recountments had most finely bathed ; other lands in value, according to a supposed As how I came into that desart place. agreement. And, this being by consent and per

Id.

Plato in Timæo produces an Egyptian priest, who mission of the parties, it is therefore said that a recounted to Solon out of the holy books of Egypt the recovery is suffered.

story of the fluod universal, which happened long beThe operation of this legal fiction not being fore the Grecian inundation.

Raleigh. generally well understood, judge Blackstone has The talk of worldly affairs hindereth much, alendeavoured to explain it in detail.

though recounted with a fair intention : we speak Let us,' says he, in the first place, suppose willingly, but seldom return to silence. Taylor. David Edwards to be tenant of the freehold, and Say from these glorious seeds what harvest flows, desirous to suffer a common recovery, in order Recount our blessings, and compare our woes. to bar all entails, remainders, and reversions,

Dryden. and to convey the same in fee-simple to Francis

RECOURSE', n. 8.) Fr. recours ; Lat. reGolding. To effect this, Golding is to bring an

RECOURSE'FUL, udj. S cursus. Frequent pasaction against him for the lands; and he accord

sage; return; renewed attack or application; ingly sues out a writ, called a præcipe quod

hence the common sense of application for help reddat, because those were its initials or most or protection ; access : recourseful is, moving operative words. when the law proceedings were alternatery: in Latin. In this writ the demandant, Golding,

The doors be lockt,

That no man hath recourse to her by night. alleges that the defendant, Edwards (here called the tenant), has no legal title to the land ; but

Shakspeare. I n that recourseful deep.

Drayton. that he came into possession of it after one Hugh Thus died this great peer, in a time of great reHunt had turned the demandant out of it. course unto him and dependance upon him, the house The subsequent proceedings are made up into a and town full of servants and suitors. Wotton. Vol. XVIII

2 E

Spenser.

and criminor.

Preventive physic, by purging noxious humours soil is elevated, and produces sugar-canes, cocoa and the causes of diseases, preventeth sickness in the nuts, pomegranates, Indian figs, &c. The inhealthy, or the recourse thereof in the valetudinary. habitants are well-made, robust, and full of viva

Browne's Vulgar Errours. city; their bodies were painted. The council of Trent commends the making recourse, not only to the prayers of the saints, but to their aid RECREMENT, n. $. Lat. recrementum. and assistance.

Stillingfieet.

RECREMEN’TAL, adj. Dross ; spume; suAll other means have failed to wound her hcart, perfluity: drossy. Our last recourse is therefore to our art. Dryden. The vital fire in the heart requires an ambient

RECÖREANT, adj. Fr: recreant. Cowardly; body of a yielding nature, to receive the superfluous meanspirited; subdued ; fallen; apostate. serosities and other recrements of the blood. Boyle. Let be that lady debonaire,

- RECRIM'INATE, v. n.&v.a. i Fr. recrimiThou recreant knight, and soon thyself prepare RECRIMINA'TION, n. s. Sner; Lat. re To battle.

and criminor. To return one accusation with Dost

· another; the accusation made in return. Thou wear a lion's hide? doff it for shame, And hang a calf's skin on those recreant limbs. It is not my business to recriminate, hoping suffi

Shakspeare. ciently to clear myself in this matter. Stilling fieri. Who for so many benefits received

How shall such hypocrites reform the state. Turned recreant to God, ingrate and false, On whom the brothers can recriminate? Dryden. And so of all true good himself despoiled. Did not Joseph lie under black infamy ? he scora

Milton. ed so much as to clear himself, or to recriminate the The knight, whom fate and happy chance shall strumpet.

South, grace

Public defamation will seem disobliging enough From out the bars to force his opposite,

to provoke a return, which again begets a rejoinder, Or kill, or make him recreant on the plain,

and so the quarrel is carried on with mutual recrimi. The prize of valour and of love shall gain. Dryden. nations.

Government of the Tongue. RECREATE, v. n.) Fr. recreer ; Lat. re- RECRUIT, v. a., v. n., & n. S. Fr. recruter. RECREA'TION, n. s. creo. To refresh ; re

sh; re

To repair:

To repair; waste; supply an army; with new RECREATIVE, adj. ) vive; relieve after or

men ; raise new soldiers; supply of any thing avert weariness; delight: the noun-substantive wasted. Pope has used it improperly for a suband adjective corresponding.

stitute of something wanting; a new soldier. The chief recreation she could find in her anguish

He trusted the earl of Holland with the command was sometime to visit that place, where first she was so happy as to see the cause of her unhap. Sidney.

of that army, with which he was to be recruited and I'll visit assisted.

Clarendon. The chapel where they lie, and tears shed there,

Increase thy care to save the sinking kind, Shall be my recreation. Shakspeare. Winter's Tale.

ule With greens and flow'rs recruit their empty hives, Let the musick be recreative, and with some And seek fresh forage to sustain their lives. strange changes. Bacon.

Dryden. Take a walk to refresh yourself with the open air,

The pow'rs of Troy which inspired fresh doth exceedingly recreate the

With fresh recruits their youthful chief sustain : lungs, heart, and vital spirits.

Hurvey.

Not their's a raw and unexperienced train, Let not your recreations be lavish spenders of your

But a firm body of embattel'd men.

Id. time ; but choose such as are healthful, recreative,

The French have only Switzerland besides their and apt to refresh you; but at no hand dwell upon

own country to recruit in ; and we know the dithcul. them.

Taylor.

ties they meet with in getting thence a single regi. He walked abroad, which he did not so much to

ment.

Addison. recreate himself, as to obey the prescripts of his phy. He was longer in recruiting his flesh than was sician.

Fell. usual; but by a milk diet he recovered it. These ripe fruits recreate the nostrils with their aro

Wiseman. matick scent.

More's Divine Dialogues. Her cheeks glow the brighter, recruiting their The access these trifles gain to the closets of ladies

colour ; seem to promise such easy and recreative experiments, As flowers by sprinkling revive with fresh odour. which require but little time or charge. Boyle.

Granrille. You may have the recreation of surprising those with admiration who shall hear the deaf person RECTANGLE, n. S. Fr. rectangle ; Lat. pronounce whatsoever they shall desire, without your ectangulus. A figure which has one angle or seeming to guide him. Holder's Elements of Speech. more of ninety degrees: the adjective and ad

Nor is that man less deceived, that thinks to verb corresponding. maintain a constant tenure of pleasure, by a conti

Bricks moulded in their ordinary rectangular form, nual pursuit of sports and recreations : for all these

if they shall be laid one by another in a level row things, as they refresh a man when weary, so they

between any supporters sustaining the two ends, then

South. weary him when refreshed.

all the pieces will necessarily sink. Wotton. RECREATION ISLAND, a fertile island in the

If all Athens should decree, that in rectangle triSouthern Pacific Ocean, discovered in the year angle the square, which is made of the side that sub1722 by Roggewin. It is twelve leagues in cir- tendeth the right angle, is equal to the squares which cuit, and some of the ship's company obtained a are made of the sides containing the rigat angle, geoquantity of antiscorbutic herbs here, but ventur- metricians would not receive satisfaction without deing into the country, were assaulted by the na- monstration.

Browne's Vulgar Ertours. tives, who stoned some of them to death, and The mathematician considers the truth and prowounded almost all. Many of the islanders perties belonging to a rectangie, only as it is in idea were killed in return by their fire-arms. The in his own mind.

Locke.

RECʻTIFY, v. a.) Fr. rectifier ; Lat. rectus ral he does not concern himself about this, but RECTIFIABLE, adv. Yand facio. To make right; mixes it still stronger by alkaline salts, and dis

RECTIFICA’TION. ) reform ; improve by re- guises its taste by the addition of flavoring inpeated distillation: rectifiable is, capable of be- gredients. The spirit loses in these processes ing rectified: rectification, is rectifying; repeat the vinous character which it had when it came ed distillation. See below.

out of the hands of the malt distiller, and is in That wherein unsounder times have done amiss,

all respects inferior, except in the disguise of a the better ages ensuing must rectify as they may.

mixed flavor. The alkaline salts used by the

Hooker. rectifier, destroying the natural vinosity of the It shall be bootless

spirit, it is necessary to add an extraneous acid That longer you defer the court, as well to give it a new one, and this is frequently what For your own quiet, as to rectify

is denominated in the shops 'spiritus nitri dulWhat is unsettled in the king. Shakspeare, cis,' and the common method of applying it is At the first rectification of some spirit of salt in a the mixing it to the taste with rectified spirit; retort, a single pound afforded no less than six ounces and it is said to be this that gives the English of phlegm.

Boule.
Boyle, molt

malt spirit a flavor something like brandy, which The natural heat of the parts being insufficient for a perfect and thorough digestion, the errors of one

flavor is, however, very apt to fly off, and ac

cordingly experienced manufacturers recommend concoction are not rectifiable by another. Browne: The substance of this theory I mainly depend on,

the addition of a proper quantity of Glauber's being willing to suppose that many particularities strong spirit of nitre, to the spirit in the still. may be rectined upon further thoughts. Burnet. By this means the liquor comes over impreg

If those men of parts, who have been employed in nated with it, the acid is more intimately mixed, vitiating the age, had endeavoured to rectify and and the favor is retained. The action of the amend it, they needed not have sacrificed their good alkali is thus explained :—There is a greater sense to their fame.

Addison. attraction or affinity between the alkaline salt The false judgments he made of things are owned; and the water than between the water and the and the methods pointed out by which he rectified spirit, of course the salt combines with the them.

Atterbury. water contained in the spirit, and sinks with it RECTIFICATION is in fact a second distillation, to the bottom. in which substances are purified by their more With the spirit-gauge of Messrs. Borie and volatile parts being raised by heat carefully Poujet, the different degrees of spirituosity are managed. Sometimes indeed the rectifier has very easily ascertained by means of silver recourse to a third and even a fourth distillation, weights of various sizes; the heaviest is inwhen he wishes his spirits or goods, as they are scribed with the words Hollands' proof, and the technically called, to be very clean and pure. lightest three-sevenths. The other weights serve

The objects of distillation, considered as a to mark the intermediate degrees between these trade, are chiefly spirituous liquors ; and the two terms. Thus, if you screw to the end of distillation of compound spirits and simple the beam of the spirit gauge the weight denoting water, or those waters that are impregnated with Hollands'-proof, and plunge it into three-fifths, the essential oil of plants, is commonly called the instrument will descend in the liquid below rectification.

the degree marked on the scale Hollands'-proof, Malt spirit, and indeed spirits from other sub- but it returns to that point on the addition of stances, must be brought into the state of alcohol, two-fifths of water, so that three-fifths spirit is before it is adapted to internal uses, after which thus transformed into Hollands’-proof spirit. If, it is said to be more fit for all the various inter- on the contrary, you screw on the three-fifths nal uses than even French brandy, it being by weight, and plunge the spirit gauge into Holthis purification a more uniform, hungry, taste- lands'-proof, it will rise in the liquor above the less spirit, than any other spirits which are fre- latter mark, and it may be easily carried down quently esteemed much better. A quarter of to that degree by the addition of alcohol or malt, according to its goodness and the season spirit of wine. When spirits are distilled for of the year, will afford from eight to fourteen the purpose of extracting alcohol, or spirit of gallons of alcohol. The malt distiller always wine, the balneum mariæ is generally employed. gives his spirit a single rectification per se to The heat is then more gentle and more equal, purify it a little, and in this state, though cer- and the produce of the distillation of superior tainly not at all adapted to internal uses, it is quality. frequently and at once distilled into gin or other A lcohol, or spirit of wine diluted, is used as ordinary compound liquors for the common a beverage. It is the dissolvent of resins, and people. The Dutch never give it any farther constitutes the basis of drying varnishes. Spirit rectification than this :- They distil the wash of wine serves as a vehicle for the aromatic prininto low wines, and then at once into full proof ciple of plants, and is then called spirit of this spirit, from which they manufacture their cele- or that plant. The apothecary likewise employs brated Hollands' geneva, which they export to spirit of wine to dissolve resinous medicines. foreign countries. Malt spirit, in its unrectified These dissolutions are denominated tinctures. state, is usually found to have the common It forms the base of almost all the different sorts bubble proof, which makes it a marketable com- of beverage called liquors. It is sweetened with modity, and which is obtained by mixing with it sugar, or rendered aromatic with all kinds of a certain portion of the gross oil of the malt; substances of an agreeable taste or smell. Spirit this indeed gives the rectifier much trouble if he of wine preserves vegetable and animal sulirequire a very fine and pure spirit, but in gere- stances from fermentation or putrefaction. To this end it is used for preserving fruits, vegeta- mixed with the essential oil of wine, may be let bles, and almost all the objects and preparations down to a proper standard with fair water; and relating to the natural history of animals. All the softness may, in a great measure, be obtained the liquors produced by the fermentation of by distilling and rectifying the spirit with a saccharine substances, yield alcohol. But the gentle tire; and what is wanting of this criterion quantity and quality vary according to the na- in the liquor when first made, will be supplied ture of the substances.

by time; for it is time alone that gives this proIt is chiefly in consequence of the ascent of perty to French brandies, they being, at first, bodies of greater lixivity with certain bodies of acrid, foul, and fiery. But, with regard to the greater volatility that there is so much difficulty color, a particular method is required to imitate here of imitating the foreign vinous spirits of it to perfection, which may be effected by means other countries, as, for example, French brandies, of treacle or burnt sugar. and il est-Indian rums. All these are remarks The spirit distilled from molasses or treacle is able by the character of the essential oil that tolerably pure. It is made from common treacle, ascends with the spirit, and which gives it the dissolved in water, and fermented in the same peculiar flavor by which one spirit difiers from manner as the wash for the common malt spirit. another. Now we can obtain an essential oil But if some particular art be not used in recti. from any of the vegetables that furnish these fving this spirit, it will not prove so vinous as different spirits; but we cannot, as we have malt spirit, but less pungent and acrid, though seen, readily obtain a spirit altogether tasteless, otherwise much cleaner-tasted, as its essential and destitute of some sort of essential oil sull oil is of a less offensive Aavor. Therefore, if combining with it. Could we do this, we could good fresh wine-lees, abounding in tartar, be well manufacture to perfection an artificial Cogniac fermented with molasses, the spirit will acquire brandy or Jamaica rum; but, as we cannot a greater vinosity and briskness, and approach wholly separate the inherent essential oil from nearer to the nature of foreign spirits. Where the purest and most colorless and most insipid the molasses spirit is brought to the common proof spirit ire can obtain, when we add the essential strength, if it be found not to have a sufficient oil with which we mean to flavor it, the union of vinosity, it will be very proper to add some the two oils gives us a different result, and dulcified spirit of nitre; and, if the spirit be betrays the artifice to those who are acquainted clean worked, it may, by this addition only, be with the taste of the genuine material.

made to pass for French brandy. Great quantiIn order, then, to prepare the oil of wine, or ties of this spirit are used in adulterating foreign of the grapes from which French brandies are brandy, rum, and arrack. Much of it is also distilled, which are generally the worst that the used in making cherry-lirandy, and other corcountry affords; the best being selected for dials, by infusions; but in them all many perthe process of wine itself, as vielding a far sons prefer it to foreign brandies. Molasses, ampler profit; take some cakes of dry winc-lees, like all other spirits, is entirely colorless when dissolve them in six or eiglit times their weight first extracted; but rectifiers always give it as of water, disiil the liquor with a slow fire, and nearly as possible the color of foreign spirits. separate the oil, reserving, for only the nicest In a similar inanner we may imitate foreign uses, that which comes over first, the succeerling spirits of all kinds. Thus, if Jamaica rum be oil being coarser and more resinous. llaving our object instead of French brandy, it will procured this fine oil of wine, it may be disa only be necessary to procure some of the tops solved in alcohol; by which means it may be of ine sugar canes, from which an essential oil preserved a long time, fully possessed of all its being drawn and mixed with clear molasses Havor, but otherwise it will soon grow rancia. spirit, will give it the real flavor; or at least a With a fine essential oil of wine, thus procured, flavor as true as a spirit pot iotally divested of all and a pure and tasteless spirit, French brandies essentiai navor of its own can possibly commumay be imitated to some degree of perfection. nicate. The principal dittculty therefore mis:

The essential oil, it should be observed, must be still lie in procuring a pri totally, or neariy. drawn from the same kind of lees as the brandy free from all Havor of its own to be imitated was procured from ; that is, in l u iecüity their spirit iniu Holland gin, the order to imitate Cogniac brandy, it will be Durch d illers add to every wenty gallons of necessary to distil the essential oil from Cogniac spirit of une second extraction, who wilise stingti lees; and the same for any other kind of brandy. of proof-spirit, three pounds of juniper-berries For as different brandies have different flavors, and two ounces of oil of juniper, and distil with and as these flavors are entirely owing to the a slov fire, till the feints begin to ascend; hei. essential oil of the grape, it would in udiculous change the receiving-can. This produces the to endeavour to imitate the favor of ('oonide best Rotierdam gin. An inferior kind is made Wrandy with an essential oil procured from the wits a loss proportior ? berries, sweet finnei lees of Bourdous wue. Tihen the favor of Sals, ind Strasburgh, tudi pretine, without a Tror: the brand is well inuitates, other withculties are oj in iper-oil. This is also a better sort, sull behind. The favor, thoush the essentia: ana though still ini.rior to that of liotterdam, part, is not the only one ; the Councing the prooi, irroilured in vev litrge quanurias at Welsoppe. and the softness, metalo berururderi, live a li is lemarhabin that no one method of comspirit that perf my resembles brandy can be inarne v rectificaron, that is, of the recuification procured. With regard to the proof, it rua de v er by means of sain, and other additions, easily accomplishini by using a spirit rret d . suited to all the several kinds of spirits; ohnvorenf. p man hair or cly or li

n

,afritanyiwa

Vol

put the method of simple and careful distillation A rectory or parsonage is a spiritual living, comis equally suited to all. Molasses spirit, cyder posed of land, tithe, and other oblations of the peospirit, wine spirit, or brandy, rum, and arrack, ple, separate or dedicate to God in any congregation are all improved by it; and all of them are then for the service of his church there, and for the mainknown to be perfectly rectified, when, in the

vhen in the tenance of the governor or minister thereof, to

in whose charge the same is committed. state of alcohol, they not only prove totally in

Spelman,

God is the supreme rector of the world, and of all flammable in a little vessel floating upon cold U those subordinate parts thereof.

Hale. waters, but when poured into the purest spring When a rector of a university of scholars is chowater they have not the least power of making sen by the corporation or university, the election any change in it, nor leave any marks of oiliness, ought to be confirmed by the superior of such unior that unctuosity which, on the mixture of the versity.

Ayliffe's Parergon. less pure spirits, floats on the top, and in certain Rector is a term applied to several persons lights gives the rainbow colors. See Distilla

whose offices are very different : as, 1. The recTION.

tor of a parish is a clergyman that has the charge Fixed salts are rectified by calcination, disso- and cure of a parish, and possesses all the tithes, lution, or filtration.

&c. 2. The same name is also given to the Metals are rectified, i. e. refined, by the chief elective officer in several foreign univercoppel; and reguluses by repeated fusions, &c. sities, particularly in that of Paris, and also in In a word, all rectifications are founded upon those of Scotland. 3. It is also applied to the the same principle; and consist in separating head master of large schools in Scotland, as in substances more volatile from substances less

the high school of Edinburgh.
the high

4. Rector is le; and the general method of effecting also used in several convents for the superior this is to supply only the degree of heat which is officer who governs the house: and the Jesuits necessary to cause this separation.

gave this name to the superiors of such of their RECTIFIER, in navigation, an instrument

houses as are either seminaries or colleges. 5. consisting of two circles, either laid one upon, The head of Lincoln College, in Oxford, is also or let into the other, and so fastened together in called rector. their centres, that they represent two compasses, RECTUM, in anatomy, the last of the large one fixed, the other moveable ; each of them di- intestines. See ANATOMY. vided into the thirty-two points of the com- RECTUS, in anatomy, a name common to pass, and 36°, and numbered both ways, from several pairs of muscles, so called on account of the north and south, ending at the east and west the straightness of their fibres. See ANATOMY. in 90°. The fixed compass represents the hori

RECUBATION, n.s.) Lat. recubo. The zon, in which the north and all the other points RECUM'BENCY. Sact of lying or leanof the compass are fixed and immoveable. The RECUM'best, adi. Jing: this both submoveable compass represents the mariner's com- stantives signify, and the adjective corresponds. pass; in which the north and all other points are liable to variation. In the centre of the move

Whereas our translation renders it sitting, it can

not have that illation, for the French and Italian able compass is fastened a silk thread, long

translations express neither position of session or reenough to reach the outside of the fixed com

cubation.

Browne. pass. But, if the instrument be made of wood,

When the mind has been once habituated to this There is an index instead of the thread. Its use lazy recumbency and satisfaction on the obvious sur. is to find the variation of the compass, to rectify face of things, it is in danger to rest satisfied there. the course at sea; having the amplitude or azi

Locke. muth given.

The Roman recumbent, or more properly accumRECTILIN'EAR, adj.) Fr. rectitude; bent, posture in eating was introduced after the first RECTILIN'EOUS, Latin rectus and Punick war.

Arbuthnot. • REC'TITUDE, n. s. linea. Consisting of RECUPERATORES, among the ancient

right lines: rectitude is, literally, straightness; Romans, were commissioners appointed to take hence, and more commonly, mental uprightness; cognizance of private matters in dispute between integrity.

the subjects of the state and foreigners, and to There are only three rectilineous and ordinate take care that the former had justice done them. figures, which can serve to this purpose ; and inor- It came at last to be used for commissioners, to dinate or unlike ones must have been not only less who

whom the prætor referred the determination of elegant, but unequal.

Ray.

any affair between one subject and another. This image was oblong and not oval, but termin

RECUPERO (Alexander), a learned numisated with two rectilinear and parallel sides and two semicircular ends.

Newton. matologist, was born about 1740 at Catanea, of Calm the disorders of tiny mind, by reflecting on a noble family. He travelled, with the name of the wisdom, equity, and absolute rectitude of all his Alexis Motta, through the principal cities of proceedings.

Atterbury. Italy, and employed himself in forming a colRECTOR, n. s.) Fr. recteur : Lat, rector. lection of the Roman consular medals. The Rec'toRSHIP, Ruler; lord: governor; examination and classification of these stores enRECTORY. parson of an unimpro- gaged nim more than

gaged him more than thirty years, in the course priated parish: rectorship and rectory are both of which he seems to have obtained an unrivalled used for his office; and the latter for his resi- acquaintance with the family history of the Ro. dence also.

mans. His death took place at Rome, October, Had your bodies

1803. He wrote Institutio Stemmatica, sive de No heart among you ? or had your tongues no cry Vera Stemmatum præsertim Romanorum Natura Against the rectorship of judgment! Shakspeare. atque Differentia; Annales familiarum Romano

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