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nation has been repeated here, in order that all the practical and necessary instructions may be included in this latter part of the Introduction.
9. * The Asterisk, introduced into the longer divisions of the verses, marks the place for pausing, to take breath.
10. (f). This sign denotes that the verse, or halfverse, before which it is placed, is to be sung full, i. e., by both sides of the Choir and Congregation. The other verses should be sung by alternate sides, except the second half of the first verse, and the whole of the second verse of a Psalm; which should invariably be sung full, especially when the Psalm begins with a fresh Tone. If indeed, the Tone changes even in the middle of a Psalm, the first two verses, after the change, should be sung full.
11. (A.) (B.) (C.), placed after the headings of some of the Canticles, e. g. Venite exultemus Domino (A),—are intended to signify that the arrangements of the Canticles so distinguished, have a peculiar character which is thought to make their use more appropriate to particular seasons :—those marked (A.) being of a more festival character, those marked (B.) being suited to ordinary days, and those marked (C.) being perhaps better adapted to such seasons as Advent, Lent, Rogation-tide, and other times and days of fasting and humiliation.
The following rule may be found useful, as regards this particular :
(A.) These may be used, except on the intervening Vigils and Fridays (not being Christmas Day, Circumcision, Epiphany, or Lady Day), from Christmas Eve to the end of the week before Septuagesima; from Easter Eve to Rogation Sunday; and from the Eve of Ascension Day to the end of the week after Trinity Sunday; as well as also on all other Festival Days (except Sundays*) occurring throughout the year, and not being Fridays.
The Canticles marked (A.) should be used invariably on Christmas Day, Circumcision, Epiphany, Lady Day, and All Saints, even though they fall on a Friday,
(B.) These may be used (except on any intervening days when A and C are specially appointed,) from Septuagesima to Ash-Wednesday; from the first Sunday after Trinity, to the end of the week before Advent; also on the Fridays which occur during the octaves of the following great feasts ;—Christmas, Easter, Ascension, and Whitsuntide; and on all other
* It seems well that the Sundays should take their several characters from the various Seasons of the year in which they may happen to occur, as these are, for the most part, the only days when the majority of our people have an opportunity of observing (publicly) the difference between them.
Fridays that are Saints' Days, except those on which (A.) is appointed to be used invariably.
(C.) These may be used (except when A. and B. are specially appointed), during Advent and Lent; on the Rogation and Ember Days; on Fridays; and at the Morning Service of all Vigils.
Those arrangements of the Canticles, distinguished as (1.) and (2.), may be used indiscriminately, according to the judgment of the Clergyman, who has the supervision of the Choral department in each Church.
With regard to the Benedicite, which is very properly used in Lent, the first arrangement might be appropriated to the Sundays and other Festivals, occurring in that Season ; and the second arrangement might be used on all the other days.
It only remains now, to add a few general rules, of a very simple character, for the Chanting of the Psalter, according to the arrangement used in this work. They are all such as are based upon the intrinsic nature of the ancient Ecclesiastical Chant.
Rule 1. That the Chant should be as brisk and lively as is consistent with reverence, with the partieular character of the Psalm, and with the distinct enunciation of each word and syllable.
Rule 2. That there should be no pause or break whatever (except it be indicated by an asterisk, *), between the Reciting-note and the first note of the Mediation or Cadence.
Rule 3. That there be nothing like measured time used, in singing the Mediations and Cadences; and that no more duration be given to any note, than just what is required for the distinct enunciation of the words and syllables to be sung to it.
Rule 4. That there be not too marked an accent given to any note, even though it be an accented one. The natural emphasis of the words and syllables having been consulted, as far as was practicable, in the pointing of the present Psalter, this will afford a sufficient guide, as to the amount of accent to be given to each note. It should certainly not be more than what is strictly required, by the relative value and emphasis of the syllables.