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MINING OF THE DEEP SEABED
United States. Congen. Senate. Commttee on
Energy angomátia

Resonus
JOINT HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
PUBLIC LANDS AND RESOURCES

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES

AND THE

COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE,
SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION

UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-FIFTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 2053

A BILL TO PROMOTE THE ORDERLY AND ENVIRONMENTALLY
SOUND EXPLORATION FOR AND COMMERCIAL RECOVERY OF
HARD MINERAL RESOURCES OF THE DEEP SEABED, PENDING
ADOPTION OF AN INTERNATIONAL REGIME RELATING

THERETO

SEPTEMBER 19, 20, AND OCTOBER 4, 1977

Publication No. 95–78

Printed for the use of the
Committees on Energy and Natural Resources
and Commerce, Science, and Transportation

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1978

8-973 O

KF26

.E558

1977g

COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES

HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington, Chairman FRANK CHURCH, Idaho

CLIFFORD P. HANSEN, Wyoming LEE METCALF, Montana

MARK O. HATFIELD, Oregon J. BENNETT JOHNSTON, Louisiana

JAMES A. MCCLURE, Idaho JAMES ABOUREZK, South Dakota

DEWEY F. BARTLETT, Oklahoma FLOYD K. HASKELL, Colorado

LOWELL P. WEICKER, JR., Connecticut DALE BUMPERS, Arkansas

PETE V. DOMENICI, New Mexico
WENDELL H. FORD, Kentucky

PAUL LAXALT, Nevada
JOHN A. DURKIN, New Hampshire
HOWARD M. METZENBAUM, Ohio
SPARK M. MATSUNAGA, Hawaii

GRENVILLE GARSIDE, Staff Director and Counsel
DANIEL A. DREYFUS, Deputy Staff Director for Legislation

D. MICHAEL HARVEY, Chief Counsel
W. O. CRAFT, JR., Minority Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON PUBLIC LANDS AND RESOURCES

LEE METCALF, Montana, Chairman HOWARD M. METZENBAUM, Ohio,

JAMES A. MCCLURE, Idaho Vice Chairman

PETE V. DOMENICI, New Mexico FRANK CHURCH, Idaho

PAUL LAXALT, Nevada
FLOYD K. HASKELL, Colorado

MARK O. HATFIELD, Oregon
WENDELL H. FORD, Kentucky
SPARK M. MATSUNAGA, Hawaii

STEVEN P. QUARLES, Counsel
RUSSELL R. BROWN, Professional Staff Member
NORM WILLIAMS, Professional Staff Member

COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION

WARREN G. MAGNUSON, Washington, Chairman HOWARD W. CANNON, Nevada

JAMES B. PEARSON, Kansas RUSSELL B. LONG, Louisiana

ROBERT P. GRIFFIN, Michigan ERNEST F. HOLLINGS, South Carolina TED STEVENS, Alaska DANIEL K. INOUYE, Hawaii

BARRY GOLDWATER, Arizona ADLAI E. STEVENSON, Illinois

BOB PACKWOOD, Oregon WENDELL H. FORD, Kentucky

HARRISON H. SCHMITT, New Mexico
JOHN A. DURKIN, New Hampshire

JOHN C. DANFORTH, Missouri
EDWARD ZORINSKY, Nebraska
DONALD W. RIEGLE, JR., Michigan
JOHN MELCHER, Montana

EDWARD A. MERLIS, Staff Director
THOMAS G. ALLISON, Chief Counsel
JAMES P. WALSH, General Counsel
CHRISTOPHER KOCH, Staff Counsel

DEBORAH STIRLING, Staff Counsel
MALCOLM M. B. STERRETT, Minority Staff Director

GERALD Kovach, Minority Staff Counsel

fdol 16 mar78

CONTENTS

Hearings:

Page

September 19, 1977

1

September 20, 1977

111

October 4, 1977

361

S. 2053 ...

4

Department reports: Comptroller General of the United States

52, 56

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1977

STATEMENTS

Davenport, Hon. Joan, Assistant Secretary for Minerals and Energy, Depart-
ment of the Interior .....

86, 89

Frank, Hon. Richard A., Administrator, National Oceanic and Atmospheric

Administration, Department of Commerce...

76, 79

Junz, Hon. Helen, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Commodities and Natural

Resources, Department of the Treasury

92, 94

Metcalf, Hon. Lee, a U.S. Senator from the State of Montana.

1

Murphy, Hon. John M., a U.S. Representative from the State of New York 60, 70

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1977

STATEMENTS

Breaux, Hon. John B., a U.S. Representative from the State of Louisiana ..... 112, 121

Clements, B. Gill, president, Sedco, Inc

132, 134

Dubs, Marne, on behalf of the American Mining Congress

124, 127

Ely, Northcutt, special counsel for Deepsea Ventures, Inc.

227, 229

Hawkins, Phillips, vice president and executive assistant, research develop-

ment, United States Steel Corp.

159, 206

Houseman, C. Thomas, Vice President, Technical Director for Mining, The
Chase Manhattan Bank, N.A

262, 265

Kaufman, Alan

271, 275

L'Esperance, Robert L., director-corporate explorations & investigations, re-

source development, United States Steel Corporation

162

Maynard, Earle V., president, Earle V. Maynard Co.

.... 267, 268

Metcalf, Hon. Lee, a U.S. Senator from the State of Montana.

111

Stern, Milton, senior vice president, Kennecott Copper Corp.

243, 244

Welling, Conrad G., ocean systems, Lockheed Missiles & Space Co ..... 137, 139

TUESDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1977

STATEMENTS

Ary, T S, manager, development in the Australasia division, San Francisco,

Calif., representing the Association of Professional Geological Scientists .... 450, 454

Barnes, James, counsel, international project, Center for Law and Social

Policy, Washington, D.C., representing the Environmental Defense Fund,

the Friends of the Earth, the National Audubon Society, the Natural

Resources Defense Council, and the Sierra Club ..

390, 395

Charney, Jonathan I., associate professor of law, Vanderbilt University School

of Law, Nashville, Tenn....

436, 439

Johnston, James L., senior economist, Standard Oil Co. of Indiana

466

Kilmarx, Robert A., director of raw materials studies, Center for Strategic

and International Studies, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C......... 407, 410

Levering, Samuel R., director, U.S. Committee for the Oceans, Washington,

D.C.; also representing National Parks & Conservation Association,
Friends Quaker Committee on National Legislation, and the Law of the
Sea Project of the United Methodist Church

402, 405

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Page Lock, Reinier, chairman, Special Committee on Law of the Sea, Bar Association of San Francisco

.459, 462 Logue, Dr. John J., director, World Order Research Institute, Villanova University, Villanova, Pa

421, 426 Matsunaga, Hon. Spark M., a U.S. Senator from the State of Hawaii

361 Pritchard, Hon. Joel, a U.S. Representative from the State of Washington ... 369, 372 Richardson, Hon. Elliot L., Ambassador at Large and Special Representative of

the President to the Law of the Sea Conference, accompanied by Myron Nordquist, Office of the Law of the Sea, Department of State ..

378 Statham, Alfred P., vice president, INCO United States, Inc., New York, N.Y. 442,

444 Stevens, Hon. Ted, a U.S. Senator from the State of Alaska

362 Tinsley, C. Richard, minerals economist, Mining Division, Continental Illinois National Bank, Chicago, Ill....

474 APPENDIX Additional statements submitted for the record.

487

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