rather than any member of his own body whose merits might not be so generally recognised. It is generally found, that men who have raised themselves to eminence attach its full value to the money which they have laboriously acquired. Nor was the late Provost any exception to this remark; yet he would often do far more liberal actions than men apparently more easy or careless in giving. Many charities have lost in him a munificent supporter; and it deserves mention, that if one of his younger Fellows, whom he thoughtfavourably of, was travelling in ill health, and “dividends” were slack, the Provost would offer him pecuniary aid, with a delicacy of manner which doubled the kindness of the act. In his management of college property, no opportunity of grasping immediate gain ever disturbed the clear view which he acted upon of the permanent interests of the college. On this account he deserves record among its benefactors; for, though his policy of refusing the immediate temptation of fines ultimately repaid him, he practised it at a time when no such re-payment could have been foreseen as probable. Many men have been more widely popular; few, within the circle where they were appreciated, have been more justly respected. Dr. Thackeray held the appointment of chaplain in ordinary to George III. and the succeeding Sovereigns, including her present Majesty. He was an erudite classic, and an eminent naturalist; and his collection and library, in connection with his study, are reputed (as private ones) to rank among, even if they are not the best in England. Dr. Thackeray suffered for some years before his decease from an internal complaint, which finally carried him off. Dr. Thackeray married in 1816 MaryAnne, eldest daughter of Alexander Cottin, esq. who was in the commission of the peace for Herts, and died Sept. 2, 1794. This lady died in Wimpole-street, at the house of her sister Miss Cottin, on the 18th Feb. 1818. Her death in childbirth was attended with the melancholy circumstance of Sir Richard Croft, M.D. (who had recently attended the Princess Charlotte of Wales,) committing suicide in the house. The death of Mrs. Thackeray occurred three days after this tragic occurrence. (See the Gentleman's Magazine for Feb. 1818, p. 188.) Dr. Thackeray leaves one daughter, who is the heiress of his great wealth. His executors are the Bishop of Lincoln, Mr. M. Thackeray, and J. Packe, esq. His body was deposited in a vault of the antechapel of King's College Chapel on the 29th Oct. Gent, M.A.G. Wol. XXXIV.

P. W. BANKs, Esq. Aug. 13. Aged 44, Percival Weldon Banks, esq. M.A. Barrister-at-Law. Mr. Banks was the “Morgan Rattler” of Fraser's Magazine and other periodicals. “One of the chosen, but fast diminishing band who surrounded Maginn in all the erratic light of his literary success, Mr. Banks wore no small resemblance in many respects to that ill-fated genius. Like Maginn he was an accomplished scholar and a perfect gentleman—variously endowed by nature, highly cultivated by study, of quick feelings, and with a warm and generous heart; like him, too, in addition to a social and ardent temperament, which rendered him the delight of every convivial assemblage, he possessed a large share of that improvidence which unfortunately characterised his clever countryman.” He was called to the bar at Gray's Inn on the 30th Jan. 1835.


July 14. At Berlin, aged 61, John Augustus William Neander, Upper Consistorial Councillor, and Professor of Theology in the University of Berlin.

Neander was born at Göttingen of Hebrew parents, on the 16th June, 1789. He studied at Halle and Göttingen; and at the early age of twenty-three was appointed professor at Heidelberg. He had occupied the chair of Divinity at the University of Berlin from the year 1813. He was one of the chief promoters of the changes operated in the Protestant establishment of Prussia, and of the compromise of the Lutheran and Calvinistic confessions in the so-called United Church. Though opposed to the offensive rationalism of the “Friends of Light,” he was himself one of the luminaries of the unsound school of theology which has superseded the ancient traditions of the Protestant communions of Germany.

Neander has published a great number of works:—among which the principal are, Memoirs of the History of Christianity and of the Christian Life; A History of St. Bernard and his Time; A History of St. Chrysostom and of the origin of the Eastern Church; the Developement and Explanation of the various Gnostic Systems; and a History of the Establishment and Government of the Church by the Apostles. Most of these have appeared in English versions in this country; and a translation of another work, entitled “Light in the Dark Places,” presenting memorials of Christian life in the mediaeval centuries, has just been published.

4 Q

MR. John RAY. April 8. At his residence, Brunswickterrace, Windsor, Mr. John Ray, where he had been well known and respected for nearly fifty years. He was, by his father's side, of the same descent, it is believed, as the Rev. John Ray, M.A. F.R.S. of Black Notley, in Essex, and the Meads of the same county. Mr. John Ray was born Sept. 5, 1776, at Sudbury, Suffolk, and was the second son of the Rev. John Mead Ray, the revered minister for sixty-three years of the Congregational Protestant Dissenters, assembling in Friar-street meeting-house, in the afore-mentioned (now disfranchised) borough. His mother was Miss Elizabeth Shepherd, daughter of William Shepherd, esq. of Braintree, Essex, the son of the Rev. Thomas Shepherd, M.A. who, after being vicar of St. Neot's, Hunts, and having other preferment, seceded from the Church of England, and founded one of the largest congregations of Independents in Essex, at Bocking. His father also before him dissented, resigning the rectory of Tillbrook, Beds, soon after the passing of the Act of Uniformity. The Shepherds were a highly respectable family, bearing Ermine, three battle-axes in chief. There is in the College of Heralds a pedigree of them and the Saviles, of descent from the Mexborough family. The subject of this record was married Aug. 27, 1807, to the widow of Mr. Robert Legge of Windsor. Her maiden name was Sarah Naish, of the county of Hants. She died Nov. 24, 1844, in the 74th year of her age. By her Mr. Ray had two sons, who both survive their parents, the Rev. Henry William Gainsborough Ray, presbyter, Lancaster, and the Rev. Alfred Shepherd Ray, Independent minister at Sydenham, Kent. The latter has issue, by Miss Ann Frost, Mead Alfred Shepherd Rav. Mr. John Ray retired from business in 1823, upon an ample fortune inherited and acquired; and afterwards, being a man of leisure, integrity, and good sense, he was invited and elected to many important offices, which he filled with credit to himself and advantage to others. Twice he was returned town-councillor for the borough of Windsor, and sat between the years 1838 and 1844, when he retired, from the infirmities of age. He was a commissioner of the highways, was on the committee of the dispensary, and of the British and Foreign Bible Society, and was sometime treasurer and secretary of several other institutions. As a conscientious and hereditary protestant dissenter, he was a deacon and treasurer of the church and congregation of Independents at New

Windsor; and a liberal supporter of the worship of God, and all those societies which have for their object the extension of Christianity, the dissemination of useful and religious knowledge, and the improvement of the condition of his fellow-townsmen and mankind generally. Mr. Ray died after an attack of the influenza, of a ruptured artery on the chest, which almost immediately dismissed him from the body, and returned his spirit into the hands of his “faithful Creator,” in the 74th year of his age. On the 15th of March last his elder brother, Shepherd Ray, esq. justice of the peace, died at Ipswich in the 75th year of his age, in a manner similar and as suddenly. He married Miss Mary Ann Jarrold, sister to Thomas Jarrold, esq. M.D. of Manchester, author of “Instinct and Reason,” &c. &c., and has left a son and four daughters surviving. Their youngest brother, Mr. Charles Ray, by a second marriage, with Elizabeth Fenn, daughter of Thomas Fenn, esq. of Sudbury, Suffolk, and of the Fenns of Suffolk and Norfolk, is still surviving, and has a son, John Mead Ray, at Sudbury.


Oct. At Taunton, Mr. Charles Harman, a very old and respectable inhabitant of that town.

The deceased was formerly an industrious and honourable tradesman of Taunton, and having a passion for music, especially for the solemn tones of the organ, sedulously devoted himself to that instrument, and accepted the appointment of organist to St. Mary's church, which he held until a recent period. His latter years have been employed in the processes of building, and the elevated villa on the height of the sylvan scenery at Stoke Saint Mary, near Taunton, employed, if not profitably, at least agreeably, much of his time and attention. By prudent and unostentatious habits, he had accumulated considerable property, which he has bequeathed in numerous legacies with considerable regard to the positions in life of the persons thus benefited. Some houses, which he called “Harmony Row,” he has charitably devised to trustees for the benefit of eligible female occupants, respectively belonging to the parishes of Taunton St. James and Taunton St. Magdalen; and for keeping them in repair has adequately endowed them. Among the bequests is 2001. for reparations of the tower of St. Mary Magdalen. A powerful organ constructed for his own amusement, for the reception of which, in building his house in East-street, a large room was erected, is given to the Incumbent of Staple Fitzpaine, for the use of that church; his favorite violincello is left to Mr. W. Summerhaye; and various money legacies, most of which range from 201, to 50l. are awarded with great consideratemess and benevolence. His executors are the Rev. R. Bower, Mr. Jeboult, and Mr. W. H. Chorley. Mrs. Harman died less than a month before him at the age of 74.


Oct. . . In his 40th year, Mr. William Barraud, animal painter.

The family of Mr. Barraud came from France at the time of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes; his father held a responsible situation in the Custom-house, and his grandfather was a well-known chronometer-maker of Cornhill. His taste for painting was probably inherited from his maternal grandfather, an excellent miniature painter; but it was not fostered very early in life, for he was, on quitting school, introduced to a situation in the Customs, where, however, he continued but a short time, and then quitted it to follow the profession most in unison with his talents and feelings, under the guidance of Mr. Abraham Cooper, R.A. with whom he studied a considerable time. Without attaining to the highest rank in his peculiar department, that of an animal painter, or rather a painter of horses and dogs, for he chiefly confined his practice to these, he was always correct, and even elegant, in his style of work; while the subject pictures which he painted in conjunction with his brother Henry are far above mediocrity, both in conception and treatment. The two brothers had long been joint-exhibitors at the Royal Academy and the British Institution, and at the time when William was almost suddenly snatched away they had built and furnished a new study for themselves to labour in, and were about to throw all their energies into some pictures they had together planned to execute; but it was otherwise ordained.

His last illness was short, but his sufferings were intense; these he bore with the patience and resignation of one who ever possessed a well-regulated mind, and had lived a life of consistent charity. His loss will be severely felt by all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance, for he was upright and sincere, and, while unsparingly rigid himself, he was indulgent and considerate towards others.—Art Journal.

MR. JAMEs Scott WALKER. Aug. 21. At Liverpool, Mr. James Scott Walker, well known in that town from the long period that he had been connected with the local press.

In the earlier part of his life Mr. Walker was connected with the Liverpool Mercury, as its sub-editor, and the duties of that laborious office he executed with ability and discrimination. On leaving that establishment, he started a literary periodical of his own called the Lancashire Museum ; and the varied powers and acquirements which he brought to the task, together with his skill in enlisting the services of able contributors, obtained for the periodical a circulation which was deemed wonderful in a town then notoriously neglectful of all local efforts of a literary character. Almost every number of The Museum was enlivened with some story, essay, anecdote, or gossiping article written by the facile pen of its editor; and some of those productions evinced imagination, humour, vigour of treatment, and ingenuity, not often surpassed by writers whose names are household words. A poetic taste was among his literary endowments; and some of his poetical productions ranged far above mediocrity. In the course of his chequered life Mr. Walker had visited the West Indies and South America, and a fearful earthquake, which took place during his residence in the latter country formed the subject of his longest, most ambitious, and most successful poem.

After the abandonment of his local periodical, Mr. Walker was, for several years, the editor of a Liberal paper in Preston. About a dozen years ago he returned to Liverpool, and in the intervening period he acted as contributor and reporter to several local papers, but more especially to the Liverpool Standard. With politics, however, he rarely intermeddled during the whole of his last term of residence in the town.

Mr. Walker had not only a literary but a mechanical genius, and under favourable circumstances his constructive faculty might have been brought into fuller and more profitable play. In naval architecture he was an enthusiastic amateur, and he had executed many beautiful models of different descriptions of vessels. One of his favourites consisted of a design for a ship with a double keel, the object of this singular construction being to give the vessel greater steadiness in the water. This design, which we are told has been well spoken of by practical men, he at one time thought of patenting. Amongst his fellow-workers of the press he was esteemed for his kind and courteous manner; and, though he had his failings, which had inflicted on him their chastisement, they were regarded as the too common inheritance of our frail humanity. —Liverpool Mercury.

Mn. Gale.

Sept. 8. By falling from a balloon in France, in his 50th year, Mr. Gale the a6ronaut.

This person, who styled himself" Lieut. Gale," though his only pretence to that designation was his having served as inspector of the coast blockade in Ireland, was a native of London. Early in life he exhibited much aptitude for the dramatic profession, performing such parts at the Coburg, Astley's, and the Surrey theatres as were termed thejuvenile characters, with occasionally the tyrant in the Eastern spectacles. With the late Andrew Ducrow, of Astley's Amphitheatre, he was a special favourite. He visited America shortly after the famed equestrian piece of " Mazeppa" came out at the Amphitheatre in 1831, and performed the hero, Mazeppa, for 200 nights at the Bowery Theatre, New York, by which he realised a handsome sum in salary and benefits. While there he became intimate with a tribe of Indians, with whose habits and manners he so completely identified himself, that when arrayed in their costume he was frequently taken for a native. He returned to England with a party of six and their chief, Ma Caust, who acquired much celebrity for some months at the Victoria theatre. A circumstance took place which placed the chief, Ma Caust, at the Old Bailey for a criminal offence, and Mr. Gale greatly interested himself in obtaining evidence to assist his Indian friend on the trial. The late Sir Augustus d'Este, son of the Duke of Sussex, who became acquainted with the Indian, took also a lively interest in the trial. The result was an acquittal, and shortly after Mr.Gale was appointed to a situation of inspector in the coast blockade service in the northern part of Ireland, which department he held for nearly seven years. He returned to England to obtain from his patron, Sir Augustus, a removal to a more congenial locality in England; but, failing in doiDg so, he declined returning to Ireland, and again embraced the stage at the City of London theatre. The altered state in which he found the dramatic profession after so long an absence from it, induced him to turn his thoughts to scientific purposes, and, having had a balloon manufactured at the Old Montpelier Grounds, Walworth, he made his first ascent at the Rosemary Branch Tavern early in the year 1848. From that period he had made a great number of ascents in all parts of the kingdom, and his last fatal ascent was the 114th. During his late

French caieer he was accompanied by Mr. James Ellis, late of Cremorne Gardens,

who made all arrangements till within a

short time, when be had to return to England on his own business. Gale's last ascent was made from the Hippodrome of Vincennes, at Bordeaux, with the " Royal Cremorne Balloon," seated (for the first time) on the back of a pony. He attempted to descend at a place named Anguilles. W7hen the pony bad been released from its slings, the peasants who held the ropes of the balloon, misunderstanding the directions given by the aeronaut, let go, and the balloon, having- still sufficient gas in it to give an ascensional force after losing the weight of the beast, rose suddenly, and the anchor, which held by a tree, being loosened by the sadden motion, the shock upset the car. Mr. Gale, however, clung to the ropes, and pulled the string of the valve to cause a further escape of gas. The ascent of the balloon was then checked, and it was thought in consequence that he had succeeded in climbing up into the car. This, however, was not the case, as the next day the balloon was discovered lying on the ground some miles from the spot where the pony was liberated, and, on further search being made, the dead body of Lieutenant Gale was found in a wood with the limbs all broken. He has left a wife and seven children.

He was most saoguine in all his undertakings, and rarely thought of the coosequences of any speculation in which personal danger was to be apprehended. It is thought that his imperfect knowledge of the French language was the cause of the catastrophe.

His body was interred in the Protestant cemetery at Bordeaux.

Miss Biffin. Oct. 2. At Liverpool, aged 60, Mis* Sarah Biffin, who though born without hands or arms attained considerable eminence as a miniature painter. She was a native of East Quantoxhead, near Bridgewater. She was taught the rudiments of art by Mr. Dukes, to whom she bound herself by a written agreement; and, though she remained with him nearly sixteen years, she received ut no time more than 5/. per ann. In 1821 she received a medal from the Society of Arts for one of her pictures. Through the kindness of the late Earl of Morton, she received further instruction from Mr. Craig, and supported herself for many years by miniature painting. After settling in Liverpool, age grew upon her, and her efforts to support herself being ineffectual, a small annuity was purchased for her through the kind exertions of Mr. Richard Rathbone.


Aug. 12. At Bathurst settlement, River Gambia, aged 31, the Rev. James A. Burrowes, B.A. Magd. cull. Camb., Colonial Chaplain, having held that appointment only four months. He has left a widow and child.

Sept. 9. At Brussels, aged 73, the Rev. Charles James Clifton, late British Chaplain at Aix-la-Chapelle.

Sept. 11. The Rev. Edmund Granger, British Chaplain at Ems, Germany.

Sept. 15. At New Brentford, aged 59, the Rev. Moses Ban/is. He was of Wadham college, Oxford, M.A. 1818.

Sept. 16. At Sowerby, Yorkshire, aged 39, the Rev. George Hughes Hobson, last surviving sou of George Hobson, esq. of Clifton, near York.

Sept. 17. The Rev. James Mainwaring, of Bromborough hall, Cheshire, Vicar of Cainham, Shropshire, Perp. Curate of Bromborough, and Chairman of the Board of Guardians of the Wirral Union. He was the only son of James Mainwaring of Bromborough, esq. was born at Avignon, and naturalised by Act of Parliament. He was of Emmanuel college, Cambridge, B.A. 1815, M.A. 1818: was presented to Cainham in the latter year, and to Bromborough in 1827.

Sept. 18. Aged 75, the Rev. John Ireland, Perp. Curate of Skelmersdale (1804), in the parish of Ormskirk.

Sept. 20. At Yaxley, Hunts, aged 4G, the Rev. Harry Sewell, Curate and patron of the Vicarage of Yaxley. He was of St. Peter's college, Cambridge, B.D. 1845.

Sept. 21. At St. Cross, near Winchester, the Rev. W. T. Williams, Rector of Lainston, Perp. Curate of Freefolk, and Chaplain of St. Cross Hospital. He received the donative of Freefolk with the chaplaincy of St. Cross in 1820, and was presented to the rectory of Lainston in 1826 by Sir F. H. Bathurst.

Sept. 22. At Malvern, in his 70th year, the Rev. John Willson, late of Thorpe hall, Lincolnshire. Having been for some time greatly depressed in his spirits, he threw himself from the window of his bedroom, and died three days after. He was formerly a Fellow of Lincoln college, Oxford, M.A. 1806, B.D. 1813.

Sept. 24. At Buttevant, Cloyne, the Rev. James Laurence Cotter, Vicar of that parish. He was of Trinity college, Cambridge, LL.B. 1806.

At Rasharkin, co. Antrim, the Rev. William H. Dickson, for many years Prebendary of Rasharkin, and Rector of Finvoy, co. Antrim. He was the second sou of the late Right Rev. Dr. Dickson, Bishop of Down and Connor, and brother of the late Lieut.-Gen. Sir J. Dickson, K.C.B.

Sept. 28. Aged 79, the Rev. Gaius Barry, Rector of Little Sodbury, Gloucestershire, to which he was presented in 1819.

At Horton, Bucks, the Rev. IVilliam Broun, for fifty-four years Rector of that parish.

Sept. 29. At Shipton Bellinger, Hants, aged 42, the Rev. Thomas Charles Garliie, Curate of that parish. He was of Clare hall, Cambridge, B.A. 1831, M.A. 1835.

At Frimley, Surrey, from a shotwound received from a burglar who had entered his bed-room, aged 54, the Rev. George Edward Holiest, Perp. Curate of that place, to which he was presented in 1832. He has left a widow and two sons, for whom a public subscription has been set on foot.

Sept. 30. At Blagdon, Somerset, aged 61, the Rev. Daniel Guilford Wait, LL.D. Rector of that parish. He was of St. John's college, Cambridge; LL.B. 1819, LL.D. 1824; and was presented to Blagdon in 1819, having been previously Curate of Puckle church, near Bristol. Dr. Wait was a distinguished Orientalist. He was the author of a Defence of a Critique on the Hebrew word Nachash against the Hypothesis of Adam Clarke, 1811, 8vo.; Inquiry respecting the Religious Knowledge which the Heathen Philosophers derived from the Jewish Scriptures, 1813, 8vo.; and of frequent contributions to the Classical Journal.

Lately. At Link House, Blyth, the Rev. John_Greenwood, Curate of Craylie, Yorkshire.

Oct. 1. At his glebe, the Rev. J. H. Bouchier, Rector of Ardcanny, and a Prebendary of Limerick.

At the Grotto, Basildon, Berks, the residence of his father-in-law the Rev. G. H. Peel, aged 52, the Rev. Charles Henry Cox, M.A. Rector of Oulton, Suffolk (1845), and one of the Lecturers of the City of Oxford, to which function he had been very recently appointed.

Oct. 2. At Westmill, Herts, aged 61, the Rev. 2'heodore Drury, Rector of that parish. He was of Pembroke college, Cambridge, B.A. 1811, M.A. 1830.

At Putney, aged 73, the Rev. William Car matt.

Oct. 3. At Filey, near Scarborough, aged 37, the Rev. Henry William Bowles Daubeney, B. A., Rector of Kirk Bramwith, near Doncaster. He was the second son of Major-Gen. Henry Daubeney, K.H. Colonel of the 8th Foot. He was of Trinity college, Oxford; was presented to the perpetual curacy of Cains Cross, co. Gloucester; afterwardsappointedDomestic Chaplain to the Earl of Waldegrave; and in 1841 presented by Colonel Freke to the

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