« 前へ次へ »
“ culate for the small pox, to put a LET. “ period to our own life, to build v. “ houses, cultivate the ground, or “ fail upon the ocean, are actions “ equally innocent, or equally crimi“ nal.” Why? Because “ in all of “ them we employ our powers of « mind and body, to produce some “innovation in the course of nature ; “and in none of them do we any “ more."
1. As to the actions of " diverting “ rivers, building houses, cultivating “ the ground, and failing upon the • ocean,” there is no occasion to discuss their legality.
2. The intention of inoculation is to preserve life, that of suicide can be only to destroy it; so that there is a material difference between them. 3. No one ever rested the Morality
LET. of human actions merely on the cir.
cumstance here stated of “ producing
P. 15. “But you are placed by “ providence, like a centinel, in a par“ ticular station, and when you desert “it without being recalled, you are “equally guilty of rebellion against " your almighty sovereign, and have “ incurred his difpleasure.”
This is an argument urged against LET. suicide by heathen as well as Christian V writers. How does Mr. H. overthrow it ?
P. 16. “ I ask, why do you conclude “ that providence has placed me in " this station ? For my part, I find “ that I owe my birth to a long chain « of causes, of which many depended “ on the voluntary actions of men.”
Here we should answer, but that Mr. H. like the mother of Sisera, returns answer to himself.
P. 16. “ But providence guided all “ these causes, and nothing happens " in the universe, without it's consent " and co-operation."
Now comes Mr. H_'s reply.
66 If so, then neither does my death, “ however voluntary, happen with« out its consent."
LET. If by consent Mr. H. means permission,
all the evil ever perpetrated on earth has been perpetrated by God's permission; for otherwise it could not have been perpetrated at all. But if he means approbation, we must deny the proposition. Many things are permitted, which are not approved. Of his approbation or disapprobation we have other rules by which to judge.
P. 16.-“ And whenever pain or “ forrow so far overcome my patience, “ as to make me tired of life, I may “ conclude that I am recalled from my “ station in the clearest and imoft ex6 press terms."
Then may every man put an end to his own life when he thinks proper. The s patience" of some people is soon “ overcome ;” and perhaps there are few Englishmen, who
have not found themselves " tired of let. “ life," in one part or other of the month of November ; but happily prevented from hanging themselves by a sense of higher obligation, they have returned to business, and done excellent service to their country, in the month of January. The station of a centinel is not, nor is it supposed to be, a station of ease, but of duty. A good foldier endures hardship; and a good Chriftian must do the same. Adiction is " a call, “ in the most clear and express “ terms,” not to fullenness and suicide, but to the exercise of patience, resignation, and fortitude. “ For “ even hereunto are we called ;” and our commander himself has set us the example. Let us follow him with alacrity and chearfulness, and we shall