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any thing that might be really con- let. mendable in him. Thus much only 11. I will venture to affert, that whatever it was, the merit of it is not due to his philosophical principles. These afford no motives to restrain men who have once embraced them from any vices to which their conftitutions may happen to incline. It is too much for the same person to excel in every branch. It is enough if he point the way. All evil beings are not immoral. Lord Chesterfield's friend, himself, mentioned above, offends not in the articles of eating, wine, or women ; he is differently employed. He is employed in tempting others to offend.
The A. tells us, “ Mr. H-'s most " abstract researches were in favour of “ a behaviour perfectly irreproachable.
LET. -_Whoever is acquainted with Mr. 11. “Hm's writings will bear witness,
" that he was a lover of decency, or“ der, and decorum-It would be the “ drudgery of a day to detect a single a light sentence in H."*
I shall transcribe two or three sentences which lie pretty near together, in a Dialogue subjoined to his Enquiry into the Principles of Morals.
" There is almost as great diffi“culty, I acknowledge, to justify “ French, as Greek gallantry; except “ only, that the former is much more “ natural and agreeable than the lat“ ter. But our neighbours, it seems, " have resolved to sacrifice some of " the domesic to the sociable pleasures ; “ and to prefer ease, freedom, and an “open commerce, to a strict fidelity * P. 106, 110.
" and constancy. These ends are both LET. " good, and are sometimes difficult to 11. " reconcile; nor need we be sur“ prised, if the customs of nations " incline too much, sometinies to " the one side, and sometimes to the “ other * - It is needless to dif“ semble: the consequence of a very “ free commerce between the sexes, cand of their living much together, " will often terminate in intrigues “ and gallantry. We must facrifice “ fomewhat of the useful, if we be very “ anxious to obtain all the agreeable " qualities; and cannot pretend to “ reach alike every kind of advantage. • Instances of licence, daily multiply“ing, will weaken the scandal with “ the one sex, and teach the other, “ by degrees, to adopt the famous * Essays Vol. ii. P. 397. edit. 1772.
LET. " maxim of La Fontaine with regard 11. “to female infidelity, that if one
“ knows it, it is but a small matter ; if “ one knows it not, it is nothing." * Verily, as Lord Foppington says to his brother, in the stage - play-A NICE MARALITY, TAM, STAP MY
VITALS! · When we consider these sentences
as proceeding from the pen of “the “ first philosopher of the age,” in his palmary and capital work, designed to settle the principles of morality on their only proper foundation, « it “ would be the drudgery of a MONTH” to find any thing in the system of Chesterfield and his three associates, “ the dancing.master, the perfumer, “ and the devil,” better calculated to multiply new connections, and dis* Essays Vol. ii. P. 402.