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Instances frequently occur in both let. Testaments.
XVI. If no other fatisfactory solution of the difficulty could be assigned, candour and common sense surely would suppose, that the word seven, in 2 Sam. xxiv, was originally three, especially as three is the word in the Greek version of the Lxx.*
But-" If David only sinned, why • should the punishment fall upon " the people ? "
Such is the union between king and people, like that between the head and the body, that this happens continually in the natural order of things; and therefore, why not, judicially? What greater misfortune can befall a king, or a father, than the loss of his subjects, or his children ?
* Tpia Etno
LET. It is possible, however, that such
the present instance, though David,
" David was excited to number 66 Ifrael."
But of what nature, then, after all, LET.
I am persuaded that we are much
- R 3 a via
LET. a visitation, an inquisition into their
conduct, into the religious and moral state in which they at that time stood before their God. For upon such inquisition something came out, or appeared against them, which required an offering, by way of atonement or ransom for their fouls - “ They shall “ give a ransom, that there be no plague “ amongst them, when thou numberest so them ; " A very observable expreffion ; for when David numbered them, this was the very thing that happened ;, there was a plague among them, in consequence of their being numbered. They might be in such a state, that God would not accept them, or their offerings. It is not improbable that they should be in such a state, if we consider what corruptions must needs creep in under Saul's wicked reign,
LET. and David's long wars, during most xvi. of which time the country had been overrun by the Philistines, &c. who would propagate their idolatry, with it's fagitious concomitants. In short, Israel had provoked God; for otherwise, his anger would not have been kindled against thein, as we are informed that it was; their offences called for punishinent, and on the numbering the people, an opportunity was taken to inflict it. Joab appears to have been aware of the consequence, as a known case. " Why " ( says he ) will my lord the king be "a cause of punishment, trespass, or “ forfeiture, * to Israel ?” As if he knew, that, upon a visitation, they must be punished who should be found guilty ; and was unwilling that the * nowx i Chron. xxi. 3.