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know two or three persons, or more, who have been carried away by it. And when it is quelled, what rejoicing at the triumph of truth over error! This is praiseworthy; for we ought to feel strongly where we discern spiritual danger; and to rejoice, like the angels, over one sinner that repenteth. But, in the mean time, those constant, unwearied, ever-present, destroyers of souls, the world, the flesh, and the devil, are carrying on their conquests, and millions upon millions are falling victims to their devices-millions who never heard of the “all-absorbing controversy” —whatever it may be. In the very parish perhaps of a clergyman, who is preaching against some “ prevailing error of the times," are to be found tens of thousands of persons who are rushing to destruction, not through any new form of heresy, but in the broad way of ignorance, and vice, and practical ungodliness. He does well to oppose any particular error which he considers rife and dangerous—he would betray his trust if he did not do so ;- but when we ask, What is the general condition of his parish, how small a fraction does the "prevailing error" form in the account! The really prevailing error is sin—sin in all its phases ;sin in the heart, and sin in the life ?—worldliness, pride, evil appetites, hatred of God and godliness, and that master-sin, unbelief. The mat. ters which form the staple of most religious controversies blow over the heads of the multitude. They are not indeed to be lightly regarded; and as pressing directly upon the church of Christ, they are of momentous importance; but hell is peopled, and heaven unpeo. pled, upon an awfully larger scale.

To Judge then of the actual progress of Christ's kingdom upon earth, we must take longer periods and wider estimates, than those connected with the prominent topics of the fleeting moment. We may look at passing details till we are sorely puzzled ; we may compute spiritual gains and losses, and not be able to strike a balance. We have a revival here, and a declension there; we have Popery rampant, and Protestantism contending with it; we have more good books than formerly, and more bad ones; more of zeal, but also more of strife ; Sabbath societies and Sabbath desecration ; Christian missions, Bible institutions, and plans for universal religious education; and opposed to them, Scepticism, Socialism, and every new and old form of vice and impiety. How are we to thread this maze!

But take a larger space of time, and let the field be the world. Take the present century, for example, of which forty years have

swiftly rolled away; or take the three eventful centuries which have elapsed since the days of the Reformation. The present year is the tercentenary of several occurrences which may afford materials for comparison. The year 1540 was memorable and execrable, as that in which the order of the Jesuits was instituted by the pope, who appointed Loyola, its projector, its first General. About the same time those discussions were at the height which eventually led to the Council of Trent, though it was not convened till 1546. In England Henry VIII. that year commanded that a Bible should be provided in every parish; and the last blow was given by the Parliament to what remained of monastic institutions ; but on the other hand, that staunch friend of the Reformation, Cromwell Earl of Essex was beheaded; two days after, Barnes and other Protestants were burned to death in Smithfield; and the king having married Catharine Howard, the popish party felt confident of repressing the opening Reformation. Now, what are the results of comparison on a large scale ?

A few thousands of Bibles in England for home use, have multiplied to scores of millions at home and abroad, even to the ends of the earth. Popery, though of late on the increase in various places, is assuredly far less powerful upon the whole than it was when it governed the whole civilized world with undispnted sway. Protestant Christianity has not made large conquests in Europe during the last three centuries; but it has widely pervaded North America; it has extended its influence to India ; numerous European colonies throughout the world acknowledge it; many Heathen islands in the South Sea have been converted to the faith by its instrumentality ; while Romanism during the same period has not made any one large and permanent conquest; and in many still nominally Popish lands it has received many severe wounds.

Taking, then, a survey of the world; contemplating the numerous Missionary stations; the Bibles circulated; the Scriptural schools instituted ; the actual number of converts to the Gospel from among the heathen; and the extensive revival of piety in our own and other lands, we do, upon the whole, believe that there is much reason to thank God, and to take courage ;--though, alas ! there is also ample reason to lament and be confounded, when we think how little, after all, is the increase ; and how many and formidable are the still opposing obstacles to the diffusion of the faith. We cannot, however, believe that the labours of the churches in our own and other lands have been in vain in the Lord. One circumstance is peculiarly auspicious amidst the strifes and calamities of these our days, that the churches of Christ throughout the world begin more than ever to acknowledge their obligation to endeavour to promote their divine Master's glory. They may jangle with each other : but all avow this to be a duty common to all. Our own branch of the Universal Church, we bless God, has been especially blessed with this outpouring of grace and holy influence. Our scriptural schools, our new churches, our religious societies, our increasing efforts on behalf of our long neglected colonies, our efforts among the heathen, and above all, because the root of all, the increase of truly scriptural doctrine, holy zeal, and ardent love among us-notwithstanding every head of the enumeration is subject to the most afflicting and humiliating deductions and exceptions--are tokens for good in which we do rejoice, and will rejoice.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

page
tension..Church-rates ., Irish Municipal
Bill.. Address to the Queen on Socialism

.. Slavery in the United States

190

ANSWkrs.- Papers received .. Rogers's

Antipopopriestian.. Horne on Weeks..

New Zealand Missionaries ......... 192

APRIL.
REL, AND M18. Com - Worldly Amuse.

ments..Church Rates.. Bishop of Exe-
ter on Epi-cypacy .. Twelfth Night ..
Equal Laws.. Newman's Parochial Ser-
mons.. Evidences of Christianity..Con-

vocation.. Division of Time by Weeks..

Tithe Commutation.. Early and delayed

Baptism.. Clement on Christ.. British

Critic, and Patristical Deceit..On Me-

thodism.. Burial of Persons not Bap-

tised by an Episcopal Minister....193-220

REV. OF-Hough's Christiauity in India..

Massie's India.. Duft's India Missions..
Bateman's Mrtiniere.. Malconi's India

Montgomery's Colonial Magazine
Kidd's Memoirs of Morrison..Gutzlaff's

Journal.. Chinese History, by the same. 225

PUB. AYP.-War with China .. Encour.

agement to Idolatry in India.. Use of

spirits in the Army. Privilege Question

.. Church Extension.. Theatres in Lent

.. Slavery in the United States.. Bux.

ton's Abolition of the Slave Trade...... 250

ANSWERS --Papers received.. French Pro-

testant's Tour..Methodism....

MAY
REL. AND Mis. Com.-Vagneness of Po-

pular Religion.. Vend on the Life of his
Tirandfather.. Plymouth Brethren.. The
Uncovenanted Mercies .. Dreams and
supernatural Phenomena .. Twelfth-
Night ..

Augmentation of Benfices..
Scriptures a Means of Grace.. Religious
Anecdotes.. Anti Pædo Baptist .. Chur.

ton and the Oxford Tract Writers;

Paschal and Spencer. Ten Virgiis.. Ro-

manist Superstition in Malta ......257 - 297

REY. Op-Hourh's Christianity in India

..Massie's India..Diff's India Missions

Bateman's Martiniere Malcom's

South Eastern India .. Montgomery's

Colonial Magazine.. Memoirs of Morri.

800..Gutzlaff s Journal..Chinese His-

tory, by the same...

303

PUB. AFF.- War with China.. Privilege

Question .. Canadian Clergy ..

Church

Extension.. Education Question..

318

ANSWERS.- Papers received .. Bible So-

ciety Extracts.. Bibles for the Chinese

..Murder of Williams

320

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page
JANUARY

RELIG. & MISCEL. COMMUNICATIONS.--

Ten Virgins.. Court Announcernents..

Wotton's Reliquiæ.. Uncovenanted Mer.

cies.. England, by a French Protestant

.. Interpretation of Acts xv. 14–17..St.
Paul's Cathedral .. Romanist Supersti.
tion in Germany.. Pulpit Collect. Bick-
erst-th and Paley on Regeneration..
Sweeping Chimneys

1-36
POETRY. - Immortality « 'I his Taber.
nacle"..1 he Bible..

37

REVIEW OF-Hopkins on the Church of

Rome.. Essays on Romanism.. Baxter's

Key for Catholics..Cramp's Text-book

of Popery.. Edgar's Variations of Po-

pery.. Anti- A popopricstian, by Rogers..

Popery .. The Protestant Armoury

Lathbury's Guy Fawkes.. Lectures on
Popery..Sermons at Newcastle-under-
Lyne

39
PUBLIC AFFAIRS.-National Education..

('alcutta Cathedral. . Bishop Butler 58

ANSWERS.- Papers received.. Millenarian

Discussions.. Dr. Wolff.. Pluralities 63

FEBRUARY

REL. AND Mis. Com.-Ten Virgins. . Eng.

land, by a French Protestant.. Count

Prandt.. English language :: Misquota-

tion. , Bishop of Exeter.. Weekly Divi.

sion of Time..Splitting the Difference..

Departed Spirit..South Sea Bubble..65-91
POETRY.-Sir R. Grant's Poems

94
Rev.or--Exiles (f Zillerthal.. Robinson's

Lexicon, by Bloomfield. .Giles's Lexicon
.. Nuttall's Classical and Archæological
Dictionary.. Riddle's Christian Antiqui-
ties

99-116
PUB. AVF.- Privilege Qurstion.. Queen's
Speech ..

Ministers .. Slave Colonies..
New port Trials. . State of Society...... 123

ANSWERS.-Papers received.. Dr. Nolan..

Jebb.. Rev. J. White..Dr. Hawker .... 127

MARCH

REL. AND M1s. Com.- Worldly Amnse-

ments. . Eng'and, by a Frnch Protestant

.. Modern Magicians of Egypt..Simonia-

cal Transactions.. Nolan on Spencer..

Doctrine of Reserve .. Twelfth Night..

Propbetic Dreams .. Wesleyan Metho.

dists,. Episcopal Consecrations.. Lay In-

terference in Church Matters :- Act of

Uniformity..Weekly Division of Time 129–

163

REV. or- Paber on Regeneration .. The

same on Justification.. Bishop of (hes.

ter on Eternal Life.. Hamrd 'n's Advent

Sermon.. Archdeacon Wilberforce's Or.

dination Sermon.. Megurier on Reserve

in communicatins Religious Knowledge

..Bird on the Oxford 'fracts ..

164

PUB. APP.-Queen's Marriage. . Privilege

Question.. Buller's Motion.. Church Ex-

JUNE.

REL. AND Mis. Com. Vagueness of

Popular Religion .. German Emigrants

to Armenia.. Royal Touch, and Magne.

tison .. Prophetic Dreams .. Burdsall's
Narrative .. National Retribution .. The

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page

Tree koown by its Fruits.. Spencer's
Secossion to 'Popery, considered by No.
Jan.. Morrison in the Opium Traffic..
Authority of the Fathers.. Pastoral Visit-
in... Proselytism of the Sick by Roman-
ists.. Lay Baptism Syriac Rendering

of, I Cor. i. 16, &c..

321-354

REV. OP-Works of Mrs. Hemans, witlı

Memoir

355

Obit.-Duchess of Broglie.

375

Pub. AFF.-- Irish Registration ..Finances

.. Inglis's Church Extension.. Braintree

Chu ch-Rate.. Hume's Sabbath Dese.

cration .. Petition on the Articles and

Liturgy..Church of Scotland .. Bishop

of London on Colonial Bishoprics.. Au-

niversary Meetings : Society for the Prop.

Gospel; Christian Knowledge Society;

Church Miss. Society; Naval and Mili.

tary Bible Society; l'asturial-aid and

Church-aid Societies; Lord's -day So-

ciely; Bible Society

350

ANSWERS.- Papers received.. H. Venn..

Isaac Taylor......

384

JULY.

REL, AND Mis. Com.- Vagueness of po-

pular Religion.. Claim of Ignatius to In-

spiration .. Melvill on Omnipotence..

Character of departed Christians.. Pro-

phetic Interpretation ;-Axmouth Land.

slip. Two fold Regeneration Dissen.

ters' interment in Parish Burial-Ground

..Grant and Herrick's Hymns .. The

Cross by the early Christians.. Pastoral

Visiting..Good-Friday.. i'unishment of

the Ungodly..Faith frustrated..Conve.

nicnt Falsehood... Unchristian Epitaphs

.. Reciprocity between Romanists and

Protestants.. American Thanksgiving..

Pastoral Visiting.

.385-422

Rev. or-Correspondence of Wilberforce,

by his Sons

422

OBIT.- Memoir of A. Zaire.

443

l'up. APF.-Murder of Lord W. Russell;

Attempted Assassination of the Queen.. 448

ANSWERS.-Papers received...

418

AUGUST,

REL. AND Mis. Com... Embassy of Re-

conciliation.. Elder Son in the Parable..

Touching for the King's Evil..Oriental

Illustration of Scripture.. Synonymes in
the English Bible.. Deference to the
Fathers.. Soul-starving Preachicg..Jus.
tification by Faith frustrated. Thanksgiv-
ing for the Queen.. Heaven and Provi.
dence.. Melvill on Omnipotence .. Wil.
berforce on Pitt.. Popish Schoolmasters
of the Hibernian Society..Oxford-Tract
Doctrine's Signing with the Cross;
and the Inspiration of Ignatius .. Un-
christian Epitaphs ..

..449 478

Rxv. of—Roman Misquotation, by Pope

.. Observations, &c., by E. W. Life of

Luther, &c., by Gustavus Pfizer

498

Pub. APF.- Regency Bill.. Trial of Oxford

.Jnglis's Motion for Church Extension

National Education .. Ecclesiastical

Duties and Revenues .. Hume's Sab-
bath-Desecration

ANSWERS.-Papers received

512

.... 510

SEPTEMBER.

REL. AND Mıs. Com. -

Strong Man

armed. The Lord's Supper to Criminals

.. Pastoral Visiting..Old Sacred Poets

.. Brougham on the Vis Medicatrix..

Burnet on High and Low Churchmen..

The Catholic Church .. Mollvaine and

the Voluntary Principle... .513-546

REV. Of-Life of Bishop Burgess, by S.

Harford, Esq.

549

Pub. AFF.- Queen's Speech .. Foreign

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