Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, 第 5 巻

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Chemical news office, 1862
 

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214 ページ - The strontia flame exhibits a great number of red rays well separated from each other by dark intervals, not to mention an orange and a very definite bright blue ray. The lithia exhibits one single red ray. Hence I hesitate not to say that optical analysis can distinguish the minutest portions of these two substances from each other with as much certainty, if not more, than any other known method.
82 ページ - I now think it quite certain that two metals dipped in one electrolytic liquid will (when polarization is done away with) reduce two dry pieces of the same metals when connected each to each by metallic arcs to the same potential...
137 ページ - ... a wire connects with a similar cylinder and electrometer in a distant apartment; and his wife, by remarking the corresponding motions of the ball, writes down the words they indicate; from which it appears that he has formed an alphabet of motions. As the length of the wire makes no difference in the effect, a correspondence might be carried on at any distance; within and without a besieged town, for instance; or for a purpose much more worthy, and a thousand times more harmless, between two...
327 ページ - Of Man's great Ignorance of the Uses of Natural Things ; or that there is no one thing in Nature whereof the uses to human life are yet thoroughly understood " — a saying which is still as true now as when it was written.
247 ページ - It has the same effect when sprinkled on the foliage of fruit trees. A paste of one part of powdered chloride of lime and one-half part of some fatty matter, placed in a narrow band round the trunk of the tree, prevents insects from creeping up it It has even been noticed that rats and mice quit places in which a certain quantity of chloride of lime has been spread. This salt, dried and finely powdered, can, no doubt, be employed for the same purposes as flour of sulphur, and be spread by the same...
214 ページ - For instance, the orange ray may be the effect of the strontia, since Mr. Herschel found in the flame of muriate of strontia a ray of that colour. If this opinion should be correct, and applicable to the other definite rays, a glance at the prismatic spectrum of a flame may show it to contain substances which it would otherwise require a laborious chemical analysis to detect.
137 ページ - In electricity he has made a remarkable discovery: you write two or three words on a paper ; he takes it with him into a room, and turns a machine inclosed in a cylindrical case, at the top of which is an electrometer, a small fine pith ball ; a wire connects with a similar cylinder and electrometer in a distant apartment ; and his wife, by remarking the corresponding motions of the ball, writes down the words they...
202 ページ - ... in each case; the appearances are so different, that, by this mode of examination, the metals may be readily distinguished from each other.
242 ページ - Wormley, vision with the most powerful microscope is limited to objects of about al?$uoth of an inch, we need not be surprised if infusoria and other organisms appear in putrescible liquids in far greater numbers than the germs in atmospheric dust visible by the aid of the microscope would lead us to expect. — TR...
142 ページ - ... wings. Viewed by transmitted light, the crystals are red, and in large mass almost opaque. The aqueous or alcoholic solutions of these salts possess the magnificent crimson colour so well known. The tri-acid salts, on the contrary, are of a yellowish brown, both in the solid state or in solution, and they are much more soluble in water and alcohol than the monoacid salts, which are comparatively but slightly soluble. The mono-hydrochlorate of rosaniline may be prepared either by combining the...

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