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THE NEW
INTERNATIONAL

YEAR BOOK

A COMPENDIUM OF THE WORLD'S

PROGRESS

FOR THE YEAR

1922

EDITOR
FRANK MOORE COLBY, M.A.

NEW YORK
DODD, MEAD AND COMPANY

1923

COPYRIGHT, 1923, BY
DODD, MEAD & CO., Inc.

VAIL-BALLOU COMPANY
BINGHAMTON AND NEW YORK

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The present volume, covering the year 1922, is the twenty-first since the work was begun in 1898 and the sixteenth in the new series beginning in 1907. Among the leading topics may be mentioned: In the political and economic field in this country, the November Elections (article UNITED STATES), the two great strikes of the coal miners and the railway shopmen, in many respects the most formidable and significant in our entire strike record (article STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS), the debate on IMMIGRATION and the continuance of the present restriction policy, the TARIFF, UNEMPLOYMENT, financial recovery (article FINANCIAL REVIEW), and the general improvement in economic conditions as shown in the articles on AGRICULTURE and agricultural subjects, on the leading industries, COAL, IRON AND STEEL, PETROLEUM, and other minerals, SHIPBUILDING, AUTOMOBILES, the ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, MOVING PICTURES, RADIO BROADCASTING, etc., AERONAUTICS, etc., and in the articles on CHEMISTRY, INDUSTRIAL, and the various engineering subjects, such as BRIDGES, TUNNELS, CANALS, PORTS AND HARBORS, etc. In international affairs the chief topics are the Reparations Pioblem and the events that led up to the French invasion of the Ruhr soon after the close of the year's record; the Dardanelles Crisis following the Greek defeat and the burning of Smyrna; the Conferences of Washington, Genoa, and Lausanne; the change of economic policy in Soviet Russia, etc., discussed in the articles on the great Powers and under WAR OF THE NATIONS.

In the scientific, educational, literary, dramatic, and artistic fields, selection is difficult owing to the number and diversity of the topics, but among the matters that drew especially the popular attention may perhaps be mentioned: Intelligence Tests (articles PSYCHOLOGY and UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES), findings confirmatory of the Einstein Theory (Physics), Heredity and Evolution (Zoology), Auto-SUGGESTION, and the new literary and dramatic movements (DRAMA; LITERATURE, ENGLISH, AND AMERICAN; FRENCH LITERATURE; GERMAN LITERATURE, etc.).

FRANK MOORE COLBY.

EDITOR
FRANK MOORE COLBY, M. A.

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

AGRICULTURE, BOTANY, FOOD, FOR- ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING SUBJECTS

ESTRY, HORTICULTURE, RECLAMA- REGINALD GORDON,
TION, ETC.

ASSOCIATE EDITOR OF Industrial Manageme it.
EDWIN WEST ALLEN, PH.D.,
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, EXPLORATION; POLAR RESEARCH;
AND

ALASKA ALFRED CHARLES TRUE, PH.D.,

A. W. GREELY, PH.D., UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE; MAJOR GENERAL, UNITED STATES ARMY; COME. H. SHINN (AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION); MANDER GREELY POLAR EXPEDITION. WALTER H. EVANS, PH.D. ( BOTANY AND PLANT DISEASES); JOHN I. SCHULTE (CROP FINANCIAL REVIEW PRODUCTION); CARL W. LARSON (DAIRY H. PARKER WILLIS, ING); WALTER H. BEAL (FERTILIZERS AND EDITOR, Journal of Commerce. SOILS); HOWARD L. KNIGHT (FOOD AND NUTRITION; AGRICULTURAL LEGISLATION); J. E. FRENCH LITERATURE WELLINGTON (HORTICULTURE AND FOR ALBERT SCHINZ, PH.D., ESTRY); RAY P. TEELE (RECLAMATION); PROFESSOR OF FRENCH LITERATURE, SMITH E. W. SHEETS (STOCK RAISING); AND WIL COLLEGE. LIAM A. HOOKER (VETERINARY MEDICINE).

GERMAN LITERATURE
ANTHROPOLOGY (WITH ETHNOLOGY).

AMELIA VON ENDE.
ROBERT H. LOWIE, PH.D.,
AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY,

ORY, INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND ARBIAND

TRATION CLARK WISSLER, PH.D.,

CLINTON ROGERS WOODRUFF, LL.B., AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY.

SECRETARY OF THE MUNICIPAL NATIONAL LEAGUE ARCHAEOLOGY

AND MEMBER OF THE MOHONK CONFERENCE; OLIVER SAMUEL TONKS., PH.D.,

FORMERLY PRESIDENT OF THE BOARD OF PERPROFESSOR OF ART, VASSAR COLLEGE.

SONAL REGISTRATION, PHILADELPHIA. ARCHITECTURE

LITERATURE, ENGLISH AND AMERIC. MATLACK PRICE,

CAN
FORMERLY EDITOR OF THE Architectural Record. W. B. PRESSEY

AND
ASTRONOMY, METEOROLOGY

DAVID LAMBUTH, EDGAR W. WOOLARD,

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH, DARTMOUTII COLLEGE. UNITED STATES WEATHER BUREAU. CHEMISTRY; EXPOSITIONS; CELEBRA

LITERATURE (CONTINENTAL): SEE TIONS

FRENCH LITERATURE; GERMAN LITMARCUS BENJAMIN, PH.D., Sc.D., LL.D.,

ERATURE; ETC. EDITOR FOR THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL

MEDICAL SUBJECTS MUSEUM.

EDWARD PREBLE, M.D.,
CIVIL ENGINEERING AND MANUFAC NEW YORK CITY.

TURING SUBJECTS; AERONAUTICS;
ETC.

MILITARY PROGRESS
HERBERT TREADWELL WADE,

C. DEWITT WILLCOX,
LATE CAPTAIN, ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT, l'. s. COLONEL, U. S. A.; PROFESSOR OF MODERN
ARMY.

LANGUAGES, U. S. MILITARY ACADEMY.
DRAMA (AMERICAN AND ENGLISH) MUSIC
OLIVER MARTIN SAYLER, M.A.,

ALFRED REMY, M.A.,
DRAMATIC CRITIC, AUTHOR OF The Russian

EXTENSION LECTURER, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, Theatre under the Revolution.

AND FORMERLY PROFESSOR OF HARMONY AND

COUNTERPOINT, INTERNATIONAL CONSERVATORY, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND POLITICAL

NEW YORK; EDITOR OF BAKER'S Biographical SCIENCE SUBJECTS

Dictionary of Musicians. EDITORIAL STAFF. EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES NAVAL PROGRESS AND RELATED SUBMILO B. HILLEGAS, PH.D.,

JECTS FORMERLY COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION OF

LEWIS SAYRE VAN DUZER,
VERMONT.

CAPTAIN, U. S. N., RETIRED; WRITER ON NAVAL
AND NAUTICAL SUBJECTS.

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