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indeed, a mere matter of traffic : so much speech for so much money. Hence comes the curious fact, that those who make the shortest speeches in the House, or none at all in some cases, make the longest in the Debate-Volumes. However, we are arrived at a state of things, in which very few persons are to be duped by such means. And, in short, scarcely any body but the orators by purchase either buy or ever look at the cumbrous loads of trash, called Parliamentary Debates, which, in a few years, grow into such a heap, that the very thought of referring to them is enough to drive a man mad.
This Volume is not, at any rate, calculated to frighten by its looks ; and, while its outside is not forbidding, its inside does really contain the pith of every discussion of any importance; and it presents a brief and impartial history of the Session. It is my intention to continue the work yearly, and at a very trifling expense, it will, I am persuaded, be found a very useful book.
COMMENTARIES ON THE DEBATES. Beginning on the 5th February,
and ending on the 6th August, 1822.
OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND FOR THE YEAR 1821.
Why our curiously pretty Gentlemen choose to make their Accounts up to the Fifth of January in the new Year, instead of to 31st of December in the old Year, no mortal 'can tell, unless it be, that they think, that those who have to manage a thing which is the
envy of surrounding nations and admiration of the world” ought not to do any thing like the rest of munkind. This is the case, however; and the Account below is for 'the Year ending on the 5th of January 1822.
..14,789,705 5 2 Excise.
.31,812,985 13 91 Stamps......
7,078,970 12 71 Land and Assessed Taxes 8,042,304 5 0 Post Office..
2,044,802 16 5 Pension Duty..
79,372 4 57 Hackney Coaches ..
26,240 2 6 Pedlars...
31,655 3 3 Poundage Fees.
4,269 13 113 Pells .....
853 18 53 Casualties..
3,815 15 91 Treasury Fees.....
985 4 48 The King's Hereditary Revenue.. 122,717 13 54 Other things.....
745,774 0 41
£ 64,784,460 9 10
OF THIS THERE WAS RAISED
£3,907,007. Expenses of Collecting} £ 4,161,833.
d. National Debt.......
33,229,252 15 114 Civil List....
1,064,877 6 11 Charges for Offices and Pensions.
801,724 05 Ditto for Ireland......
402,339 7.7 Civil Government of Scotland....
133,077 15 5 Bounties, Pensions and Militia Warrants.
476,873 14 63 Navy...
5,943,879 15 45 Ordnance
1,337,923 4 21 Army...
8,932,779 8 2 Loans, Remittances and Advances to other Countries....
426 3 11 Issues from Funds for local purposes in Ireland .. 48,038 11
11 Miscellaneous Services at Home
3,567,482 2 9 Ditto :. .. Abroad
302,560 10 9 Paid for Collecting and Managing the Taxes..... 4,161,833 5 11} Charge for Irish Packets, and Packet-postage : 143,404 1 94 Charges for Allowances, Discounts, Drawbacks,
Allowances to the Universities on account of|
£ 64,784,460 9 10
Our readers will observe, that there was a Loan during the year of Thirteen Millions; and that this Loan was made Of the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund To the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund. No money was either seen, heard, or touched; but the whole transaction enters into the Account; and it requires no small quantity of clearness of bead to be able to extract any thing like the truth from this enormous mass of perplexity. However, we shall by no means attempt a description of the thing after what the reader has seen at page 226 of this Volume, in Lord King's proposed Preamble to the Dead-Weight Bill, which Preamble we beg leave again and again to point out to the reader's attention. Such confusion never was seen in any other papers that went by the name of Accounts.
The above is as nearly as we can possibly state_it, what is paid annually on account of Debt, exclusive of Sinking Fund. To this is to be added the Debt's share of the expense of collecting the Taxes, which makes about two millions and a quarter more; this makes thç expense of Debt amount to thirty-five millions and a half. Allow it again its share of the Standing Army in time of peace; and then you earry it up forty-two or forty-three millions ; for it is obvious to every one that it is the Taxes which demand the Standing Army.
THE CABINET MINISTERS, At the Opening of Session of Parliament, in February 1822.
The EARL of LiveRPOOL. First Lord of the Treasury.
(late LORD CASTLERBAGH)? fairs. The EARL of BATHURST
. Secretary of State for the Colonies. The EARL of ELDON....
. Lord Chancellor, The EARL of HARROWBY........ President of the Council. The EARD of WESTMORELAND ...The Lord Privy Seal. The Duke of WELLINGTON .....Master General of the Ordnance. LORD VISCOUNT Melville
First Lord Commissioner of the
Admiralty. Mr. BRAGGE BATHURST. .Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Mr. Nicholas VANSITTART .....Chancellor of the Exchequer. Mr. CHARLES WYNN
S President of the Board of Control
over the Affairs of the East Indies LORD VISCOUNT SID MOUTH,
ŞA Seat in the Cabinet, but no offi
Sir Robert GIFFORD... Attorney General.