Writing and Literacy in Chinese, Korean and Japanese
Chinese, Japanese, South (and North) Koreans in East Asia have a long, intertwined and distinguished cultural history and have achieved, or are in the process of achieving, spectacular economic success. Together, these three peoples make up one quarter of the world population.
They use a variety of unique and fascinating writing systems: logographic Chinese characters of ancient origin, as well as phonetic systems of syllabaries and alphabets. The book describes, often in comparison with English, how the Chinese, Korean and Japanese writing systems originated and developed; how each relates to its spoken language; how it is learned or taught; how it can be computerized; and how it relates to the past and present literacy, education, and culture of its users.
Intimately familiar with the three East Asian cultures, Insup Taylor with the assistance of Martin Taylor, has written an accessible and highly readable book. Writing and Literacy in Chinese, Korean and Japanese is intended for academic readers (students in East Asian Studies, linguistics, education, psychology) as well as for the general public (parents, business, government). Readers of the book will learn about the interrelated cultural histories of China, Korea and Japan, but mainly about the various writing systems, some exotic, some familar, some simple, some complex, but all fascinating.
16 History of Education and Literacy in Korea
Summary and Conclusions
Part III Japanese
17 Japanese Language
21 Why Keep Kanji?
8 Reforming Spoken and Written Chinese
9 Learning Hanzi Pinyin and Putonghua
10 History of Education and Literacy in China
Summary and Conclusions
11 Korean Language
14 Learning Hangul and Hancha
15 Why Should Hancha be Kept?
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Beijing century chap China Chinese characters Chinese language Chinese words compound words Confucian classics consonant letters content words culture dialects dictionary difﬁcult dynasty European words exam example ﬁg ﬁnal ﬁrst ﬁve Furigana gﬁl grade grammatical morphemes Han dynasty Han’gﬁl Hancha Hanzi Hiragana homophones horizontal inﬂuence Japan Japanese language Japanese words Kana Katakana Korean and Japanese Korean language learning linguistic loan words logographic Mandarin meaning middle school modern national language native words noun ofﬁcial On/Chinese Paspa People’s phonetic script phrase pictographs Pinyin postpositions primary school pronounced Putonghua radical readers reading and writing reﬂect represent Romaji Roman alphabet S-K words scholars semantic component sentence Seoul shapes shi shi shi shi shi simple simpliﬁed Sino-Korean Song dynasty sound speakers speech spelling strokes syllabary syllable blocks Table Taiwan taught teaching tend Tokyo tone syllable University verb vertical vowel letters writing system written