Prehistoric Settlement of the Pacific

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Ward Hunt Goodenough
American Philosophical Society, 1996 - 169 ページ
This book presents new understandings from recent research in archaeology, linguistics, & experimental ethnology regarding the prehistoric settlement of the Pacific Islands. It reviews evidence of a locally developed, food producing economy & maritime trade in western Melanesia of great antiquity. It discusses evidence of the coming of traders & colonizers from southern China & Taiwan who spoke Austronesian languages into the same area about 4,000 years ago & their subsequent spread into remoter Oceania about 3,500 years ago. It reviews what has been learned from experimental voyaging in replicas of ancient double-hulled sailing vessels without navigational instruments & about how eastern Polynesia could have been settled by deliberate exploration. It shows what historical linguistics reveals about proto-Austronesian society & culture & relates it to the archaeological record of southern China. Finally, it presents challenging hypotheses regarding the emergence & spread of neolithic rice cultivators throughout Southern China, a development that laid the foundation for the subsequent spread of Austronesian people into the outer Pacific.
 

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57 ページ - I think history is more likely to be born on beaches, marginal spaces in between land and sea. Anyway this is where I would take you, to beaches where everything is relativised a little, turned around, where tradition is as much invented as handed down, where otherness is both a new discovery and a reflection of something old
119 ページ - After all, he had already announced in the original paper his belief that "most of the important lexical correspondences have been uncovered," and he had seen no reason, over the years, for changing this view. What is more, his colleagues appear to have believed him, since virtually no new comparative material has been brought forward to this time. It would appear that this unfortunate statement, which surely must be ranked with the most egregious overstatements of our times, contributed to a veritable...
52 ページ - If this is so, then it appears that there was an earlier spread of Austronesian speakers into Fujian and Taiwan associated with Dapenkeng and the corded-ware cultures. This was followed by a later spread of Austronesian speakers of Longshanoid culture, who moved into western Taiwan, and by a southward expansion of Proto-Malayo-Polynesian speakers from Fujian, perhaps represented by the distinctive Fengbitou site in southwestern Taiwan, serving as one of the way stations in the developing network...
25 ページ - On this evidence, ground stone technology, shell tool technology, ceramic technology, horticultural technology and efficient sailing technology all occurred in Melanesia well before the advent of Lapita, rather than arriving with Lapita as was widely believed a decade or so ago. This is not to imply that some of these technologies did not change significantly with the appearance of Lapita sites.
89 ページ - At night, navigators oriented on the rising and setting points of key stars and constellations; by day, on the sun when low in the sky (its changing position having been calibrated against the fading star field of the dawn sky). When clouds obscured the stars or sun...
89 ページ - ... by changing wind and sea conditions. To expand the range at which an island could be detected, they watched for such signs as cloud build-up over high islands, interference in the swell pattern, and the flight of land-nesting birds that daily fly out to sea to fish.
79 ページ - Sharp maintained that the islands must therefore have been settled accidentally by chance arrivals of drifting canoes that had been blown off course or had strayed through navigational error, or by fortuitous landfalls of canoes bearing desperate exiles fleeing war or famine.
113 ページ - The uniqueness of Rapa Nui, as marked by the great elaboration of the huge stone statues and other features of their culture, may therefore be a function of isolation from regional cultural developments shared among...
79 ページ - He accepted that the Polynesians came from the west, but claimed that their canoes did not sail well enough, and that their noninstrument navigation methods were not sufficiently accurate, for them to have intentionally explored and colonized the Pacific.