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LETTER XXXVII.

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MY DEAR SIR,

"Suppose we have this couplet-*

"Feb. 7th, 1809.

"Though sweet the sound disdain a borrow'd tone,
Resign Achaia's lyre, and strike your own;

LETTER XXXVIII.

TO MRS. BYRON.

"8, St. James's-street, March 6th, 1809. "DEAR MOTHER,

"My last letter was written under great depression of spirits from poor Falkland's death,* who has left without a shilling four children and his wife. I have been endeavouring to assist them, which, God knows, I cannot do as I could wish, from my own embarrassments, and the many claims upon me from other quarters.

come against me: my annotation must stand.

"What you say is all very true: come what may Newstead and I stand or fall together. I have now

"We shall never sell a thousand; then why print so many? Did you receive my esterday's note? I am troubling you, but I am apprehensive some of the lines lived on the spot, I have fixed my heart upon it, and no are omitted by your young amanuensis, to whon, how-pressure, present or future, shall induce me to barter the ever, I am infinitely obliged. last vestige of our inheritance. I have that pride within me which will enable me to support difficulties. I can endure privations; but could I obtain in exchange for Newstead Abbey the first fortune in the country, I would reject the proposition. Set your mind at ease on that score; Mr. Hanson talks like a man of business on the subject, I feel like a man of honour, and I will not sell Newstead.

"Believe

"Though soft the echo scorn a borrow'd tone,
Resign Achaia's lyre, and strike your own.

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"So much for your admonitions; but my note of notes,† my solitary pun must not be given up-no, rather

"Let mightiest of all the beasts of chace,
That roam in woody Caledon'

me, yours very truly,

NOTES TO MR. DALLAS.

"BYRON."

"Feb. 11, 1809.

I wish you to call if possible, as I have some alterations to suggest as to the part about Brougham. "B."

46

in his age

His scenes alone had damn'd our sinking stage;
But managers for once cried, 'hold, enough!'
Nor drugg'd their audience with the tragic stuff.

"Yours, &c.

"I shall get my seat on the return of the affidavits from Carhais, in Cornwall, and will do something in the House soon: I must dash, or it is all over. My Satire must be kept secret for a month, after that you may say

"Excuse the trouble, but I have added two lines which are necessary to complete the poetical character of what you please on the subject. Lord Carlisle has used Lord Carlisle.

me infamously, and refused to state any particulars of my family to the Chancellor. I have lashed him in my rhymes, and perhaps his Lordship may regret not being more conciliatory. They tell me it will have a sale; I hope so, for the bookseller has behaved well, as far as publishing well goes.

"B."

"Feb. 12th, 1809."

"I wish you much to call on me, about one, not later, if convenient, as I have some thirty or forty lines for addition.

Believe &c.
me,

"B."

• Mr. Dallas objected to the lines as originally written: "Translation's servile work at length disown, Aud quit Achaia's muse to court your own."

† Soe English Bards, and note, p. 425.

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"I enclose some lines to be inserted, the six first after, 'Lords too are bards, &c.' or rather immediately following the line:

"Oh! who would take their titles with their rhymes ?"

"Believe me, yours truly. "P. S. You shall have a mortgage on one of the farms."

*Feb. 15, 1809."

TO MR. HARNESS.

Ecce iterum Crispinus!-I send you some lines to "8, St. James's-street, March 18th, 1809. be placed after 'Gifford, Sotheby, M'Neil.' Pray call "There was no necessity for your excuses: if you to-morrow any time before two, and believe have time and inclination to write, 'for what we receive, &c. me, "B." the Lord make us thankful.'-If I do not hear from you "P. S. Print soon, or I shall overflow with more I console myself with the idea that you are much more rhyme. agreeably employed.

"Feb. 16th, 1809."

"I send down to you by this post a certain Satire lately published, and in return for the three and sixpence expenditure upon it, only beg that if the author, you will keep his name secret; at least, for should you guess the present. London is full of the Duke's business. The Commons have been at it these last three nights and are not yet come to a decision. I do not know it

"Yours, truly,

"Feb. 19th, 1809."

The four next will wind up the panegyric on Lord the affair will be brought before our House, unless in the Carlisle, and come after 'tragic stuff.' shape of an impeachment. If it makes its appearance "B." in a debatable form, I believe I shall be tempted to say something on the subject.-I am glad to hear you like Cambridge: firstly, because to know that you are happy is pleasant to one who wishes you all possible sublunary enjoyment; and, secondly, I admire the morality of the sentiment. Alma Mater was to me injusta noverca: and the old Beldam only gave me my M. A. degree becauso

A cut at the opera-Ecce signum! from last night's observation, and inuendoes against the Society for the

LETTER XXXIX.

• See English Bards and note, p. 426.

she could not avoid it.-You know what a farce a noble Cantab. must perform.

continned him in my service. If he does not behave well abroad, I will send him back in a transport. I have "I am going abroad, if possible, in the spring, and a German servant, (who has been with Mr. Wilbraham before I depart I am collecting the pictures of my most in Persia before, and was strongly recommended to me intimate schoolfellows; I have already a few, and shall by Dr. Butler of Harrow,*) Robert, and William; they want yours, or my cabinet will be incomplete. I have constitute my whole suite. I have letters in plenty-eraployed one of the first miniature-painters of the day you shall hear from me at the different ports I touch to take them, of course at my own expense, as I never upon; but you must not be alarmed if my letters misallow my acquaintance to incur the least expenditure to carry. The continent is in a fine state-an insurrec gratify a whim of mine. To mention this may seem in- tion has broken out at Paris, and the Austrians are delicate; but when I tell you a friend of ours first re-beating Buonaparte-the Tyrolese have risen. fused to sit, under the idea that he was to disburse on "There is a picture of me in oil, to be sent down to the occasion, you will see that it is necessary to state Newstead soon.-I wish the Miss Pigots nad sonie these preliminaries to prevent the recurrence of any thing better to do than carry my miniatures to Nottingsimilar mistake. I shall see you in time, and will carry ham to copy. Now they have done it, you may ask you to the limner. It will be a tax on your patience for them to copy the others, which are greater favourites a week, but pray excuse it, as it is possible the resem- than my own. As to money matters, I am ruined-at blance may be the sole trace I shall be able to preserve least till Rochdale is sold; and if that does not turn out of our past friendship and present acquaintance. Just well, I shall enter into the Austrian or Russian service now it seems foolish enough, but in a few years, when perhaps the Turkish, if I like their manners. The some of us are dead, and others are separated by inevi-world is all before me, and I leave England without retable circumstances, it will be a kind of satisfaction to gret, and without a wish to revisit any thing it contains, retain in these images of the living the idea of our except yourself, and your present residence. former selves, and to contemplate in the resemblance of the dead, all that remains of judgment, feeling, and a host of passions. But all this would be dull enough for you, and so good night, and to end my chapter, or rather my homily, believe me, dear H. yours most affectionately.

"P. S. I do not know how you and Alma Mater agree. I was but an untoward child myself, and I believe the good lady and her brat were equally rejoiced when I was weaned; and, if I obtained her benediction at parting, it was, at best, equivocal."

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"Twelve o'clock, Friday night.

LETTER XLII.
TO MRS. BYRON.

"Believe me, yours ever sincerely. "P. S. Pray tell Mr. Rushton his son is well, and doing well; so is Murray, indeed better than I ever saw him; he will be back in about a month. I ought to add the leaving Murray to my few regrets, as his age perhaps will prevent my seeing him again. Robert I take with less animal." me; I like him, because, like myself, he seems a friend

"MY DEAR BANKES, *I have just received your note; believe me, I regret most sincerely that I was not fortunate enough to see it before, as I need not repeat to you, that your conversation for half an hour would have been much more agreeable to me than gambling or drinking, or any other fashionable mode of passing an evening abroad or at home. I really am very sorry that I went out previous to the arrival of your despatch: in future, pray let me &c. &c. hear from you before six, and whatever my engagements may be, I will always postpone them. Believe me, with that deference which I have always from my childhood paid to your talents, and with somewhat a vetter opinion of your heart than I have hitherto entertained, "Yours ever, &c."

"Falmouth, June 22d, 1809.

LETTER XLIII.

TO MR. HENRY DRUKY.

"MY DEAR DRURY, "We sail to-morrow in the Lisbon packet, having been detained till now by the lack of wind, and other recessaries. These being at last procured, by this time tomorrow evening we shall be embarked on the vide vorld of vaters, vor all the vorld like Robinson Crusoe. The Malta vessel not sailing for some weeks, we have determined to go by way of Lisbon, and, as my servants term it, to see that there Portingale; thence to Cadiz and Gibraltar, and so on our old route to Malta and Constantinople, if so be that Captain Kidd, our gallant commander, understands plain sailing and Mercator, and takes us on our voyage all according to the chart.

"Will you tell Dr. Butler that I have taken the treasure of a servant, Friese, the native of Prussia Proper, into my service from his recommendation. He has been all among the Worshippers of Fire in Persia, and has seen Persepolis and all that.

"Hobhouse has made woundy preparations for a book on his return;-100 pens, two gallons of japan ink, and severa. volumes of best blank, is no bad provision for a discerning public. I have laid down my pen, but have promised to contribute a chapter on the state of morals,

"Falmouth, June 25th, 1809.

"DEAR MOTHER,

"I am about to sail in a few days; probably before this reaches you. Fletcher begged so hard, that I have Childe Harold.

"The cock is crowing,

I must be going,

And can no more.'-Ghost of Gaffer Thumb.

"Adieu. Believe me, &c. &c."

LETTER XLIV.

TO MR. HODGSON.

"Falmouth, June 25th, 1809.

"MY DEAR HODGSON, "Before this reaches you, Hobhouse, two officers wives, three children, two waiting-maids, ditto subalterns

The Page and Yeoman of the "Good Night," in the first Canto o

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LETTERS, 1809.

for the troops, three Portuguese esquires and domestics, than England, and I am infinitely amused with my pil
nail nineteen souls, will have sailed in the Lisbon grimage as far as it has gone.
packet, with the noble Captain Kidd, a gallant com-
mander as ever smuggled an anchor of right Nantz.

"To-morrow we start to ride post near 400 miles as
zantium. A letter to Malta will find me, or to be fo
far as Gibraltar, where we embark for Melita and By
warded, if I am absent. Pray embrace the Drury an
Dwyer and all the Ephesians you encounter.
writing with Butler's donative pencil, which makes my
I am
bad hand worse. Excuse illegibility. * *

"We are going to Lisbon first, because the Malta
packet has sailed, d' ye see?-from Lisbon to Gibraltar,
Malta, Constantinople, and all that,' as Orator Henley
said, when he put the Church, and 'all that,' in danger.
"This town of Falmouth, as you will partly conjecture,
is no great ways from the sea. It is defended on the sea-
side by tway castles, St. Maws and Pendennis, ex-
tremely weil calculated for annoying every body except
an enemy. St. Maws is garrisoned by an able-bodied
person of fourscore, a widower. He has the whole com-
mand and sole management of six most unmanageable
pieces of ordnance, admirably adapted for the destruc-
tion of Pendennis, a like tower of strength on the
site side of the Channel. We have seen St. Maws, but
oppo-
Pendennis they will not let us behold, save at a distance,
because Hobhouse and I are suspected of having al-
ready taken St. Maws by a coup de main

defeats, and capital crimes, and the misfortunes of one's
"Hodgson! send me the news, and the deaths, and
friends; and let us hear of literary matters, and the con-
troversies and the criticisms. All this will be pleasant-
'Suave mari magno,' &c. Talking of that, I have been
seasick, and sick of the sea. Adieu.

"Yours faithfully, &c."

"The town contains many quakers and salt fish-the oysters have a taste of copper, owing to the soil of a mining country-the women (blessed be the Corporation therefor!) are flogged at the cart's tail when they pick and steal, as happened to one of the fair sex yesterday noon. She was pertinacious in her behaviour, and damned the mayor. * *

"Hodgson! remember me to the Drury, and remember me to yourself, when drunk:-I am not worth a sober thought. Look to my Satire at Cawthorne's, Cockspur-street. * * *

"I don't know when I can write again, because it depends on that experienced navigator, Captain Kidd, and the 'stormy winds that (don't) blow,' at this season. I leave England without regret-I shall return to it without pleasure. I am like Adam, the first convict, sentenced to transportation, but I have no Eve, and have eaten no apple but what was sour as a crab-and thus first chapter. Adieu. Yours, &c."

ends

my

LETTER XLV.

LETTER XLVI.

TO MR. HODGSON.

through Portugal, and a part of Spain, of nearly 500
"Gibraltar, August 6, 1809.
"I have just arrived at this place after a journey
miles. We left Lisbon and travelled on horseback to
Seville and Cadiz, and thence in the Hyperion frigate to
Gibraltar. The horses are excellent-we rode seventy
miles a day. Eggs and wine and hard beds are all the
quite enough. My health is better than in England
accommodation we found, and, in such torrid weather

* *

TO MR. HODGSON.

"You will not expect a long letter after my riding so far on hollow pampered jades of Asia.' Talking of Asia puts me in mind of Africa, which is within five miles of my present residence. I am going over before I go on to Constantinople.

the grandees who have left Madrid during the troubles "* * * Cadiz is a complete Cythera. Many of

*

"Lisbon, July 16th, 1809. "Thus far have we pursued our route, and seen all sorts of marvellous sights, palaces, convents, &c. which, being to be heard in my friend Hobhouse's forth-reside there, and I believe it is the prettiest and cleanest coming Book of Travels, I shall not anticipate by smug-town in Europe. London is filthy in the comparison. gling any account whatsoever to you in a private and ✶ ✶ clandestine manner. I must just observe that the village cation the same. * The Spanish women are all alike, their eduof Cintra in Estremadura is the most beautiful, perhaps, as the wife of a peasant,-the wife of a peasant, in manThe wife of a duke is, in information, in the world. * "I am very happy here, because I loves oranges, and ing; but their minds have only one idea, and the business ner, equal to a dutchess. Certainly, they are fascinattalk bad Latin to the monks, who understand it, as it is of their lives is intrigue. * like their own, and I goes into society, (with my pocket pistols,) and I swims in the Tagus all across at once, like Swift's barber, have been down on my knees to beg "I have seen Sir John Carr at Seville and Cadiz, and and I rides on an ass or a mule, and swears Portuguese, he would not put me into black and white. Pray reand have got a diarrhoea and bites from the musquitoes. member me to the Drurys and the Davies, and all of But what of that? Comfort must not be expected by that stamp who are yet extant. folks that go a pleasuring. ** ak Send me a letter and "When the Portuguese are pertinacious, I say, 'Car-Caucasus or Mount Sion. I shall return to Spain benews to Malta. My next epistle shall be from Mount racho!-the great oath of the grandees, that very well fore I see England, for I am enamoured of the country supplies the place of 'Damme,'-and, when dissatisfied Adieu, and believe with my neighbour, I pronounce him 'Ambra di merdo.' me, &c."

* *

With these two phrases, and a third. 'Avra Bouro,' which signifieth 'Get an ass,' I am universally understood to be a person, of degree and a master of languages. How merrily we lives that travellers be!-if we had food and raiment. But, in sober sadness, any thing is better

• See Childe Haroid, Canto 1. stanza 18th, &c.

*

*

"Seville is a fine town, and the Sierra Morena, part damn description, it is always disgusting. Cadiz, sweet of which we crossed, a very sufficient mountain,-but Cadiz-it is the first spot in the creation. The beauty of its streets and mansions is only excelled by the loveliness of its inhabitants. For, with all national prejudice, I must confess the wonen of Cadiz are as far superior to the English women in beauty as the Spaniards are inferior to the English in every quality that dignifies the name of man. * * * Just as I began to know the principal persons of the city, I was obliged to sail.

LETTER XLVII.

TO THE HON. MRS. BYRON.

"Gibraltar, Aug. 11th, 1809.

DEAR MOTHER,

"I have been so much occupied since my departure from England, that till I could address you at ler.gh, I

have forborne writing altogether. As I have now made, I met a great merchant, a Mr. Gordon of Scot passed through Portugal, and a considerable part of land, who was extremely polite, and favoured me with the Spain, and have leisure at this place, I shall endeavour inspection of his vaults and cellars,-so that I quaffed at to give you a short detail of my movements. We the fountain head.

sailed from Falmouth on the 2d of July, reached Lisbon "Cadiz,* sweet Cadiz, is the most delightful town 1 after a very favourable passage of four days and a half, ever beheld, very different from our English cities in and took up our abode in that city. It has often been every respect, except cleanliness, (and it is as clean as described without being worthy of description; for, ex- London,) but stiil beautiful and full of the finest women cept the view from the Tagus, which is beautiful, and in Spain, the Cadiz belles being the Lancashire witches some fine churches and convents, it contains little but of their land. Just as I was introduced, and began to fithy streets and more filthy inhabitants.* like the grandees, I was forced to leave it for this cursed "To make amends for this, the village of Cintra, about place; but before I return to England I will visit it fifteen miles from the capital, is, perhaps in every re- again. The night before I left it, I sat in the box at the spect, the most delightful in Europe; it contains beau- opera with Admiral Cordova's family; he is the com. ties of every description, natural and artificial. Palaces mander whom Lord St. Vincent defeated in 1797, and and gardens rising in the midst of rocks, cataracts, and has an aged wife and a fine daughter, Senorita Cordova; precipices; convents on stupendous heights-a distant the girl is very pretty in the Spanish style, in my opinion view of the sea and the Tagus; and, besides (though by no means inferior to the English in charms, and certhat is a secondary consideration) is remarkable as the tainly superior in fascination. Long black hair, dark scene of Sir H. D.'s Convention. It unites in itself all languishing eyes, clear olive complexions, and forms more the wildness of the western highlands, with the verdure graceful in motion than can be conceived by an Englishof the South of France. Near this place, about ten man used to the drowsy, listless air of his countrywomen, miles to the right, is the palace of Mafra, the boast of added to the most becoming dress, and, at the same time, Portugal, as it might be of any country, in point of mag- the most decent in the world, render a Spanish beauty dificence without elegance. There is a convent an- irresistible. I beg leave to observe that intrigue here is nexed; the monks, who possess large revenues, are the business of life; when a woman marries she throws courteous enough, and understand Latin, so that we had off all restraint, but I believe their conduct is chaste a long conversation: they have a large library, and enough before. If you make a proposal, which in Engasked me if the English had any books in their country. land would bring a box on the ear from the meekesto "I sent my baggage and part of the servants' by sea virgins, to a Spanish girl, she thanks you for the honour to Gibraltar, and travelled on horseback from Aldea you intend her, and replies, 'Wait till I am married, and Galheda, (the first stage from Lisbon, which is only ac- I shall be too happy.' This is literally and strictly true. cessible by water,) to Seville, (one the most famous Miss C. and her little brother understood a little French, cities in Spain,) where the government called the Junta and, after regretting my ignorance of the Spanish, she is now held. The distance to Seville is nearly four hun-proposed to become my preceptress in that language. dred miles, and to Cadiz almost ninety miles further to-I could only reply by a low bow, and express my regret wards the coast. I had orders from the government, and that I quitted Cadiz too soon to permit me to make the every possible accommodation on the road, as an Eng-progress which would doubtless attend my studies under lish nobleman, in an English uniform, is a very respecta- so charming a directress. I was standing at the back ble personage in Spain at present. The horses are re- of the box, which resembles our opera boxes, (the theatre markably good, and the roads (I assure you upon my is large, and finely decorated, the music admirable,) in honour, for you will hardly believe it) very far superior the manner in which Englishmen generally adopt, for to the best British roads, without the smallest toll or fear of incommoding the ladies in front, when this fair turnpike. You will suppose this when I rode post to Spaniard dispossessed an old woman (an aunt or a Seville in four days, through this parching country, in duenna) of her chair, and commanded me to be seated the midst of summer, without fatigue or annoyance. next herself, at a tolerable distance from her mamma. Seville is a beautiful town; though the streets are nar-At the close of the performance I withdrew, and was row they are clean. We lodged in the house of two lounging with a party of men in the passage, when, en Spanish unmarried ladies, who possess sir houses in pressant, the lady turned round and called me, and I had Seville, and gave me a curious specimen of Spanish the honour of attending her to the admiral's mansion. I manners. They are women of character, and the eldest have an invitation on my return to Cadiz, which I shall a fine woman, the youngest pretty, but not so good a accept, if I repass through the country on my return figure as Donna Josepha. The freedom of manner from Asia. which is general here, astonished me not a little; and in "I have met Sir John Carr, knight errant, at Seville the course of further observation I find that reserve is not and Cadiz. He is a pleasant man. I like the Spaniards the characteristic of the Spanish belles, who are, in ge- much. You have heard of the battle near Madrid, and neral, very handsome, with large black eyes, and very in England they call it a victory-a pretty victory! 200 fine forms. The eldest honoured your unworthy son officers, and 5000 men killed, all English; and the with very particular attention, embracing him with great French in as great force as ever. I should have joined tenderness at parting, (I was there but three days,) after the army, but we have no time to lose before we get up cutting off a lock of his hair, and presenting him with the Mediterranean and Archipelago. I am going over one of her own, about three feet in length, which I send, to Africa to-morrow; it is only six miles from this for and beg you will retain till my return. Her last words tress. My next stage is Cagliari in Sardinia, where I were, 'Adios, tu hermoso! me gusto mucho.'-' Adieu, shall be presented to his majesty. I have a most sʊyou pretty fellow, you please me much.' She offered a perb uniform as a court dress, indispensable in trashare of her apartment, which my virtue induced me to velling. decline; she laughed, and said I had some English August 13th.-I have not been to Africa'; the wind is 'amante,' (lover,) and added that she was going to be contrary; but I dined yesterday at Algesiras, with Lady married to an officer in the Spanish army. Westmoreland, where I met General Castanos, the ce

"I left Seville, and rode on to Cadiz, through a beau-lebrated Spanish leader in the late and present war: to tiful country. At Xeres, where the sherry we drank is day I dine with him; he has offered me letters to Tetuan in Barbary, for the principal Moors; and I am te

• See Childe Harold, Canto I, stanza 16. 11 d. 65, &c.

↑ Ibid. 24.

§ Don Juan, Canto I. stanza 8.

• See Childe Harold, Canto I. stanza 65, &c.

have the house for a few days of one of the great men, had scarcely any other companion. I have found her
which was intended for Lady W. whose health will not very pretty, very accomplished, and extremely eccentric.
permit her to cross the Straits.
Buonaparte is even now so incensed against her, that her
August 15th.-I could not dine with Castanos yester-life would be in some danger if she were taken prisoner
day, but this afternoon I had that honour; he is pleasant, a second time.
and for aught I know to the contrary, clever. I cannot You have seen Murray and Robert by this time, and
go to Barbary. The Malta packet sails to-morrow, and received my letter-little has happened since that date.
myself in it. Admiral Purvis, with whom I dined at I have touched at Cagliari, in Sardinia, and at Girgent,
Cadiz, gave me a passage in a frigate to Gibraltar, but in Sicily, and embark to-morrow for Patras, from whence
we have no ship of war destined for Malta at present. I proceed to Yanina, where Ali Pacha holds his Court,
The packets sail fast, and have good accommodations. Iso I shall soon be among the Musselmans.
You shall hear from me on our route. Joe Murray de-
"Adieu. Believe me with sincerity.
livers this. I have sent him and the boy back; pray
"Yours ever
show the lad every kindness, as he is my great favourite.
"BYRON
I hope this will find you well.

"Believe me, ever yours sincerely,
"BYRON."

"P. S. So Lord G. is married to a rustic! well done!! If I wed, I will bring you home a Sultana, with half a dozen cities for a dowry, and reconcile you to an Ottoman daughter-in-law with a bushel of pearls, not larger than ostrich eggs or smaller than walnuts."

LETTER XLVIII

TO MR. RUSHTON,

"MY DEAR MOTHER,

"Gibraltar, August 15th, 1809.

MR. RUSHTON,

"I have now been some time in Turkey: this place is on the coast, but I have traversed the interior of the province of Albania on a visit to the Pacha. I left Malta in the Spider, a brig of war, on the 21st of September, and arrived in eight days at Prevesa. I thence have been about 150 miles, as far as Tepalen, his highness's country palace, where I stayed three days. The name of the Pacha is Ali, and he is considered a man of the first abilities: he governs the whole of Albania, (the ancient Illyricum,) Epirus, and part of Macedonia. His son, Vely Pacha, to whom he has given me letters, governs the Morea, and has great influence in Egypt; in short, he is one of the most powerful men in the Ottoman empire. When I reached Yanina, the capital, a journey of three days over the mountains, through found that country of the most picturesque beauty, Ibrahim Pacha in the castle of Berat. He had heard Ali Pacha was with his army in Illyricum, besieging that an Englishman of rank was in his dominions, and had left orders in Yanina with the commandant to provide a house, and supply me with every kind of necessary gratis; and, though I have been allowed to make presents to the slaves, &c., I have not been permitted to pay for a single article of household consumption.

a

"I have sent Robert home with Mr. Murray, because the country which I am about to travel through is in a state which renders it unsafe, particularly for one so young. I allow you to deduct five-and-twenty pounds year for his education for three years, provided I do not return before that time, and I desire he may be considered as in my service. Let every care be taken of him, and let him be sent to school. In case of my death I have provided enough in my will to render him independent. He has behaved extremely well, and has travelled a great deal for the time of his absence. Deduct the expense of his education from your rent.

after

a

"BYRON."

LETTER XLIX.

TO THE HONOURABLE MRS. BYRON.

"DEAR MOTHER,

I

"I rode out on the vizier's horses, and saw the palaces of himself and grandsons: they are splendid, but too much ornamented with silk and gold. I then went over the mountains through Zitza, a village with a Greek monastery, (where I slept on my return,) in the most beautiful situation (always excepting Cintra, in Portugal) "Though I have a very short time to spare, being to ever beheld. In nine days I reached Tepalen. Our sail immediately for Greece, I cannot avoid taking an journey was much prolonged by the torrents that had opportunity of telling you that I am well. I have been fallen from the mountains, and intersected the roads. I in Malta a short time, and have found the inhabitants shall never forget the singular scene on entering Tepa hospitable and pleasant. This letter is committed to len at five in the afternoon, as the sun was going down. the charge of a very extraordinary woman, whom you It brought to my mind (with some change of dress, howhave doubtless heard of, Mrs. Spencer Smith,* of whose ever) Scott's description of Branksome Castle in his escape the Marquis de Salvo published a narrative a Lay, and the feudal system. The Albanians, in the ars ago. She has since been shipwrecked, and dresses, (the most magnificent in the world, consisting of her life has been from its commencement so fertile in re-a long white kilt, gold-worked cloak, crimson velvet goldmarkable incidents, that in a romance they would appear laced jacket and waistcoat, silver-mounted pistols and improbable. She was born at Constantinople, where daggers,) the Tartars with their high caps, the Turks in her father, Baron Herbert, was Austrian ambassador; their vast pelisses and turbans, the soldiers and black married unhappily, yet has never been impeached in slaves with the horses, the former in groupes in an inpoint of character; excited the vengeance of Buonaparte mense large open gallery in front of the palace, the latter by a part in some conspiracy; several times risked her bfe; and is not yet twenty-five. She is here in her placed in a kind of cloister below it, two hundred steeds ready caparisoned to move in a moment couriers enway to England, to join her husband, being obliged to tering or passing out with despatches, the kettle-drums 'eave Trieste, where she was paying a visit to her beating, boys calling the hour from the minaret of the mother, by the approach of the French, and embarks mosque, altogether, with the singular appearance of the boon in a ship of war. Since my arrival here, I have building itself, formed a new and delightful spectacle to a

few

LETTER L.

TO MRS. BYRON.

"Malta, Sept. 15th, 1809.

"Prevesa, Nov. 12, 1809.

The "Florence" of several of his smaller poems; and alluded to in Childe Harold, Canto II. stanza 30.

• See Childe Harold, Canto II, stanza 65.

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