and serious attention. I regret to be difficulties in which we are involved. under the necessity of informing you In considering our internal situation, that there has been a deficiency in the you will, I doubt not, feel a just indigproduce of the revenue in the last year; nation at the attempts which have been but I trust that it is to be ascribed to made to take advantage of the distemporary causes : and I have the con tresses of the country, for the purpose solation to believe that you will find it of exciting a spirit of sedition and

vio. practicable to provide for the public lence. I am too well convinced of the services of the year, without making loyalty and good sense of the great any addition to the burthens of the body of his Majesty's subjects, to bepeople, and without adopting any mea lieve them capable of being perverted sure injurious to that system by which by the arts which are employed to sethe public credit of the country has dúce them; but I am determined to been hitherto sustained.”

omit no precautions for preserving the “My Lords and Gentlemen, public peace, and for counteracting “I have the satisfaction of informing the designs of the disaffected ; and I you, that the arrangements which were rely with the utmost confidence on made in the last session of parliament, your cordial support and co-operation, with a view to a new silver coinage, in upholding a system of law and gohave been completed with unprece vernment, from which we have derived dented expedition. I have given di- inestimable advantages, which has enarections for the immediate issue of the bled us to conclude, with unexampled new coin, and I trust that this measure glory, a contest whereon depended the will be productive of considerable ad- best interests of mankind, and which vantages to the trade and internal has been hitherto felt by ourselves, as transactions of the country. The dis- it is acknowledged by other nations, to tresses consequent upon the termina- be the most perfect that has ever fallen tion of a war of such unusual extent to the lot of any people.” and duration, have been felt, with While the houses were proceeding, greater or less severity, throughout all according to custom, to take this the nations of Europe ; and have been speech into consideration, in order to considerably aggravated by the unfa- frame a correspouding answer,* their vourable state of the season. Deeply deliberations were broken in upon by as I lament the pressure of these evils intelligence of an unexpected and apupon this country, I am sensible that palling nature. Before the debate had they are of a nature not to admit of an begun in the Lords, Viscount Sid. immediate remedy; but whilst I ob- mouth rose and said that he had a most Serve with peculiar satisfaction the for- important communication to make ; titude with which so many privations that as his Royal Highness was returnhave been borne, and the active bene- ing from the house, and the carriage volence which has been employed to was passing in the Park, at the back mitigate them, I am persuaded that of the garden of Carlton House, the the great sources of our national pro- glass of the window had been broken sperity are essentially unimpaired, and either by a stone, or by two balls from I entertain a confident expectation that an air-gun, which appeared to have been the native energy of the country will, aimed at his Royal Highness. Lord at no distant period, surmount all the James Murray was then called in, and

We suspend for the present the commencement of the debate in the Commons, in order to give the whole hereafter in a connected form.

gave evidence on the subject ; but we duced by bullets, or some other subprefer giving the results of his closer stances thrown with great violence ? examination in the House of Com. I. have not the slightest doubt that mons. The usual messengers being they were produced by bullets. absent, the clerk assistant and reading Mr V. Would his lordship make clerk were sent to the House of Com- any other observation respecting this mons, to desire a present conference in proceeding ?--About a minute after the painted chamber. The Commons the glass was broken in the manner I immediately sent Lord Binning to ex. have described, a large stone was press their concurrence ; and on his thrown against the glass of the car. return, a deputation was appointed to riage, which broke it, and three or hold the conference. The deputation four other small stones were thrown, soon returned, communicating the in- which struck the glass and the other telligence, as already stated. Both parts of the carriage. houses now adjourned the debate on Mr V. Was the glass which was the royal speech till next day, and the broken by the large stone the same Commons joined in an address drawn which had been perforated by the bul. up by the Lords, expressing the deep lets ?-It was the same glass. concern of the two houses, that there Mr Y. Had his lordship time to obe should be within his Majesty's domi- serve the manner in which the glass nions any persons capable of an attack was perforated, in the interval between so daring and Aagitious, and express the first fracture and the glass being ing their earnest wishes that measures finally broken ?-In that interval I obshould be taken without delay to dis- served the part which was first broken cover the authors and abettors of this minutely. criminal proceeding. Lord James Mr V. Did the noble lord observe Murray being requested to attend in whether such a number of persons surthe House of Commons, underwent rounded the carriage, that a pistol the following examination, which in- might be discharged, and the person cludes the particulars of this shocking by whom it was fired not immediately outrage :

recognised ?- The crowd not being MrVansittart. Was his lordship in excessive near the carriage, I conceive the carriage with his Royal Highness that if a pistol had been fired with when he returned from the parliament? gunpowder, the person must have been Yes.

observed. Mr V. What happened in his lord- Mr V. Does his lordship conclude ship's own sight on that occasion ?- that the first fracture was produced by On his Royal Highness's return from a bullet discharged from some other the house, between Carlton-house gar. instrument than a pistol, such as an dens and St James's gardens, the glass air-gun ?-I suppose, as I heard no of the carriage on the left side of his report, that the bullets must have been Royal Highness was broken.

discharged without gunpowder. Mr V. In what manner did the frac.. The Speaker then asked whether ture appear to his lordship to have any other member wished to put ques. been produced ?-It seemed to have tions to the witness ? been produced by two bullets of a Sir B. Hobhouse asked whether any small size, about a quarter of an inch bullets had been found in the carriage ? apart.

(Hear, hear)—I have not heard that Mr V. Was his lordship.confident any bullets have been found in the car. that the fractures must have been pro- riage ; I should observe, that I con

ceived, from the manner of the fracture, riage ?-No ; the plate-glass is very that the bullets must have come from thick, and the stone did not enter. some height—perhaps from one of the Lord Cochrane. Was the window trees, of which there are many in that which was broken next his Royal Highpart of the park, and in which there ness ?-His Royal Highness sat in the were several persons.

middle of the carriage. A member asked, did his lordship Lord Milton. I wish to know whe. hear any noise, which induced him to ther the stone which was subsequentsuppose that the bullets had passed ly thrown smashed the window, or through the carriage ?-I heard no merely starred the glass ?-It not only noise but that produced by the fracture smashed the window, but pounded the of the glass.

glass. Mr C. W. Wynne asked, whether Mr Wynne (we believe.) Was not the opposite glass was up or down?- the glass of an unusual thickness ?--It It was up.

was remarkably thick. Mr Brougham. Did his lordship Sir R. Heron. Who were the,

per• observe similar holes in the opposite sons on the outside of the carriage glass -It was not broken at all. The nearest the window when thus struck, reason I suppose the bullets to have whether soldiers or others. There come from a height was, that splinters was one footman on the side of the of the glass were thrown violently to door, and one of the life guards imme. the lower part of the opposite side of diately behind him, but no soldier op. the carriage.

posite the window. Mr Brougham. I would ask whether A member asked, whether his lordbullets, or any similar substances, were ship supposed that the bullets perfora. found in the bottom of the carriage ? ted any other part of the carriage at all? -I had no opportunity of ascertaining -Whether they perforated any other this, as I left the carriage immediately part of the carriage I do not know, but after the Prince Regent.

suppose they did. A member wished to ask, whether We proceed now to the debates in his Royal Highness had given any direc- the two Houses on the address, and tions to search the carriage ?- I cannot shall give them at some length, as they speak to this on my own knowledge. contain a full view of the sentiments

Mr Brougham. I wish to ask who entertained by the leading political chawas in the carriage besides his Royal racters on both sides, as to the critical Highness and his lordship, and who sat situation in which the country now on the side nearest the glass which was stood. broken ?- The master of the horse The address in the House of Lords (the Duke of Montrose) was in the was moved by the Earl of Dartmouth, carriage, and sat on the side where the and seconded by the Earl of Rothes. glass was broken.

Earl Grey then rose as the chief organ Mr Brougham. Did his lordship of opposition. He professed himself observe at the bottom of the carriage ready to pay the most cordial tribute any thing but the splinters of glass ? - to the skill, enterprize, and gallantry I only observed the splinters of glass at displayed by commanders, officers, and the bottom of the opposite door of the seamen, in the expedition against Al. carriage.

giers. Admitting its glory, howeve:, Mr Brougham. I wish to know he questioned its expediency, at a time whether the large stone which after when the British nation was pressed wards broke the glass entered the car. down by such an overwhelming weight

of taxation. In regard to the Nepaul are answered by correspondent feelings war, also, while he was equally ready on the part of the people, who burn to applaud the bravery of those enga- with an animosity strongly directed ged, he required more information, to against us. Having been called upon to enable him to judge of its causes and rise in defence of their own rights and nature, and could, at all events, see no independence in opposition to France, grounds for celebrating it in terms si- they obeyed that call. But having exmilar to those formerly used, on occa

erted themselves successfully in that sion of the taking of Seringapatam, contest, they now find their rights and and the destruction of the Mysore independence violated by those to whom power. He rejoiced at the assurances they were formerly taught to look for of continued peace with the continent. the protection of both.” In our conal powers, yet could by no means con- duct towards France, we should have cur in the soundness of those arrange. held one of two courses, either to conments on which the continuance of ciliate that country by non-interfepeace must depend." The arrange- 'rence, which he would have preferred, ments," said he, “made by his majes- or else, having unsheathed the sword ty's government as the basis of peace, and conquered, to insist on our rights appear to me to have been equally ad. as conquerors, and reduce its power in verse to the rights and independence of such a degree as might provide for our nations, and to the dictates of true own security. The plan adopted of wisdom ; to have been alien to all po- maintaining an army in France, to suplicy and justice ; to have been subver. port the present family on the throne, sive of the principles on which the ba- had the advantages of neither ; it would lance of power in Europe was former. generate an implacable spirit of animoly held to depend; to have been de. sity in the people, who would probastructive of the interests of our own bly compel the Bourbons to gratify country ; to have been dangerous with their resentment by going to war with reference to their moral influence on us. “ I should not have had very santhe British army, and most dangerous guine hopes of a long continuance of to the security of the British constitu- peace under any arrangements that tion. Without having attained one might have been made with France ; British advantage, or consulted one but if any one system can be conceived British interest, the result of the ar- more calculated than another to make rangements made by his majesty's go. a long continuance of peace impossivernment, with the governments to ble, it is precisely that which bis mathose schemes of ambition and aggran- jesty's government thought proper to dizement, we sacrificed the rights of pursue,"—He proceeded now to the all minor powers, at whose unjust con- most important subject of attentionduct we shamefully winked and conni- the internal situation of the country: ved, is to make us the objects of

It was acknowledged to be one of difpicion and distrust on the part of those ficulty ; it appeared to him to have no very governments themselves, who hate parallel in our history. The noble lords our prosperity, and envy our com- opposite represented it as temporary, merce, against which they make war as likely to be succeeded by an era of by prohibitory duties, and by other increased prosperity. Most heartily modes of attack, almost as injurious as did he wish that such a belief might those formerly resorted to by Napo- be well founded; but, in his opinion, leon himself. Such are the feelings of the evil was more deeply rooted, and the governments towards us, and they had every character of permanence.


The pressure was so severe, the taxa. the increase of the public credit of the tion so intolerable, the embarrassment nation. Is that the case at present ? of our internal affairs so general, as to Is that the tenor of the speech from exhibit a spectacle unprecedented at the throne, to which your lordships' the termination of any former war, attention is now called? The deficienHe had heard the distress felt at the cy of the revenue is most alarming. termination of the American war, and The supplies voted last year were thirthe prosperity which succeeded, men- ty-five millions. The ways and means tioned as what might now be expected voted to meet them did not much exagain to occur. " But, my lords, I ceed twenty millions, making a differask you, if, at the termination of the ence (provided for by temporary American war, the whole population means) of above fourteen millions beof the empire was affected as it is at tween the expenditure and the resources present? Were the manufactories then for meeting it. But, my lords, if this closed? Were the prisons filled with subject be examined more closely, the criminals, and the work-houses crowd. deficiency will be found to be still ed with paupers ? Were persons daily greater. If, from the one side, we deperishing in the streets for want of food duct the expences that will not recur, and clothing ? and above all, was the and from the other the receipts that extent of the taxation, and the amount will not recur, the result of the calcuof the debt, such as it now is ? The lation will shew a deficiency of eighwhole taxation at that period amount. teen millions. And let it be recollect. ed only to twelve millions. I allow ed, that this result proceeds on the calthat that was not equivalent to the ex. culation, that the produce of the con. penditure, and that there was much solidated fund would be three millions. pressure. But, my lords, will any one It was taken at that sum. But it has say that a less taxation will operate not produced any thing. That three with a pressure not more removable millions, therefore, must be added to than an advanced taxation ? Will any the eighteen millions, making a total one say that a deficiency on twelve deficiency of twenty-one millions."millions is the same thing as a deficien. The difficulties of the country, Lord cy on a sum of five times that amount ? Grey conceived, must be greatly agThe noble mover of the address says, gravated by the present state of the that the evils of the present times are currency, paper, formerly depreciated chiefly attributable to the sudden, re- twenty-five per cent., being now on a storation of peace. He forgets, how- par with gold and silver. This evil, ever, the interval that has passed since he suspected, would be increased by that event. He forgets that it is con. the loan to France which was negosiderably more than a year since the ciating, apparently under the sanction final termination of the war in 1815, of ministers. My lords, our diffi, and that it is rapidly advancing to three culties are considerably augmented by years since the original termination of the state of the currency. While pathe war, which was indeed interrupted per was abundant and depreciated, the by only three months hostility. In taxation was raised, and the country is three years from the conclusion of the now required to pay the same taxation, American war, it was stated in the when paper is on a par with gold and speech from the throne, that the coun. silver. This weighs on manufactures, try was enjoying the growing bless-on commerce, on agriculture, on every ings of peace, in the extension of trade, thing connected with the national pros. the improvement of the revenue, and perity, to a degree wholly unproce,

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