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Use more than ordinary slides and steps for surprise, delight, defiance, etc. — A slide of five notes, or even more, can be used for the emotions just named. In cases of extreme surprise, intense fear, impassioned etc/amation and interrogation, a slide or step of a whole octave may be used. Example:
L. Capulet. Alack the day ! she's dead, she's dead, she's dead!
Othello. Avaunt! Be gone! Thou hast set me on the rack. N - N - - N x EXERCISES
132 SOURCES OF POWER IN SPEECH MELODY
75. Repeat the following sentences using the monotone or semitone as the case demands.
Holy, holy, holy! Lord God Almighty!
Bless the Lord, O my soul; and all that is within me, bless his holy name!
Thy sad, sweet hymn, at eve, the seas along, —
Oh, the deep soul it breathed!
Must I then leave you? Must I needs forego
So good, so noble, and so true a master?
76. Give the following sentences, using more than ordinary slides of
GESTURE. THE DRAMATIC HANDS
THOUGH not used so much in oratory as in dramatic work, what are known as the clasped, averse, and refler hands are important to every student of public speech.
The position with clasped hands needs no description. It is but necessary to say that the fingers may be inter
locked, or not, as the taste dictates. Usually, however, the position is stronger and more earnest when the fingers are interlocked. The conventional position of having the hands vertical and the tips of the fingers and the thumbs together may sometimes be used. See Figs. 59, 60, 61, and 62.
FIG. 60. The hands clasped and fingers interlocked.
The clasped hand is used for prayer, supplication, entreaty, adoration, etc. The hands are wrung in anguish, and remorse. Examples:
Aorfia. And upon my knees,
Juliet. Ah me! what news 2 why dost thou
Eliza recognized the face and voice of a man who owned a farm not far from her old home.
— MRS. STOWE.
FIG. 61. The conventional
thrust it away. This hand is very form of clasped hands.
similar to the ordinary hand with the palm down; in fact, if the angle between the forearm and the hand is increased, and the fingers somewhat spread, the position is a very good averse. With the thrusting away motion of the hand goes a turning of the head away. At the beginning of an averse gesture you look at the object and your hand comes up in
front of your chest; then when the thrust is made, the head is turned away. The averse hand is used in denial, aversion, repul. sion, and loathing. If the angle between the hand and the forearm is only slight, it stands for admonition or reproof. If the fingers are spread, it signifies amazement, intense fear, terror, horror, etc. Examples:
Othello. Avaunt! Be gone! Thou hast set me on the rack!
Give appropriate gestures for the following: