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EXERCISES Write out, similarly to the examples just given, the steps in pitch for the following :

(Let one section of the class take one part of the verses and other sections other parts.)

I

At Paris it was, at the Opera there;

And she looked like a queen in a book, that night,
With the wreath of pearl in her raven hair,

And the brooch on her breast so bright.

II

Of all the operas that Verdi wrote,

The best, to my taste, is the Trovatore; And Mario could soothe with a tenor note

The souls in purgatory.

III

The moon on the tower slept soft as snow,

And who was not thrilled in the strangest way, As we heard him sing, while the gas burned low,

Non ti scordar di me!”

66

IV

The Emperor there, in his box of state,

Looked grave, as if he had just then seen The red flag wave from the city gate,

Where his eagles in bronze had been.

V

The Empress, too, had a tear in her eye,

You'd have said that her fancy had gone back again, For one moment under the old blue sky,

To the old, glad life in Spain.

VI

Well ! there in our front-row box we sat

Together, my bride-betrothed and I ; My gaze was fixed on my opera hat,

And hers on the stage hard by ;

VII

And both were silent and both were sad;

Like a queen, she leaned on her full white arm, With that regal, indolent air she had,

So confident of her charm.

VIII

I have not a doubt she was thinking then

Of her former lord, good soul that he was !
Who died the richest and roundest of men,

The Marquis of Carabas.

IX

Meanwhile I was thinking of my first love,

As I had not been thinking of aught for years,
Till over my eyes there began to move

Something that felt like tears. - OWEN MEREDITH.

Fourscore and seven years ago, our Fathers brought forth upon

this continent a new Nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great Civil War, testing whether that Nation, or any Nation, so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.

We are met on a great battlefield of that War. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that Nation might live.

It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled have consecrated it far above our power to add or detract.

The World will little note, or long remember, what we say here; but it can never forget what they did here.

It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have, thus far, so nobly advanced.

It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us; that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that Cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion; that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain ; that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom; and that Government of the People, by the People and for the People, shall not perish from the Earth.— LINCOLN'S Gettysburg Address.

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BESIDES the step there is also another change of pitch, called the slide. This, also, may be an upward or a downward slide.

In Ex. 35, the slide has already been given by the student, and it but remains to illustrate its use in speech. In the sentence, Is he there?” if the word there is prolonged, the student will notice a rising slide. Likewise, in the sentence “ Come here!he will notice a downward slide, if the last word is prolonged. Examples :

NOTE. — For convenience, in the following examples, a line curving upward will be used to denote a rising slide, and a line curving downward a falling slide. Let the student read the examples aloud, being careful to observe the slides indicated. These may even be exaggerated for the time being, it being understood, of course, that in actual speech some slides are short and some long.

RISING

Is he there ?
Will he go ?

They tell us, sir, that we are weak, unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. But when shall we be stronger ? Will it be the next week, or the next year ? Will it be when we are totally disarmed, and when a British guard shall be stationed in every house ? Shall we gather strength by irresolution and inaction? Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance by lying supinely on

our

backs, and hugging the delusive phantom of hope until our enemy shall have bound us hand and foot ? — PATRICK HENRY.

FALLING
Come here.
Close the door.

How far, o Catiline, wilt thou abuse our patience! How long shalt thou baffle justice in thy mad career ! To what extremity wilt thou carry thy audacity ! — CICERO.

Romans, Countrymen, and lovers ! Hear me for my cause; and be silent that you may hear. Believe me for my honor; and have respect for mine honor, that you may believe. Censure me in your wisdom, etc. - SHAKESPEARE.

The student may copy the following, marking the important slides as in the examples already given.

RISING

Student of history, compare for me the baffled projects, the deserted settlements, the abandoned adventures of other times, and find the parallel of this. Was it the winter storm, beating upon the houseless heads of women and children ? Was it hard labor and spare meals ? Was it disease ? Was it the tomahawk ? Was it the deep malady of a blighted hope, a ruined enterprise, and broken heart, aching in its last moments at the recollections of the loved and left, beyond the seas ? Was it some or all of them united that hurried this forsaken company to their melancholy fate ? — EDWARD EVERETT, in First Settlement of New England.

FALLING

Sir, we are not weak, if we make a proper use of those means which the God of nature hath placed in our power. Three millions of people armed in the holy cause of liberty, and in such a country as that which we possess, are invincible by any force which our enemy can send against us. Besides, sir, we shall not fight our battles alone. There is a just God who presides over the destinies of nations, and who will raise up friends to fight our battles for us. The battle, sir, is not to the strong alone; it is to the vigilant, the active, the brave. Besides,

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