Mindful Universe: Quantum Mechanics and the Participating Observer

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Springer Science & Business Media, 2007/06/13 - 198 ページ
This book concerns your nature as a human being. It is about the connection of your mind to your body. You may imagine that your mind – your stream of conscious thoughts,ideas,andfeelings–in?uencesyouractions.Youmaybelieve that what you think a?ects what you do. You could be right. However, the scienti?c ideas that prevailed from the time of Isaac Newton to the beginningofthetwentiethcenturyproclaimedyourphysicalactionsto becompletelydeterminedbyprocessesthataredescribableinphysical terms alone. Any notion that your conscious choices make a di?erence in how you behave was branded an illusion: you were asserted to be causally equivalent to a mindless automaton. We now know that that earlier form of science is fundamentally incorrect. During the ?rst part of the twentieth century, that classic- physics-based conception of nature was replaced by a new theory that reproduces all of the successful predictions of its predecessor, while providing also valid predictions about a host of phenomena that are strictly incompatible with the precepts of eighteenth and nineteenth century physics. No prediction of the new theory has been shown to be false.
 

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目次

Science Consciousness and Human Values
1
Human Knowledge as the Foundation of Science
11
Actions Knowledge and Information
17
32 The World of Actions
19
33 Intentional Actions and Experienced Feedbacks
23
34 Cloudlike Forms
25
36 The DoubleSlit Experiment
26
Nerve Terminals and the Need to Use Quantum Theory
28
Despised Dualism
79
122 A Flawed Argument
81
Whiteheadian Quantum Ontology
85
131 Some Key Elements of Whiteheads Process Ontology
90
132 From von Neumann NRQT to TomonagaSchwinger RQFT
94
133 Similarities Between Whiteheads Ontology and Ontologically Construed RQFT
95
136 The Psychophysical Building Blocks of Reality
96
Interview
99

41 Nerve Terminals
30
Templates for Action
33
The Physical Effectiveness of Conscious Will and the Quantum Zeno Effect
35
62 William Jamess Theory of Volition
37
Support from Contemporary Psychology
41
Application to Neuropsychology
46
Roger Penroses Theory and Quantum Decoherence
51
NonOrthodox Versions of Quantum Theory and the Need for Process 1
55
101 The ManyWorlds or ManyMinds Approach and Decoherence
57
102 Bohms PilotWave Model
62
103 SpontaneousReduction Models
63
The Basis Problem in ManyWorlds Theories
64
112 Decoherence and Discreteness in ManyMindsWorlds Theories
70
Consciousness and the Anthropic Questions
118
Impact of Quantum Mechanics on Human Values
139
Conclusions
144
Gazzanigas The Ethical Brain
147
Von Neumann Knowledge Information and Entropy
152
Wigners Friend and Consciousness in Quantum Theory
161
Orthodox Interpretation and the MindBrain Connection
164
Locality in Physics
169
Einstein Locality and Spooky Action at a Distance
173
Nonlocality in the Quantum World
180
References
187
Index
195
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著者について (2007)

Author of over three hundred research papers on the mathematical,
physical, and philosophical foundations of quantum mechanics, and
a Springer book "Mind, matter, and quantum mechanics". Worked
personally with W. Heisenberg, W. Pauli, and J.A. Wheeler on these
issues. Invited author of entries about quantum theories consciousness
in several currently about to appear encyclopedias. Invited plenary
speaker at numerous international conferences.

For book cover:

Henry Stapp has spent his entire career working in frontier areas of theoretical physics. After completing his thesis work under Nobel Laureates Emilio Segré and Owen Chamberlain, he joined Wolfgang Pauli to tackle foundational issues. After Pauli's early death, he turned to von Neumann's ideas about the mathematical foundations of quantum theory. The essay 'Mind, Matter and Quantum Mechanics', that developed out of this work eventually evolved into Stapp's classic book bearing the same title. His deep interest in the quantum measurement problem led him to pursue extensive work pertaining to the influence of our conscious thoughts on physical processes occurring in our brains. The understandings achieved in this work have been described in many technical articles and now, in more accessible prose, in the present book.

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