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to part of Hyder's dominions. His zalet Jung. Early in the nego. 17- cou se lay through the Cuddepah ciation, and in the beginning of potreby province, a country newly con- the year, Sir Thomas Rumbold,

quered by Hyder, and which inue the prefident, stared to the select neceffarily be till in an unsettled committee several reasons, which face: a circumstance and fitua- shewed it would be neceffary to tion of things, which could not send a resident to the Nizam's fail ro render the appearance of court; among there were the folforeign troops suspicious, even be- lowing: the making an apology

wween pations that were upon the for the arrears due on the peshcush, The most amicable terms. Upon Har- with a promise of payment as soon

per's entering the Cuddepah coum- as it could conveniently be done ; iry, he immecliately gave notice and the settlement of the Guntoor

to Hyder's officer's of his obje&t circar. The prefident- further ping and deftination; who were as rea- observed, that if no other confe

dy in their anfwer, that he had quence were to arise from it than
no right to march without leave the obtaining from such authority
through their territories; that he as could be depended on, that in-
hould accordingly be opposed, telligence which now was received
and the paffes barricaded against only by chance, and thereby be-
him. He notwithstanding pure ing at a certainty with respect to
sued his course for some days, un. the Nizam's views and intentions,
. til arriving at the patrow pass of and to any intrigues the French

Atcour, lying between the hills, were carrying on with him, they
he found the trees cut down across were objects of such importance
the way, other means of defence as fully shewed the propriety cf
and obftruction adopted, and a the meastire. The proposal being
contiderable body of men advan- agreed to, Mr. Hollond was ap-
tageoufly posted to dispute his pointed resident at the court of
paffage. He had no orders for Hyderabad. .
direa hoftility, if the measure had In the letter to the governor-
otherwise breui fafe or prudent; general and supreme council cori-
but he had no great time to hefi- veying an account of this ap-
tate upon the matter, for he foon pointinent, which was written in
discovered that meafures were tak- the beginning of February, a.
ing en all fides for surrounding and mong fome obfervations on the
enciofing his detachment. In this probable consequences of the dis-
unexpected fituacion, he found it grace brought upon the Company's
Dieceflary to give up the design for arms, by the late disaster which
the present, and to fall back to had betallen the Bombay army,
Aus ... Innaconda ; where he they particularly take notice of

by arrived, after fpending the effect which it was tikely to ng fix days ju Hyder's produce on the conduct of the country.

.. Nizam, whose avowed attachment It may now be necessary to fee to the court of Poonah, aversion what measures were taken by the to Ragonut Row, along with the presidency, to reconcile the Nizam Atrong remonstrances which he had to the treaty concluded with Ba- presented against the measures pur

lued

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than all other matters whatever, In process of time, various je to was its pofleffing the sea-port of lousies sprung up, and different.es Mootapılly, which afforded the arote, between the Company and only intercruite that either the Bazalet Jung; s there likewise Nizam or his brotber could have did, but in a ftill greater degree with the lca ; thereby keeping a between that prince and the Nidoar conitantly open for French zam his brother. With respect commerce, intrigue, and negocia- to the Coinpany, Bazalet was at tion in the Deccal, as well as for different times charged with be.the introduction of arms, aminuni- ing, in a gieater or lefler degree, ition, artillery, and even troops, connected with and under the when the occasion should require ly influence of France. But what that nation.

... was particularly complained of, . . Under these circumstances, it was his receiving a body of troops was natural that the presidency under the command of a Mr. of Madras should earnestly with Lally, into his service; which, to anticipate the possession of the though composed of vagrants and -Guntoor circar; and it was rea- deserters of all the European pa. Tonable that they mould pursue tions, intermixed with the degefuch moderate and temperate mea. Derate relics of the ancient Porsures as seemed likely to facilio tugueze, yet, being nominally tate that purpose. Overtures French, and conducted by officers were accordingly made, so early of that nation, the measure was as the year 1769, and afterwards of a nature which could not fail more than once renewed vpon to give fome alarm and much the fubject; unrloubtedly holding offence to the presidency of Maout some terms of equivaleot, dras. Strong reinon straoces were exchange, or of yearly rent for accordingly made to Bazalet; and the Guntoor. But the advan. the juitification or defence which tages it afforded being equally un- he set up, not affording entire derstood on both fides, nothing satisfaction, hints were throwa conclusive was done ; por did the out, that such proposals would Nizam seem much to relich the be made to his brother for the subject; who perhaps felt, that Guntoor, as could not fail of prothe granting of too much, was ducing their effect. the sure means of producing un- In the mean time, the conquests grateful and disagreeable claims made by Hyder Ally on his noror applications for more. How. thern frontier, and the rapid proever that was, it was never once gress which he thereby made in thrown out upon these occafions, extending his dominion towards nor did the idea feem to be en- Bazalet Jung's borders, as well .tertained, whether in consultation in his patrimonial territories as or negociation, that any propo- his jaghire, filled that prince with fitions relative to a new settle- apprehension and dilmay. While mient or arrangement of the Guo- Hyder was at a distance, he pretoor, were to be made to any other tended that he hired the French perion than to the real sovereign, troops as a protection against his ine Nizam.

defigns; but on: his approach, it

was

was evident that he placed no res work. This wife and temperate liance in the fecurity they should advice was, however, 'overruled by aford. It was faid, and is by no the majority. means improbable, that he was Such, was this transaction, by likewife thoroughly weary of and which.'a treaty, including new bigbly disgusted with his new auxi- arrangements of connection, reharies. But, however that was, venue, and territory, was concluded about the close of the year 1778, he with Bazalet Jung, himself a subthought it necessary to throw him. ject, without the participation or fell into the arms of the English for consent of his brother and loveprotection.

reign. The Nizam did not afterWhatever the operating motives wards by any means forget to were, he propoled, negociated, remind the presidency, that they and concluded, directly from had violated the treaty by their achimielt, and without the know- quisition of the circar; and that ledge or intervention of Ni. Bazalet was released from that April, 1779.

- zam, a treaty of obedience, which they had express

179. friendflip, alliance, ly bound themselves to inforce with and, on their side, of defence and their arms. protection, with the presidency of It may not be unworthy of noFort St. George. By this treaty tice, that the account of the comhe dismissed the French troops, mencement and process of this buand surrendered the Guntoor into finess, which was transmitted from the hands of the Company ; they Madras to the governor-general being bound on their part to its and supreme council, was to loose immediate and future defence, and general in its terms, that no and to the payment of a pre- other information could be ga. fcribed specific annual revenue thered from it, than inerely that out of it for life to Bazalet Jung. a treaty for granting the GunIt seems also as if his other ter- toor, upon certain conditions, to ritorial poffeffions of Aconi, with the Company, was in a fair train fome neighbouring districts, were of being brought to a conclufion : taken under protection.

but without the smallest specifica. It had been proposed in the coun- tion with whom it was conducted, cil at Madras, upon the first open- or by whom the grant was to be ing of the business, that, consonant made. And it farther appears, that to the fubfifting creaties between the treaty was concluded about ten Toth parties, an account of the months before any account of the transaction as it then stood, of the transaction was transmitted to Benoffers made by Bazalet, the im- gal. mediate motives which led to It had been observed, that moit them, and those which ftill operated of the transactions relating to land on both fides, thould instantly be or revenues at Madras, had of late tranfmitted to the Nizam, and a reference to the interests of the that the treaty should of course Nabob of Arcot. In the present be conducted and concluded with infance, one of the first acts that him, laying the proposals made deferved notice in the adminiftraby his brother down as the ground. tion of the new government, war

the

more than (what is never wanted) the tribute made good. · He acpretence for war and conquest. 'cordingly proposed that a letter

Upon receiving the Nizam's hould be written to Mr. Hollond, letter at Madras, with one from particularly instructing him to ule Mr. Hollond, containing an ac- hiş utmoft endeavours for the are count of the very favourable and tainment of so defisaole ap object. Kattering reception which he met He acknowledged, at the same with, the prelident obferved to the time, that the subject was very committee, that he had always delicate, and should not be abconsidered the petheulh as dif- ruptly gone into; and that the graceful to the Company, and as opening of it to the Nizam, would on acknowledgment which the require much management and ad. Nizam bad nw right to demand. dress on the part of Mr. Hollond, That the giving up of the Gun. who must by turns footh and work toor to his brother for life, was a on his apprehensions, as the occafufficient condesceolion from the fion might require, Company :--That the grant fruen The president's arguments seem. the Mogul was free and uncon- ed to be conclusive with the com. ditional for the five circars; and mittee; and his proposal met with the receiving them afterwards from their full approbation. Hallond the Nizam, op paying him an ay. was instructed not to mention any dual tribute, was a sacrifice of the compromise, por to stipulate for Company's rights. He observed, the payment of any part of the that the time seemed favourable pelhcuin, litil every endeavour to. for throwing off so heavy a bur; induce the Nizam to relinquilha then; that the immense expences the whole had failed of effect; which the Company were put to, and he was likewise from his own both to the northward and in the observation to learn, whether there Carnatic, rendered it neceffary were any points in which he wified that they fiould endeavour to re that the Company should accede 19, Lieve them as much as poflible.- as a return for his giving up his He was perfuaded that the Nizam claim to the pechcul. In the was not fufficiently powerful to en- close, however, of the letter, they force the demand. At all events, observe to Hollond, that although they might with safety make the their wifies extended to an entire attempt, and try to obtain a re- remiilion of the peshcuth, and miffion of so unnecellary and so which was accordingly to be the improper a tribute, to which the batis of his first proposal, and to Nizam bad au legal title, and be supported by bis best endea, which could only have been ori- vours, yet, they confessed, that

ginally agreed to, through the without something of importance : want of paying a proper atiention 10 tempt him, they could hardly

to tbe Mogul's phirmaund; but expect that he would at once be if, in the progress of the business, brought to fo great a conceflion; the attempt flould appear impo. but they hoped, that making the litic, or attended with too much demand at that time in its full difficulty, the matter might then extent, they should the Ajore easily ac diopped, and the payment of obtain a considerable abatement in

the

the amount of the peshcash., If, In the answer returned to Hol. therefore, all his endeavours for lond upon this fubject, the com: aa entire remission of the tribute mittee obferved, that, although the tould fail, he was then to try to Nizam's resentment was raised, bring the Nizam to an abatement they ftill fattered themselves with from five lacks, which was the greater success than they could have present standard, to two lacks of procured by a different line of con. rupees a year; being the rate at duct :-He was instructed to reprc. which the Company held the circars fent to him that no threat was by treaty for the first fix years. meant, but that it was intended

This unexpected demand on the the remiffion should proceed from * Nizam was made in the latter end his favour and generosity that the of June ; and coming in the place claim, however, was built on such of payment of the arrear, or apo- a foundation of equity, that it could logy for the delay, and while the not be relinquished, and hoped he freih sore of the Guntoor was green would be convinced of it. Hollond and rankling in his mind, could not was farther instructed, that as a re, fail greatly to affect and alarm him. mission of the whole could not be He was accordingly exceedingly hoped for, he should aim at the agitated said, that he now found proposed abatement; and he was the presidency were determined to also to throw out, that though they break the treaty, and there was no should pay what was owing to the further occasion for Mr. Hollond's Nizam, when circumstances per. staying there; that if they were mitted, they thould be fully pre. bent on war, he was likewise ready; pared to revenge the least insult and tbat if they saw any advantage that was offered to them. in breaking with him, he fould It should scarcely be overlooked, be very well pleated, as he was that in this season of extraordinary convinced, in case of a rupture, transaction and unlooked-for de. the advantages of the conteit would mand, amidst so many other subbe on his side. He stated, that the jects of irritation, the dismission of furrender of the circars to the the forces under Lally, and the Company had proceeded from the sending them to the sea-coasts, in fraud and ignorance of his mana. order that the European part should gers; and that he had submitted be shipped off for their own quarto that heavy loss from a fente of ter of the world, and the native his engagements; and considering dispersed, was among the points himself bound by the treaties, had warınly infifted upon with the still adhered to them. He con- Nizam. cluded by threatening immediately That prince at to join Hyder Ally, and defired that length concluded a sugo nt.

Aug. 31st. : his declaration might be immedi- conference with Mr. Hollond, by ately communicated to the prefi- informing him, that the commencedency, and a speedy answer re- ment of hostilities must be the ne turned; for if there was any delay, ceffary consequence of withholding his troops might possibly advance the peshcuth, and that he might upon Colonel Harper, on his way have his audience of leave in two 10 the Guntoor.

dars; which was succeeded by a Voz: XXV.

(D)

formal

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