formal notice to Hollond to prepare it to the government of Bengal, as for his departure. - In the mean such a design could not be carried time the Nizam talked publicly of into execution, nor could the Com. taking the field as soon as the rainy pany's name be ever pledged withseason was over..... ..: out the sanction of the supreme

It was no small degree of good council. They likewise acquainted fortune that the Governor-Gene- him, that they had directed Mr. ral and supreme council totally dis- Hollond to suspend his negociation approved of and condemned those until he should have received furoffensive measures with respect to ther instructions from his immediate the Nizam, which were pursued on confituents, to whom they had the side of Madras; or it is pro- themselves written on the subject. bably to their interference on this Thev enclosed a copy of the letter occasion that we are principally, if to the Nizam in that which they not entirely, to attribute the subdirected to Madras; and without sequent inactivity of this prince any severe censure or heavy conin the support of that grand league demnation of what had been done, of confederacy against the English, only enjoined, a strict compliance of which he boalled himlelf to be with the injunctions now laid down the founder, di. . for restoring amity. .

It was, however, late before they The Nizam expressed great fatis: received an account of these tranf. faction to Mr. Hollond on reading actions, and consequently more fo his letter, which he only received a before their interference could take few days before Christmas; and effect. Advices being at length re- after dwelling on the reputation ceived from Mr. Hollond at Cal- which the English had obtained cutta, it was immediately and una. through former good faith, asked nimously determined in the supreme how the late conduct of his em. council, that they should take an ployers could be reconciled with active part in the business, in order that character After charging to prevent or remedy those mis. them with a violation of treaty, chiefs and dangers which were like particularly in seizing his brother's Wawinly to proceed from the circar, he declared that he was on

" unjustifiable measures the eve of revenging these insults pursued with the Nizam. They when the letter arrived; but that accordingly dispatched a letter to he would now put a stop to his that prince, calculated to quiet or measures. He then added, " If remove his apprehensions ; but, at of what you write is from your the same time, imputing as little “ heart, and the government of blame as poffible to the presidency « Madras will adhere strictly to of Fort St. George, in order to avoid " treaty, and will relinquith the lessening or disgracing that govern- « poffeflion of the circar, it is well; ment in his eyes, i lo this they if not, I have nothing of greater stated that the government of Ma- " consequence than defending my dras could not have had an idea of 6country. It is from this new the offensive intentions which his “ line of conduet of the English Highness imputed to them ; for if » Company that the foundations they had, they must have imparted" of enmity have been laid in the

: « whole

“ whole country of Indoftan.". Hyderabad, and appointed their reHe concluded by defiring that their fident to the Nizam. friendship might continue steady. This difpute between the su

This interference of the fu-' preme council and the presidency preme council was exceedingly ill of Madras, run deep into the foltaken at Madras. They testified lowing year; and was al length the greatest surprise that their en.' only ended, and satisfaction ob. deavours to get rid of a heavy and tained for the Nizam (in the midst disgraceful burthen, should he res of the confusion occasioned by presented as a violation of faith; Hyder Ally's invasion of the Cars they charged themtelves only with natic) by the former proceeding to erring on the side of forbearance in the last extremity of fufpending their conduct with the Nizam, and Mr. Whitehill, who succeeded sin attributed his violent behaviour to Thomas Rumbold as president of that sort of passionate folly which that council. Sometimes arises from a sense of We have seen Colonel Harper's inability and weakness; but if he ineffectual attempt to pass through really entertained ideas or designs Hyder Ally's new acquired ler, inimical to the Company, they ritories in his way to the Guntoor arofe entirely from the Maratta circar, which equally extended to war, and not from any transactions the relief or protection of Bazalet that passed between him and their Jung in his capital of Adoni; and presidency; and thev justified their of Harper's confequent return to itopping of the peihcuth, by re- Innaconda. The failure of this ex. criminating with great warmth upon pedition, which arose entirely from Bengal for the example which an ill-judged and unprofitable at: they had set in stripping the Shah tempt not at all connceted with it. Allum of his tribute. But they totally difconcerted the views of brent ftill farther, and stiffly disputed the presidency with respect to that the point of jurisdi&tion with the prince. Harper was then not only supreme council; totally denying detained for fresh orders, but when their right of interference, and they arrived, he liad neicher money putting such a construction upon a nor provisions to enable him to clause of the act of parliament purtute his march by that way from which they derived their au- which Mould have been originally thority, as tended to fhew that adopted, and which ihen would their restraining powers did not at have produced the intended effect. all extend to the present instance: The prcfidency fretted at a delay

the presidency at the same time which so materially interfered with recailed and suspended Mr. Hol- their designs, and which, though lond; for whole disgrace no other it proceeded from that cause, they cause appears, than his commů- were by no means willing to attrinicating to the supreme council the bute to themselves, charged Harper transactions with the Nizam; which with dilatoriness, and gave the by his original inftructions it ap. cominand of the detachment to pears to have been his duty to do. Colonel Baillie. He was, however, continued by In the mean time Bazalet Jung, the supreme council at the court of prefled on both lides by his bro

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ther and Hyder Ally to renounce tended their friendship; and con. the engagements into which he cluded with menaces, that if he had entered with the English, and persisted in his connection with particularly terrified by the threats them, his troops should join Hyder of the latter, was incessant in his Ally's in totally disposfelling him of applications at Madras for that im- all his territories; and that he would mediate succour and protection, then grant the Guntoor circar to without which he could no longer Hyder. maintain them. Hyder no longer But letters and menaces not pro. held any reserve with respect to ducing the expected effect, Hyder's his enmity to the English, or, per- troops taking advantage of the dehaps more properly, to the govern- lays which Harper and his fuccefment of Madras. In his letters to for's detachment met with, sud. Bazalet Jung, he affected to hold denly entered Bazalet Jung's terri. their councils in the utmost con- tories, and seizing all the open tempt, at the same time that he re- country, confined that terrified presented their views and designs as prince within the walls of Adoni, the most atrocious and dangerous his capital. In this state he reprethat could possibly be imagined. sented at Madras the impoffibility He said that he knew them well; now of fulfilling his engagements, and while he represented them as accompanied with a request that the common enemy of the country, they would withdraw their troops if not of mankind, he endeavoured and civil officers from the Guntoor to Thew from his own experience circar, as their continuance there and success in the last war, that would prove his inevitable ruin. they were not near so formidable, Such was the state of public af. even in arms, as was vainly ima. fairs at the close of the year 1779, gined by those who had not courage and the beginning of the following to try their force. He concluded year; and such were the measures with what was equivalent to a pursued on both sides of India, threat, that he could not admit of whether for the maintenance of the his putting the circar into the public tranquillity, or for giving hands of his old and bitter enemy. occasion to that dangerous confe

The Nizam asked him if he did deracy of the native powers, cal. not know the disposition of the culated for the annihilation of the Europeans?". And that nothing English power and interests in that which they by any means once got part of the world. The presidency possession of, could ever be got of Madras, the fupreme council, out of their hands? He quoted the and the government of Bombay, instance of their treatment of Sujah have all accused, each other of Dowla and his son, to thew the having given rise to the fatal events danger and ruin which even at that enlued. i ' i. ;)


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State of affairs on the coast of Coromandel. Mabie taken. Nabob of Arcot. Strong Indications of Hyder Ally's indisposition to the government of Ma. dras, and of bis designs upon the Carnatic. · Negle&t of preparation. Dif frutions in council. Hyder-invades the Carnatic with a great army. Country ravaged; Conjeveram burnt. Arcot befieged. Gen. Sir Hector Mouro marches with the army from the Mount, in order to form a junction with Colonel Baillie, and to relieve Arcot. Hyder raises the fiege, and places bis army in a position to present the junction. Baillie defeats Meer and Tippoo Saib; but Hyder's whole army being in his way, is unable to proceed on his march. Colonel Fletcher fent with a chofen detachment to reinforce Baillie. Desperate action between 'Hyder's army and the krited detacbment. Singular gallantry displayed by that fmall body, of men. Accidental blowing up of their powder, changes the fortune of the day, and occafons the loss of the whole corps. Greai Naughter; Colonel Fletcher killed; and Baillie, with a small number of Europeans, taken prifoners, General Sir Hector Monro retreats to Chingleput, and from thence to Ma. dras. . Deplorable state of the country, and of the Company's affairs. Guntoer circar restored to Bazalet Jung; and a conciliatory letter sent to the Nizam. Hyder renews the fiege of Arcot. Takes the city, and afterwards the fort or citadel. Vigorous measures taken by the Supreme Council for the relirf of the Carnatic. Sir Eyre Coote arrives at Madras with a large fum of money and a reinforcement of Europeans from Bengal: takes the commard of the army. Mr. Whitehill fufpended from his office of Prefident and Governor.

IT was not a little fingular, as lith in general, he occasionally pro

well as unfortunate, that while felled good wishes and regard ; but teafires, of irritation, tending took no pains to disguise his jea. strongly to hoftility with the neigh- lousy of the former. .. bouring powers, were pursued by Besides the failure on the side of the government of Madras, no suit. Madras, in not acting up to the able military preparations were conditions of the treaty of 1769, made, nor means provided, whether at the time that Hyder was disfor diverting the consequences tressed and overborne by the Mawhich might be apprehended from rattas, various other matters which thnic measures, or for fupporting afforded ground for coinplaint and the defigns which some of them difguit had fince occurred. It is apparently indicated. Hvder Ally's probable that he was of late inindisposition towards that govern. dustrious in seeking or watching ment, as well as his intimate con- for occasions of this nature ; but nections with the French, were it should likewise leem that he was publicly known. He affected to 'not without some well-founded make a distinction between that causes of complaint. A gentlepresidency and the Company' at man of considerable rank and comLarge ; for whom, and for the Eng. mand in the Company's military

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ferservice, was so sensible of it, that fully receive it: that he had no. • he did not scruple in a letter to thing to do with their particular the presidency, indirectly to arraign quarrels: that he fhould consider their conduet, by complaining of the intended attempt on Mahie as the many things which had been à direct attack upon himself; and done to irritate Hyder's govern- that he would accordingly repel ment, without their providing in and revenge it to the utmost of any manner against the inevitable his power. At the same time, consequences.

his vakeel, or resident, at Madras, It was even the general opinion, denounced, in plain terms, an irboth with natives and foreigners, ruption into the Carnatic if the that nothing less than Hyder's expedition took place. These being so deeply engaged as he was threats occasioned some pause in in the Maratta war, could have the profecut on of the measure ; prevented his marching to the af- but Hyder being still engaged in fiftance of the French, when Pon- war, and the expulfion of the dicherry was reduced in 1778. French from Mahie considered as His behaviour, with respect to the a matter of the utmost importance, expedition against the French fort it was at length determined to enand settlement of Mahie, in the counter the consequences. Col. beginning of the following year, Brarhwaite's rapid success in the not only afforded a demonstration reduction of that place, defeated of his attachment to that nation Hyder's views for its preservation ; and indispofition to the govern- but he treated it upon all occasions ment of Madras, but might have as an injury of a nature not to be been confidered as an index to his borne, and in a manner which future conduct.

indicated his determination of obMahie was atuated in the ter- taining in due time full fatisritories of one of the small princes faction. on the Malabar coatt, who, with Little doubt seemed now to rehis neighbours, being overruled by main as to the part which Hyder the fortune of Hider Allv, had would take whenever he was difbeen forced to submit to a de- engaged froin the Maratta war; pendence on him. Hvder made and this difpofition became soon this circumfiance a pretext for more dangerous, from the number affecting to confider Mahie as of troops which the French were a part of his dominion, and in a continually sending to their Afri-high and authoritative tone, re- can islands of Mauritius and Bour-monstrated against the expedition. bon; as well as the strong fquaHe declared, that many Europe. dron which they not long after ans, French, English, Dutch, Danes, dispatched from Europe, for the and Portuguete, had established fupport of their interest in the factories, or were individually fet. Eaft. tled in his dominions for the piir. Yet, with all this dissatisfaction poses of commerce, and to the and ill temper on the side of Hymutual benefit of his own fub. der Ally, the commander in chief · jeets and theits; that they were of the Britill forces in India has all under his proteétion, and should fince 'recorded his opinion, by a


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