Diagnoses in Assyrian and Babylonian Medicine: Ancient Sources, Translations, and Modern Medical Analyses

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University of Illinois Press, 2010/10/01 - 912 ページ
To date, the pathbreaking medical contributions of the early Mesopotamians have been only vaguely understood. Due to the combined problems of an extinct language, gaps in the archeological record, the complexities of pharmacy and medicine, and the dispersion of ancient tablets throughout the museums of the world, it has been nearly impossible to get a clear and comprehensive view of what medicine was really like in ancient Mesopotamia.
The collaboration of medical expert Burton R. Andersen and cuneiformist JoAnn Scurlock makes it finally possible to survey this collected corpus and discern magic from experimental medicine in Ashur, Babylon, and Nineveh. Diagnoses in Assyrian and Babylonian Medicine is the first systematic study of all the available texts, which together reveal a level of medical knowledge not matched again until the nineteenth century A.D. Over the course of a millennium, these nations were able to develop tests, prepare drugs, and encourage public sanitation. Their careful observation and recording of data resulted in a description of symptoms so precise as to enable modern identification of numerous diseases and afflictions.
 

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目次

1 The Ancient Mesopotamian Context
1
2 General Health and Public Health Practices
13
3 Infectious Diseases
26
4 Sexually Transmitted Disease STDs
88
5 Genitourinary Tract Diseases
98
6 Gastrointestinal Diseases
116
7 Metabolic and Nutritional Diseases
155
8 Heart Circulatory System and Lungs
165
15 Poisons
354
16 Mental Illness
367
17 Pediatrics
386
18 Dental and Oral Diseases
418
The Naming of Disease Patterns
429
20 Prognostics
529
Conclusion
549
Unsolved Puzzles Appendix
553

9 Eyes Ears and Nose
185
10 Skin and Hair
208
11 Bones and Joints
247
12 Obstetrics and Gynecology
259
13 Neurology
284
14 Trauma and Shock
345
Chart Showing the Arrangement of Entries
575
Notes
679
Bibliography
764
Indexes
779
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著者について (2010)

Joann Scurlock is an internationally known scholar of the Ancient Near East. She holds a doctorate in Assyriology from the University of Chicago and is an adjunct professor of history at Elmhurst College. Burton R. Anderson is a professor of medicine and microbiology and former chief of the Section of Infectious Diseases at the University of Illinois College of Medicine.

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