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that the lawfulness, or unlawfulness, promise of principle; and, there some of keeping certain festivals and na fore, we may confidently assert, no tional holy-days, and not their obli- such latitude would have been al- e mad gations to sanctify the Christian Sab- lowed the dissentient parties. No! Pema buth, was the subject in, debate the day on which the Sabbath was among the Christians at Rome. held had been changed, but the law Dublay the “ The strong,” and more perfect which enjoined the festival itself - 21,1 posa among them, had completely disen was still in force, and could not be pieces to tangled themselves from all preju. set aside, either by the freaks of Andongle dices in favour of these days: the superstition, or the innovations of the core day on which their Lord rose from presumption. Prompt, undeviating bote dease the dead was alone sacred in their obedience was alike the duty of the se izrad, dog estimation, and binding on their weak and the strong, the Pastors ni na bu conscience ; all else were common, and the people. Neither Peter nor and their observance optional. But Paul had, or ever pretended to have, le mairie “the weak,” whilst they, with the the dispensing power since claimed and there se whole church, kept this day sacred, and exercised by the head of mys, mutta los an were, on various accounts, unable to tical Babylon. No! they felt, and divest themselves of a reverence for meekly confessed, that they, as well certain other days. They dreaded lest they should fall under malignant church, were “under the law to influences, or forfeit some desired Christ." Therefore, “ what the benefit, if they did not somehow Apostle hath written concerning talaga nich honour them. That these were the Jewish holy-days, in this passage, isteda days to which the Apostle alludes, cannot be extended to the Sabbath is evident from his placing them on instituted at the creation, nor to the a level with “the meats and drinks” Christian Sabbath." * of Gentile, or, at best, of Jewish, The text on which the greatest in the worship; as well as from the liberty stress has been laid, by those who he allows to both parties, in respect desire to weaken the moral obligaof both subjects. On these unimport- tion of our Sabbath, is Col. ii. 16: ant points the church was divided ; “Let no man judge you in meat, or and he sought a union, on the prin- in drink, or in respect of an holy. ciple of mutual forbearance. His day, or of the new moon, or of the judgment, on the one hand, was, Sabbath-days : which are a shadow that as “the weak” kept the day to of things to come; but the body is the Lord, and not to the idol, nor of Christ." The rites and festivals with a Judaizing intent, it ought referred to in this passage are obvinot to be reckoned sin by their ously Jewish ; for none of the pagan stronger and better-informed bre- ceremonies were shadows of Christhren, though they thus turned an tian privileges; and there is nothing, ancient festival to spiritual profit: either in the text or context, which and, on the other hand, he taught, can in fairness be construed into an that those who kept none of these argument against the Christian Sabdays, but spent thein in the com bath; for it is impossible that it mon avocations of life, thinking it should have been a shadow of itself. dangerous to trifle with the figments To understand the passage aright, it of superstition, were wholly blame must be recollected, that the Colosless; seeing the keeping of such sians, as Christians, regarded the days formed no part of the discipline whole Jewish ceremonial as abroof the church, or of the obedience gated; and that they kept the first they owed to Christ, their only Lord day of the week, as their Sabbath, and Master. Such was the decision

in harmony with all the sister of the Apostle ; and, admitting the churches. T'he Jews resident among matters in debate to have been non

them were incensed at this: they essential, it was oracular. But had maintained, that the ceremonial law the keeping of the Sabbath been the

was still in force, that Christianity question litigated, such a decision would have implied a flagrant com

* Dr. Macknight

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was a corruption of the religion of the highest and purest dispensation their fathers; that unless the Chris- of grace; for the rites and festivals tians were circumcised, they could of the former dispensation were only pot be saved ; that the seventh was shadows of the blessings you enjoy the true Sabbath-day; and that to in virtue of your union with the change the day, was to nullify the body of Christ. The Lord Jesus ordinance. To induce, and, if pos has annulled these shadowy ordisible, to force, the Christians to

nances, his cross, and has sancadopt these opinions, and to mingle tified all the bounties of Providence Mosaic ceremonies with their simple for your use ; so that no creature of and evangelical worship, the Jewish God is now to be refused, but reDoctors threatened, flattered, dog- ceived with thanksgiving. As, matized, and endeavoured to usurp therefore, He who is Lord of all has dominion over them, as if they had made you free, 'let no man judge been lords of their consciences, you,' or bring you into bondage, arbiters of their fate, and their su. • in respect of meat, or drink, or an periors in everything. This arro holy-day, or of the new moon, or of gance the Apostle justly resented the Sabbath-days, which are a shaand strongly condemned. To finish dow of things to come; but the the controversy respecting legal ob body'-the church, whose servances, and put these proud spiritual ordinances and higher priboasters to silence, he describes the vileges they prefigured —' is of whole of that knowledge which was Christ.'Some commentators, we opposed to the knowledge of Christ, are aware, understand by “ Sabbathas vain and deceitful philosophy, days,” in this text, Jewish feasts ; which had no authority but uncer

holy-days, new moons, and tain tradition, and which, in its cha Sabbath-days” are separately speracter, harmonized with the merce cified, we cannot doubt that the nary maxims and spirit of the world. seventh-day Sabbath is intended ; He represents Christ not only as and that the Apostle included it for superior to all human teachers, but the express purpose of informing as being “the Head of all princi the church, that it was only a shapality and power ;” as baving "in dow of our more glorious Sabbath, him all the treasures of wisdoin and as ours is of the heavenly; and that, knowledge ;

the fulness of as far as the day on which it was the Godhead dwelling in him bodily.” held, and the Jewish restrictions He declares that the Colossians were with which it was encumbered, were “complete in Him;” and, conse concerned, it was abrogated, with quently, needed neither to have re the other Jewish festivals, and the course to angels, nor to the law of ceremonial restrictions in meats and Moses, nor to the Greek philoso- drinks. phers, for precepts to guide them, It may, therefore, be affirmed, ordinances to edify them, or merit that these passages, instead of milito justify them. After asserting, tating against the moral obligation that they possessed that inward of the Christian Sabbath, strongly “ circumcision ” which the circum- corroborate it. That the Apostle cision in the flesh typified,-even a and first Christians kept the first death unto sin, and a new birth day of the week, as a day for public unto righteousness-he states, that worship, is certain ; and, therefore, the Lord Jesus has blotted out the cautions he addressed to the " the hand-writing of” ceremonial churches, against the observation of ordinances” which was against all other holy-days, can be underthem, barring them out of the cove stood in no other light, than as nant; and that he had nailed it to guards thrown around the Lord's his cross, as a covenant that had day, and as implied injunctions that been cancelled. Having established they should keep it as a sacred day. these premises, he adds, “Let no The Sabbath is essentially a weekly man therefore judge you,” &c. : ordinance, and both iis typical and as if he had said, “You live under commemorative designs forbade that Vol. XXI. Third Series. Marca, 1842

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it should be duplicated. The Jew. sacrilegious innovation, the Lord ish church was cut off, and it ex. Jesus (who punished the Corinthians pired, when the nation rejected the with divers diseases, and sundry Lord's Anointed, and refused to kinds of death, for profaning his come to the marriage supper ; and, supper) not only did not punish or since that time, their worship, no reprove them, but he met in the less than the curses they imprecate midst of them, answered their prayers, on the head of Christ, bespeak their wrought miracles by their hands, unbelief, and indicate their excom and converted myriads of idolaters municate state. They are still an to his faith and 'worship, through interesting people ; but they are no their instrumentality. These absurdneten longer a church; and, therefore, and impious conclusions are clearly their Sabbath cannot be the Sabbath involved in the assumption, that the of the Lord. The church is now Sabbath was changed without the #10 essentially Christian ; and God could concurrence and sanction of our no more have sanctioned two Sab. Lord; but as darkness cannot pro- se landen baths in his one church, than he ceed from the sun, so peither can could have created two suns in the folly flow from the Fountain of wissolar system ; because his wisdom dom, nor impiety from Him who is is as incapable of producing confu- glorious in holiness. sion, by means of redundancy, as it True Christians, in all ages,

have is of sacrificing order, by overlook- testified, that the Lord's day bas ing essential defect. Contradictions been to thein, above other days, cannot proceed from Him; and, what the year of jubilee was to the therefore, in his saving economy, Jews among other years. And we, the type gives place to the antitype, in unison with them, attest, that our the shadow to the substance, the brightest views of truth, our richest wonders of creation to the brighter baptisms of grace, and our most glories of redemption ; and the transporting foretastes of heaven, Christian church, with its first-day are identified, in our recollection, Sabbath, takes the place of the with its sacred hours and ordiJewish church, and its seventh-day nances. Nearly all the sound conSabbath.

versions wbich have taken place in To assume, that the change of the world, have been begun, or conthe Sabbath was made without summated, on this day. There is divine authority, is, in effect, to no ordinance in the church, which affirm, First, That though the Lord God more uniformly guards by the Jesus, “through the Holy Ghost, sanctions of his providence, and gave commandments unto the Apos- honours with the blessings of his tles whom he had chosen, being grace, than this. Those who keep seen of them forty days, and speak it holy are blessed in their basket, ing of the things pertaining to his and in their store ; their souls proskingdom ;" he, nevertheless, failed per, and are in health ; and their to make them acquainted with his children are, for the most part, will, and to give them a correct im. found walking in the truth : whereas pression respecting his design. Se. those who secularize it, or who turn condly, That though, in addition to it into a day of pastime, put their his personal instructions, he gave gains into a bag with holes; they them the Holy Ghost, to guide them seek rest, but they find none; their into all truth, and to bring all spiritual interests languish, if they things to their remembrance, what. are not entirely neglected; and their soever he had said unto them ; they, children, with few exceptions, fornevertheless, forgot what he had sake the worship and ways of the said, departed from the truth, and living God. The judicial records of led the churches into errors which our country evidence, that, in & implied a violation of the law, and a multitude of instances, the desecraflagrant corruption of the worship tion of the Lord's day has been the of God. Thirdly, That though the first step to apostasy, to bankruptcy, churches generally adopted this to banishment, and to ignominious

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death. Jews, Socinians, and such pose, further, that the eternal God of the Quakers and Baptists as can sanction the corruption of his account it common, are left, by the own worship, can wink at the annul. great Head of the church,

ling of his own ordinances, can “ Like Gideon's fleece,

approve of the violation of his own Unwater'd still and dry;"

law, can bless error, and can reward

those who cross his purpose and while on those communities and contradict his will ;-unless we can congregations who sanctify it, as the suppose these absurdities, are pre"holy of the Lord, and honourable," pared to maintain these blasphemies, the dews of sovereign grace

we must admit, that the Sabbath “Fall plenteous from the sky."

was changed to the first day of the

week under the divine sanction, and Unless, therefore, we

are pre

with the divine concurrence; that pared to maintain, that the Spirit of the change was called for by the prophecy lied, that our Lord erred, surpassing glory of the new dispenthat his Apostles and the primitive sation, and was in harmony with Christians misunderstood his in the highest wisdom, the glory of structions, and misinterpreted his God, and the best interests of inan. example ; that the redemption of kind. And, if this be admitted, it our race was a less glorious event follows, that our obligations to keep than the creation of our world; our Sabbath holy are as much that the Son is not entitled to equal stronger than those which bound honour with the Father ; that the the Jews to keep theirs, as our disdemonstration of his Headship in pensation surpasses theirs in light, the church, was a point of no im. in grace, and in power. portance ;-—and unless we can sup

Peter M'Owan.

AN ANSWER TO THE QUESTION, “WHAT IS PUSEYISM?" It is to say,

“ anathema to the tion, reverence, love, and gratitude.” principle of Protestantism ;” (Pal- (« Tracts for the Times.") mer's “ Letter to Golightly;") to It is to declare, that "our Arti. "depart, more and more, from the cles are the offspring of an uncathoprinciples of the English Reforma- lic age ;” (“Tracts for the l'imes;”) tion ;” (“British Critic” for July, and that “the Communion Service 1841;) to "sigh to think that we is a judgment upon the Church ;' should be separate from Rome ; (Froude's “ Remains ; ") it is to (“ Tracts for the Times ; ") to “de. teach, that the Romish ritual was a sire the restoration of unity with precious possession; (“ Tracts for the Church of Rome ; " (Palmer's the Times ; ") and that the mass. Letter ;”) to regard “Rome as book is “ a sacred and most preour mother, through whom we were cious monument of the Apostles.” born to Christ.” (“ Tracts for the (“ Tracts for the Times.") Times.")

It is to assert, that “Scripture is It is to denounce the Church of not the rule of faith ;” (Tracts for England as being "in bondage, as the Times ; '') that “the oral tradi. working in chains, and as teaching tion of the church is a fuller exposiwith the stammering lips of ambi- tion of God's revealed truth ; guous formularies ; ("' 'Tracts for (Linwood's “ Sermons ; ") that the the Times ;') it is to eulogize the Bible, “placed without note or comChurch of Rome as giving “free ment in the hands of uninstructed scope to the feelings of awe, mys- persons, is not calculated, in orditery, tenderness, reverence, and de- nary cases, to make them wise unto votedness ;(Newman's “ Letter to salvation;" (Linwood's "Sermons;”) Jelf ;”) and as having high" gifts, and that only persons " disclaiming and strong claims on our admira- the right of private judgment, in

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things pertaining to God,” are mem prayers for the dead; (" Tracts for bers of the church of Christ. (Lin the Times ; ') to make a "distincwood's “ Sermons.")

tion between venial and mortal sins;' It is to teach, that “ baptism, and (“ Tracts for the Times ;”) and to not faith, is the primary instrument assert, that a person may believe of justification ; " (Newman on Jus. there is a purgatory; that relics tification ;) and that “the prevailing may be venerated ; that saints may notion of bringing forward the doc be invoked ; that there are seven trine of the atonement, explicitly sacraments ; that the mass is an and prominently, on all occasions, offering for the quick and dead, for is evidently quite opposed to the the remission of sins; and that he teaching of Scripture." (“ 'Tracts for may yet, with a good conscience, the Times.")

subscribe the Thirty-nine Articles of It is to assert, that in the Lord's the Church of England. (“ Tracts supper Christ is “present, under for the Times,” No. 90.) the form of bread and wine ; It is to put the visible church in (Linwood's “Sermons ;') that He the place of Christ, by teaching, that is “then personally and bodily with "she alone is that true hiding-place us ;” (“Tracts for the Times ;'') into which the servants of God may and that the Clergy are “intrusted flee for refuge, and be safe ;” (Linwith the awful and mysterious gift wood's “Sermons ;") it is to put of making the bread and wine the sacraments in the place of God, Christ's body and blood.” (“ Tracts by declaring that they are for the Times.")

Sources of divine grace.” (“ Tracts It is to maintain the lawfulness of for the Times.")-Record.

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THE

are

POPERY IN NEW-ZEALAND.
(To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.)
I was at a native village a few days one of the leading Chiefs of Hokie
since, and saw a large picture, pre- anga, who has since attached him-
sented by a Romanist to a native self to the Methodists, and has been
Chief, which represented a tree, de- baptized in the Protestant faith.
scribing the origin of the Romish The agents of the Pope in this
Church. One part of the picture land Frenchmen. Twelve
contained the names of the support- Priests arrived the other day, who
ers, Popes, Fathers, &c., from the were taken by the Bishop to some
commencement. Another part de- of the islands in the Pacific. Every
scribed the excision of branches effort is made to bring the aborigi-
which had become Protestant ; nes of this country, and of the
shown as falling into the bottomless island in general, into the pale of
pit, where thousands appeared tor their Church. The enlightened
mented by infernal beings, &c. part of the people, however, I hope,
Above the tree was purgatory, with are not in immediate danger of
its inhabitants; and, above that being deluded by representations
heaven, the residence of the blessed, such as I have described ; and as
where the Virgin Mary sat most the Scriptures are extensively circu-
conspicuously, surrounded by Popes lated, the errors of that wretched
and Bishops in their pontificals. system are exposed, and the New-
There were also statements of vari- Zealanders are becoming acquainted
ous orders belonging to the Church, with them.
Kings who had reigned under the

William Woox.
Popes, &c., in French and Latin. Wesleyan Mission-Station,
This picture was presented by the Mangungu, New Zealand,
Roman Catholic Bishop to Taonui, August 28th, 1841.

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