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From the Same. I WROTE to you a few weeks since, and yet I was the friend of all. As usual, hope the letter will safely reach you. they separated without settling their exIn that I referred to a pending dispute isting difference. I sent a message to between Graba and Makass, in which I Gxaba, recommending him to abstain from had been called to interpose. Gxaba war, and stating that I should visit him knew that if he sent a messenger to the in a few days. At this proposed inter. other Chief, he would be murdered, and view I fully pointed out the evils of war therefore resolved, rather than do so, to on Christian grounds, and then adverted seek recompence by war.
By my medi. to the impolicy of it in his case. At the ation they were brought together, or close of these remarks he addressed me, rather Gxaba sent his great Counsellor and referred to some of the wrongs he to meet Makass. I distinctly informed had suffered from this neighbouring them that I could “be no judge of such Chief; but, in conclusion, said, “ If you matters," and that I only appeared in the say that word, that I must not fight, I character of mediator ; that they were will not.” I replied, that he did right Captains, and ought to seek justice and to hear the counsel of his Missionary. truth, as they should be the examples and His chief Counsellor then addressed me, guardians of both; that as a Christian saying, “ The word of our Teacher is Missionary, I was a man of peace, and good indeed. It is a right word, and the word of God with which I was come we thank him much to-day. We reamong them was a word of peace to all ; joice that you say you will tell Gxaba and that, although I was a “ Teacher" re all that is in your heart. This is good, siding in Gxaba's country at his request, and you must not be tired of doing so."
From the Same, dated Beecham-Wood, October 9th, 1841. It will be gratifying to you to be fur. conversing with him, I felt agreeably surnished with some facts connected with prised at the clear, scriptural replies which this station, which lead us to cherish he made to my inquiries. After a few days the hopes expressed. I have already his father came to recall him. The lad informed you, that a few natives have deeply regretted leaving. He said, “I have beguri to meet in class, all of whom give no heart to go home, I cannot go back to the best evidence that they have been sin again :” but, being reminded of his led to do so from a desire to flee from duty to obey his parents in all things the wrath to come. Were I in posses- lawful, and that he could serve God at sion of no other proof, I should think I home, he at length yielded to his father's had no mean one of the divinity of the wishes. With deep feeling I commendGospel, from the change it has wrought ed him to the Lord. Early on the folin them. From the first I have never lowing morning the lad entered our cota had reason to reprove one of them. Such tage with a glow of joy beaming from is the result of the glorious Gospel of his sable countenance. He quickly inthe blessed God.” Four of these have formed us that, on returning home, he lately found peace with God. Often conversed with his parents respecting bave I seen our native members over their souls, and prayed with them. His powered with gracious feeling whilst in mother was affected, and remonstrated the house of the Lord. I have lately with her husband for having taken their taken into our house a native youth, who child from the “ Teacher.” He said, in has " from our first entering in among” reply, he had only brought him to see them been under divine influence. He her, and added, he could return again ; has been called to suffer persecution and, accordingly, he returned to acquaint from his heathen friends and neighbours. us with the result. In aptitude for He, however, obtained the consent of his learning, he exceeds all our scholars, parents to come and reside here. In and is frequent and fervent in prayer.
Extract of a Letter from the Rev. John Ayliff, dated Haslope-Hills, Winterberg,
Albany, July 1st, 1841. We have had some small addition of goats and sheep. They have lived in inhabitants at this place,-four families the colony for several years, have borne of emancipated slaves, and six of Tam a good character, and, from their attenbookies. These latter have moved in tion to their cattle, have reached the with a very large herd of cattle, about number just stated. But now it happens two hundred head, and four hundred that their property is their difficulty ; for
they have become so numerous, (I mean nication kept open between the colonists their cattle,) that no farmer has pasturage and the emigrants, so that I have free sufficient to support so many, in addition quent opportunities of hearing their to his own. About three months since views of Missionary labour in the counhe was ordered to leave the farm where try north of the Orange-River. Genehe had been ; but hearing from several rally speaking, they talk of our Misquarters that the Tambookie Chiefs were sions there as something very wonderful. meditating a charge of witchcraft, his fa. The following are a few remarks made mily and himself were uncomfortable, and by one of these people respecting our came to this place, requesting perinission operations. “ In my journey,” says the to become inhabitants of the station. farmer, “I came to the school," (so the Thus in this instance the man and family Dutch call our stations,)“ and I stayed have found in the station a place where the Sabbath with the Missionary. I was both himself and his property are safe, kindly treated. In the morning I went and where, too, an opportunity is afforded to the kirk, and I was astonished to see him of hearing the Gospel which is able so many Heidenen " (Heathens) “there. to save his soul; to which Gospel, up to I was seated near to the pulpit, and on the present time, he has been a stranger, either side of me were Heidenen well though living in the colony amongst pro- clothed, and two of these who sat next to fessing Christians.
me I was told were both Zendlings Our people, during the last two (Missionaries). “ Neef,” said he, “twee months, have been hard at work, plough. zwaarte Zendlings ! ” (Two black Mising and getting their seed into the sionaries !) “ The people sang, and the ground. A new water-course has been Englishman” (the Missionary) “becommenced, and is now completed, gan to preach in the language of the which will afford us the means of irrigat. Heathen. He threw his arms about, and ing at least twenty acres of land more spoke so loud and fast, that I was sure than we irrigated last season. Of wheat, he was mighty in their language ; and oats, and barley we have now in the from the appearance of the Heidenen ground upwards of twenty muids, or while he preached, I am sure they felt his sixty bushels of seed-corn. In October, word.” ground will be prepared for Indian The following account is from a Dutch corn and pumpkins. This year I have woman, one of the emigrants.
“ One been greatly relieved by the request of afternoon,” said she, “ I saw a waggon the people themselves, that I would not approaching our place of abode, and trouble myself about the corn-lands; some of the zwaarte Heidenen” (black saying, “ Mynheer has to preach, and to Heathens) came from the waggon to travel to preach to people at a distance ; ask permission to remain there for the therefore we will do our part, and attend night. Unwillingly, I gave my consent ; to the ground;” and I am happy to and when I found that the waggon was the say, that they have attended to it well. property of the Captain of the Heathen,
The station at the present time pre I became much alarmed, being alone. sents two interesting sights,-a large, In the evening, as the sun was setting, I attentive Sabbath.congregation of people saw the Captain call his family and peocoming from a distance of from five to nine ple together at the side of the waggon, miles to worship; and a great extent of and, just as a Christian would do, he took land ploughed, and the seed beginning to out a book, and they all sang a hymn in show itself above the ground. To com their own language; he then read what plete the appearance of the station, and I found was the Bible, spoke to his peoI shall not be satisfied until it is com- ple like a Predekant (Preacher); when pleted, we want a good school, and con the whole of them knelt down on the venient dwellings ; neither of which we ground, while the heathen Captain prayhave at present, but hope soon that ed; after which they spent the evening means will be provided to enable us to round the fire at the side of their waggon, attend regularly to the instruction of as if they were the happiest people in the the children of the institution, and world." to get up such suitable dwellings and In many instances have the most judichapel as will do credit to the Haslope- cious of the emigrants remarked, that the Hills Mission.
Heathen were making progress in ChrisIn my journeys I am often cast tian knowledge, while they and their amongst the Dutch colonists ; and at the children were going backwards. present time there is a constant commu
part of it.
Extract of a Letter from the Rev. Samuel Palmer, dated Morley, Kaffraria,
July 28th, 1841. Orr General Superintendent has in. the father of Ncapayi. The Amaqa. formed you of a journey I took last basha do not exist as a tribe at present ; Christmas, with Messrs. Jenkins and but the few that remain have joined Garner, in consequence of an attack themselves to other tribes, and have found made by the Dutch boors upon Ncapayi, a place of refuge near the colonial bounand of the alarm it had occasioned Faku. dary, A copy of our journal on that occasion It was in this country, also, that a was forwarded to you; and I doubt not large tribe belonging to Umdengi was but you have heard of the measure destroyed by Ncapayi in 1828 ; on which adopted by His Excellency Sir George occasion there was a great loss of human Napier, to prevent such attacks in future ; life. namely, the sending of troops into the In the afternoon of Saturday, we neighbourhood of Faku and Ncapayi. reached the Tsitsa river, one of the main This step has been attended with good : branches of the Umzimvubu : it is a fine all parties appear to have confidence; and, river, about the size of the Bashee. On at least for the present, Faku and Nca. reaching the other side, we agreed to repayi seem disposed to let each other main there until Monday. alone.
Sunday, 6th. At the Tsitsa, on the I have also had occasion to take several banks of which we spent our Sabbath, other journeys with the brethren Jenkins Mr. Garner preached to our little comand Garner, One I took in March with pany in the morning; and, in the even. Mr. Jenkins, when the first interview ing, I gave an exhortation; and thus for took place between Faku and Captain the first time the name of Jesus was Smith, (27th regiment,) commanding the heard in these parts ; and whilst engaged troops in Amamrpondo-land; when I was in the solemn worship of God in this pleased at hearing the message of His now-forsaken land, we were led to pray, Excellency to Faku, in which he de that shortly the sound of supplication clared his great anxiety that the tribes and praise might be heard through every should remain in peace with each other.
In June I undertook a journey with 7th. We started at eight a. M., and Mr. Garner, and, at my request, Mr. for three hours travelled through a flat, Gladwin, of Clarkebury, accompanied us. or rather the same kind of undulating,
After the late attack of the boors, the country: the next three hours we asAmabaka (N capayi's tribe) deemed it cended, and found all around us very prudent to remove to this side of the broken. At two P. M. we arrived at a Umrim vubu river; which rendered it ne- very high point of land, which overlooked cessary for Mr. Garner to abandon the the whole country: and here our good site he had selected for a station, and on road ended; there appeared to be no which he had commenced erecting tem- path for the waggon to proceed ; we porary buildings.
therefore unyoked the oxen on a narrow As soon as the rivers became fordable, ridge ; on the left was the valley in which Ncapayi sent to Mr. Garner at Bunting- the
Juxokolo takes its rise, and on the ville, informing him that he had sent right a bush which can be seen from almen to take him (Mr. Garner) to the most any part of the country, and is country he intended to remove to, and that named Nqasha. From this spot we Mr. Garner must come and select a spot could see the Kathlamba-mountains : all for a station. Accordingly, on Tuesday, our men having left the waggon to go in June 1st, accompanied by Mr. Gladwin, search of a path, we began to look around, I left home, and on the same afternoon and examined the country ; and, about reached Buntingville.
two hundred yards from our waggon, On Thursday, June 3d, we all three came to a deserted Bushmen's village, left Buntingville ; on which, and the two containing twenty-one huts. They apfollowing days, we travelled through a peared to have resided here for some fine undulating country, abounding with time, and to have left very recently. Our game; and though at present it is quite men returned in the evening, informing forsaken, it appears to have been filled us that they had found a path down the with inhabitants at some former period : mountain, by a very circuitous route. there are many fine streams of water, su 8th.-At ten A. M. we commenced perior pasturage, and plenty of timber. travelling round the head of the JuxoIt has been the scene of many wars : kolo. And here our troubles began ; for the inhabitants were the Amaqabasha, there was no proceeding with the waggon, who were driven away by Madikanna, until, with axes, spades, &c., we had
prepared the way. There was no water the Esilandeni river, and to the right a in the Juxokolo ; but the rains that came very broken country, with deep ravines, down from the mountain had cut very and almost perpendicular rocks. deep water-courses, which, together with llth.-W'e commenced travelling at the trees and bushes, rendered it exceed. nine A. M. ; and at eleven arrived at the ingly difficult to proceed with a waggon. place where Ncapayi had appointed to
We saw a large herd of eilands near meet us, and which is named Tsibesa. us; and, when seeking for a path, came We immediately sent to inform the Chief upon the track of two lions. One of our of our arrival. Here we found another men, who was a little in advance of us, Bushmen's encampment, and had reason came close to them ; but as they seemed to think it was but just abandoned. disposed to walk away, he prudently suf We had now been eight days from fered them to proceed without any inter. Buntingville, and had not seen a human ruption on his part.
being, except those of our own party. After a tiresome journey of eight miles, War has truly depopulated the whole which it took us the whole of the day to place. The country is such, that, with accomplish, we reached another fine river the blessing of peace, it is capable of named Tina, also a branch of the Um supporting tens of thousands of inhazimvubu, where we found another de bitants ; but at present it is merely occuserted Bushmen's encampment.
pied by a few Bushmen, together with The country through which we passed game and beasts of prey. Wherever we to-day and yesterday is the old country turued our eyes, we saw the places where belonging to Umyeki, who at present re villages formerly stood ; but the inhabitsides near the frontier ; and a beautiful ants are now scattered and gone. one it is : for, though some part of it is When I looked round, and thought of very broker, yet I should think it is fine the business on which we were come, I grazing-land; the grass is good, and the felt a degree of pleasure in the idea of mimosa abounds in some places.
introducing into this land that which Umyeki was driven from it by Madri. alone can cure the evil, and cause the kanna, about twenty years since ; after men of blood to learn the way of peace; which he came to reside between the Um- namely, the “glorious Gospel of the gazi and the Umtata rivers ; from which blessed God." But this pleasure was he was driven by Faku, about seven or damped by the recollection of the discuseight years since. He then came into sion that took place at our last District. the neighbourhood of this station, where Meeting, when our Chairman read to us he remained until about two years ago;
the letter he had received from the Comwhen the fear of Ncapayi and Faku mittee, informing us of their embarrasscaused him to leave these parts altoge- ments, and urging upon us the “neces. ther, and join himself to Umtirara, the sity of retrenchment, and of the suspenAbatembu Chief, who at present resides sion, if possible, of some of our plans." near the colonial boundary.
The former we agreed to effect to the very 9th. We had to cut down trees, utmost; and with difficulty shall we be banks, &c., to make a ford, which we able to maintain the ground we at present named Eilands'-Ford, from the large occupy ; but, to suspend any of our herd of these animals which we saw cross operations, now that we are in the field, the river at this place yesterday. We is impossible. I therefore felt pain of left the river at ten a. M.; and in a short mind to think that we were retarded in time came to a ridge of mountains, which our progress for want of funds. we were occupied five hours in ascending. I wish our friends at home, as well as After travelling three miles, we stopped at the Committee, could see the concern we a river named Itolweni, the bed of which all feel in the embarrassed state of the is solid granite, very similar to the Scotch funds of the Society. We do all we granite, of about one hundred feet in possibly can to keep down the expense width, and in some parts as smooth and of our Missions in this land ; and I even as any pavement in London. We sometimes fear that our Chairman will had not travelled more than six miles injure his health by the great anxiety he in actual distance from the elevation we feels on the subject. left on Tuesday morning.
Let it be known, that there are several 10th.-In consequence of the oxen places where Missionaries are still wanted straying in the night, we did not leave in this District, to which they are not until twelve o'clock. We travelled only invited, but earnestly requested ; through a fine elevated country, and at and I doubt not but the friends of Misfive P. M. halted for the night on a high sions will find the means of sending ridge, to the left of which is the head of them. I should be truly miserable, if I
thought we could do no more for South vered with snow; and on the heights we Africa than maintain our present sta
found the cold to be very severe. Our tions. God has opened to the Wesleyan path was sometimes on narrow ridges; Connexion a great and important door of then we had to descend hills so steep, usefulness in South Africa ; and we can. that, occasionally, we slid down, for to not, we dare not, refuse to enter it. I walk was impossible ; immediately after trust that the embarrassment was only a which, we were called to ascend : and temporary one ; and that by this time the thus we continued our course, up and Committee are about to write us the good down, until we got to the Tina river ; news that we are not only to continue when the Captain, fearing the cold on the our present stations, but, as formerly, heights, proposed our taking a route by “ to proceed.” But I must now return the side of the river ; and, though we to my journal.
knew that this would occasion us addi. 12th. At ten A. M.
men tional labour, by keeping us in the raturned, together with Ncapayi, who vines, yet, as we had taken Ting wani for seemed greatly to rejoice in seeing us, our guide, we agreed to his arrangement, and at once set about looking for a and, by it, had to cross the Tina five suitable spot for a station. After looking times. At length we arrived at the top, at several, we selected one that appeared and rode across the plain, hoping to reach every way adapted for such a purpose ; the Tsitsa river that night, but soon found having a good supply of water, fuel, and it was impossible, as the shades of evening grass, together with fine land for agri- closed upon us before we commenced our cultural purposes. But as I expect Mr. descent, and Tingwani assured us the Garner will write to you more fully on all road was such, that no one could travel these points, I shall pass over the subject, in the dark. We therefore had no alterby merely saying, that the Chief soon native, but to seek a few thorns, and do returned to his people, to give directions the best we could, on nearly the top of a about their removing, and we at once very high mountain. We were alarmed for proceeded to select a site for a Mission the old Chief; but, after making a little house ; which being done, we all three fire, (for we had not fuel to make a large knelt down upon it, and engaged in one, he got better, and we soon fell asleep. prayer to the God of all grace, entreating 15th. We rose early, and began to de. his blessing upon the intended Mission. scend. We soon found it was well for us We found it a season of profit to our that we did not make the attempt last even. souls : and we fully believe, that even ing; for the path was such, that I became this tribe, at present the dread of the alarmed at the idea of proceeding, and posi. whole land, will be brought to acknow tively declared it was impossible. One of ledge that the Gospel is the power of the men, however, took my horse, and, by God unto salvation.
holding the long grass, and with the assista In the afternoon Ting wani, Faku's ance of a staff, I continued my route, and brother, came with five men, professedly at last reached the river, where we break. to see Mr. Garner, but actually to see fasted. After this, we had to ascend a what spot we had selected for a station. very long and steep hill, but not quite so
Sunday, 13th.—A very strong wind, bad as the one we had just come down, almost a hurricane, blew during the whole After much travelling, we reached the of the day, and confined us to our wag. plain ; but here we found the cold was gon: however, in the afternoon, I preached such as I had never experienced in Africa. to our little company, now increased by Here, for the first time since leaving the arrival of Tingwani and his men. Buntingville, we met with a foot-path,
14th.–Tingwani engaging to take us We then pushed on; and the first kraal by a short path home, which would lead to which we came happened to be Tinus to his kraal, we left the waggon with gwani's. We were soon followed by some Mr. Garner, who remained to attend to of the men, who informed us that the the building of the temporary house, and Captain could not proceed. I therefore Mr. Gladwin and I proceeded homeward desired his son to send him assistwith Ting wani and his men. On reach. ance immediately; but he soon reached ing the high lands, he showed us the home by another way. We had a good course we should have to take, and it fire prepared ; and as the old man stooped really was awful to behold ; for, of all to enter the house, he fell, and was unthe broken country I had previously seen, able to rise again. However, we got him (and I think I have seen as much as most to the fire, and with the assistance of men in this country,) nothing equalled some coffee, he soon recovered ; and we what lay before us. We soon saw the were not a little thankful that we were all Kathlamba mountains, which were co- safe : for, in the previous month, as some