particle ever being lost, but the whole of appropriation, he might ; but detach himit taken up into the general system of self from the relations of dependence cause and effect, and always in operation and influence he could not. Cease to be somewhere. And thus we should have seen the centre of a hallowed influence he that though he was apparently as isolated might ; but cease to be the centre of all as a ship in the midst of the Atlantic, the influence he could not. From the mowaves which the motion of that ship ge ment he ceased to be a universal good, nerates from shore to shore, were only an he became a universal evil.

Each act image of his ever-circling, widening, of selfishness is the infliction of a unishoreless influence; and that the influ versal injury; and every successive sin ence which thus blended and bound him awakens afresh the echoes of the original up with the whole race, invisible and

Not only did our primary relaimpalpable as it is, is yet the mightiest tions of mutual influence remain, the element of society, the element wielded introduction of sin appears to have stiby God himself."

mulated them into preternatural activity (“Great Commission,” pages 3–6.) and power. Every man, in effect, be

came a Jeroboam,-- his life laid a train The entrance of sin, and its con of evil for multitudes, and for ages to sequences, are thus impressively come. His infantine hand could cpen a stated :

flood-gate of evil which the arm of Om.

nipotence alone could shut. His careless “At the time of the creation a princi. laugh could do more to counteract a ple of evil was at large in the universe. moral principle than the proclamation of Satan, together with an unknown multi. a law could do to enforce it. Though tude of associate rebels, having swerved touching only one point in society, he from his allegiance to the blessed and could send an impulse of evil through only Potentate,' had been driven from the whole. While the thunders of Sinai the immediate presence of God, cut off soon died away to a whisper on the ear from the loyal part of the creation, and of the world, many a whisper of evil, as doomed to be the prey of his own mighty it passed from lip to lip, waxed louder depravity. Actuated by that universal and louder, till nations echoed with the law, by which each being and principle sound, and distant ages received its reseeks to conform all things to its own verberations as possessing all the authonature, and stimulated by implacable rity of law. hatred against God, he came to efface “ Parental influences, blending with from our world the divine image, and to the first rudiments of infant being, tainted stamp his own on its breast instead. character in its very source. Familiar In the execution of this dreadful project intercourse became one of the grand he succeeded. By no employment of ordinances of mutual temptation and force, but by the simple action of mind ruin. Relationships, calculated to circuon mind, through the medium of the late happiness through all the veins of senses, Satan prevailed on man to sin. the social system, were perverted by sin As the first sinner was the first man, huc into so many channels of destruction. man nature was poisoned in its fountain. Tendencies and influences of evil which The first man is sinning still, in effect, had long been gathering, gradually as. in each of all his posterity. The first sumed the definite and enduring form of sin is thrilling still ; and will vibrate on civil government, and gave a character to through the whole line of being, till it nations ; from which again, as from so reaches the last of human kind. How many centres, they propagated their ef. closely compacted, how vitally inter fects through all the globe, and for all woven, must be the system of our mu time. Evil example, acquiring the tual dependence, and how mysteriously despotic power of precedent and custom, penetrating and pervading the principle showed itself stronger than anything of our reciprocal influence, when a single human which could be brought to counsin can thus distract and derange the teract it, tended to displace every other whole !

power, and claimed to reign alone. In “ Yet now it was that man first made a word, the social principle, in all its the monstrous essay of living to himself. forms, entered into the service of sin, As if he had only to withdraw his alle. and showed itself mightier for evil than giance from God in order to dissolve for good. Thrones and temples, collectrelations with the universe, selfishnessing the scattered elements of evil, con. now became the law of his sinful being centrated, strengthened, and gave them But such separation was impossible. back again to the world under the solemn Live to himself, in the sense of selfish names of law and religion. Yes, reliVol. XXI. Third Series. July, 1842.

2 S


gion itself, or that at least which bore and his soul is one region of alarm." the name, lived only to aggravate the evil, What is he now to do? and to keep it in constant and destructive circulation. Satan became the « To ask if the world, or any person god of this world.' Wherever he

or power belonging to it, can extend the looked, the expanse

his own. aid which the crisis demands, would be Temptation in his hands had become a sheer impertinence. That is the very science, and sin was taught by rule. power which has brought on the crisis, The world was for him one storehouse of and from which he requires to be rescued. evil,—an armoury, in which every object So completely is he now detached from and event ranked as a weapon, and all it in heart and hope, that he turns round were classed and kept ready for service. and looks back on it, with wonder at its He beheld the complicated machinery of infatuation, aversion for its sins, and evil, which his mighty malignity had con yearning pity for its state, The cloud structed, in full and efficient operation, which threatens him with its bolt, im. and the whole resulting in a vast, organ pends also over it. What must he do ized, and consolidated empire.

to be saved ?' But more : not only did the laws of “ In the absence of all the objects he our mutual influence remain not only has been accustomed to confide in; in did sin stimulate them into tearful ac the clear and open space which their tivity—they increased in power with withdrawment has left around him, beeach successive age. The mechanical hold the cross ! All the forms of terror, philosophy informs us, that, on the prin and ministers of justice, which his sins eiple of the equality of action and re had armed against him, blend and melt action, no motion impressed by natural into a form of love, dying for his rescue. causes, or by human agency, is ever obli The cross has received the lightnings of terated. No sound or sentiment, therefore, the impending cloud, and has painted which has ever been uttered, is or can be upon it the bow of hope. To his anxlost. The pulsations of the air which ious inquiry, what he must do to be saved, the utterance set in motion, continue, in the cross echoes back, “Be saved,' and their effect, to operate stili; so that every object around him joyfully repeats, every sound or sentiment will be reco "Be saved.' Then God is love! and verable in the most distant ages. No the cross is the stupendous expedient by deed has ever been performed without- which he harmonizes that love with the leaving behind it, on some part of the rectitude of his government! Then the material universe, an indestructible wit sinner need not perish ! and this is the ness to its existence. Had any one of. amazing means of his salvation! Had all these sentiments and deeds never it ever been his lot to gaze on the appalbeen uttered or performed, certain im- ling spectacle of an ordinary crucifixion, pressions would have been wanting from the sight would probably have left an the material elements which they now image on his mind never to be effaced. contain; so that they form at this mo Is it possible, then, that he can behold ment a minute and faithful record, to an "Jesus Christ, evidently set forth cruci. eye capable of reading it, of all the fied before his eyes ;' that he can know eventful past.

Their existing state is the dignity of the sufferer, as God mani. the complicated result of all the impres. fest in the flesh; can believe that he sions produced on them from the com hates the sin as deeply as he loves the menceinent of time, and presents to the sinner; can reflect that the effect of his eye of Omniscience a vast book of re death is to be his own deliverance; and membrance, from whose unerring pages can look into the heart of this great myse he could read forth at large the history tery, and find it to be love ; without ex. of the world."

periencing a change ? If every word (“Great Commission," pages 8–12.) which he hears spoken, even by a fellow.

man, leaves some impression on his

mind, can he hear that he is saved, and The selfishness of man, Dr. Harris believe that the voice which assures him

of salvation is the voice of God, without argues, is to be subdued by salva. tion ; as this is to be effected feeling it thrill through every faculty of

the soul ? If every object and event he through the instrumentality of the

may witness, produces some effect on his cross. He takes a self-willed sin

character, is it possible that the event ner, and supposes his spiritual en. which is to affect his whole being for lightenment and conviction. " His

ever,— which, for him, shuts for ever the nature is now stirred to its depths, gate of hell, and throws open, and fills

with visions of glory the ample spaces the regions beyond, that thus the of eternity,—should produce only a tran dead in trespasses and sins may be sient and slender impression ? Must he quickened, and increasing hosts of not, by necessity of nature, love him the living, the spiritually living, may without whom he would soon have had

show forth the praises of their Sanothing in the universe to love, but have

viour and their God. What the been eternally hateful even to himself ? Must he not render obedience to him,

means of influence are, Dr. Harris without whom the chains of his slavery first points out; and then proceeds would soon have been riveted for ever? to consider the subject under the He waits not for a reply ; he needs not a aspects suggested in those divisions command. He is under the mastery of his work which we have already of a principle which is its own law- laid before the reader. But it is to a principle of boundless gratitude and the work itself that the reader must love. The power of the cross has moved

go, if he wishes to understand the the primary forces of his nature, the powerful argument which it conmysterious springs of hope and fear, of

tains. There is a oneness about the adoration and love. The world has lost him. His heart is at the feet of Christ.

Essay which renders extracting ex

From begin. He dates life and happiness from the ceedingly difficult. transition. Henceforth he moves in a

ning to end the author is engaged region of which the cross is the central

with the various but connected porobject, and where the benignant and at. tions of one vast subject; and on tractive influences which stream from it this he is so intent, that nothing in all directions hold him in willing and like digression occurs. There is not delighted allegiance.

a more perfect continuity in a long “Here, then, is the secret of that su. train of mathematical reasoning, preme influence which the Gospel exér.

than will be found in Dr. Harris's cises over the man whom the world had Essay. The attentive reader finds debased, and sin had ruined ; and this is himself continually advancing. What the line of truth along which the Spirit he is now realing proceeds from of God delights to operate. By ac

what he read a few minutes ago, quainting him with his immortality, it, in effect, gives him a soul, and gives it

and will be found to have prepared on the threshold of a new and an eternal him for the pages to which he will world. By acquainting him with his

The Essay has nothing responsibility and guilt, it calls his con of the book-making character about science from the dead; and by unveiling it. Words are the expressions of to him the mystery of the cross, by thoughts; and the thoughts all rewhich that guilt is cancelled, and that late to the developement of one gloimmortality entitled to heaven, one over

rious subject. Dr. Harris never was powering sentiment subjects his whole

more successful than on the prenature to the authority of Christ. The Spirit has taken of the things of Christ, Essay will show both the thorough

sent occasion. The close of the and has shown them to him with so transforming an effect, that he is a new

earnestness of the writer, and the creature in Christ Jesus.'”

connexion between the opening (“Great Commission,” pages 30–33.) statements and the concluding ex

hortation. Thus saved through the cross, the love of Christ constrains him to “ Delay to join in the march cf mercy ; live according to the will of Christ, and you will lose opportunities of honourand to seek the honour of Christ bying God, and of serving your race, such bringing others to experience the as never occurred to the church before, same saving grace. And this feel and can never be enjoyed by you again. ing is strengthened when individuals

Be indolent, covetous, self-indulgent are united in churches. They then

now, and the very stones will cry out. feel it to be their duty, as they universe will upbraid you, the perishing

Continue to live for yourself; and the know it to be their privilege, to

will point at and reproach you as accescombine all their means of influence

sary to their destruction, the Judge him. into one mighty instrumentality, self will say, ' I never knew you.'. On acting not only upon those who are the contrary, be faithful now, and the in their own neighbourhood, but in very trees of the field will clap their

next come.


ral parts.

hands ; live unto the Lord, and all things the “Great Commission” of Dr. shall live for you, and be ready to serve Harris. The latter possesses almost you in his cause ; be entirely devoted to

an epic unity; the former is almost his claims, and others shall be moved by like a collection of insulated stateyour example, and the world blessed by ments,-not running into each other, your influence, and Christ himself shall and forming one equable flow of rejoice over you. Less than entire consecration has been tried for ages ; and

thought, but united by means of the fatal result is to be seen in the thou.

the orderly arrangement of the sevesands perpetually passing—passing at

We are not to be underthis moment to the bar of God from stood as speaking disparagingly. If regions where the sound of salvation has the separate arguments are brief, never been heard. If you sympathize they are always well wrought out, with Christ, then, in the travail of his and triumphantly concluded : and soul, you will from this time see what

every page sparkles with beauentire devotedness can do for their re

tiful thoughts. The author's mind covery. Moved by his example, you

seems so richly stored, that almost will look through your tears on a world perishing in its guilt ; and you will feel

every expression is allusive and

ornamental; and yet all are emthat you are never imitating him so much as by self-denying, pains-taking endea- ployed with such judgment, as alvours for its salvation. Subdued by the most in every instance to contribute tenderness of his claims, you will freely

to the clearness of the illustration, acknowledge that you are not your own;

or to the strength and progress of that the same reasons which bind you the reasoning. A few extracts will to do anything for Christ, bind you to be sufficient to show the general do everything in your power, and to do style of this excellent productiou. it in the best possible manner; that you Mr. Hamilton thus forcibly de. are bought with a price which might

scribes at once the revival of the well purchase the entire dedication of a

Missionary spirit, and its intimate whole universe of intelligent beings to

connexion with evangelical princiall eternity. Affected and engrossed by the magnitude of his cause, the cause

ple: shows, in fact, that as that of the world's recovery, you will feel that

principle involves all that is felt and to throw less than all your energies

contemplated in Missionary operainto its promotion is an insult to all the tions, they, in their turn, are only momentous interests which it involves. its

its proper developement; that Not only, therefore, will you task your where evangelical principle finds a own powers in its behalf, you will task

congenial soil, and is allowed to gerthem partly in an earnest endeavour to minate in its own proper character, move heaven and earth to join you. In

there, and there exclusively, Misa word, constrained by his love you will sionary undertakings are commenced, "thus judge,'—and never can you be

and carried out to their genuine said to be moved by his love except as

results. you are thus judging, and laboriously acting on the judgment,- that if one died for all, then were all dead ; and that “ The religion of the cross soon conhe died for all, that they who live should quered the selfishness of those who be. not henceforth live unto themselves, but lieved. They judged that they should unto him who died for them and rose not live to themselves. A softening inagain.' Hasten, then, into his presence, fluence breathed upon public manners. fall down at his feet, and surrender your. The cruel sports of the arena were indige self, and everything you have, to his ser. nantly stopped. Vindictive laws were vice. He will graciously accept the mitigated. *Kingdoms and homes felt dedication; and ten thousand ages hence the bland and subduing change. "The you will be still praising him that you earth melted.' did so; and an unknown number will “ And it looks for universality. Its join in blessing him on your account. ambition burns but in its love. Adapted (“Great Commission,” pages 529, 530.) to every condition of man, addressing

him through every medium, it proposes Mr. Hamilton's Essay, entitled,

to itself no rest, and it will satisfy itself “ Missions : their Authority, Scope, with no victory, until · He who tasted and Encouragement,” is in some death for every man' shall be acknow. respects singularly contrasted with ledged and adored by all. "At the


náme of Jesus every knee shall bow, verted view, a debased standard, of our and every tongue confess that Jesus religion were not more widely propaChrist is Lord, to the glory of God the gated ? that the mutual oppression, Father.'

which was the current practice of all “ This is to be accomplished in an parties, did not obtain a larger extenorder of means. Christian men, distri. sion ? that a disputatious, dialectical butively and collectively, must publish style of refining upon truth, had not the glad tidings of salvation. They acquired a greater prevalence ?' It is should not only be ready always to easily rejoined, that it was from this give a reason of the hope which is in neglect, from the torpor of those activithem, they should not only stand on the ties which should have prompted Mis. defensive, but by a systematic agency sions, and found their place in them, they are bound to make known and com that these evils sprung. They are the mend their religion. If they understand sickly growth of confinement. The rust and value it aright, they are assured eat into the armour because it was not in that it exclusively can bless and deliver Intestine feud arose from the re. man,—that by it alone man the citizen pression of righteous war. Practical can be raised, and man the immortal be Christianity brooks not restraint. The redeemed. It alone can heal the foun word of God must not be bound. It tain of the present life; it can cast the pines away in inaction. It wants the branch of a divine virtue into the spring mountain track, and mountain breeze, to of the waters, and they are made sweet give it health and vigour. Had the for ever.

church duly pondered its position and “ But the idea, the theory, seems relation to those who were (without,' peculiar to the Gospel. Idolatry never had it appreciated its obligation to send thought of extending itself by persuasive to them the Gospel, had it strung its Missions, by moral means. It has some arm for this grand excrcise,-it would times been enforced by conquest. Later have found no time for ambition, no errors and impostures have also resorted taste for controversy, no pretext for perto violence, for the purposes of proselyt secution. Scholastic subtleties amused işm. Christianity, in the masquerade of its state of sloth, but that sloth produced superstition and war, sounded the onset them ; cruel irritations excited its listto the Crusades. But as the faith of the lessness, but that listlessness called them Son of God disclaims every form of forth. No better antidote to its corrupcoercion, so idolatry, and its kindred tion of doctrine, no better preservative of evils, can boast no other dependence. its brotherly love, could have been disWhere are the Missionaries of Pagan- covered, than in the hearty and resolute ism to be found in the cities and coun discharge of the responsibility committed tries of professed Christianity ? What to it-of any, of all, the most sublime, altars have they raised among us? By the moral conquest of the world, the what apparatus do they intend to estab- present and everlasting salvation of manlish the worship of their gods? We kind ! are, therefore, entitled to regard the Mis “ The enterprise, however, is at last sionary principle, when properly under- begun. It would be unjust to that stood, as a sublime originality, worthy it drags along slowly and feebly. of the religion which dictates it, and Nobles put their necks to the work of most appropriate to it. Missions could their Lord.' « The cheerful giver' is only be consistent with the Gospel; the beheld on every side. Men of true Gospel could only be consistent with greatness dedicate themselves to its most Missions.

perilous tasks. The solemn feast and “ The duty has been long neglected. assembly derive from it their zest, and The cross, which should have gathered a the reason of their convocation. The world around it, by its infinitely tender liveliest sympathy of tens of thousands attractions, long stood abandoned, soli- is with its progress and issue. It contary, 'left as an ensign on' its own sacred tinually swells its revenues, and enlarges hill,'-a gnomon, casting over the dial. the number of its adherents. Its zeal plate of empires the long shadow of ages, spreads from individual to individual, ever cycling in their awful, silent revolu- from rank to rank, from church to church, tions. That neglect has been strangely like the teeming of a vernal season, or excused. The very circumstances alleged "the morning spread upon the mounto palliate it, really grew out of it. It is tains,' the first indexes and best reflectors asked, scarcely in a strain of apology, of the rising day. 'Is it not propitious, that Missions were “Everything settles into seriousness not more early commenced ? that a per- around us. We seem to be, at least, in



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