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When an adult embraces the religion of dier, and in a few days left my native Christ, and professes to have passed town. Soon afterwards I was sent out from death unto life, the sceptic at once to this country ; and I fear my conduct finds out some selfish motive by which has broken the heart of my widowed he has been influenced; but when he mother. After I had been in this counhears the artless statements of little chil. try some time, I did not like the army, dren,—when he listens to their details of and deserted. I was apprehended, and the work of grace on their hearts,—there flogged. I deserted again. I was beis a strength contained in the arguments trayed by a companion, apprehended, that silences the sceptic, that stills the and am now sentenced to die. When I avenger and the enemy; and he cannot came to this loathsome place, I was as withstand the artless Hosannas of the dark and as ignorant of God as it was children that ascribe glory to the Re. possible for any sinner to be. I medi. deemer. The Scriptures are very encou. tated vengeance against the person who raging on this point. “ The promise is had informed of me, and against my to us and to our children.” God has Judges; and I thought that I would be engaged to pour out his Spirit on our amply revenged, if I could but escape seed, and his blessing on our offspring from my place of imprisonment: but, I hope we shall never lose sight of this when left alone to my own reflections, I great, glorious, and deeply-interesting thought of the Sabbath-school at Notohject. When I was in the West Indies, tingham; and, all at once, the instrucI heard of a poor soldier who had been tions which I received there flashed upon condemned to die, and I wished to see my mind. I wept, I prayed ; my heart him in his condemned cell. On apply. was broken ; and I found my way to that ing to the jailer, he allowed me to do so, Saviour who had so often been named in on condition that I should be enclosed in the school to which I refer : and, blessed the dungeon during the interval of meals, be God," said he, “he has manifested for some hours. That, in a West-India his love to my heart, and saved me from dungeon, was not a very agreeable thing the fear of death.” The time came However, as I had a sincere desire to when he was led forth to be shot. talk with this man, I submitted to the When he arrived at the place of his exe. condition, and was shut up with him. I cution, his conversation, and the whole found him an interesting young man; of his proceedings, indicated the tranand, to my surprise, his countenance in- quillity of his mind. He then knelt dicated pleasure, rather than grief, when upon his coffin, prayed for himself, for I presented myself before him. I began his regiment, for his mother, (if still to inquire relative to the state of his alive,) and expressed himself in terms of mind; and, to my astonishment, he told confidence and hope. The Commanding me, that he had obtained salvation through Officer appeared deeply affected, and evi. the Lord Jesus Christ. He went on to dently felt much reluctance in performdetail, in a most interesting manner, ing his painful duty. At length, how. how he had found his way to the Reo ever, in a tremulous voice, he said, deemer. Knowing that no pious person “Make ready! present ! fire !” and, in had previously visited him, I wished to a moment, that interesting soldier lay a be informed how he had obtained his bleeding and a lifeless corpse. Now, light; when he gave me the following here was bread found after many days. narrative :-“O Sir," he said, “ I was a That Sunday-school Teacher at Nottingscholar in a Sabbath-school at Notting ham had no idea that he had done any ham. I was a very bad boy. I was good to this young man ; when he left expelled from the school twice, in conse the school, he had no hope concerning quence of my conduct. I cherished evil him ; and yet the seed, which had been principles in my heart, because I was an scattered in Nottingham, produced gloexceedingly dissipated young man. In rious fruit in a West India dungeon. a fit of intoxication I enlisted as a sol

XI. LONDON SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIANITY

AMONG THE JEWS. The Thirty-fourth Anniversary Meet- port. The aggregate amount of contriing was held at Exeter-Hall, Friday, butions received during the past year is May 6th : Sir T. Baring, President of £24,699. 8s. 9d. ; being an increase of the institution, in the chair.

£1,760. 9s. 7d. above the receipts of the The Rev. W, AYERST read the Re preceding year. This, the largest sum

ever received in one year, is a gratifying remainder has been paid from the funds proof of the increased interest which is of the Society. It had not been re-opened felt by the church of Christ in the Jews. many weeks, when it was used on that This amount has been contributed in the memorable occasion, when the Bishop of following proportions : General purposes Jerusalem closed his ministrations among of the Society, including the Jerusalem a congregation where he had often borne Mission and Scripture Funds, £22,841. a part in preaching God's word, and in 13s. 8d. ; Hebrew Church at Jerusalem, administering Christ's ordinances, prior £1,313. 108. 2d. ; Hospital at Jerusalem, to his departure for the holy city. On £189. 8s. 8d. ; Jewish Converts' Relief Monday morning, November 8th, the Fund, Jerusalem, £51. Is. ; Operative Bishop administered the holy sacrament, Institution, Jerusalem, £5); School of in Hebrew, to a considerable Hebrew Industry, Jerusalem, £55; Temporal congregation ; and in the evening of the Fund, £197. 15s. 3d. Total, £24,699. same day his Lordship preached his fareRs. 9d. Although there is a diminution well sermon before your Society, from of £307. 14s. 7d. under the head of Je Acts xx. 22_24.

There was

a large rusalem Church Account, of £433. 158. attendance of the Committee, and the 10d. under the head of Temporal Relief, chapel was so crowded that many could the increase of the General Fund actually not get in. During the past year, six amounts to £2,502. Upon the contribu: adults and five children have been baptions of Auxiliary Societies, there is an tized at the chapel, making a total of increase of £2,255. 198. 2d. From the thirteen individuals admitted into the Irish Auxiliary the sum of £2,200 has church of Christ. Many applications been received during the past year; an for admission into the boys' school have increase of £301. 108. over the remit been refused for want of room. Six boys tances of the preceding year. After de and eight girls were admitted during the fraying the expenses of the year, the past year. Four boys have left; one Committee have in hand, for general being bound apprentice, and the others purposes, to carry on the work of the having been taken out by their relations. Society, the sum of £8,000 vested in Two girls have left for service, and two Exchequer bills, and £1,788. 198. 2d. others been taken out by their parents. cash. On account of the Hebrew Church There are now fifty-two boys and thirtyat Jerusalem, they have £1,543, Os. four girls in the school. The Hebrew 10d.; and on account of the different College, after a second year's trial, confunds for Temporal Relief, £500 in Ex firms the hope that it will soon yield a chequer bills, and £364. 11s. cash; regular supply of tried and well-irained making a total balance of £8,500 in Ex- candidates for the Missionary office. In chequer bills, and £3,696. lls. in the the course of the past year, there have hands of the Treasurer. Two of the been nine resident students, of whom Society's Missionaries having died during seven are Hebrew, and two Gentile, the past year, the Committee had opened Christians; two candidates for Missionary a separate fund to provide for widows employment not resident; and the two and for disabled Missionaries. From senior boys from the Hebrew school; April, 1841, to March last, there were making a total of thirteen. Of the stuissued 8,091 copies of the Scriptures, dents mentioned, one has returned to whole or in parts, in the Hebrew, Ger- Jerusalem as assistant in the medical man, Dutch, Judæo-Polish, and English department, one has himself voluntarily languages ; 81 of the Hebrew Liturgy, resigned his connexion with the College, and 7,160 copies of the “ Old Paths ” and a third has been appointed to the and other tracts. A grant of 126 English important station of Beyrout. The Rev. and foreign Bibles was received from the J. C. Reichardt, who has been engaged British and Foreign Bible Society. The in the London Mission for the last four. greatly increased circulation of the “Jew teen years, finds his labours among the ish Intelligence,” now amounting to Jews in the metropolis every year in5,500 copies monthly, may justly be re creasing, and his connexion with the garded as a cheering proof of the in- Operative Jewish Converts' Institution creased interest which is felt in the spi- affords him an extensive field of useful. ritual welfare of Israel. The Episcopal In consequence of the spirit of inJews' chapel was elosed for a short time quiry which has been excited among the during the last summer to undergo seve Jews, and the frequent arrivals of inral desirable alterations and extensive and quirers from foreign parts, who come indispensable repairs. The sum of £134 over to England for the express purpose was raised by private contributions to of investigating the truth of the Gospel, wards defraying the expenses ; and the the number of applications for Christian Vol. XXI. Third Series. JULY, 1842.

2 T

ness.

instruction and baptism has very much Mr. Lazarus has been employed in circu. increased. Mr. Reichardt has ten adult lating Scriptures and tracts among the Jews under a regular course of instruc. Jews in Liverpool. The appointment of tion, whom he is preparing for baptism. Mr. J. W. Johns, as architect to the The Institution, which has been estab Mission at Jerusalem, and his departure lished for the purpose of teaching Chris- for Jerusalem, together with the Rev. J. tian Israelites a trade, so as to enable Nicolayson, were mentioned in the Rethem to support themselves in some port for last year. They were joined in honest calling, could formerly accommo the autumn by Mr. Bergheim, who had date only twelve adults ; but it has lately also formerly acted as a medical assistant been greatly enlarged, and is now capable in the Mission. Mr. Bergheim's assistof receiving thirty inmates. The number ance was highly valuable, as he found is at present twenty; of whom fourteen Mr. Johns ill at Beyrout, and Mr. Nicoare baptized, and six are still receiving layson was also seized with fever soon instruction as candidates for baptism. after his arrival. The communications The whole number of adults who have received from Bishop Alexander, since been connected with this Institution since his arrival there, are most encouraging. its commencement in 1831, is 131, of The poverty and disease prevalent whom 86 have been baptized. Mr. A. amongst the poorer classes of Jews make Saul continued to prosecute his labours it indispensably necessary to maintain an in London until the close of the last year, hospital at Jerusalem. The Report when he was directed to proceed to Brus- noticed in detail the operations of the sels as the scene of his future labours. Society's Missionaries, agents, and friends Mr. J. A. Pieritz has been engaged in at Tunis, Constantinople, Smyrna, Beycirculating tracts, and in conversing with rout, Poland, Cracow, Posen, Konigsberg, those whom he visits in their own houses. Dantzic, Berlin, Creuznach, Breslaw, At Liverpool the Rev. H. S. Joseph has Offenbach, Brussels, Strasburg, Metz, been chiefly occupied in visiting Auxili &c.; and concluded with a strong appeal aries in different parts of the kingdom, to Christian charity, faith, and zeal, in and pleading the cause of the Society. behalf of the Jewish nation.

XII. THE LORD'S-DAY SOCIETY. The Eleventh Annual Meeting of the the maker had claimed the prize for the Society for promoting the due Observ. very best cheese produced, he must have ance of the Lord's Day was held at Free received it. Moreover cheese made masons'-Hall, on Monday, May 9th : from the two days' milk has fetched 3s. the Bishop of Chester in the chair. per cwt. more in the market than that

His LORDSHIP, in the course of made by those who worked on the Sabhis opening speech, said,- A singular bath, and made it from the milk of that discovery was made even within the last day, which they supposed must be year, which I mention with the greater thrown away, if kept until the Monday. pleasure, because it has grown very So it is in other things. In the natural much out of the interesting inquiries to world the further we inquire, and the

which this Society has given rise ; and more we investigate into the contrivances I because it relates to

a county with

of nature, the more we see of the wisdom which I am more especially concerned. In of those contrivances. And so it will be Cheshire, the observance of the Lord's found in relation to the spiritual world : day has been greatly interfered with by the further we look, and the more we the custom of making cheese on that practise those rules which God has laid day. A Society has been established in down for man, we shall find them to be that county for the purpose of maintain- good rules and expedient in every reing the sanctity of the Sabbath ; and spect for the promotion of our welfare in amongst other plans for the purpose of this world, and that which is to come. securing that object, some benevolent The Rev. J. BAYLEE, the Secre. landlords and others proposed a prize for tary, read the Report of the Committee, the best cheese made of two days' milk, of which the following is an abstract. that is, of the Sunday's and Monday's After a reference to the difficulties with milk together. A certain farmer ob which the Society has to contend, in the tained the prize, and the cheese was shape of opposition from interested or declared to be not only the best cheese wicked persous, and of the apathy of made from the two days' milk, but the professedly religious persons, and also to best cheese of all that was made; and if the prevalence of Sabbath-breaking in

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cities and large towns, and to factories, ham Union called the attention of the canals, coal-pits, mines, and railroads, as rate-payers to the increase of the rates being for the most part fruitful sources caused by the number of farm-servants of Sabbath desecration, an extract is seeking relief provided by the law in the given from a Report made to the Magis- workhouse, their poverty being brought trates of Sussex, last October, by the on by dissolute conduct. The MagisChaplain of the Lewes House of Cor trates issued an address, in which they rection : “Omitting all re-commitments, earnestly entreated those whom they the number of individual offeriders, of addressed to endeavour resolutely to all sorts, who came under my observa- maintain the regular observance of the tion during the three last years was Lord's day in public and private, which, 2,616: 1,680 of these persons, that is, as good subjects to their Sovereign, as about two-thirds of the whole, were members of a Christian community, and either strangers to the alphabet, or as creatures responsible to God, they unable to join their letters correctly toge were bound to uphold. Important in its ther. Of the remaining 986, only Ill bearing as was the observance of the could read fluently, and write legible Lord's day upon the general welfare of hand, uniting with it correct spelling, the community, the friends of its observand some knowledge of arithmetic. Out ance had had but little success in their of the whole number, not more than 61 appeals to the Legislature. The intenpersons, that is, a forty-third part, were tions of those who had asked for this found acquainted with the leading doc assistance had been misunderstood by trines of the Christian faith. Three some, and grossly misrepresented by hundred and forty-four more had some others. Parliament had been asked not idea of the history of our blessed Re to compel attention to these things, but deemer. There remain 2,211 persons to clear the way to the attainment of out of the 2,616. I am at a loss for lan them. Amongst the means for promotguage to convey a proper impression of ing the due observance of the Sabbath, the deplorable ignorance of these two stood foremost, that of providing places unhappy thousands. From 800 of these of worship, and superintending Clergypersons, by patient efforts, and with ten men; and the Committee rejoiced to years' large experience of the poor, I know, that the attention drawn by this could not elicit any idea as to the per- Society to the subject had promoted the son, miracles, sufferings, and office of building of some churches. They reour Saviour. They literally knew not ferred more particularly to the Christian his name. When I mentioned it, some conduct of the Trustees of the Weaver of them thought they had heard it, but Navigation in Cheshire, who, after stopthat is all. To the other 1,400 the ping all traffic on that river on the Saviour's name was known, and that he Lord's day, are providing three churches died; but when, or how, or why, or any for the use of the persons engaged in thing more upon the subject

, they could labour on it. The next great means the not say. Cases do occur, where prison Committee believe to be the extensive ers, of their own accord, trace their formation of Associations throughout the crimes directly to Sabbath-breaking as country, in connexion with the Society. their origin; but it is almost always The Rev. John Baylee, as clerical found as a concomitant of crime. Rail. Secretary, had, since his engagement way labourers, fly-drivers, stablemen, last year with the Society, been most many domestic servants, and others, actively and usefully employed in visitoften loudly complain, that they have ing its different Associations, forming enjoyed nothing of a Sabbath ; and the new ones, and advocating its cause both consequences are too manifest in their from the pulpit, and at public meetings awful' ignorance and depravity.”. To throughout the country. The Clergy the ignorance of religion, and general had most kindly, wherever he had depravity of bargemen, and others, so visited, given him the use of their puldeprived of their Sabbaths, former Re- pits, so that he had been able to preach ports had often referred; it might be seventy sermons on the subject of the mentioned in corroboration, the effect Lord's day. He had also attended and produced in the agricultural districts, advocated the cause of the Society at where the servants are unnecessarily 54 public meetings. The number of employed on the Lord's day in the farm Associations now in connexion with the houses. To this the Associations, more Society was 257, making an increase of especially in Cheshire and Shropshire, 23 to the number formerly reported. had turned their attention. During the The introduction of a clause into a late past year, the Guardians of the Wrex Act of Parliament for improving the

a

common

Metropolitan police, prohibiting the license, the Court expressed a strong opening of all public-houses within the opinion on the impropriety of keeping police district, extending to fifteen miles open on Sunday the saloons and other round London, from twelve o'clock on parts of the premises used for public Saturday night, until one o'clock on the amusements; and the receiver of the Lord's day, and leaving them closed as license undertook, that, if the license heretofore during the hours of divine should be renewed, these practices service in the afternoon, had proved most should be discontinued, and the house beneficial. In each preceding year, pre opened on a Sunday as vious to the passing of this Act, about tavern only. The consequence had 23,000 persons were given in charge for been, that the whole of those places drunkenness : since the passing of it, which had been such nuisances in the although the powers of the Metropolitan metropolis, were now closed, except as police have been extended to fifteen common public-houses.

The Report miles round London, only 16,000 have then alluded to the evidence taken before been given in charge for this offence. the recent Committee of the House of Still the prohibition, not extending, as it Lords, on Sunday navigation, on canals, should have done, to the closing of the and navigable rivers; which evidence houses for the whole day, vast numbers confirmed all the statements put forth by of persons frequented them in the even

this Society, as to the demoralizing ing, until the attention of the Middlesex effects of the practice. Some of the Magistrates was called to the subject by large iron-masters were examined ; and a memorial presented to them, on the they stated, that since Sunday-labour licensing day in October of last year, by had ceased, the men did more work, and the Committee of the London City Mis made more iron, than when they worked sion. The memorialists say, that they seven days in the week, alleging it as sent on Sunday evening, August 1st, ten their firm belief, that the rest on the of their Missionaries to visit five of these seventh day tended to increase the phytaverns; and at the Royal Eastern sical powers of the men. The Report Vauxhall, or New-Globe tavern, they concluded with some severe censures on found about three thousand persons, and railway travelling, the opening of the a large proportion of them under twenty- Zoological Gardens in the Regent's one years of age. At Copenhagen-house Park, the conveyance and delivery of they found about seven hundred per letters, and the printing and publishing

At the White Conduit house of newspapers on Sundays. During the about one thousand two hundred per. year, ending 31st of December, 1841, sons were present. At the Royal-Stand- the sum of £613. 4s. Old. (including a ard tavern about one thousand. At the loan of £100 by the Treasurer) had been Eagle tavern, in the City-road, there received. The payments have amounted were present during the evening nearly to £569. 12s. 5bd., leaving a balance in five thousand persons.

No less than the Treasurer's hands of £23. lls. 7d. thirty-seven waiters were busily em The debts owing by the Society on the ployed during the whole evening in 31st of December last amounted to serving spirits and water, and other £426; since which time £168. lls, of liquors, cigars, and refreshment to the these debts had been paid. The labours company. The Magistrates very pro of the Society were much curtailed in perly determined to stop the evil; and consequence of the smallness of its upon renewing the licenses, had endorsed

income. upon each, that upon granting the

sons.

XIII. THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY. The Annual Meeting was held on ciety ; still less, that I think it necessary Monday, May 9th, at Exeter-Hall : to dilate upon the manifold advantages Lord John Russell in the chair.

of education ; on that point I trust that His LORDSHIP, on taking the chair, all here are fully satisfied. But I think said,—Before commencing the proceed- it is of some importance, that you should ings of this day, I wish to address to the consider the general and universal chaMeeting a few words on the importance racter which belongs to this Society. It of those proceedings. Not that it is is of the greatest consequence, that you necessary that I should call your atten should set an example in the promotion • tion to that which has, for many years, of learning, of education, and, above all, been the established course of this So of instruction in the Scriptures. But I

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