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choose such representatives; and that the assembly, , worship of God, at all times acknowledging with
when chosen, do elect counsellors; and that such gratitude his morciful interposition in their be-
assembly and council exercise the powers of go. half, devout.y confiding in him, as the God of ar-
veriment, until a governor of his majesty's appoint mies, by who e favor anil protection alone they
ment will consent to govern the colony according ma, hope for success, in their present conflict,
to its charter."

And all judges, justices, sheriffs, grand jurors,
In pursuance of which advice, the good people tything-men, and all other civil officers within this
of this colony have chosen a full and free repre colony, are hereby strictly enjoined and command.
sentation of themselves, who, being convened in ed that they contribute all in their power, by their
assembly, have elected a council; who, as the execu. advice, exertions and examples, towards a gene-
tive branch of government, have constituted neces-ral reformation of manners, and that they bring to
sary officers through the colony. The present condign punishment every person who shall com.
generation, therefore, may be congratulated on the mit any of the crimes or misdeineanors aforesaid,
acquisition of a form of government more imme. or that shall be guilty of any irnmoralilies whatso-
diately, in all its branches, under the influence ever; and that they use the utmost endeavors to
and controul of the people, and therefore more have the resolves of the congress, and the good
free and happy than was enjoyed by their ancestors.and wholesome laws of this colony, duly carried into
But as a government so popular can be supported execution.
only by universal knowledge and virtue in the

Aid as the ministers of the gospel, within this body of the people, it is the duty of all ranks to colony, have, during the late relaxation of the pow. promote the means of education, for the rising ers of civil government, exerted themselves for generation, as well as trile religion, purity of man. our safety, it is hereby recommended to them, ners, and integrity of life, among all orders and still to continue their virtuous labors for the good degrees.

of the people, inculcating by their public ministry, As an army has become necessary for our de- and private example, the necessity of religion, fence, and in all free states the civil must provide moraliiy, and good order. for and controul the military power, the major part of the council have appointed magistrates and

In COUNCIL, January 19, 1776. courts of justice in every county, whose bappiness

Ordered, That the foregoing proclamation be is so connected with that of the people, that it is read at the opening of every superior court of difficult to suppose they can abuse their trust. judicature, &c. and inferior court of common pleas, The business of it is 10 see thuse laws enforced and court of general sessions for the peace within whici are necessary for the preservation of peace,

this colony, by their respective clerk; and at the virtue and good order. And the great and gene

annual town meetings in March, in each town.ral co'irt espects and requies that all necessary

And it is hereby recommended to the several

ministers of the gospel, throughout this colony, to support and assistance be given, and all proper

read the same in their respective assemblies on the oberlience yielded to them; and will deem every

lord's day nest after their receiving it, immediately person, who shall fail of his duty in this respect

after divine service. towards them, a disturber of the peace of this

Serit down for concurrence. colony, and deserving of exemplary punishment.

PEREZ MORTON, deputy sec. That piety and virtue, which alone can secure the freedom of any people, may be encouraged, In the house of representatives, Junuary 23, 1776 and vice and immorality suppressed, the great - Read and concurred. and general cour: have thought fit to issue this WILLIAM Cooper, speaker, pro tem. consented to. proclamation, commanding and enjoining it upon William Sever, Walter Spooner, Caleb Cus! the good people of this colony, that they lead ing, John Winthrap, Toomas Cushing, Moses sober, religious and peaceable lives, avoiding all Gill, Michael Farley, Samuel llolten, Charles blasphemies, contempt of the holy scriptures, and Chauncy, Joseph Palmer, Joho Whetcomb, of the lord's day, and all other crimes and mis. Jedeciah Foster, Eldad Taylor, John Taylor, demeanors, all debauchery, prophanenesa, corrup Benjamin White, James Prescot. tion, venality, all riotous and tumultuous proceed.

By order of the general court, ings, and all immoralities whalsoever; and then

PEREZ MORTON, deputy sec. they decently and reverently attend the public

COD SATR TUE PEOPLE

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To the Earl of Dartmouth. &c.* and Maryland, all which, except New York,

are almost unanimous in the voice of liberty. My lord-If constitutional allegiance to my Indeed none (save a few officers under the crown) king, a warm attachment to my country, and the

are willing to be bound by the British parlia nent, most sanguine emotions for peace and permanent in all cases whatsoever. The Americans declare, union between the parent state and ber colonies,

a master can lay no grater burden on a slave than will sufficiently expiate for epistolary freedoa),

to bind him in all cases whatsoever.–Tuese things permit a minister of the king of kings to address the united colonies have imbibed, and before this a minister of the king of Great Britain, France, can reach your lordship, Canada will, in all human Ireland, and North America: for it is the language probability, be added to the thirteen. for St. John's of my soul, that ibe precious American jewel may and Montreal have, upon capitulation, surrendered, speedily and immoveably be set in the most and the rest of the province, in every other see effulgent diadem.

spect, bids fair for a general surrender, or subjec. Your lordship sustains a lwofold character: a tion to the American side. In New-York city and soldier of the lord of lords, and secretary of state province, although there are, I verily believe, more for the northern department, under our rightful friends to government (as they call themselves) sovereign. High and honorable offices indeed! but than all the rest of the colonies together can proevery soldier is not an intrepid warrior, or as a

duce, yet in the city and province there is, on the noble lord once expressed it, "There are many

other side of the question, a majority large enough professors, but few possessors;” nor is every ser

to subdue them at any time: for instance, a few vant of the crown infallible: in both these, every

weeks ago some of these friends appeared in the man at best is but a fallible being. This doctrine province in opposition to the American voice; your lordship once loved, being then a real follower whereon a small party went out immediately, wbo of the Lamb: for I well remember several opportunities, subdued and disarmed them. These freinds, my and the happy and precious moments of each, when we

lord, are not worthy of the appellation; they are bowed together at the sucred altar;t at which, when only sycophants; they falter with their lips and I bebeld the right honorable communicant, with his pens, and deceive (I fear) your lordship and others livery servants on his right hand and left, my soul in administration, from packet to packet. They was raised almost to the third Heaven, and my

have repeatedly insinuated, that the New England spirits filled with evangelical love! Por not many governments have nothing else in view but inde. mighty, not many noble, are truly Godly. As your|pendence. It is totally repugnant to truth. 38lordship’s condescension was so laudable, bonor. fore the sword was drawn, there could not possibly able, and scriptural, as to appear a professor of be greater loyalists. In the year 1769, I arrived Christianity, a witness for God, and the truly hum- first in America; and they daily manifested what ble soul, I trust, and firmly believe, that "the most loving subjects they were: and the dissenting fine gold is not yet become dim." To whom tben clergy also, in every opportunity, were particularly shall I write, or speak in behalf of the miserable anxious to invoke the Great Jehovah in behalf of convulsed empire; for your ordship haih ( I trust)

their dread sovereign, of whom they spake in terms eternal life at heart, and everlasting felicity, by the most pathetic; also for all his governors and faith, in full view.

officers, as well as for others, that peace and bap.

piness, truth and justice, religion and piety, might The parliament of Great Britain say, they have a still be and fourish under his sceptre. Add to right to tax or bind the Americans in all cases this, I justly may, the several conversations I have whatsoever, to which they answer, "As they were had with, and the private prayers I have heard by born free, free they will be, or dic,” and upon many those gentlemen concerning his majesty, liis crowa of their hats there is this motto, "freedom or death." and dignity; with all which every loyalist could Upon others, "Gød und our rights.

but be perfectly well pleased. To these facis, my

lord, I have not only been an eye witness in one Since the battle of Lexington, I bave been twice colony, but in many, nay even in Massachusetts. in eight of the thirteen united colonies, namely, Bay, and her capitol. Massachusetts-Bay, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, New Castle,

Although New Casile, &c. belong to Pennsyl

vania, yet as they in assembly are distinctly repre. *Born in the city of Oxford.

sented, and also in the congress, those counties

Werefore are viewed as, and called one of ihe unii¡Of the Löck Chapel.

ied colonies.

n

Now, my lord, for Christ's sabe, attend faith-enstrusted them, claim now the following preroga. fully.

tives over the united colonies. The continental About two months ago I viewed the camps, congress is over all, under the king; the provincials Roxbury and Cambridge. The lines of both are

over the committees, and the committees over the impregnable; with forts (many of which are bomb counties. The congresses and committees have so proof) and redoubts, supposing them to be ali in a

raised and regulated the militia and minutemen, direction, are about 20 miles; the breastworks of whom they have raised almost in every county, & proper height, and in many places 17 feet in that they malig in every city and town, the most thickness, the trenches wide and deep in propor.

warlike appearance. Salt.petre is made in abun. tion, before which lay forked impediments, and dance, and powder-mills constantly employed in many of the forts, in every respect, are perfectly many provinces; and many believe that there is now ready for battle; the whole, in a word, an admira. ia tive possession of the Americans, powder enough tion to every spectator: for verily their fortifica

for three years. This to me is very

obvious. Soon tions appear to be the works of seven years, instead after general Gage collected the troops from the of about as many months. At these camps are several provinces into one body at Boston, the conabout 20,000 men, well disciplined. The gene- gregses ordered all the shop.keepers not to sell rals and other officers, in all their military under their powder to fowlers and hunters, but to keep takings, solid, discreet, and courageous, the men

the same for the use of the colonies, which in ge. daily raving for action, and seemingly void of fear. neral was faithfully observed. Before this, a perThere are many floating batteries, and also batteaus son might ge: a large quantity of powder almost in abundance; besides this strength, 10,000 militin at every large store, of merchant's shop, in every are ordered in that government to appear on the city, town, and county on the continent. Now, first summons. Provisions and money there are

all this collected together, and what the mills lave very plenty, and the soldiers faithfully paid. The made, together with the great quantities taken at army in great order, and very healthy, and about St. John's, Montreal, other forts, and on the seas, six weeks ago lodged in comfortable barracks,- must make an immense qılantity: add to this, the Chaplains constantly attend the camps, morning constant employment of the mills, and a great num. and night. Prayers are often offered up for peace ber of privateers faithfully looking out for yours. and reconciliation, and the soldiers very attentive. And, my lord, how is it possible for all store ships The roads, at the time I viewed the camps, were to escape a fleet so large, which, at this time, I almost lined with spectators, and thousands with firmly believe, is composed of 50 sail, and by next me can declare the above, respecting the camps, 10 spring I shall not marvel if their feet be doubled. be a just descriptioa; but, my lord, I have more

Iron guins of the best quality have been inade in facts to mention.

America, and as they have plenty of iron and lead Continental and provincial currencies, to facilitate mines, they can make wliat quantity of cannon, this great undertaking, are emitted, which cir- shot, and bullets they please; but administration culate freely, and are daily exchanged for silver Irave lately supplied them with a very valuable and gold. Their harbors, by spring, will swarm assortment of such stores." Rifl-s, infinitely better with privateers: an admiral is appointed, « court than those imporied, are daily made in many places established, and on the 3d instant the continental png, in Pennsylvania, and all the gu:-3 miths every where on board the Black Prince, opposite Philadelphiu, was constantly employed. In this country, my loril, hoisted. Many of the captains of those vessels, in the boys, as soon as they can discharge a gun, fre. the last war, proved their intrepidity to the world quently exercise themselves therewith, some a by their prizes, an i some of them have already fowling, and others a hunting. The great qua:idilies taken many valuable prizes which government bad of game, the many kinds and the great privileges ordered to Boston, and thereby must bave much of killing, make the Americans the best marksinen distressed the troops: all which the prints will in the world, and thousands support their families particularize.

principally by the same, particularly riflemen on The appointment of the continental and pro

the frontiers, whose objects are deer and turkeys. vincial congresses and committees, your fordship, riflemen would cut to pieces ten thousand of your

In marching through woods, one thousand of these without doubt, before now, must be fully autquaint

with. These sets of gentlemen, by virtue of *Store vessels bound to Boston, taken by the the great privileges with which the colonies have continental captains.

19.

best troops. I don't, my lord, speak at random, or, and convicts in Virginia, provided they repair to write partially; I bave travelled too much among the royal standard in due time, have exasperated these men to be insensible of their abilities.-Oh, the Americans beyond description, and made the my lord! if your lordship knew but one half what breach infinitely wider.-A few days ago his lord. I know of America, your lordship would not persist, ship's party was repulsed with great loss. His lordbut be instantly for peace, or resign. But, my lord, ship, my lord, can do no!hing but cause the men and construe this epistle as you please, nevertheless, treasure now under his command to be sacrificed my meaning is, that it should not in the least and expended in vain; for he is surrounded by convey, or even hint, any thing about the legality hundreds of the best riffemen, who have driven or illegality of the unhappy dispute. Many great his troops out of their intrenchments, &c. Most, if and celebrated writers have moved every nerve, not all, by this time, of his majesty's governors are but hitherto in vain. What then can I do, who afloat, and rendered incapable of fulfilling your am but a babe! Not much truly; but when a house lordships commands." is in flames, all run, without distinction, some with

The most celebrated military authors are re. buckets, some with grapplings, and others with

printed for the use of the young officers, that they engines, wishing they providentially may extinguishi the fire. Now, my lord, the British empire is really may be furnished with every pre-requisite against

spring. The ship-carpenters are very busy in in Aames! I cannot therefore be inactive. Suffer then the insignificant with the most siguificant, to other hands to cquip them wholly for sailing.

getting the rest of the privateers ready, and also help forward with something. I present therefore for your lordship's acceptance, an engine of facts; Now, right honorable sir, what will you do? tbe carved works are but homely, but the essential Where will your lordship look? Where can ado parts are sound, and substantial: try them lawfully ministration fix their ideas with the least view of and faithfully, and I (by God's permission) will success? Say, my lord, that their troops are good; pledge my life they will stand the test; facts are the Americans have again and again repulsed them; at all times proof against the most inveterate foes. not one plan of administration hath had the wished By way of appurtenances, I must add up the for success; in general they have turned out abor. north river, in the province of New York, there is tive!-Say further, that 20 or 30,000, nay double erected an impregnable fort, against which vessels the numbers, shall be sent to subdue the Americannot possibly many minutes survive. In the New cans_20,000 (descending to the camp phrase) may England governments, batteries are already made nearly serve for a breakfast, or rather do for a before most of their sea-ports. The minutemen, relish, and so, from time to time, British troops may besorementioned, like firemen, have all things pro. be transported for the American sacrifice. But adper and ready to attend on the first alarm. The ministracion can destroy all their sea-porls: I reply, American coast, long as it is, both by land and sea, a few months ago they might have wrought such is faithfully watched, and posts are every where devastation, but now they will find it impracticable. established. Whether, therefore, administration Some barvors are blocked up, batteries before liave in view the east or west of the continent, it others erected, as abovementioned, and when the matters not; set but a foot ashore to execute their ice impediments are dissolved in their harbors, no plan, and the same will instantly find enemies; nay, marvel, my lord, if some of the British armament, let thousands be landed, and they will immediately as well as transports or store-ships, be taken: about find swarms of fues; for the electrical posts riding an hundred privateers, with the most intrepid day and night will soon make thein sensible there marines, and those persons who, last natural war, of. My lord, administration bave not one friend immortalized their names, again chosen for captains, they can call their's, in every respect, that is a are (coucbing their schemes) no contemptible ene. resident among the Americans; they have several, my by sea. Convinced I am fully, that an bundred it is true, who, for sordid gain, act under the rose; bousand of the best troops Europe can raise will but woe to them if they should be discovered.- not subdue the Americans, nor make them 20May examples have been already inade, and this quiesce in the parliamentary claimg--Let govern. may be relied on, that in a few months (as ways ment say what they please in favor of their forces anci mcans are now under consileration) 21 ministra. -remember, my lor!, the Americans have just tion will in every respect in America be friendless. such blood, the like courage, the same spirits, and The destroying vf Falmouth, and lord Dunmore's

*Each riding at anchor betere his government, proclaination, proclaining a jubilee to the slaves lor as near as conveoience will admit.

are equal in color and stature, and as well dis. that Joseph would take Benjamin in his arms and cipline. Some of their fathers, grand-fathers, and embrace him, for they are brothers! If Benjamin great-grand-fathers, are to British dust returned, have err’d, let the age and wisdom of Joseph over and in silent repose, while their sons and grand look and obliterate all: let bim no longer refrai, sons are struggling for their birth-rights: for they but fail on his neck and kiss bim, and let love and traditionally or constitutionally retain the idea of virtue re-unite them. As Joseph embraced and liberty, and with him of old say, "God forbid that owned Benjamin as his brother, and returned his we skould sell the inheritance of our fathers!” - money, so let the parent state embrace and own Whether this be believed or not, I don't know; the colonies without fee or reward, and instantly but one thing I know, albeit the king requesteth, the sword on both sides will be sheathed; and then Levertheless, like Naboth, they will resist even Benjamin, as usual, will go and carry corn and unto death.-Blessed be God, we have no Jezebel money to Joseph, and take his superb clothing in to stir up his majesty, for his consort is the best exchange. But if Joseph will yet refrain and not of queens, and as such the Americans extol her be riconciled, Benjamin is determined to clothe majesty daily. Perhaps, my lord, this may be bimself with his own wool, and keep his money and viewed as partiality; but I can assure your lord send his corn to other merchantmen. Let facts, ship, I write from conviction, and not from a my lord, apologize for prolixity; I will conclude partial spirit. If I am charged my where herein now with a few lines. with partiality, as it is most natural and also very

The Americans may be led with a hair; but they fashionable now to act the sycophant where one's have too much English blood in them, are too well interest is, I certainly Aatter your lordship (as ' disciplined, and too numerous to be driven, even fear too many have), for I have no interest nor

by an hundred thousand of the best forces govern. kindred here, nor hopes of interest for, or reward

ment ca raise. Where government can produce for any thing of this nature that I have done or can

one thousand on the continent, America, with as do. But I have immense hopes and views. My much ease and expense, can produce ten thousand time here is very short, and ere long I shall be in in opposition: for men, women and children are a world of spirits, where the most noble, the right against the proceedings of administration throughhonorable and reverend persons must all appear; out the united colonies to a wounderful majority. "I know not therefore how to give Aattering titles The women, both old and young, heing greatly unto man: for in so doing my Maker would soon irritated at the inflexibility of administration, are take me away."

not only willing their sons and brothers should turn If, figuratively, two ersons may represent both out in the field, but also declare that they will parties in dispute, there is a striking similarity in give them up and theirselves likewise as a sacrifice sacred writ, with which your lordship is perfectly before they will bow to Pharaob's task-masters; acquainted, and by which I beg permission to this makes the raising of troops on the continent mention the following things.

very easy. Let a person go into any province, city,

town, or county, and ask the females, "Are you I view both sides, as to their precious blood, as

willing your sons or brothers should go for soldiers good old Jacob viewed his sons, Joseph and Benja- and defend their liberties?” they wouill severally min, and am equally with him unwilling that either answer, “Yes, with all my soul, and if they won't should be slain. If the British troops must be

go I won't own them as my sons, or broibers; for represented by the elder brother, grieved to my I'll help myself if there should be any need of mine; very heart I'must be to hear that he is sacrificed; if I can't stand in the ranks, I can help forward and if the American forces may be compared to the with powder, balls, and provisions,” and presently younger, I shall equally lament his death. - May this will appear more pellucid. Last summer I God, of his infinite mercy, save both by a speedly saw in Philadelphia a company of school-boys, accommodation. Benjamin bath repeatedly petition called the Academy company, in their uniforms, ed Joseph for redress of grievances; but Joseph with real arms and colors. Upon this, I asker would not receive his petitions, but made himself how many such companies were in the city, an. strange, and spake roughly unto him, charging him for what they were designed; to which I was anwith having and holding unjustly Pharaoh's C:{}," swered by a gentlewoman, the mother of two of of which the poor lad is perfectly innocent.--Oh! this company, "there are three companies, and

•Not rendering unto Czesar the things which be as to the design, they are to learn the art or theory Cæsar's.

of war; and if there should be any occasion for

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