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the trouble or expense of collecting it-withou: , colonies of entering into agreements of non-im being constantly disturbed by complaints of griev. portation and non-exportation. We are fully conances which she cannot justify and will not redress. vinced, that such agreements would withhold very De case of war, or in any emergency of distress to large supplies from Great Britain, and no words her, we shall also be ready and willing to contri can describe our contempt and abhorrence of those bute all aids within our power: and we solemnly colonies, if any such there are, who, from a sordid declare, that on such occasions, if we or our pos. and ill-judged attachment to their own immediate ierity shall refuse, neglect or decline thus to profit, would pursue that, to the injury of their contribute, it will be a mean and manifest viola. country, in this great struggle for all the blessings tion of a plain duty, and a weak and wicked deser- of liberty. It would appear to us a most wasteful tion of the true interests of this province, which frugality, that would lose every important possesever baye been and must be bound up in the pros. sion by 100 strict an attention to small things, and perity of our mother country. Our union, founded lose also even these at the last. For our part, we on mutual compacts and mutual benefits, will be will cheerfully make any sacrifice, when necessary, indissoluble, at least more firm, than an union per to preserve the freedom of our country. But other petually disturbed by disputed right and relorted considerations have weight with us. We wish injuries.
every mark of respect to be paid to his majesty's
administration. We have been taught from our Secondlr. If all the terms abovementioned can.
youth to entertain tender and brotherly affections not be obtained, it is our opinion, that the measures adopted by the congress for our relief should for our fellow subjects at liome. The interruption
of our commerce must distress great numbers of never be relinquished or intermitted, until those relating to the troops-internal legislation-im
them. This we earnestly desire to avoid. We
Therefore request, that the deputies you shall ap. position of taxes or duties bereafter the 35th of Henry the 8th, chapter the 2d-the extension of point may be instructed to exert themselves, at admiralty courts,-the ports of Boston, and the
the congress, to induce the members of it to con. province of Massachuse' 18. Bay, are obtained.- sent to make a full and precise state of grievances,
and a decent yet firm claim of redress, and to wait Every modification or qualification of these points,
the event before any other step is taken. It is our in our judgment, shall be inadmissible. To obtain them, we think it may be prudent to settle a re.
opinion, that persons should be appointed and sent
home to present this state and claim, at the court venue as abovementioned, and to satisfy the East.
of Great Britain. India company:
If the congress shall choose to form agreements of THIRDLY. If nei:ber of these plans should be ageed to, in congress, but sonie other of a similar
non-importation and non-exportation in mediately,
we desire the deputies from this province will nadure sball be framed, though on the terms of a
endeavor to bave them so formed as to be binding revenue and satisfaction to the Fast-India company, and though it shall be agreed by the congress to
upon all, and that they may be PERMANENT, should
the public interest require it. They cannot be admit no modification or qualification in the terms they shall insist on, we desire your deputies may
ficucious, unless they can be permanent, and it spbe instructed to concur with the other deputies in pears to us, that there will be a danger of their it; and we will accede to, and carry it into esecu.
beirg infringed, if they are not formed with great
caution and deliberation. We have determined in tion as far as we can.
the present situation of public affairs to consent Fourtuls, As to the regulation of trade-we to a stoppage of our commerce with Great Britain are of opinion, that by making some few amend-only; but in case any proceedings of parliament, of dients, the commerce of the colonies might be which notice shall be received on :his continent, sritled on a firm establishment, advantageous to before or at the congress, sball render it necessary, Great Britain and them, requiring and subject to in the opinion of the c ngress, to take further steps: na future alterations, without mutual consent. We the inhabitants of this province will adope such desire to have this point considered by the con- steps
, and do all in their power to carry them into gress; and such mcasures taken, as they may judge execution. proper.
This extensive power we commit to the con. In order to obtain redress of our common griev gress, for the sake of preserving that unanimily of auces, we observe a general inclination among the counsel and conduct, that alone can work out the
salvation of these colonies, with a strong hope and, congress, to such a day as they shall judge proper, trust, that they will not draw this province into and the appointment of a standing committee. any measure judged by us, who must be better
Agreed, that John Dickinson, Joseph Reade, and acquainted with its state than strangers, highly Charles Thomson, be a committee to write to the inexpedient. Of this kind, we know any other stoppage of trade, but of that with Great Britain, these resolves and instructions.
neighboring colonies, and communicate to them will be. Even this step we should be extremely afflicted to see taken by the congress, before the Agreed, that the committee for the city and other mode above pointed out is tried. But should county of Philadelphia, or any fifteen of them, be it be taken, we apprehend that a plan of restric- a committee of correspondence for the general tions may be so framed, agreeably to the respective committee of this province. circumstances of the several colonies, as to render
Exiract from the minutes, Great Britain sensible of the imprudence of her
CHARLES THOMSON, secretary. counsels, and yet leave them a necessary corn. And here it may not be improper to take
PHILADELPHIA, June, 1774. notice, that if redress of our grievances cannot be At a very large and respectable meeting of the wholly obtained, the extent or continuance of our freeholders and freemen of the city and county restrictions may, in some sort, be proportioned 10 of Philadelphia, on Saturday, June 18. 1774, the rights we are contending for, and the degree Thomas Willing, John Dickinson, esquires, chuirmen. of relief afforded us. This mode will render our 1. Resolved, that the act of parliament, for opposition as perpetual as our oppression, and will be shutting up the port of Boston, is unconstitutional; A CONTINUAL CLAIM AND ASSERTION OF OUR RIGHTS. oppressive to the inhabitants of that town; danger. We cannot express the anxiety, with which we ous to the liberties of the British colonies; and that wish the consideration of these points to be recom- therefore, we consider our brethren, at Boston, as mended to you. We are persuaded, that if these suffering in the common cause of America. colonies fail of unanimity, or prudence in forming
II. That a congress of deputies from the several their resolutions, or of fidelity in observing them, colonies, in North America, is the most propable the opposition by non-importation and non-exporta. and proper mode of procuring relief for our suftion agreements will be ineffectual; and then we fering brethren, obtaining redress of American shall have only the alternative of a more dangerous grievances, securing our righis and liberties, and contention, or of a tame submission.
re-establishing peace and harmony between Great
Britain and these colonies, on a constitutional founUpon the whole, we shall repose the highest
dation. confidence in the wisdom and integrity of the ensuing congress: and though we have, for the
UJI. That a large and respectable committee be satisfaction of the good people of this province, immediately appointed for the ciiy and county of who have chosen us for this express purpose,
Philadelphia, to correspond with the sister colonies offered you such instructions, as have appeared
and with the several corinties in this province, in expedient to us, yet it is not our meaning, that by
order that all may unite in promo ing and endeavor. these or by any you may think proper to give them, ing to attain the great and valuable ends, mentioned the deputies appointed by you should be restrained
in the foregoing resolution. from agreeing to any measures that shall be ap
IV. That the committee nominated by this meet. proved by a majority of the deputies in congress ng shall consult together, and on mature deliberaWe should be glad the depulies chosen by you lion determine, what is the most proper mode of could, by their influence, procure our opinions collecting the sense of this province, and appointhereby communicated to you, to be as nearly ing deputies for the same, to attend a general conadhered to, as may be possible: but to avoid dif. gress; and having determined thereupon, shall take ficulties, we desire that they may be instructed by such measures, as by them shall be judged most you, to agree to any measures that shall be ap. expedient, for procuring this province to be re. proved by the congress, in the manner before presented at the said congress, in the best man. mentioned; the inhabitants of this province baving her that can be devised for promoting the public resolved to adopt and carry them into execution.
velfare. Lastly-we desire the deputies from this province, V. That the committee be instructed immediately may endeavor to procure un adjourament of the set on fout a subscription for the relief of such
poor intahitants of the town of Boston, as may be the hour of distress, and while we are uniting for deprived of the means of subsistence by the opera. the benefit of all, to guard them against that tion of the act of parliament, commonly styled the desperation, whose effects will be pernicious to all, Boston-rori bill. The money arising from such Indeed, my fellow.citizens, this is probably but a subscrip!ion to be laid out as the committee shall part of that scene in which we shall be called to think will best answer the ends proposed. act, or suffer; it is so most assuredly, if that devoted
town, deserted and forsaken, should, in the sgonies VI. That the committee consist of forty-three
of hunger and want, sink under the load, or burst persons, viz. John Dickinson, Edward Pennington, forth in a desperate effort to throw it off. Policy, John Nixon, Thomas Willing, George Clymer, humanity, the love of liberty and our country, and Samuel Howell, Joseph Reade, John Roberts,
every principle that can ennoble the buman mind, (miller) Thomas Wharton, jun. Charles Thomson,
are now called forth into action; but in a manner Jacob Barge, Thomas Barclay, William Rusli,
which the most peaceable cannot disapprove, and Robert Smith, (carpenter,) Thomas Fitzimons,
the most animated cannot err or mislead: if any George Roberts, Samuel Ervin, Thomas Mifflin,
lurking prejudices or remembrances of former John Cox, George Gray, Robert Morris, Samuel
hardships hang upon any of our minds, how noble, Miles, John M. Nesbit, Peter Chevalier, William
bow magnanimous will it appear to cast them far Moulder, Joseph Moulder, Anthony Morris, jun.
:-To shew the world, that like Christians John Allen, Jeremiah Warder, jun. rev. D. William Smith, Paul Engle, Thomas Penrose, Jumes Mease, the way in one great collected effort of public
indeed, we cannot only forget and forgive, but lead Benjamin Marshall, Reuben Haines, John Bayard, virtue and benevolence-that no partial views, ar Jonathan B. Smith, Thomas Wharton, Isaac Howell,
private resentments can check thegenerous impulse Michael Hillegas, Adam llubley, George Schlosser,
arising from violated rights and insulted patriotism. and Christopher Ludwick.
That man must be unworthy, or insensible of the My friends and fellow.citizens! - A few days will honor derived from the rank of a freeman, who present you with an opportunity of displaying the can withbold his mite from such accumulated dismost noble beneficence and exalted humanity in tress; but I am sure this public spirited city can the cause of liberty and virtue. It cannot be need no stimulus on this occasion. We shall inspire doubted, that the operation of the cruel edict, our suffering breibren with sentiments of the most against the town of Boston, will expose its inha. tender confidence, and affectionate gratitude, pour bitants, your brethren, fellow subjects and Ameri. oil and balsam into their bleeding wounds:- when cans, to the dreadful dangers of penury and want. the ear hears of us, it shall bless us, and when the The voice of freedom in distress is a sound which, eye sees us, it shall bear witness: because we I trust, no American can hear unmoved: think, my delivered the poor that cried-the fatherless, and dear fellow-citizens, what would be your own ex- those who had none to help them. The widow's pectations, if pressed by the immediate hand of heart shall sing for joy, and the blessings of those, power, your streets should echo with the cries of who are ready to perishi, shall come upon us. the laboring poor and industrious tradesmen, the
PuiLANTHROPOS. widow, and the orphan, lacking bread: how would you look round with anxious eyes opon those, Letter from the committee of Norfolk and Ports. whom the policy of a vindictive minister had yet
mouth to the Boston committee. enabled to administer to your wants? how would
NORFOLK, June 3, 1774. their bounty, like the gentle dew of Heaven, cheer Gentlemen-We gladly take this first opportunity your drooping spirits, and dispel the Creadful of assuring our brethren of Boston, on this melan. gloom: the distresses of Boston have a peculiar choly occasion, that we are not indifferent specta. cleim upon all, who have recommended firmness, tors of their distressing situation, under the present prudence, and moderation; they must be enabled cruel exertion of British power, to support an edict to follow this adrice, and exercise these virtues: calculated to ruin their trade, and forever subject the common interests of American liberty oppose a very considerable property to the arbitrary plea. their prostration at the feet of a haughty and un. sure of the crown. Our bosoms glow with tender feeling minister; the dignity of the cause cannot regard for you; we sympathize with you in your be sullied by hasty and precipitate meas!ıres: Is sufferings, and thought it our duty devoutly to it not then our duty and our interest, with a observe the appointment of the first of June, as a liberality becoming freemen, to support them in Iday of fasting and prayer, solemnly to address the
Almighty Ruler to support you in your afflictions, for their faithful discharge of that important trust: and to remove from our sovereign, those pernicious and the same was done accordingly. counsellors that have been wicked instruments of
To increase our flocks of sheep, and thereby your oppression. Be assured we consider you as
promote the woolen manufacture in this province, suffering in the common cause, and look upon Resolved, That no person ought to kill any lamb, ourselves as bound by the most sacred and solemn
dropt before the first day of May yearly, or other ties, to support you in every measure that shall be sheep, after the first day of January next, under found necessary to regain your just rights and pri- four years of age. vileges.-As we have had occasion to communicate
To increase the manufacture of linen and cotton, our sentiments to Charleston and Baltimore, we refer you to those letters and the other papers Resolved, That every planter and farmer ought to transmitted to you; and although we are not one raise as much fax, hemp, and cotton, as he con. of the larger commercial towns on the continent, veniently can; and the cultivation thereof is par. yet as the trade is more collected here, than in icularly recommended to such inhabitants of this any other place of this well watered and extensive province, whose lands are best adapted to that dominion, we thought it our duty to communicate purpose–And resolved, That no flax-seed, of the what we apprehend to be the sense of the mercantile growth of the present year, ought to be purchased part of the community among us.
for exportation, after the twelfth day of this month, That the Almighty arm may support you and
It being represented to this convention, that shield you in the hour of danger, is the fervent many merchants and traders of this province, from prayer of,
a scarcity of cash to make their remittances, and Gentlemen, your affectionate brethren, other causes, had sold their goods, within twelve Thomas Newton, jun.
months next before the twentieth day of Ociober Josepa HotcuiNGS,
last, at, and sometimes even below, the prime cost MATTREW Puripp,
and that, in many different parts of this province,
merchants had vended their goods at a very difSAMCEL KER,
ferent advance on the prime cost; and it appearing ROBERT SHEDDEX, Henry Brown,
to this convention to be unjust to compel such
merchants 10 sell their goods at prime cost, and ALEXANDER SKINNER, THOMAS BROWN,
that one general rule, allowing a reasonable profit ROBENT TAILOR,
to the trader, and preventing him from taking ad.
vantage of the scarcity of goods which may be A true copy, WILLIAM Daries, cik,
occasioned by the non importation, would give
great satisfaction to the merchants and people of ANNAPOLIS, December 15, 1774.
this province, resolved unanimously, That no mer. At a meeting of the deputies appointed by the
chanı ought to sell his goods, at wholesale, for several counties of the province of Maryland, at
more than 112) per cent.--at retail, for cash, for the city of Annapolis, by adjournment, on the
more than 13 per cent.-on credit, for more ihan 8th day of December, 1774, and continued till
150 per cent. advance on the prime cost; and that the 12th day of the same month, were present,
no merchant, or other person, ought to engross eighty-five members.
any goods, wares, or merchandize whatsoever. MR. John Hall in the chair, and
And in case any question should arise, respecting Ma. Joux DUCKETT, clerk.
the prime cost of goods, every merchant or factor The proceedings of the continental congress
possessing or owning such goods, ought to ascer. were read, considered, and upanimously approved.
tain the same on oath, if requested to do it by the RESOLVED, That every member of this convention
committtee. will, and every person in the province ought strictly and inviolably to observe and carry into execution
As a further regulation to enforce an observance
of the late continental association-Resolved unani. the association agreed on by the said continental
mously, That in all cases, where breaches of the congress.
continental association, or the resolves of tbis conOn motion, unanimously resolved, that the vention, shall happen and be declared such by any thanks of this convention be given, by the chair. committee of a county, no gentleman of the law man, to the gentlemen who represented this pro. ought to bring or prosecute any suit wbatever for vince as deputies in the late continental congress, sucb offender: And if any factor shall commit any
breach of the said association or resolves, that no amount to the following sums in the respective
2600 said factor has the management, after notice as
366 Prince George's
833 Resolved, That it is earnestly recommended, by
866 this convention, to the people of this province, that Frederick
1333 the determinacions of the several county com Baltimore
933 mittees be observed and acquiesced in: That no Harford
466 persons, except members of the committees, under:
533 take to meddle with or determine any question Somerset
533 respecting the construction of the association Dorchester
480 entered into by the continental congress: And Caroline
358 that peace and good order be inviolably maintained Talbot
400 throughout this province.
566 Resolved unanimously, That if the late acts of
400 parliament, relative to the Massachusetts-Bay, sball be attempted to be carried into execution by force
£10,000 in that colony, or if the assumed power of parlia.
And that the committees of the respective coun. ment to tax the colonies shall be attempted to be carried into execution by force, in that colony or any
ties lay out the same in the purchase of arms and other colony, that in such case, this province will ammunition for the use of such county, to be
secured and kept in proper and convenient places, support such colory to the utmost of their power.
under the direction of the said committees. Resolved unanimously, That a well regulated
Resolved unanimously, That it will be necessary militia, composed of the gentlemen, freeholders, and other freemen, is the natural strength and
that a provincial meeting of deputies, chosen by
the several counties of this province, should be only stable security of a free government, and that such militia will relieve our mother country from
held in the city of Annapolis, on Monday, the 24th any expense in our protection and defence; will day of April next, unless American grievances be
redressed before that time; and therefore we reobviate the pretence of a necessity for taxing us
commend that the several counties of this province on that account, and render it unnecessary to keep
chouse deputies, as soon as conveniently may be, any standing army (ever dangerous to liberty) in this province: And therefore it is recommended
10 attend such meeting: And the commitee of to such of the said inbabitants of this province as
correspondence for this province are impowered to
call a meeting of the said deputies, before the are from sixteen to fifty years of age, to form themselves into companies of sixty-eight men; to
said 24th day of April, if they shall esteem it neces. choose a captain, two lieutenants, an ensign, four sary. serjeants, four corporals, and one drummer, for Resolved unanimously, That contributions from each company; and use their utmost endeavors to the several counties of this province, for supply. make themselves masters of the military exercise: ing the necessities, and alleviating the distresses That each man be provided with a good firelock of our brethren at Boston, ought to be continued and bayonet fiited thereon, half a pound of powder, in such manner and so long as their occasions may two pounds of lead, and a cartouch.box, or powder. require; and that it is the duty of the committees born and bag for ball, and be in readiness to act on of each county to collect and transmit the same as any emergency.
soon as possible.
Resolved unanimously, That it is recommended Resolved unanimously, That the hon. Matthew to the committees of each county to raise by Tilghman, and John Hall, Samuel Chase, Thomas subscription, or in such other voluntary manner Johnson, jun. Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, Char- as they may think proper, and will be most agreea- les Carroll, barrister, and William Paca, esquires, ble to their respective counties, such sums of or any three or more of them, be a committee of money as, with any monies already raised, will correspondence for this province.