« 前へ次へ »
In storming the works of Quebec by general, general in Massachusetis, and eminent by this pubMontgomery, the gallant captain Cheeseman, of lic services. lle was in this brig during three New York, aid to Montgomery, being as active as cruizes, and was at the taking of eight prizes, the be wis brave, the moment he reached the picket, first of which was the king's armed schooner Dis. placed his hand on one of the palisadoes, exclaim. patch, belonging to lord lowe's feet, then op ing to his comrades, 'If there be any bonor in being their passage from Halifax to New-York, it being the first man in Quebec, I have it.' He sprung over 1029 July. In the engagement one man was killed and fell by a shot within the picket.
in the Tyrannicide, three wounded, and one died
of his wounds. lle continued in this vessel till When col. Gardner of Brookline was brought the 14th of February, 1777, when he returned. off from Bunker's Hill, where he was mortally from a four and an bulf month's cruise in the West wounded, he was asked if he did not wish to see Indies, and all were discharged. He is now 72 years his son, who had been also in the battle. If my of age. In the action wiib the Dispatch, which son bas done his duty, I shall be glad to see him.' lasted 7 glasses, her commander, John Goodrich, He was answered that his son had done his duty. 21 lieut. of the Renown of 50 guns, then in the He saw and embracej him, Bost. Patriot.
fleet, was killed, and several men. Mr. More, sailing
master, was wounded and his limb amputated. Mr. The first sea fight.—The late rev. Dr. BENTLET, of Collingsin, midshipman, had his limb amputated Salem, Mass. whose decease was equally deplored but he died. The Dispatch was so disabled that by the friends of religion, patriotism and literature they were obliged to take her in tow, and they —who for many years enriched the columns of the brought her into Salem, after being out 17 days. “Esses Register" with his remarks, when speak. 'The Dispatch had eight carriage giuns, 12 swivels, ing of the revolutionary pension law, seized the op- and a compliment of 41 picked men from different
tunity to give us the following interesting scrap ships in the fleet. This was the first sea fight. The of history:
Tyrannicide was the first vessel that was built for “The following history may discover how a man
the public service, and her commission was signed may engage in the public service, and yet not be by John Hancock. The Dispatch was no prize to qualified according to law fur the bounty of a term the crew, excepting a small bounty on her guns. short of one year's service. Joshua Ward, who And yet this worthy man in his poverty, comes belonged to Salem, but who has lived many years
not within the letter of the law, and instead of his in Marblehead, a painter, marched on the 19th of bounty, must accept a hearty recommendation to April, to Charlestown neck, as a fifer of the first the generous care of bis fellow.citizens.” company in colonel Timothy Pickering's regiment of militia, commanded by capt. William Pickman, and soon after entered the army under captain
In congress Oct. 21, 1778.--"Whereas there is , Thomas Barnes. From Cambridge, he was ordered every reason to expect that our unnatural enemies, to Watertown to guard the public stores, and re.
despairing of being ever able to subdue and enmained at this station till the battle of Bunker's slave us by open force, or persuade us to break Hill. He then joined the regiment under colonel through the solemn treaties, as having entered into Mansfield on Prospect Hill, in Charlestown, in the with our great and good ally, his Most Christian Massachusetts line, and acted as fife-major, till majesty, and return to the dependence of Great he joined gen. Sullivan's brigade, on Winter Hill, Britain, will, as the last effort, ravage, burn, and when he was promoted as fife-major general. He destroy every city and town on this continent they continued in the service till the first day of Janu-can come at: ary 1776, when he was discharged, baving continu Resolved, That it be recommended to such inbe. ed the time of his enlistment. He then entered bitants of these states, as live in places exposed captain Benjamin Ward's company, and performed to the ravages of the enemy, immediately to build garrison duty at fort William and Mary, now for huts, at least 30 miles distant from their present Pickering, till the 19th of Jure following. He babitations, there to convey their women, children, then Volunteered with the first lieutenant Haraden, and others not capable of bearing arms, and them. a well known brave and able officer, with others selves in case of necessity, together with their of his conipanions, on board the Tyrannicide, a furniture, wares, and merchandise of every sort; public armed brig of 14 guns and 75 men, con also, that they send off all their cattle; being manded by captain John Fiske, afterwards a major measures they cannot think hardships in such times
STROXG MEASURES PROPOSED.
of public calamity, when so many of their gallant!ord Cornwallis made his overture for capitulation. countrymen are buily exposed in the hardships of The proposals were immediately despatched to the field, fighting in defence of their rights and the commander in chief, and the negociation, as liberties.
we say, progressed. The Marquis de la Fayette,
whose tour it was next to mount guard in the Resolved, That inmediately, when the enemy
trenches, marched to relieve the Baron, who, to begin to burn or destroy any town, it be recom
his astonishment, refused to be relieved. He in. mended to the good people of these states to set
firmed general de la Fayette, that the custom of fire to, ravage, burn, and destroy, the houses and
European war was in his favor, and that it was a properties of all tories, and enemies to the free
point of lionor which he could neither give up for dom and independence of America, and secure
himself, nor deprive his troops of-that the offer to : the persons of such, so as to prevent them from
capitulate had been made during his guard, and that assisting the enemy, always taking care not to treat
in the trenches he would remain until the capitula. them or their families with any wanton cruelties,
tion was signed or hostilities commenced. The as we do not wish, in this particular, to copy after
Marquis immediately galloped to head quarters:our enemies, or their Gerinan, negro, and coppercoloured allies.
general Washington decided in favor of the Baron Extract from the ininutes,
-to the joy of one, and to the mortification of
the other of those brave and valuable men. The CHARLES THOMSON, sec."
Baron remoained till the business was finished. I Lord Cuatran thùs expressed himself, when should not have sent you this recollection, had i speaking in parliament, of the congress that declar: not seen in your paper of this morning an extract
from Lee's memoirs relative to the surrender. My ed independence. “I must declare and avow, that in all my reading and observation, and it has been necdote may not be worth much now, but such my favorite study, I have read Thucydides, and as it is, it is at your service.
One who was in the trenches. have studied and admired the master states of the world, but for solidity of reasoning, force of sagacity and wisdom of conclusion, under such a
From the New Orleans Chronicle. The followcomplication of difficult circumstances, no nation ing fact, though altogether worthy of being reor body of men can stand in preference to the ge. inembered, has never, I believe, been reported by neral congress at Philadelphia.”
the pen of any historian.
A brave.fellow. Among numberless feats of valor Lest it should be thought a mere fabrication to performed by individuals of the American revolu. occupy a vacant column in the newspaper, I think tionary army, none bas pleased me more than the it not unimportant to state, that the subject of this 'following, related by an eye witness:-"During the memoir
, Mr. Hunter, is well known in Darlington heat of the battle at Germantown, while bullets district, South Carolina; and the following narrafew as thick as hail-stones, one Barkelew (of tive, which I had from himself, is familiar to his Monmouth) was levelling his musket at the ene friends and acquaintances. my, when bis lock was carried away by a ball. Undismayed, he canght up the gun of a comrade
Hunter, though a youth of perhaps 18 years old, just killed by bis side, and taking aim, a bullet was! my active in defence of his country's rights entered the muzzle, and twisted the barrel round during the revolutionary war. It was the fate of like a corkscrew! Still undaunted, our hero imme. this Tyro in arms to fall into the hands of major diately kneeled down, unscrewed the wbole lock Fanning, whose deeds as a cruel partizan leader in from the twisted barrel, screwed it on to the the service of Great Britain, are written in North barrel from which the lock had been torn, and and South Carolina, in characters of blood. Hun. blazed away at the enemy.” Can' ancient Sparta ter, wliose active services had roused the ire of the or modern Britain boast a more brilliant display major, was told upon the spot to prepare for his of cool, deliberate, unshaken courage? This hero fute, which was nothing legs than death, for which is still living
awful event a few minutes only were allowed him
to prepare. A band of tories, thirsting for the Anecdote connected with the surrender at Yorktown. blood of a patriot, instantly formed a circle round From the N. Y. “National Advocate”—1818. Baron the boy, leaving bim no reasonable chance of Steuben commanded in the trenches at the moment escape.
At this moment thought followed thought in Van Rensselaer, esq. To this day vestiges of their quick succession. His home, his friends, bis coun. encampment remain; and after a lapse of sixty try, and the circumstances under which he was years, when a great proportion of the actors of about to be torn from them all, together with the those days have passed away, like shadows from reflection that he must quickly realize a state of the earth, the inquisitive traveller can observe the untried being, crowded upon his mind, and called remains of the ashes, the places where they boiled up feelings not to be described.
their camp kettles. It was this army, that, ander For the first time he bent his knees to the power the command of Abercrombie, was foiled, with a which wields the destinies of man, and no sooner
severe loss, in the attack on Ticonderoga, where had be breathed a wish to the throne of mercy, the distinguished Howe fell at the head of his than he felt a strong persuasion that deliverance troops, in an hour that history has consecrated to was possible. This important point settled in his his fame. In the early part of June, the eastern mind, he cast his eyes round in search of the means troops began to pour in, company after company, to be employed. At the distance of a few paces and such a mo:ley assemblage of men never before from the encircling band stood a beautiful filly, thronged together on such an occasion, unless an furnished with the major's riding establishment, example may be found in the ragged regiment of sar complete. This animal, late the idol of sportsmen John Falstaff
, of right merry and facetious memory. in Virginia, had fallen into the hands of the pre
It would, said my worthy ancestor, who relates to me sent owner, and was highly prized, as affording the the story, have relaxed the gravity of an anchorite, means of escape from impending danger.
to bave seen the descendants of the Puritans, march. “Cannot I,” thought Hunter, "spring from my their station on the left of the British army
ing through the streets of our ancient city, to iske knees, gain the saddle, and under the favor of
some with long coats, some with shoi: coats, and that power which has so fully assured my heart,
others with no coats at all, in colours as varied as escape this threatening death?" Having resolved, the rain-bow, some with their hair cropped like if he must perish, to perish in the attempt, he
the army of Cromwell, and others with wigs whose darted like lightning through his enemies, and
curls flowed with grace around their shoulders. seizing the bridle, which was held by a servant Their march, their accoutrements, and the whole boy, as he vaulted into the saddle, he put the ma.
arrangement of the troops, furnished matter of jor's courser to her speed, and went off with his
amusement to the wits of the British army. The booty, to the no small disappointment and morti.
music played the airs of two centuries ago, and fication of the astonished beholders. After gazing the sout ensemble, upon the whole, exhibited a sight a while in stupid amazement, the redoubtable
to the wondering strangers that they had been Fanning recollected that his soldiers had
guns, but it was too late; and the order to “shopt at the club of wits that belonged to the British array,
unaccustomed to in their own land. Among the rebel,” was obeyed without effect.
there was a physician attached to the staff, by the
name of Doctor Shackburg, who combined with It is known as a matter of history, that in the the science of the surgeon, the skill and talents of early part of 1755, great exertions were made by a musician, To please brother Jonathan he comthe British ministry, at the head of which was the posed a tune, and with much gravity recommende illustrious earl of Chatham, for the reduction of led it to the officers, as one of the most celebrated the French power in the provinces of the Canadas. airs of martial music. The joke took, to the no To carry the object into effect, general Amberst, small amusement of the British corps. Brother referred to in the letters of Junius, was appointed Jonathan exclaimed it was nation Ane, and in a few to the command of the British army in North days nothing was heard in the provincial camp but Western America; and the British colonies in Ame. the air of Yankee Doodle, Little did the author or rica were called upon for assistance, who con. This coadjutors then suppose, that an air made for tributed with alacrity their several quotas of men, the purpose of levity and ridicule, should ever be to effect the grand object of British enterprize. marked for such high destinies; in ewenty years It is a fact still within the recollection of some of from that time our national march inspired the our oldest inhabitants, that the British army lay hearts of the heroes of Bunker Hill, and less than encamped, in the summer of 1755, on the eastern hirty, lord Cornwallis and his army marched into bank of the Hudson, a little south of the city of the American lines to the tune of Yankee Doodle. Albany, on the ground now belonging to John I.
[.Albany Statean a .
1775-Nov. 7.-Dunmore's proclamation. colony to a proper sense of their duty to his majes. Ir NORFOLK and the adjacent country, Dunmore ty's crown and dignity. I do further order and re. counted on numerous adherents. The rash advice, quire all his majesty's liege subjects, to retain their together with his own impetuous, haughty and quitrents or other taxes due, or that may become revengeful temper, early impelled him to a mea. due in their own custody, till such a time as peace sure characterized by folly, and fraught with incal. may again be restored to tbis at present most unculable mischief, not only to the people of Virgi. happy country, or demanded of them for their nis, but to his own cause. Under date of Nov. former salutary purposes, by officers properly au. 7th, he issued the following proclamation, the style thorised to receive the same. of which strongly indicates the agitation of a per “Given under my hand, on board the ship Wilturbed mind, whilst its substance betrays a brind, liam, off Norfolk, the 7th day of November, in the impolitic, ruinous inflexibility, and, what is still 16th year of bis majesty's reign.
“DUNMORE. worse, a savage and wanton disregard for the fun.
"God gave the King.” damental principles upon which the social fabric
TICONDEROGA. The following is not a revoluessentially rests, and for those rules of civilization,
tionary document, but an article that may well be which are usually respected, even in the phrenzy
preserved in this collection; and, being specially and calamitous intent of war.
requested, we insert it with pleasure. By his excellency, the right honorable Joan, earl of
From the Hartford Times. The following stateDunmore, his majesty's lieutenant and governor ge.
ment or return, exbibiting a minute and accurate neral of the colony of Virginiu, and vice adiniral of
account of the loss in killed and wounded sustained the same.
by the British and American forces under the comPROCLAMATION "As I have ever entertained hopes that an ac- mand of gen. Abercrombie, in the memorable dig. commodation might have taken place between aster or defeat at l'iconderoga, July, 1758, was, Great Britain and this colony, without being com- as it purports, made out soon affer the battle, by pelled by my duty to this most disagreeable, but Julah Woodruff, who was a captain of the pra. now absolutely necessary duty, rendered so by a
vincial forces, and belonging to Farmington, ia body of men, unlawfully assembled, firing on his this county. The original document has been premajesty's tenders, and the formation of an army,
served in the family, as a precious memorial of and an army now on its march to attack his majes.
their ancestor, for sixty years, and was handed to ty's troops, and destroy the well disposed subjects
us by his son. It is undoubtedly the most authenof this colony. To defeat such treasonable pur.
tic and correct statement of that unfortunate affair, poses, and that all such traitors, and their abettors which exposed our frontiers to the murderous and may be brought to justice, and that the peace and cruel outrages of a savage foe, and filled the whole good order of this colony may be again restored,
colonies with consternation and dismay, which at which the ordinary course of the civil law is una.
this day is to be found; and in every point of view ble to effect, I have thought fit to issue this my
is worthy of preservation. We recommend its in. proclamation, hereby declaring that, until the afore. sertion to tbe editor of the Baltimore Weekly Resaid good purposes can be obtained, I do, in virtue gister, as that work is probably the most permanent of the power and authority to me given, by his ma.
and valuable place in which it can be deposited. jesty, determine to execute martial law, and cause
We have printed it verbatim, and preserved the the same to be executed throughout this colony; same orthography, to exhibit an idea of the proand to the end that peace and good order may the vincial dialect of that day. sooner be restored, I do require every person ca The British regiments are distinguished nume. pable of bearing arms to resort to his majesty's rically, and by their commanders. The 1st and 4th standard, or be looked upon as traitors to his ma. battalions called "royal Americans,” were troops jesty's crown and government, and thereby become enlisted in the colonies by British officers. The liable to the penalty the law inflicts upon such of. “Prouinshals,” or provincials, consisted of the milifences; such as forfeiture of life, confiscation of tia of the colonies, which were detached, or vo. lands, &c. &c. And I do hereby further declare lunteered for the service. It will be seen that, with all indented servants, negroes, or others (apper- the exception of lord Murray's regiment, which taining to rebels) free, that are able and willing to was nearly cut to pieces, the loss of the provincials bear arms, they joining bis majesty's troops as soon was as great as that of any one regiment. They 2a may be, for the more speedily reducing this must therefore have been actively engaged.
return of the killed, wounded and missing of his THE PROSCRIBED. From the Boston Gazette, 1774. maj" sty's forces at Carelong or Ticonderoga, July 8th, The following is an authentic copy of a letter which 1758
was lately thrown into the camp, with the following direction:
Bital Broad Street,
5 | 29
"To the officers and soldiers of his majesty's troops in
Dr. Benjamin Church Dr. Cooper
Capt. John Bradford Thomas Cushing
Joseph Grenleaf papunom
Maj. Nath'l. Barber and William Denning
Wm. Mollineux pall! Y
stauolo “The friends of your king and country and of papunom
America, hope and expect it from you, soldiers, pall!X
the instant rebellion happens, you will put the above "sjaluw persons immediately to the sword, destroy their рәрипом
houses, and plunder their effects: it is just that
they should be the first victims to the mischier
they have brought upon us. (SIGNED)
A friend to Great Britain and America.
“P. S. Don't forget those trumpeters of sediP071!Y
tion, the printers, Edes & Gill and Thomas."
The enclosed letter, from the venerable and papunom
patriotic major Hawley* has never been in print. paulx
Its publication at this time would not perhaps be ',12fpv irrelevant, and would certainly gratify some of papunom
your country friends. It was written soon after
the adoption of the present constitution, and shews pəlity
SJəzs8W his opinion of that instrument. It is needless to papunos vəljeno add, that we here think every thing from the pen
of that great man deserving of record. 1 pau!X
To the hon. the senate of Massachusetts. atawo papuro 14
May it please your honors. The intelligence pan!X
ol!: given me by the writ of summons, under the band
pue xUBU of the president of the council, that I am chosen papuno M
a senator by a majority of the voters of the counSužs!
ty of Hampshire, affords me a singular pleasure,
on two accounts: The one is, that an election to The number killed, 515 men.
that high trust, by a majority of the unsolicited
The number wounded, 1269. The number missing 39-Sum suffrages of the voters of the county, is a genuine total 1823. This drawn out by me, Judah Wood. proof of the good opinion of the people of my ruff, August ye 15: 1758--Att lake George. * The author of the "Broken Hints," page 324.
FROM THE BOSTOX PATRIOT.