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"General Monk,” in 1782. The error broughtstunate when we were about to engage, it was the forth, in the Washington City Gazeite, of June opinion of myself, as well as my crew, that she -, 1820, the following explanation and remarks, would have blown us to atoms; but we were deter. in a letter addressed to the editor:
mined she should gain her victory dearly. One of
the wounded British sailors observed "Yes, sir, I have observed in your Gazette, taken from a
captain Rogers observed to our crew, a little be. Philadelphia paper, an account of a gallant action
fore the action commenced, “Now, my boys, we performed by the late commodore Barney, during shall have the Yankee ship in five minutes;' and so the revolutionary war. I allude to the action be
wo all thought, but here we are."-- You will find, by tween the American vessel Hyder Ally, captain
a recurrence to the journals of the old congress, Barney, and his Britannic Majesty's sloop of war that a sword was voted to captain Joshua Barney, General Monk, captain Rogers, in 1782.-"Honor to the brave.” My enly object in addressing you cannic Mujesty's ship General Monk.
for the gallantry displayed in the action zvith his Brithis letter, is to correct an error as to the name of the commander of the Hyder Ally. It was not
can readily account why the name of captain captain Barry, as is erroneously stated in the pa Barry should have been inserted instead of captain pers. It was the late commodore Barney who com. Barney.--Capt. Barry, about the same time, commanded the Hyder Ally; the same who received a manded a brig of 16 six pounders, called the Hisevere wound at the battle of Bladensburg, and bernia, and was fortunate in capturing several Briwho lately died at Pittsburg, in Pennsylvania. I tish armed vessels. He afterwards commanded the was then in Philadelphia, quite a lad, when the ac- frigate United States, now in our service, and then -tion took place. Both ships arrived at the lower on the West India station, and was very successful part of the city with a leading wind, immediately during our short war with the French republic.-after the action, bringing with them all their killed He died in Philadelphia in 1803. I feel the more and wounded. Attracted to the wharf by the sa. disposed to set this matter right, as commodore leite which the Hyder Ally fired, of thirteen guns, Barney was an intimate friend of mine. If you think which was then the custom, (one for each state) I these items of information worthy of insertion in saw the two ships lying in the stream, anchored your Gazette, they are at your service. near each other. In a short time, however, they I am, respectfully, yours, &c.
Co. warped into the wharf to land their killed and wounded, and curiosity induced me, as well as 'ma.
LLERY ny others, to go on board each vessel. The Hyder One Of THE SIGNERS OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEAlly was, as stated, a small ship of 16 six pound.
PEADENCE, ers. The Monk, a king's ship of large dimensions, Extruct of a letter, dated Newport, R. I. March 14, of 18 nine pounders. The difference in the size
1820. and equipments of the two ships was matter of as.
“Old Mr. Ellery died like a philosopher. In tonishment to all the beholders. The Gen. Monk's decks were, in every direction, besmeared with truth, death, in its common form, never came near blood, covered with the dead and wounded, and
him. His strength wasted gradually for the last resembled a charnel house. Several of her bow year, until he had not enough left to draw in his
breath, and so he ceased to breathe. The day on ports were knocked into one-a plain evidence of
which he died he got up as usual and dressed the well directed fire of the Hyder Ally. She was
himself, took his old nag bottomed chair, without a king's ship, a very superior vessel, a fast sailer, and coppered to the bends. I was on board during arms, in which he had sat for more than half a the time they carried on shore the killed and century, and was reading Tully's Offices, in the wounded, which they did in hammocks.
Latin, without glasses, though the print was as fine
as that of the smallest pocket bible. Dr. W. I was present at a conversation which took place stopped in on bis way to the hospital, as he usually on the quarter deck of the General Monk, between did; and, on perceiving the old gentleman could captain Barney and several merchants in Philadel. scarcely raise his eyelids to look at him, took his phia. I remember one of them observing, "why, hand, and found that his pulse was gone. After Captain Barney, you have been truly fortunate in drinking a little wine and water, Dr. W. told him capturing this vessel, considering she is so far su his pulse beat stronger. "O yes, doctor, I have a perior to you in point of size, guns, men and me. charming pulse.” But, he continued, “it is idle to tal.” Yes sir, he replied, I do consider myself for. I talk to me in this way. I am going off the stage
of life, and it is a great blessing that I go free, Cesapeake B y, against five Brius bisnis, under from sickness, pain and sorrow.” Some time after, the command of com. Perry At the cou.merce. his daughter, finding him become extremely weak,ment of this engagement, there were attached to wished him to be put to bed, which he at first com. Whaley's squadron three oiber American objected to, saying he felt no pain, and there was berges, all of wbich ran off as soon as the engage. no occasion for his going to bed. Presently after, ment commenced, and left com. Whaley alone to however, fearing he might possibly fall out of his contend with five British barges, fui manned. chair, he told them they might get him uprig'itCom. W. had on board his barge 69 men, princi. in the bed, so that be could continue to read. pally citizens of the counties of Accomack and They did so, and he continued reading Cicero very Northampion. About the middle of the engage. quietly for some time; presently they looked at him ment, com. W's magazine took fire, at which time and found him dead, sitting in the same posture, several of his men were overboard hanging by the with the book under his chin, as a man who become rigging-29 men out of 69 were killed on board drowsy and goes to sleep.”
com. W's barge, together with the commodore
himself. In this engagement, general Cropper iad GENERAL CROPPER.
to contend with two white men and one negro, all DIED-At his seat on Bowman's Folly, at sixteen armed with cutlasses and boarding pikes, and do minutes past two o'clock on the morning of Mon. fended himself with a musker and bayonet-Oce day, 15th of January, 1821, general John Cropper, of the generai’s antagonists siruck him with a in the 66th year of his age, after an illness of eleven cutlass on the head, which nearly brought him days. He embarked early in the cause of his coun- down. In the middle of this individual conflict, try, and was chosen a captain in the 9th Virginia the negro discovering his young master to be the regiment on continental establishment, when only person with whom he and the two white men were nineteen or twenty years of age, and marched in engaged, cried out, “Save bim-he is my young December, 1776, to the north to join the army un master!”-Gen. Cropper afterwards set this faithder the command of the illustrious Washington. ful man free, and seitled bim in the city of Balti. General Eropper was promoted from a captaincy more.-General John Cropper was in the service of in the 9th Virginia regiment to a major in the 5th bis beloved country about 45 years. Those who Virginia regiment. Gen C. was at the battle of were acquainted with bim, know how he dischargBrandywine, when the 5th Virginia regiment was ed his duty in every station in which he was placed. nearly cut to pieces, and from which, during the Gen. C. retained to the last hour of his life the reneraaction, his colonel and lieutenant colonel both tion and love he bore for the illustrious Washing. ranaway. Gen. C. then retreated with the remain son, the saviour of his couniry. He tried to imitate der of the regiment, and lay concealed in some him in his conduct as a soldier and citizen. The bushes on the battle ground, until near day-break deeds of this great, good, and illustrious Ameri. of the same night of the engagement-between can was the theme of general Cropper at all mid-night and day-break, be stole off and marched times. He could not bear to hear the least whisper to Chester, with a red handkerchief lashed to a derogatory to the character of the best of menramrod for colors. On Chester Bridge, general C. and more than once has gen. Cropper been perwas met by the illustrious George Washington and sunally engaged to defend his fame. Gen. C. bad general Woodford. The latter alighted from his the honor to die possessed with a written document, horse, embraced gen. Cropper, and pressed him trom the pen of this illustrious personage, which to his bosom and said, “He whom we thought was evidenced the bigh opmion he entertained of the lost, is found.”-Gen. C. was then promoted to a worth of the deceased as an officer. This docu. lieutenant colonel in the 7th Virginia regiment, ment was treasured up as a miser would treasure and was at the battles of Germantown and Mon. nis gold, and but few persons were permitted to mouth Courthouse. From the 7th Virginia regi. read it, or hear it read. It was the more highly ment he was promoted to the command of thie prized, because this illustrious general and states. eleventh Virginia regiment, by the Marquis De La man was cautious in discovering his opinions, er Fayette, which regiment he commanded until his shewing his attachment to individuals-Gen. Cropreturn to Virginia, on the 30th of November, 1782. per was the soldier's friend.—The deceased has The day on which the preliminary articles of peace left a widow and seven children, and ten grand were signed at Paris, gen. Cropper was engaged children, to deplore his loss. The writer of this with com. Whaley, in the barge Victory, in the lis one who was well acquainted with the deceased.
doubt. There are many living witi'essen in this From the Dedham ( Mass.) Register of Dec. 1820. county, who recognized her on her appearance at We were much gratified to learn that during we often hear of such heroines in other countries,
the court, and were ready to attest to her services. the sitting of the court in this town the past week, but this is an instance in our own country and with. Mrs. Gannett, of Sharon, in this county, presented
in the circle of our acquaintance. for renewal, her claims for services rendered her country as a soldier in the revolutionary army. The following brief sketch, it is presumed, will not be An ordinance of the state of Pennsy'dania, declaring uninteresting. This extraordinary woman is now what shall be treason, and for punishing the same, in the 62d year of her age; she possesses a clear and other crimes and practices against the state. understanding, and a general knowledge of passing events; Auent in speech, and delivers her senti.
Whereas, government ought at all times, to take ments in correct language, with deliberate and the most effectual measures for the safety and se. measured accent; easy in her deportment, affable curity of the state. Be it therefore ordained and 'in her manners, robust and masculine in her ap
declared, and it is hereby ordained and declared, pearance. She was about eighteen years of age, by the representatives of the freemen of the state when our revolutionary struggle commenced. The of Pennsylvania, in general convention met. That patriotic sentiments wbich inspired the heroes of all and every person and persons, (except prison. those days and urged them to battle, found their ers of war) now inhabiting or residing within the way to a female bosom. The news of the carnage limits of the state of Pennsylvania, or that shall which had taken place on the plains of Lexington voluntarily come into the same hereafter, to inhahad reached her dwelling—the sound of the can. bit or sojourn, do, and shall owe and pay allegiance non at the battle of Bunker Hill, bad vibrated on
to the state of Pennsylvania. be: ears; yet instead of diminishing her ardor, it
And be it further ordained, by the authority only served to increase her enthusiasm in the aforesaid, That all and every such person and persacred cause of liberty, in wbich cause she beheld sons, so owing allegiance to the state of Pennsylher country engaged. She privately quitted her vania, who, from and after the publication hereof, peaceful home and the babiliments of her ses, and shall levy war against this state, or be adherent to appeared at the head quarters of the American the king of Great Britain, or others army as a young man, anxious to join bis efforts
or to the enemies to those of his countrymen, in their endeavors to of the United States of America, by giving him or oppose the inroads and encroachments of the comthem aid or assistance within the limits of this mon enemy. She was received and enrolled in the state, or elsewhere, and shall be thereof duly conarmy by the name of Robert Shureliffe. For the victed in any court of oyer and terminer hereafter space of three years she performed the duties and
to be erected, according to law, shall be adjuged endured the hardships and fatigues of a soldier;
guilty of high treason, and forfeit his lands, tene. during wbich time, she gained the confidence of
ments, goods and chattles, to the use of the state, her officers by her expertness and precision in the manuel exercise, and by her exemplary conduct. ration of the present war with Great Britain, at
and be imprisoned any term not exceeding the du. She was a volunteer in several hazardous enter
the discretion of the judge or judges. prises, and was twice wounded by musket balls. So well did she contrive to conceal her sex, that And be it farther ordained and declared, by the her companions in arms had oot the least suspicion authority aforesaid, That any person or persons that the "blooming soldier" fighting by their sides (except as before excepted) residing, inhabiting, was a female; till, at length, a severe wound, which or sojourning in this state, who shall hereafter she received in battle, and which had well nigh know of such treason, and conceal the same, or elosed her earthly campaign, occasioned the dis- that shall receive or assist such traitor, knowing covery. On her recovery she quitted the army and him to be such, and shall be thereof duly convict. became intimate in the families of gen. Washinged, as aforesaid, shall be adjudged guilty of mis. ton, and other distinguished officers of the revolu. prison of treason, and suffer the forfeiture of one tion. A few years afterwards she was married to third of his goods and chattels, lands and tenea her present husband, and is now the mother of ments, to the use of the state, and be imprisoned sereral children. Of these facts there can be no any term not exceeding the duration of the pres
sent war with Great Britain, at the discretion of province of Pennsylvania will follow their example tbe judge or judges.
in a few weeks. Our militia will amount to not
less than 60,000 men. Nothing but a total repeal And be it further ordained and declared, That
of the acts of parliament of which we complain, jo all convictions for high treason, the judge or
can prevent a civil war in America. Our opposi. judges, before whom the trial is had, may, out of the estate forfeited by virtue of this act, make tion bus now risen to desperation. It would be as such provision for the wife or children, if any, or easy to allay a storm in the ocean, by a single word, the criminal, as he or they, in bis or their discre. as 10 subdue the free spirit of Americans, without
a total redress of their grievances. May a spirit tion may deem necessary.
of wisdom descend at last upon our ministry, and And be it farther ordained and declared, That rescue the British empire from destruction! We this ordinance shall be in force, till the end of the tremble at the thoughts of a separation from Great first session of the first assembly that shall meet Britain. All our glory and happiness have been under the new constitution of this state, and no derived from you. But we are in danger of being longer.
shipwrecked upon your rocks. To avoid tbese, Passed in convention, September 5, 1776, and we are willing to be tossed, without a compass or
guide, for a while, upon an ocean of blood. “Wish. signed by their order.
ing you success in your disinterested labours to B. FRANKLIN, President.
promote the happiness of this country, I am, sir,
with much esteem for your firmness, your most JOHN MORRIS, Jun. Sec.
obedien: bumble servant.”
[./imon's Remembrancer. MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES.
FROM VARIOUS SOURCES.
JANUARI 21, 1775. Philadelphia, Dec. 24, 1774. A letter from a gentleman in the province of MassaThe following letters from a gentleman in Ame.
chusetts, to his friend in London. rica, to a member cf the British parliament, may “You have, no doubt, long before this time, heard be depended upon as authentic:
the particulars of the general congress, and that wThe proclamation forbidding the exportation
the court and the country have digested their of gunpowder and fire arms to America, seems in. thoughts upon them, if not adopted their consetended to take away from tbe colonies the power
quent plans of conduct. God grant that the nation of defending themselves by force. I think it my
and parliament may think favorably of them, and duty to inform you, that the said proclamation will grant the prayer of our petition to the king.be rendered ineffectual by a manufactory of gun.
Britain and America are made to be friends; and powder, which has lately been set on foot in this
it is the most unnatural, detestable quarrel beprovince, the materials of which may be procured
tween them that ever happened in the world. in great perfection among ourselves, and at an
Britons and Americans may write or say what they € 181er rate than they can be imported from Great will, but this quarrel never will, and never can be Britain. There are moreover gun-smiths enough
made up, but by restoring us to the state we were in this province, to make one hundred thousand in, in 1763. It is as certain as that London or Boston stand of arms in one year, at 28 s. sterling a-piece, exist, that no other plan or scheme of policy that if they should be wanted. It may not be amiss to ever can be invented, will keep the two countries make this intelligence as public as possible, tbat together, but that which nature dictated, and which our rulers may see the impossibility of enforcing experience found useful for 150 years. It is is the late acts of parliament by arms. Such is the vain, it is delirium, it is frenzy to think of dragoonwonderful martial spirit which is enkindled among
ing three millions of English people out of their us, that we begin to think the whole force of Bri. liberties, at the distance of 3000 miles. It is still tain could not subdue us. We trust no less to the
more extravagantly wild for a nation to think of natural advantages of our country than to our nuin.
doing it, when itself is sinking down into a bot. bers, and military preparations, in the contidence tomless gulph of debt, in order to make the con. and security of which we boast. The four New quered lift her out of it. England colonies, togetber with Virginia and Mary. “The congress bave drawn a line by the banks land, are completely armed and disciplined. The of the ocean. They have claimed their own exclu.
sive jurisdiction in all interior concerns, and in all “There is a spirit prevailing here, such as I ne. cases of taxation. They have left to Great Britain ver saw before. I remember the conquest of Lou. , the exclusive sovereignty of the ocean, and over isburg in 1745; I remember the spirit here when their trade. They have placed both upon consti- the duke d’Anville's squadron was upon this coast, tutional principles; and if Britons are not content when forty thousand men marched down to Boswith all we have but our liberty, we say as the cor. ton, and were inustered and numbered upon the poration of London said to the king in 1770, “We common, complete in arms, from this province on. eall God and men to witness, that as we do not ly in three weeks, but I remember nothing like owe our liberty to those nice and subtle distinc. what I have seen these six months past." tions wbich pensions and lucrative employments
(Almon's Remembrancer. have invented, so neither will we be deprived of it by them; but as it was gained by the stern virtue
Anecdote of general Putnam.—During the late of our ancestors, by the virtue of their descendants war, when general Amherst was marching across it shall be preserved."
the country to Canada, the army coming to one of
the lakes, which they were obliged to pass, found “The congress consisted of the representatives the French had an armed vessel of twelve guns of twelve colonies. Three millions of free white
upon it. He was in great distress; his boats were people were there represented. Many of the mem
no match for her; and she alone was capable of bers were gentlemen of ample fortunes and emi.
sinking his whole army in that situation. While nent abilities. Neither corruption nor intrigue had he was pondering what should be done, Putnam any share, I believe, in their elections to this ser.
comes to him, and says, "general, that ship must be vice, and in their proceedings you may see the
taken.” Aye, says Amherst, I would give the world sense, the temper and principles of America, and she was taken. "I'll take her,” says Putnam.-which she will support and defend, even by foroe Amberst smiled, and asked bow? “Give me some of arms, if no other means will do.
wedges, a beetle, (a large wooden hammer, or “The state of this province is a great curiosity: maul, used for driving wedges) and a few men of I wish the pen of some able historian may trans. my own choice." Amberst could not conceive how
an armed essel was to be taken by four or five mit it to posterity. Four hundred thousand people are in a state of nature, and yet as still and men, a beetle, and wedges. However, he granted
Putnam's request. When night came, Putnam, peaceable at present as ever they were when gov.
with his materials and men, went in a boat under ernment was in full vigor. We have neither legis
the vessel's stern, and in an instant drove in the lators nor magistrates, nor executive officers. We
wedges behind the rudder, in a little cavity be. have no officers but military ones. Of these, we
tween the rudder and ship, and left her. In the have a multitude, chosen by the people, and exer. cising them with more authority and spirit than morning, the sails were seen fluttering about: she
was adrift in the middle of the lake; and being ever any did who had commissions from a gov.
presently blown ashore, was easily taken.
“The town of Boston is a spectacle worthy of
The Rev. Mr. Payson, of Chelsea, near Boston, the attention of a deity, suffering amazing distress,
a gentleman of the mildest manners, soundest yet determined to endure as much as human na.
learning, and most amiable character, who has ever ture can, rather than betray America and posterity.
been so warm on the side of government, that parGeneral Gage’s army is sickly, and extremely ad. son Treadwell
, and others, on the side of the peodicted to desertion. What would they be, if things
ple, have repeatedly refused to let him preach in were brought to extremities? Do you think such their pulpits; being at Lexington, and with his own an army would march tbrough our woods and thick. eyes seeing that the king's troops had fired first, ets, and country villages, to cut the throats of lion and committed murder—and, being himself á witest people contending for liberty?
ness of other of their barbarities, could not endure
the sight without taking vengeance; he therefore "The neighboring colonies of New Hampshire, put himself at the head of a party, and with his Rhode Island, and Connecticut, are arming and musket
, led them on to the attack-engaged, and training themselves with great spirit, and if they killed, or wounded, and took prisoners, the whole must be driven to the last appeal, devoutly pray. party mentioned in one of the accounts, as going ing for the protection of heaven.
lup with provisions and ammunition for the main