bocy. What will government say to this desertion rannical acts of the ministry and parliament of Briof one among many of their warmest friends!--It tain, hath diffused itself so universally throughout sceros as if the cause was such, that no honest man this province, that the people, even to its most ex. could appear in it.

tended frontiers, are indefatigable in training them.

selves to military discipline. The aged, as well as From the New.York Journal.

the young, daily march out under the banners of NEWPORT May 22, 1775.

liberty, and discover a determined resolution to The people of New Jersey have taken possession maintain her cause even until death. In the towa of the treasury of that province, in which was the of Reading, in Berks county, there had been soit.e amount of between twenly and thirty thousand time past three companies formed, and very for. pounds; which money is to be appropriated to the ward in their exercise; since, however, we are well payment of the troops now raised in that province, informed, a fourth company have 29sociated under for the defence of the liberties of America.

the name of the Old Man's company. It consists

of about eighty Germans, of the age of forty and WORCESTER, May 17.

upwards. Many of them have been in the military A great number of governor Hutchinson's let. service in Germany. The person who, at their first ters have lately fallen into the hands of our people. assembling, led them to the field, is 97 years of A correspondent at Rosbury has favored us with

age, has been 40 years in the regular service, and the following extract from one of them to general in 17 pitched battles, and the drummer is 84. la Gage, then at New York, dated at Boston, July 20, lieu of a cockade, they wear in their hats a black 1770. "It appears to me to be a matter of great crape, as expressive of their sorrow for the mouraimportance to bis majesty's general service, and to ful events which have occasioned them, at their the real interest of the colonies, that the discord late time of life, to take arms against our brethren, beginning between New York and us should be en- in order to preserve that liberty which they left couraged: I wrote some time ago to Mr. C their native country to enjoy, upon this subject, but be rather declined concern. ing himself in it; he certainly has a strange aver. sion, which nothing but the confederacy against

In the assembly of Pennsylvania, June 29, 1775.Great B-itain could have conquered: this has too The house taking into consideration, that many of much vie appearance of Machiavelian policy; but the good people of this province are conscientious. it is justifiahle, as it has the most obvious tenden. ly scrupulous of bearing arms, do hereby earnestly cy to save the colonies ruining themselves, as well recommend to the associators for the defence of as preventing them destroying the mother country.

their country, and others, that they bear a tender If Prinsilvania could be brought to take part with and brotherly regard towards this class of their New York, I think the business would be done. I

fellow subjects and countrymen; and to these conmust beg the favor of you not to let this letter scientious people it is also recommended, that they come under any other than your own observation." cheerfully assist, in proportion to their abilities,

such persons as cannot spend both time and sub.

stance in the service of their country without great PHILADELPHIA, June 9, 1775.

injury to themselves and families. The following paragraphs are taken from the Pennsylvania Mercury:

Extract of a letter from Philadelphia, dated July 10, The ladies in Bristol township have evidenced a

1775, from a gentleman of consideration and fortune. Jaudable regard to the interest of their country.

“Travel through whatever part of this country At their own expense, they have furnished the re. giment of that county with a suit of colours and you will, you see the inbabitants training, making

firelocks, casting mortars, shells and shot, and drums, and are now making a collection to supply muskets to such of the men as are not able to sup. mills at work during the next autumn and winter.

making salipetre, in order to keep the gunpowder ply theinselves. We hear the lady, who was ap. Nothing, indeed, is attended to but preparing to pointed to present the colors to the regiment, gave make a defence that will astonish the whole world, in charge to ihe soldiers, never to desert the colors

and hurl destruction on those who, to preserve of the ladies, if they ever wished that the ladies

themselves in office, bave advised measures so fashould list under their banners.

tal both to Britain and America. At least t700 kun. The spirit of opposition to the arbitrary and ty.'dred thousand men are now in arms, and well traje

ed, ready to march whenever wanted for the sun The king is too just and too generous not to beport of American freedom and property. In short, lieve, that the votes I have given in parliament a spirit of enthusiasm for war is gone forth, that have been given according to the dictates of my bas driven away the fear of death; and magazines conscience. Whether I have erred or not, the of provisions and ammunition, by order of the states course of future events must determine. In the general of America, ( or the twelve United Colonies ) mean time, if I were capable of such duplicity, as are directed to be made in all proper places, against to be any way concerned in enforcing those mea. the next campaign.”

sures of which I have so publicly and solemnly ex.

pressed my disapprobation, I should ill deserve The Synod of New York and Philadelphia, pub what I am most ambitious of obtaining, the esteem lished a pastoral letter, which was read in the and favorable opinion of my sovereign. churches under their care on Thursday, June 29,

My request therefore to your lordship is this, 1775, being the day of the general fast. This let-tbat after having laid those circumstances before ter begins with intreating all ranks of people to the king, you will assure his majesty, that he has acknowledge their sing, and turn from the errors not a subject who is more ready than I am with of their ways; and “as the whole continent, with the utmost cheerfulness to sacrifice bis life and hardly any exception, seem determined to defend fortune in support of the safety, honor, and digni. their rights by force of arms, it becomes the peculty of his majesty's crown and person. But the liar duty of those who profess a willingness to

very same principles which have inspired me with hazard their lives in the cause of liberty, to be these unalterable sentiments of duty and affection prepared for death, which to many must be a cer- to his majesty, will not suffer me to be instrumentain, and to every one is a possible or probable tal in depriving any part of his people of those 1:event. It is well known to you, (otherwise it would berties which form the best security for their fi. be imprudent thus publicly to profess) that we delity and obedience to his government. As I can. have not been instrumental in inflaming the minds of not, without reproach from my own conscience, the people, or urging them to acts of violence and consent to bear arms against my fellow subjects in disorder. Perhaps no instance can be given on so America, in what, to my weak discernment, is not interesting a subject, in which political sentiments

a clear cause; and as it seems now to be finally rehave been so long and so fully kept from the pul. solved, that the 22d regiment is to go upon Ame. pit, and even malice itself has not charged us with rican service, I desire your lordship to lay me in laboring for the press; but things are now come the most dutiful manner at his majesty's feet, and to such a height, that we do not wish to conceal bumbly beg that I may be permitted to retire. our opinions as men. Suffer us therefore to ex.

Your lordship will also be so obliging to entreat, hort you, by assuring you, that there is no army so

Ibat as I wave what the custom of the service would formidable as those who are superior to the seat of death. Let therefore every one who, from ge.

entitle me to the right of selling what I bought, I nerosity of spirit, or benevolence of heart, offers may be allowed to retain my rank in the army, himself as a champion in bis country's cause, be whenever the envy or ambition of foreign powers persuaded to reverence the Lord of Hosts, and walk should require it, I may be enabled to serve his in the fear of the Prince of the kings of the earth, majesty and my country in that way, in wbich alone and then he may, with the most unshaken firmness,

I can expect to serve them with any degree of

effect. expect the issue even in death or victory."

Your lordship will easily conceive the regret and

mortification I feel at being necessiated to quit the The following is a copy of lord Effingham's resigna military profession, which has been that of my an

tion of his commission in the British army. cestors for many generations, to wbich I have been To LORD BARRINGTOX, secretary at war.

bred almost from my infancy, to which I have de. MY LORD:~I beg the favor of your lordship to voted the study of my life; and to perfect myself lay before his majesty the peculiai embarrassment in wbich, I have sought instruction and service in of my present situation.

whatever part of the world they were to be found. Your lordship is no stranger to the conduct I have delayed this to the last moment, lest any which I have observed in the unbappy disputes wrong construction should be given to a conduct with our American colonies.

which is influenced only by the purest motives. I



complain of nothing; I love my profession, and mon ball assembled, with the most unfeigned res. should think it highly blameable to quit any course pect, beg leave to offer to your lordship the just of life, in which I might be useful to the public, so tribute of our thanks for your noble and spirited, long as my constitutional principles, and my no. though hitherto ineffectual esertions in the cause tions of honor, permitted me to continue in it. of liberty and of your country, fully evinced in I have the honor to be, with great respect, your tional proceedings of a corrupt administration.

your opposition to the oppressive and unconstita. lordship’s most obedient, and most humble servant,

“With equal grief and indignation, we have for EFFINGHAX.

years beheld repeated innovations on the free con. Adelphi Buildings, April 12, 1775.

stitution of these realms, and daily invasions of the DUBLIN, August 25, 1775.

dearest rights and immunities of the subject. We At Guildball, Dublin, the 17th of July, 1775, being

have seen with astonishment popery established by quarter-day of the Guild of merchants of the said law in one, and encouraged in every part of the city, the following resolutions were agreed to:

empire, in the reign of a Protestant prince; and

despotism and arbitrary power promoted by every Resolved, unanimously, That the sincere thanks insidious machination and open violence, by the of this Guild be presented to the right honorable servants of the crown, in the reign of a monarch the earl of Effingham, in testimony of our appro- who, from the throne, declared he glorified in being bation of his public conduct, particularly exempli- a Bridon born; and whose family was called to the fied in his refusing to draw that sword which had throne of these kingdoms to protect the Protestant been employed to the honor of his country, against religion, and preserve that constitution inviolate the lives and liberties of his fellow subjects in for which our ancestors so freely bled, and for the America; and honestly and spiritedly resigning a invading of wbich, a tyrant was expelled the throne. commission which he could no longer hold consist.

“But while we contemplate with horror the unient with the principles of a true Englishman, or of

versal ruin and devastation in which the empire is a real friend to the interest of Britain."

nearly involved by the wicked devices of evil men, Resolved, That the sincere thanks of this Guild we with pleasure survey the steady, incorruptible, de presented to the right bonorable Jour Wilkes, and patriotic virtues wbich adorn you and shield lord mayor of the city of London, for the essential us; while we boast of such a noble band of patriservices which be has rendered his king and coun. ots, while we see united in the cause of freedom try, by his strenuous efforts in the cause of free- such a number of the true hereditary guardians of dom; and for his able, spirited, and judicious de liberty, and of the principles of the glorious revafence of the right of the people to petition the lution, we cannot, we will not despair of seeing throne.”

once more the valuable constitution of these cous

tries restored to its primitive purity. There was to the last resolution a single negative given by a Scotchman, who has an employment

“Permit us therefore, to offer your lordship our in our stamp office.

warmest, our most grateful acknowledgements as Resoļoed unanimously, That an address of thanks Protestants, for your steady opposition to the esfrom the Guild be presented to the several peers, tablishment of popery and slavery in Canada; as who (in support of our constitution, and in opposi- freemen, for your manly and spirited opposition to tion to a weak and wicked administration) protest the several restraining bilis; and your noble efforts ed against the American, restraining bills.”—And in the support of American liberty, and in the cause the following gentlemen were appointed, with the of our suffering and much oppressed brethren and masters and wardens, a committee to prepare the fellow subjects there; and we have the fullest reii

ance on your steady perseverance in the same prin.

ciples which have so strongly endeared you, not James Napper Tandy, / Samuel Gamble,

only to us, but to every real friend of the British Henry Hawison, Samuel Stephens, Sir Edw. Newenbam, Hugh Croibers.

empire and its constituents." John Pere,

In testimony wł eof, we have caused the seal Who prepared the following:

of our corporation to be bereunto aftixed, this 17th “We, the masters, wardens, and brethren of the day of July, in the year of our Lord, 1775. Quild of merchants in the city of Dublin, in com.



Midsummer Assembly, July 21, 1775. Given at the head quarters at Cambridge, this Resolved, that the thanks of the sheriffs and 10th day of July, 1775. commons be presented to lord Effingham, for hav.

HORATIO GATES, Adj. Gen. ing chosen gloriously to resign bis commission, ra ther than imbrue his hands in the blood of his in. Extract of a letter from Charlestown, South Carolie

na, August 5, 1775. nocent and oppressed fellow subjects.”

“Be assured, peace will never be firmly estab. Which being enclosed to his lordship by the

lisbed between Great Britain and America, until proper officer, the following answer was received:

the latter receives an ample recognition of her Sir:-"I have been favored with your letter of rights, and a full satisfaction for the blood that has the 21st of July last, enclosing the copy of a reso- or may be sbed. The inhabitants of this vast conlution of the sheriffs and commons of the city of tinent would give up all their sea-coast towns, re. Dublin.

tire into the interior country, and contentedly sub“Next to the testimony of a man's own conscience, sist on the bare necessaries of life, rather than subis, in my opinion, bis greatest happiness to have mit to the implicit subjugation of a British parliathe approbation of the wise and honest among his ment. But don't apprehend they will guffer this

distress like docile woimals. No: depend, they fellow subjects.

will protect their property to the last extremity, “The former of these can, I think, be no other and although they bave hitherto acted only on the way enjoyed, than by a strict adherence to those defensive, believe me, unless there is an evident principles, which, at the revolution, established prospect of accommodation tbis winter, bostilities our civil and religious liberties; and it is easy, sir, will commence on their part, by and, with the as. for you to conceive, but beyond my abilities to ex-sistance of a foreign power, and with a spirit that press what I felt, at my conduct's being judged, will alarm all Europe. And then farewell to Great by so independent and respectable an assembly as Britain.” the sheriffs and commons of the city of Dublin, de. serving of the latter.

Fragment of a speech made in the general congress of "I am, with truth and respect, sir, your most America, by one of the delegates in 1775--author obedient humble servant, EFFINGHAM. unknown. From Almon's Remembrancer. The Holmes, Aug. 14, 1775.

The great God, sir, who is the searcher of all

things, will witness for me, that I have spoken to New York, July 31, 1775. Instructions for the officers of the several regi

you, from the bottom and purity of my heart. We

have heard that this is an arduous consideration. ments of the Massachusetts Bay forces, who are

And surely, sir, we have consider ed it earnestly. immediately to go upon the recruiting service.

may think of every gentlemen here, as I know of You are not to enlist any deserter from the min. myself, that, for seven years past, this question has isterial army, nor any stroller, negro, or vagabond, filled the day with anxious thought, and the night or person suspected of being an enemy to the li- with care. The God to whom we appeal, must berty of America, nor any under eighteen years of judge us. If the grievances, of which we com. age.

plain, did not come upon us unprovoked and unAs the cause is the best than can engage men of

expected-when our hearts were filled with re. . courage and principle to take up arms, so it is ex.

spectful affection for our parent state, and with

loyalty to our king--let slavery, the worst of hupected that none but such will be accepted by the

man ills, be our portion. Nothing less than seven recruiting officer; the pay, provision, &c. being so ample, it is not doubted but the officers sent upon could have sbaken such rooted sentiments. Unhapa

years of insulted coinplaints and reiterated wrongs, this service, will without delay, complete their

pily for us, submission and slavery are the same, and respective corps, and march the men forthwith to the camp.

we have only the melancholy alternative left-of

ruin or resistance. You are not to enlist any person who is not an

The last petition of this congress to the king, American born, unless such person has a wife and

contained all that our unhappy situation could family, and is a settled resident in this country.

suggest. It represented our grievances; implored The person you enlist, must be provided with good and complete arms.

* In 1774, presented last Christmas.

[ocr errors]

redress, and professed our readiness to contribute world, the nurse of heroes, the delight of Gods! for the general want, to the utmost of our abilities, through the invigorating operation of unceasing when constitutionally required.

wars!—"Per dumna, per cædes,ab ipso jurit spea

animumque ferro." How often bas Flanders been The apparently gracious reception it met with,

the theatre of contending powers, conflicting hosts, promised us a due consideration of it; and that

and blood! Yet what country is more flourishing consideration relief. But, alas! Sir, it seems at

and fertile! Trace back the history of our parent that moment the very reverse was intended. For

siate. Whether you view her artaying Angles ii now appears, that in a very few days after this

*gainst Danes; Danes against Saxons; Saxons agains: specious answer to our agents, a circuler letter

Normans; the Barons against the usurping princes, was privately written by the same secretary of state; to the governors of the colonies, before par. that between the people and tbe tyrant Stuart—you

or the civil wars of the red and white roses, or liament had been consulted, pronouncing the con

see her in a state of almost continual warfare. h gress illegal, our grievances pretended, and vainly almost every reign, to the commencement of that commanding them to prevent our meeting again. of Henry the Vilth, her peaceful bosom (in her Perhaps, sir, the ministers of a great nation, never

poet's phrase) was gored with iron war. It was before committed an act of such narrow policy and

in the peaceful reigns of Henry VII. Henry VII. treacherous duplicity. They found parliament,

and Charles II. tbat she suffered the severest however, prepared to support every one of their

extremities of tyranny and oppression. But amid measures.

her civil contentions, she Aourished and grew I forbear, sir, entering into a detail of those acts, strong, trained in them, she sent her bardy legions which, from their atrociousness, must be felt and forth, which planted the standard of England upon remembered forever. They are calculated to carry the battlements of Paris; extending her commerce fire and sword, famine and desolation, through and her dominion. these flourishing colonies. They cry, "havoc, and

"Those noble English, who could entertain let slip the dogs of war.” The extremes of rage

With half their forces, the full power of Franse, and revenge, against the worst of enemies, could And let another half, stand laughing by, not dictate measures more desperate and destruc.

Allout of work, and cold for action." tive.

The beautiful fabric of her constitutional liberty

was reared and cemented in blood. From this There are some people who tremble at the ap fullness of her strength tbose scions issued, wbich proach of war. They fear, that it must put an inevitable stop to the further progress of these aking deep root in this delightful land, have reared

their heads, and spread abroad their branches like colonies; and ruin irretrievably those benefits,

the cedars of Lebanon. which the industry of centuries has called forth, from this once savage land. I may commend the Why fear we then, to pursue, through apparent anxiety of these men, without praising their judg-evil-real good? The war, upon which we are to ment.

enter, is just and necessary. "Justum est bellum, xós

necessarium; et pia arma, quibus nulla, nisi in armis, War, like other evils, is often wholesome. The

relinguitur spes.” It is to protect these regions, waters that stagnate, corrupt. The storm that works the ocean into rage, renders it salutary.--and hazard of our fathers and ourselves, trom be

brought to such beauty through the infinite toil Heaven has given us nothing unmixed. The ros is not without the thorn. War calls forth the great

coming the prey of that more desolating cruel

spoiler, than war, pestilence, or famine,-absolute virtues and efforts, which would sleep in the genile

rule and endless extortion. bosom of peace. "Paulum sepulte distat inertia celaia virtus." It opens resources which would be con. Our sufferings have been great-our endurance cealed under the inactivity of tranquil times. Il long. Every effort of patience, complaint, and rouses and enlighteng. It produces a people of supplication, has been exhausted. They seem only animation, energy, adventure, and greatness. Lei to have hardened the hearts of the ministers who us consult history: Did not the Grecian republics oppress us, and double our distresses. Let us prosper amid continual warfare? Their prosperity, therefore consult only how we shall defend our their power, their splendor, grew froin the all-ani- liberties with dignity and success. Our parent mating spirit of warmdid not the cotiages of shep- state will then think us worthy of her, when she herds, rise into imperial Rome, the mistress of the sees that with her liberty we inherit her rigid

« 前へ次へ »