« 前へ次へ »
my three little brothers and myself recieved the ed was my poor drummer, who was killed not fire welcome summons to prepare to attend our parent paces from me; but the next, not at all deterred by on his morning excursion.-."Wbither shall we walk?" the fate of his comrade, commenced the race, ani said he, as we sallied forth with all the eagerness of got over in safety. In like manner most of our bechildhood "To Bunker-hill” was the spontaneous roic band succeeded, and one honest fellow, as he reply of every little voice, and to Bunker-hill my bowed to the word of command, thus addressed father led the way.
me, 'captain I see it is close dodging, but let me once Days of artless innocence, alas! ye are fled forever. get safely over, and I'll spend my heart's last drop Never can I recal the sportive hilarity with which for you, and bring you off again dead or alive, that we lightly bounded over the adjacent fields, never
I will." regain the innocent gaity and improvident lightness
"This honest fellow was a native of Ireland, and of heart, that, under present enjoyments, shut the fu. about six months previous was confined for debt in ture from my view. Yet memory, busy memory, oft the prison of Salem, whence I released bim on co.:retards the flowery way, and, in the visions of the past,
dition that he would enlist; and never man was bles. loses the sense of the present, and the anticipations sed with a more devoted friend than Murphy of the future.
M'Culloch proved to me. With that buoyancy of spirit which refuses to "I was the last to make the adventurous attempt, yield to weariness, we climbed the ascent, and found and though the balls showered about my bead, none ourselves on the summit, from whence we were pre. were permitted to touch me, and we gained the ensented with a view of the whole peninsula, with the trenchment, and passed into the line of battle. bay and harbor of Boston. My father pointed out "On this spot as near as I could recollect, I stood, the relative position of the armies, and entered into and endeavored to do my duty as a soldier of liber. a minute detail of events, which abler historians have ly. I received a ball through the calf of my leg, recorded: they will not therefore occupy a place in and another through my left shoulder, but tuese this narration.
were mere trifles, and stood my ground in spite of Flis own personal adventure, and narrow escape
them. from a living grave, are all that filial piety will jus.
“The gallant and generous Warren was on horse. tify this seeble attempt to perpetuate.
back, pressing from one end of the line to the other, "Pray papa," said my oldest brother, “was it here
animating the troops to a vigorous defence, and that you received that ugly wound that bad nearly every heart bailed bim with love and gratitude. cost you your life?"
"He had ever distinguished me with peculiar “It was on this very spot, my son, behind this
marks of friendship, and as he passed the spot breast-work-but the story is long- you must have where I sood, he condescended to address me with patience, and let me commence at the beginning."
words of cordial recognition. I know not whether
any historian, bas recorded the last words of that Each little heart beat high with expectation, and
hero, but believed they were addressed to myself. mutually promising profound attention, we listened "My young friend, (said he, as be turned to leare to the following tale.
me), do your duty, for the salvation of our country “You see that narrow speck of land yonder that depends on this day's action." unites the peninsula of Charlestown to the adjacent
"He had not moved ten paces before I saw him fal'. country. Over that isthmus, it became my duty to At that moment a shell burst by my side, and was lead the little band under my commar.d, to join the thrown several feet into the air, and then precipitatmain army, in the intrenchment, where we now ed violently to the ground. stand. You see how it is exposed to water-well
"A fragment of the broken shell struck me in te there lay the Glasgow frigate, which kept up a con. breast, and caused a contusion of the sternum, and tinual fire of shot and bombs across that pass, while the violent shock my whole system sustained, took several floating batteries, and the fortification on from me the power of motion. Copps' hill, endeavored to annoy the troops on the
“Blood gushed from my mouth, nose and cars, bill, and drive them from the entrenchment.
and I lay covered with dust unable to speak or “My little band had each the spirit of a Leonidas, move, but for some time perfectly conscious. and not a murmur was heard when I ordered them "I remember to have heard col, B-, who was my to attempt gaining the bill, by running singly father's friend, exclaim William is dead then! well, across the dangerous pass. The first who attempt. he died like a soldier.'
“I felt the pressure of his hand upon my forehead, the whole family appeared at church the next saba As he leaned over me; "he's gone, poor fellow! but bath, clothed in babiliments of sorrow, and in the I'll take his sword-the regulars shall never get note which the minister read for the deceased, wag that.”
an expression of triumpb that he bad fallen for li“This sword was a present from Warren, and, berty. though in that awful moment my soul seemed flut. "The next morning as my mother sat by her win. tering on the verge of eternity, it gave me inexpres.dow, intently watching some little shrubbery wbich sible pleasure, to find that the gift of friendship was the band of her departed child had planted, she likely to be preserved.
discovered, through the vista of the trees that em* “A faintness now came over me, and I heard no bowered our peaceful dwelling, a litter, slowly windo more, and for what succeeded am indebted to the ing along the road. observation of col. B--.
"The hope of being able to afford relief or re. “ The Americans fought with determination and freshment to a wounded soldier, drew my mother to bravery until their last round of ammunition was the little gate that separated her own cultivated expended, and they were reluctantly compelled to lawn from the highway. retreat.
“Will you stop and rest?” said she to the man “My poor Irish soldier, actuated by a sentiment who conducted the litter"Wego no farther,” was that should immortalize his name, now declared that the reply. She heard no more the truth flashed the British should never have his captain, alive or dead. across her mind and she fainted. He sought among the slain for the breathless form of “Long and tenderly was I nursed by that beroio one he loved, and at last recognized the object of woman, and though she sympathised in every pain his search, among a heap of human bodies, which I felt, she never breathed a regret for the part I had some resolute soldiers, where the breastwork' hap- acted, and when I was again able to join my regi. pened to be too high, bad piled up to stand on. ment, she mingled with ber parting blessing a fer
“He bore the inanimate body on his shoulder vent prayer that all her children might prefer death from the scene of carnage; but unable, thus loaded, to slavery.” Such was my father's tale-could I to keep up with his companions, a shot from the bear it and ever forget that I am a soldier's daughpursuers terminated his life, when the main body ter? Never, never. Recollections of patriotism are of the retreating army was out of danger. impressed on every page of my existence, and sen
"Some friends who knew us, passing immediately timents of freedom twined with every fibre of my after, thought they discovered in me signs of return. heart. ing life, and by their means I was conveyed to the Sadly as the tenor of my days kave passed, and hospital."
sorely as the storms of sorrow have beaten on my By this lime the little auditors were in tears, and head, there are hours when the tide of impetuous even Warren was awhile forgotten in admiration of feeling rushes back to the scenes of my infancy, the fidelity of the Irish soldier.
and finds, in tracing the lessons of paternal love, a My father, though a brave man and a soldier, kind of balf oblivion to my cares. Then it is that wept--and though the lapse of twenty years has the spirit of my father glows with undiminished ar. presented new and varied objects to my mind, I am dour, and it is my pride and my boast that I am a not ashamed thata kindred tear has blotted the page
SOLDIER'S DAUGHTER. that records his story.
Recovering his usual composure, and addressing Extract from an Election Sermon, delivered by presio bimself particularly to me, my father thus continued: dent Stiles, before the Connecticut legislature, in May, “What follows is an example of female heroism
1783. and tenderness, if recorded on the page of bistory, “While we render our supreme honors to the might form a counterpart to the story of the Roman Most Higb, tbe God of armies, let us recollect, with mother, who died from the effect of joyful surprise, affectionate honor, the bold and brave sons of free. when her son, whom she thought dead, was restored dom, who willingly offered themselves, and bled in the to her arms.
defence of their country. Our fellow citizens, the “My mother received the news that her darling officers and soldiers of the patriot army, wbo, with dad fallen in battle,--but shed no tears.
the Manlys, the Joneses, and other gallant comman "Her son had done his duty, and what more in ders and brave seamen of the American navy, bave these times of peril could a virtuous mother desire? heroically fought the war by sea and by land, merit, A greeably to the primitive custom of our fathers of their once bleeding, but now triumphant country,
laurels, crowns, rewards, and the highest honors., baron de Steuben shall waf its fragrance to the Never was the profession of arms used with more monarch of Prussia: a marquis de la Fayette shall glory, or in a better cause, since the days of Joshua waft it to a far greater monarch, and diffuse tby the son of Nun. o WASHINGTON! how do I love thy renown throughout Europe. Listening angels shall Dame! how often have I adored and blessed thy God, catch the odour, waft it to heaven, and perfume the for creating and forming thee the great ornament of universe." buman kind. Upheld and protected by the omnipo. tent, by the Lord of Hosts, thou hast been sustained
KOSCIUSCO. and carried through one of the most arduous and important wars in all history. The world and pos. The following is not a revolutionary paper, but it terity will, with admiration, contemplate thy deli.
relates to a noble volunteer in the cause of liberty berate, cool, and stable judgment, thy virtues, thy
in the new world, and a fearless advocate for the valor and heroic achievements, as far surpassing
freedoin of bis native land in the old; and a prethose of Cyrus, whom the world loved and adored. servation of the eulogium upon bim is due to bis The sound of thy fame shall go out into all the earth,
services. It was delivered at Warsaw on the 14th and extend to distant ages. Thou hast convinced
Nov. 1817, by M. Von Neimcewise:, who was bis the world of the BEAUTY OF VIRTUE—for, in thee this
bosom friend. The translation here used was beauty shines with distinguished lustre. Those who made for the "Republican Citizen," published at would not recognize any beauty in virtue in the world Fredericktown, Maryland. beside, will yet reverence it in thee. There is a glory This mournful solemnity, these funeral ritesi in thy disinterested benevolence, which the greatest these blazing tapers, this assemblage of dejected characters would purchase, if possible, at the ex. knights and people, the doleful voice of the venerpense of worlds, and which may excite indeed their able divine, all, all conspire to impress upon us i emulation, but cannot be felt by the venal great strong perception of our great, our irreparable lose who think every thing, even virtue and true glory, What can I add to the accuteness of your feelings, may be bought and sold, and trace our every action or bow dilate upon the ardent expressions of the to motives terminating in self;
reverend ministers of religion Alas! it does not “Find virtue local, all relation scorn,
appertain to these grey hairs, to this enfeebled "See all in self, and but for self be born." voice, to a mind blunted with years, and weakened But thou, o Washington, forgottest thyself, when by infirmities, to eulogize the man, who was courathou lovedst thy bleeding country. Not all the gold ge us and generous in war, and amiable in peace. of Oplir, nor a world filled with rubies and dia. But such was your desire: unmindful of the re. monds, could affect or purchase the sublime and straints and difficulties under which I labor, I will noble feelings of thine heart, in that single self endeavor to comply, and, although myself over. moved act, when thou renouncedst the rew»rds of whelmed with grief, will become the interpreter generalship, and heroically tookesi upon thyself the of this universal mourning. dangerous as well as arduous office of generalissimo Great and destructive have been the losses sus. --and this at a solemo moment, when thou didst de- tained by our country in the lapse of a few years; liberately cast the die, for the dubious, the very du- but we have felt none with such keen anguish, as bious alternative of a gibbet or a triumphal arch!- that which we now bewail in the decease of our be. But, beloved, enshielded and blessed by the great loved Kosciusco. To mention the name of KosciusMelcbisedec, the king of righteousness as well as co, that pattern of virtuous citizenship; to depict peace, thou hast triumphed gloriously. Such bas his love of country, which continued to blaze out been thy military wisdom in the struggles of this whilst there was a breath of life remaining; his fear. arduous conflict, such the noble rectitude, amiable. less intrepidity in battle; his manly fortitude in ad. ness and mansuetude of thy character: something versity; his patient endurance of suffering; his Ro. is there so singularly glorious and venerable thrown man uprightness of deportment; bis delicate modes. by Heaven about thee, that not only does thy county, 'bat inseparable accompaniment of real worthtry love thee, but our very enemies stop the mad. is to awaken a thousand pleasing, but alas ! also ness of their fire in full voliey, stop the illiberaliiy numberless painful emotions in the breast of every of their slander, at thy name, as if rebuked from native of Poland. Ileaven with a "touch not mine anointed, and do my Ere History shall record our misfortunes, and ex. RERO on harm.” Thy fame is of sweeter perfume hibit, in their true light, the merits of this truly than Arabian spices in the gardens of Persia. Algreat man, be it permitted to us, his contempora
ries, to notice, in condensed brevity, his noble ac- should enlarge upon the occurrences of the memo. tions, and the principal incidents of his life. rable war which followed. The army of Kosciusco
Thaddeus Kosciusco, descended from an ancient was not composed of warriors, arrayed in the pride family in the palatinate of Brescia, in Lithuania of military pomp:'N ! he led troops of irritated pea. proper, received the rudiments of his education in santry to the field of glory; peasantry, armed with the the military academy founded by Stanislaus Augus implements of husbandry, against experienced and tus. The commandant of that academy, prince veteran soldiers!-How many battles, sieges, dread. Adam Czartorski, soon remarked the uncommon ful nocturnal sallies and skirmishes did they sustain? military genius of the youth, together with bis pre-The earth was ensanguined with the blood of the dilection for the science of war, and in consequence, commandanis ere it furnished them with graves. sent bim into France to complete his studies. To The result of all these sacrifices, sufferings and the latest moments of his life, Kosciusco gratefully exertions, were inhuman fetters. The captivity con, remembered the obligations which he owed to the tinued two years, and would have lasted yet longer; bounty of his benefactor. The abject, impotent and -nor would's thou, Kosciusco, have ended :hy days submissive situation of Poland, at that period, en. in Solothurn's free walls--nor would you, ye weepgen lered dejection and despair in his useful breast. ing sons of Poiand, bave again enjoyed the sweet He left his country and repaired to a foreign land, smiles of liberty, but would have dragged out the there to fight the baltles of independence, when he miserable remnant of your lives in dark and moul. found that her standard would not be raised in the dering dungeons, had it not been for the magnani. land of his birth. A. the companion of the immor. mous interference of Paull. The first act of his tai WASHINGT JN, he fought bravely from the Hud. reign was to burst tbe fetters of twenty thousand son to the Potomac, from the shores of the Atlan- Poles. Thanks to thee, venerabie shade! The name tic to the lakes of C..nada. He patiently endured of Paul cannot be mentioned by a native of Poland, incredible fatigue; he acquired renown; and, what without feelings of genuine gratitude! W.is infinitely more valuable in his estimation, be When Kosciusco was liberated, lie did not turn acquired the love and gratitude of a disenthraled his steps to tbat depressed and mourning country, nation. The flag of the United States waved in tri which had already become as a strange land to him. umph over the American forts, and the great work No: he turned his eyes to that distant shore, where of liberation was finished ere Kosciusco returned to in his youth, he had mingled in the combat for li. his native country.
berty and independence; to that land which bekoew Just at that period Poland awoke; but alas! awoke would receive him as une of her own children. Al too late from her deplorable lethargy. She had pro- though covered with scars and crippled, he did not claimed the memorable constitution of the third of permit the fatigues and dangers of the voyage to May, and determined to acknowledge no laws but dishearten him. He einbarked for America; and, du. her own. Hence the inimical attack, hence the de- ring this voyage, the occan had nearly become the solating wars which ensued. Say, ye few remain. grave of our hero. A vessel, belonging to a fleet of ing witnesses—say ye fields of Zielenice and Du merchantmen, returning from Jamaica, was separat. bioki, did not Kosciusco, did not the Poles con- ed from her company in a dark night, and wbilst tend with a valor worihy the sons of Poland? sailing with the greatest rapidity, struck the Ame-It was not that our feeble force was over. rican ship. Musis, rigging and sails were instantly powered: No-it was by the stratagems and wiles entangled. Two large vessels lay beating forcibly of our enemies that our arms were wrested from against each other. Great Was ihe tumult, noise our hands, and the burning desire for the combat and disorder upon deck-deatb stared us in the smothered; aye, smothered! for in a short time the face. Kosciusco viewed the scene, at this dismay. dismemberment of our territory, and the contemp- ing and terrifying momeni, with his usual serenity tuous, the scornful treatment which wereceived, ex. and composure: but his last hour bud not yet arrive asperated the feelings of our people. The excess of ed. Providence had ordained that he should sur. their misfortunes and sufferings roused them to an vive to see that day on which the generous Alexander effort of noble and almost frenzied desperation proclaimed the restoration of the kingdom of Po. His enraged countrymen grasped the sword and land. We escaped this imminent danger with the placed it in the hands of Kosciusco!
loss of the main-mast and corn sails, but the voyage The fraternal bonds which unite us to another was, in consequence of the disaster, protracted to astion, the protection of one common sovereign, seventy days. At lengtb we espied the happy shores and the gratitude due to Alexander, forbid that I lof the land of freedom. Pennsylvania! the country
of Pexy and FRANKLIN, received Kosciusco into her, may thy memory be immortal amongst us. May bosom. After suffering such accumulated miseries, thy statue be placed in the sanctuary of the Lord, this was the first happy and joyful moment. The in order to perpetuate the lineaments of thy face, members of congress, then in session-his old com- the benevolence of thy heart, and the purity of tby patriots in arms his friends and acquaintances, and soul. May thy cenotaph be like thy life, plain and the citizens generally, hailed his arrival with unaf-junostentatious, with no inscription but thy name: lected pleasure. The people surrounded the car. tbat will be all-sufficient! Whenever a native or riage of him, who had been one of their favorite stranger shall with tearful eyes behold it, he will be chiefs, who bad suffered so much in their cause, and compelled to exclaim, “That was the man who did accompanied him to his lodgings. Not only in Ame not permit bis countrymen to die ingloriously, and rica, but also in every European city through which whose virtues, magnanimity, intrepidity and patriot. he passed after his liberation, in Stockholm, in Lon. ism immortalized bimself and his beloved country.“ don, and in Bristol, all those who cherished in their hearts a love of liberty, and a regard for her defen.
FROM THE BOSTOT PATRIOT. ders, thronged about him and gave bim the inost It is good for us all to look back on "olden time?" lively demonstrations of their esteem. Oh! it was “It is both good and proper for the young men and greatful to the heart of a Polander to perceive, in the youth of the present day to see and read some the bonor and respect with which his chief was re- of the official acts of their fathers and grandfathers; ceived, esteem and commisseration for the fate of and thereby to trace out and mark down the emi. an unjustly destroyed nation.
nent exertions, the privations, dangers and suffer. Was it the delusion of hope or the wish to bave ings to which they were exposed in struggling the advantage of the best medical advice, that in through the arduous contest to establish the liberduced Kosciusco to visit the shores of Europe once ty and independence of their country, and to promore? If it was hope, soon, alas! did he preceive its vide for their posterity a naȚIONAŲ NAMB—a home, fallaciousness and vanity, and the inutility of human a sbelter and a fireside. Read this and treasure it exertions. He rejected the bustle and applause of for the time to come. the world, and, if I may ho express myself, enclosed By the congress of the United States of Americaþimself in the mantle of his own virtues and retired
A MANIFESTO. to the rural solitude of a farm. Here agriculture
“These United States baving been driven to hos. was his employment, bis solace, and his delight.- tilities by the oppressive and tyrannous measures of He left his peaceful retirement, for the first time, Great Britain; having been compelled to commit the to thank the illustrious Alexander for the restora. essential rights of man to the decision of arms; and tion of the Polish name. His aversion to public baving been, at length, forced to shake off a yoke employment, which had increased with age, bis love which had grown too burdensome to bear, they deof solitude and quiet, led bim into Switzerland.— clared themselves free and independent. There in the city of Solothurn, it pleased the sl.
Confiding in the justice of their cause; confiding mighty to call his virtuous soul, from the scene of in him who disposes of human events, although its sufferings and trials, to the abode of the blessed. weak and unprovided, they set the power of their He died as it became a christian and a soldier, with enemies at defiance. a firm reliance on his God, with complacency and In this confidence they have continued through manly fortitude. Poor as his prototypes, Phocion the various fortune of three bloody campaigns, uband Cincinnatus, he forbade all pomp and show at awed by the power, unsubdued by the barbarity of his funeral; and that man, who in the field of bat. their fues. Their virtuous citizens have borne, tle bad commanded thousands of armed warriors, without repining, the loss of many things which was carried to the last repository of frail mortality, makes life desirable. Their brave troops have paupon the shoulders of six poor old men!
tiently endured the hardships and dangers of a siPeace to thy ashes, thou virtuous man! receive tuation, fruitful in both beyond former example. the last and parting laments of thy sorrowing coun. The congress, considering themselves bound to trymen; receive the parting address of him, in whose love their enemies, as children of that being who is arms thou hast so often reposed thine aching head. equally the father of all; and desirous, since ibey If thy native country do not receive thy mortal re- could not prevent, at least to alleviate, the calamimains into her lap, while thy liberated spirit dwells ties of war, have studied to spare those who were in in the same abode with the last Roman," then arms against Ibem, and to lighten the chains or L'! limuus Romanorum, Marcus Junius Brutus has been so called. I captivity,