The conduct of those serving under the king of our enemies presume to execute their threats, or Great Britan hath, with some few exceptions, been persist in their present career of barbarity, we will diametrically opposite. They have laid waste the take such exemplary vengeance as shall deter others open country, burned the defenceless villages, and from a like conduct. We appeal to that God who butchered the citizens of America. Their prisons searcheth the hearts of men, for the rectitude of our bave been the slaughter-houses of ber soldiers; their intentions; and, in His holy presence, we declare, ships of her seamen, and the severest injuries have that as we are not moved by any light and basty suge been aggravated by the grossest insults.

gestions of anger and revenge, so through every pos. Foiled in their vain attempt to subjugate the un.

sible change of fortune we will adhere to this our de

termination. conquerable spirit of freedom, they have meanly assailed the representatives of America with bribes,t

Done in Congress, by unanimous consent, the thir. with deceit, and the servility of adulation. They tieth day of October, one thousand seven hundred

and seventy-eight. have made a mock of humanity, by the wanton des. truction of men: they have made a mock of religion,

(Signed) HENRY LAURENS, President." by impious appeals to God wbilst in the violation of his sacred commands: they have made a mock even of reason itself, by endeavoring to prove tbat the li.

New York, Nov. 22, 1821. berty and happiness of America could safely be in William Coleman, esq. trusted to those, who have sold their own, unawed

DEAR SIR–Agreeably to your request, I wil. by the sense of virtue or of shame.

lingly give you the enclosed copies of papers relat. Treated with the contempt which such conducting to the events of that memorable day, so soon deserved, they have applied to individuals; they to be celebrated in this city. I feel grateful to the have solicited them to break the bonds of allegiance, gentleman who transmitted them to me-and I canand embrue their souls with the blackest of crimes; not doubt but the possession of them will be gratis but, fearing that none could be found through these fying to every American. United States equal to the wickedness of their purpose,

Your obedient humble servant, to influence weak niinds, they have threatened more

Aaron Cuaux,

, wide devastation.

Danbury, ( Conn.) Aug. 24, 1821, While the shadow of hope remained, that our ene.

Mr. Aaron Clark: mies could be taught by our example to respect

Sir-Having observed that you are collecting those laws which are held sacred among


various documents relating to the history of the nations, and to comply with the dictates of a reli- state of New-York, I take the liberty of enclosing gion, which they pretend in common with us to believe and to revere, they bave been left to the influed between the citizens of the city of New York

to you copies of the addresses which were exchangence of that religion and that example. But since and the American generals who entered the city their incorrigible dispositions cannot be touched

in triumph after the evacuation of the British in by kindness and compassion, it becomes our duty

1783. by other means to vindicute the righis of humanity.

A committee had been appointed by the citizens We, therefore, the congress of the United States to wait upon gen. Washington and gov. Clinton and of America, do solemnly declare and proclaim, that if other American officers, and to express their joy

*Notes by the transcriber-who recollects that se- ful congratulation to them upon this occasion. A yeral of his school mates suffered severely on board procession for this purpose formed in the Bowery, the Jersey prison ship; and he knows several persons yet living in Boston, who felt the iron hand and heart marched through a part of the city, and halted at of unrelenting barbarity, while prisoners on board a tavern, then known by the name of Cape's tavern, " that poisoned foaling dungeon," in the harbor of in Broadway, where the following addresses were New-York, when in possession of the British.

delivered. Mr. Thomas Tucker, late of this towo, † The supposed or reputed author, (SAMUEL ADAMS), of the above elegantly written ştate paper, and, at that time, a reputable merchant in New. chose the high honor and exalted feeling of support. York, a member of the committee, was selected to ing the liberties and equal rights of his countrymen, with a moderate fortune, to the low and grovelling perform the office on the part of the committee. dignity of a “British pensioner of two thousand guineas The originals now lie before me, over the signatures per annum for life.He was in the cabinet of his of the respective generals. country, what general Greene was in the field; "ever early, ever watchful, and never weary of toil

I am, sir, your very obedient humble servant, or fatigue until he saw all was well.”


To his excellency George Washington, esquire, general, return again in peace and triumph to enjoy the and commander in chief of the armies of the fruits of your virtuous conduct. United States of America,

The fortitude and perseverance which you and The address of the citizens of New-York, who have your suffering brethren bave exhibited in the course

returned from exile, in behalf of themselves and of the war, have not only endeared you to your their suffering brethren:

countrymen, but will be remembered with admiraSir-At a moment when the army of tyranny lion and applause, to the latest posterity. is yielding up its fondest usurpations, we hope the May the tranquility of your city be perpetual saluations of long-suffering exiles, but now happy may the ruins soon be repaired, commerce flourish, freemen, will not be deemed an unhappy tribute. In science be fostered, and all the civil and social vir. this place, and at this moment of exultation and tri-tues be cherished in the same illustrious manner umpi, while the ensigns of slavery still linger in our which formerly reflected so much credit on the sight, we look up to you, our deliverer, with unusual inbabitants of New.York. In five, may every species transports of gratilude and joy. Permit us to wel. of felicity attend you, gentlemen, and your worthy come you to this city, long torn from us by the hard fellow-citizens.

GEORGE WASHINGTOI. hand of oppression, but now, by your wisdom and energy, under the guidance of Providence, once more The address to god. Clinton, with the answer. the seat of peace and freedom. We forbear to speak to his excellency George Cl-nton, esquire, governor of our gratitude or your praise. We should but echo

the state of New York, commander in chief of the the voice of applauding millions. But the citizens

militia, and admiral of the navy of the same, of New.York are eminently indebted to your vir- The address of the citizens of New York, who bare tues; and we, who have now the honor to address

returned from exile, in behalf of themselves and your excellency, have often been companions of

their suffering breihren: your sufferings and witnesses of your exertions.

Str-When we consider your faithful labors at Permit us, therefore, to approach your excellency the head of the government of this stale, devoid, as with the dignity and sincerity of freemen, and to

we conceive every free people ought to be, of Aat. assure you that we shall preserve, with our latest

tery, we think we should not be wanting in gratibreath, our gratitude for your services, and venera-tude to your vigilant and assiduous services in the tion for your character; and accept of our sincere

civil line. and earnest wishes that you may long enjoy that

The state, sir, is highly indebted to you in your calm domestic felicity, which you have so gener military capacity; a sense of your real merit vill ously sacrificed—that the cries of injured liberly

secure to you that reputation which a brave man may never more interrupt your repose--and that

opposing himself in defence of bis country, will your happiness may be equal to your virtues.

ever deserve. Signed, at the request of the meeting,

We most sincerely congratulate you on your bapThomas Randall, Thomas Tucker,

py arrival at the capital of the state. Your excel. Danl. Phænix,

Henry Kipp,
Saml. Broome,

Pat. Dennison,

lency bath borne a part with us in the general disWm. Gilbert, sen. Wm. Gilbert, jun. tress, and was ever ready to alleviate the calamities Francis Van Dyck, Jereiniah Wool,

you could not effectually remove. Your example Geo. Janeway,

Abrm. P. Lott.
Ephraim Brashier,

taught us to suffer with dignity. New-York, Nov. 25, 1783.

We beg leave to assure your excellency that, as

prudent citizens and faithful subjects to the people His ercellency's answer to tie citizens of New York, of the state of New York, we will do every thing who have rel:rned from exile:

in our power to enable you to support order and GENTLEMEN--I thank you sincerely for your affec. good government in the community, over whicb you tionate address, and entreat you to be persuaded have, by the suffrages of a free and discerning peothat nothing could be more agreeable to me than ple, been elected to preside. your polite congratulations. Permit me, in return, Signed, at request of the meeting, to felicitate you on the happy repossession of your

Thomas Kandail, Thomas Tucker,

Daol Pænix, Henry Kipp, city.

Saml. Broome, Pat. Denison, Great as your joy must be on this pleasing occa

Wm. Gilbert, sen. Wm. Gilbert, jun. sion, it can scarcely exceed that which I feel at

Francis Van Dyck,

Jeremiah Wool,

Geo. Janeway, Abrm. P. bott. seeing you, gentlemen, who, from the noblest mo.

Ephraim Brushier, tives, have suffered a voluntary exile of many years, New York, No. 25, 1783.

His excellency's reply.

dition of, and proceedings in, that town many GENTLENER— Accept my most sincere thanks for years ago, from which we select the following as your very affectionate and respectful address: Citi. suited to the design of this work: zens who, like you, to vindicate the sacred cause of The British army evacuated Boston on the fore. freedom, quitted their native city, their fortunes noon of Sunday, the 17th March, 1776. On the af. and possessions, and sustained, with manly forti- ternoon of that day I landed (in company with a surtude, the rigors of a long and painful exile, super geon who was ordered in by genenral Washington) added to the grievous calamities of a vengeful war, at the bottom of the common, near the high bluff, merit, in an eminent degree, the title of patriots which was taken away a few years ago to make and the esteem of mankind; and your confidence Charles-street. The first object that I observed on and approbation are honors which cannot be receiv. landing was a thirteen inch iron mortar on the beach ed without the utmost sensibility or contemplated of extraordinary dimensions and weight, which the without gratitude and satisfaction.

British had thrown down from a battery they had To your sufferings and to the invincible spirit erected on the height above. I was told that ano. with which they were surmourted, I have been wit. ther of the same size was sunk at the end of the ness, I have deeply lamented that I had not means long.wharf, which was afterwards raised. One of to alleviate them equal to my inclination. them is now at the navy-yard in Charleston, and the

The assurances of your firm support in the admi- other was a few years since on the grand battery at pistration of government, give me singular plea New York, were it was carried in the same year. sure. A reverence for the laws is peculiarly essen. On crossing the common we found it very much tial to public safety and prosperity under our free disfigured with ditches and cellars, which had been constitution; and should we suffer the authority of dug by the British troops for their accommodation the magistrate to be violated for the sake of private when in camp. To our great regret, we saw several vengeance, we should be unworthy of the number- large trees lying in the mull, which had been cut less blessings which an indulgent Providence hath down that morning. We were informed that the placed in our reach. I shall endeavor steadily to dis- tories were so exasperated at being obliged to leave charge my duty, and I Hatter myself that this state the town, that they were determined to do all the will become no less distinguished for justice and mischief possible, and had commenced destroying public tranquility, in peace, than it has hitherto that beautiful promenade; but it being told to some been marked, in war, for vigor, fortitude and per. of the selectmen, they went in haste to general Beverance.

Howe, and represented the circumstance, who kind. Gentlemen-Your kind congratulations on my ar. ly sent one of his aids to forbid the futher destrucrival at this metropolis, after so long an absence, are tion of the trees, and to reprimand the tories for bighly acceptable, and I most cordially felicitate their conduct. General Ilowe could not but feel you on the joyful events wbich have restored us to some degree of grateful regard and sympathy for the the free and uncontrolable enjoyment of our rights. people of Massachusetts, as they had erected a mon. While we regard, with inviolable gratitude and af- ument in Westminster Abbey to the memory of his fection all who have aided us by their counsel or their brother, whose urbane and gentlemanly deport. army, let us not be unmindful of that Almighty Be- ment, had gained the esteem and respect of the ing, whose gracious Providence has been manifestly Massachusetts forces, and who was killed in a bat. interposed for our deliverance and protection, and tle with the French and Indians in 1758. let us shew by our virtues that we deserve to par. The mall was originally laid out with only two take of the freedom, sovereignty and independence rows of trees, a third was added a few years before which are so happily established throughout these the war, which we found were all cut down for fuel, "United States.

together with the entire fence whicla surrounded GEORGE CLINTOX.

the common, as was also a large magnificent tree New York, 25th Nov. 1783.

which stood on the town's land, near the school

house, in West.street, of equal size with that wbich RECOLLECTIONS OF A BOSTONIAN. now stands in the middle of the common, both of In the latter end of the year 1821 and early in 1822,/ hich I suppose to be aboriginal.

a series of papers were published in the “Boston On passing into the town, it presented an inde. Centinel,'' under the head of "Recollections of a scribable scene of desolation and gloominess, for not. 2011ancenin which the public were presenied ithstanding the joyous occasion of baving driven with the curious tacts in relation to the con. our enemies from our land, our minds were in.

pressed with an awful sadness at the sight of the Sewall, because be never wore a wig, which restorruins of many houses which had been taken downed the poor fellow to his senses. It was generally for fuel- the dirtiness of the streets-the wretched supposed to be a trick of one of the English soldiers, appearance of the very few inhabitants who remain- who wished to frighten & superstitious' Scotchman ed during the siege-the contrast between the Sun. and for that purpose, had dressed himself in the day we then beheld, compared with those we for. clerical habit of the rev. Mr. Cooke, of the Meacmerly witnessed, when well dressed people, with tomy, which he had plundered, on his retreat at ebe cheerful countenances, were going to, and retur. battle of Lexington. ning from church, on which occasion, Boston exhi.

In a former communication, I mentioned that bits so beautiful a scene-but more especially when one of the causes which led to the massacre of the we entered the Old South church, and had ocular 5th of March, 1770, was the affray between the inba. demonstration that it had been turned into a RIDING bitants and the British soldiers, an account of which school, for the use of general Burgoyne's regiment was related to me shortly after the event, by one who of cavalry, which formed a part of the garrison, but was an eye witness. which had never ventured to pass the barriers of the

At that time there was only one house on the east town.' The pulpit and all the pews were taken side of what is now called Pearl street, in which then away

and barnt for fuel, and many hundred loads of resided CHARLES Pastor, esq. On the west side of dirt and gravel were carted in, and spread upon the the street, stood four or five rope waiks, extending foor. The south door was closed, and a bar was from the upper to the lower end of the street, which fixed, over which the cavalry were taught to leap were all burnt in 1794. On Saturday afternoon, on their horses at full speed. A grog shop was erect. the 3d March, 1770, a British soldier of the 29th reed in the gallery, where liquor was sold to the sol. giment, accosted a negro who was employed in one diery, and consequently produced scenes of riot and of the rope walks, by enquiring “whether bis masdebauchery in that holy temple. All these circum.

ter wanted to hire a man.” (The soldiers who were stances conspired to fill the mind with sombre re mechanics were sometimes bired as journeymen). flections. But amidst the sadness of the scene, The negro answered that his “master wished to have there was a pleasing satisfaction in the hope that the VAULT EMPTIED, and that was a proper work for men, capable of such atrocities, could not have the

a Lobster."'* This produced a conflict between the blessing of Heaven in their nefarious plan of sub- soldier and the negro, and, before relief came to jugating our beloved country. The English solo his assistance, the negro was very severely beaten. diers were generally Episcopalians, and viewed this some rope-walk men, (among whom was Mr. Grut, act with indifference, but the Scotch, who were the foreman of the walk), came up and parted them. mostly dissenters, and much more moral and pious, Mr. GRAT, (who was a very respectable man), told looked upon it with horror, and not without some the soldier that “as he bad obtained satisfaction for feelings of superstition.

the insult, he had better go to his barracks." The I was told that a ludicrous scene took place in the soldier "damned bim" and said that "for six-peace course of the preceding winter. A good old wo he would drub bim as he had done the negro"-A man that frequently passed the church, was in the contest then took place between them in which the habit of stopping at the door, and with loud lamen soldier received a much worse beating than the netations, (amidst the hootings of the soldiery), be.

gro, and went off to his barracks over Fort-bill, op wailed the desolation of the house of prayer. She

Wbeelwright's (now Foster's) wharf swearing redenounced on them the vengeance of Heaven, and

venge. In about half an hour the soldier returned assured them that good old Dr. Sewall, the former with about seventy of his comrades, who came over parson of the church, would rise from bis grave, and the hill huzzaing, armed with pipe staves split into Carry them off.—A Scotch centinel was one night bludgeons, which they obtained at a cooper's shop, alarmed by an appearance of what he thought was and made the attack with great fury. Each party an apparition of the doctor. He screamed violent.

was brave and intrepid, but the science in this kind ly, and alarmed the guard of grenadiers, who were of warfare, which the ropewalk men bad obtained in always stationed at the Province-house, then occu• their "Pope Day” battles gave them a decided supied by general Howe. There was no pacifying him, until some one asked how the doctor was dressed, • Lobsters was tbe usual term of contempt, esand he answered with a large wig and gown. One pressed in those days by the citizens of Boston, to

wards the British soldiers, and the citizens of Lobof the inhabitants who had been drawn there from don, in a late riot, at the Queen's funéral, made use curiosity, assured him it could not bave been doctor of the same epithet.

periority,and in their pursuit of the soldiers,halted on reputation for virtuous exertions in the hour of tri. Fort-hill, and gave three cheers ia token of victory. al-patience under sufferings—and forbearance un

The noise of the shouting and huzzaing resound. der severe provocation. ed far around, and excited the curiosity of those at The threats of the soldiers, as mentioned in my a distance. At that time, Mr. Hallowell, (grand. last communication, were put in execution on Mon. father of the present Admiral Hallowell, in the day evening the 5th of March, 1770, by insulting British navy), owned and resided in the house in and abusing many inhabitants in various parts of Battery March-street, now occupied by Mr. Good. the town, which resulted in what was called the rich, near which he also owned a ship yard, about "horrid massacre,by which four persons were in. where now stands the Commercial Coffee House, in stantly killed, one died of his wounds a few days which he usually employed about fifty or sixty men. succeeding, and about seventeen in the total killed There was a mast yard a little south and several and wounded. wood wbarfs, on all which were also employed har. Language cannot describe the horror and indignady laborers, wbo, together with the blacksmiths, tion which was excited through the town by this blockmakers, and other athletic mechanics in the dreadful event. The bells rang a terrific peal, neighborhood, (whose brawny arms could wield a which roused the whole population. More than five club with as much dexterity as an Highlander could thousand citizens were collected in State street and manage his broadsword), all ran towards the scene its vicinity. The 29th regt. was marched into the of combat. The bravery of the soldiers was not same street. The 14th reg. was under arms at their doubted, and accordingly, preparations were made barracks. What a scene for contemplation! Lieut. to repel another attack which was expected, and in governor Hutchinson, and the king's council, were which they were not disappointed. The shouting assembled in the council chamber, even at the of the soldiers, issuing from the barrack yard, to the solemn hour of midnight! Many of the venerable number of more than three hundred, beaded by citizens repaired to them and demanded the surthe sergeant-major, moving over the bill towards render of the criminals to justice. The bigh.she. Pearl street, soon gave the alarm. The soldiers pula riff appeared in the balcony of the state house, and led down the fence in High street, (then called Cow ordered silence !!! An awful stillness ensued Jane), which inclosed the field, where now stands when, with a loud voice, he declared, that he was Quincy place. The rope-walk men pulled down the authorized by his honor the lieutenant governor and fence on the opposite side in Pearl street, when bis majesty's council, with the consent of col. Dal. both parties rushed on each other with equal intre. rymple, to say that capt. Preston, and the men who pidity.—But the Herculean strength of virtuous la- bad commitied the outrage, should be immediately bor, united with the activity and science of the Yan- delivered to the civil power, and requested the kees, soon obtained a triumph over an idle, inactive, citizens to retire peaceably to their dwellings; which, enervated, and intemperate, though brave soldiery. afer the soldiers had marched off, was complied with.

The effect of this rencontre was seen in the coun The next day a town meeting was called, and the tenances and conduct of the soldiers the next and lieut. governor and council assembled, the proceedfollowing day, who looked vengeance on the inhabi. ings of which are very eloquently described by the tants, especially those whom they suspected to be venerable sage of Quincy in one of his letters to concerned in tbe affray on Saturday; and those of Mr. Tudor, lately published. them, who where friendly to the citizens, advised The result of this melancholy affair was, that all them to remain at home on Monday evening, as re- the troops were ordered out of town, and the cul. trenge would then be raken.

prits brought to a trial, and acquitted, excepting The soldiers asserted on Sunday morning, that two who were found guilty of manslaughter. The one of their men had died of his wounde, but as the trial was one of the most important that had ever body was never shewn, it was supposed to be only come before an American tribunal, especially as the a pretence to justify the horrid scene which ensued public mind was wrought up to the highest tone on the Monday evening following.

of indignation. It established the character of the

judiciary for purity and independence, which had So much has been written on the subject of the been questioned by the tories. The law was tri. massacre of the 5th of March, 1779, that it is un- umphant, but the needless barbarity of the act never pleasant to repeat "ugly recollections” respecting doubted. that horrid scene, except when it is necessary to The funeral of the unfortunate victims was attend. vindicate our town from slender-to establish its'ed with great pomp and parade. Thousands came

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