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from the country; and the whole number that fol. I become a member of her illustrious senate, and, f. lowed them to the grave, was supposed to exceed ter a peace of thirty years, a strenuous advocate for ten thousand!
declaration of war against his native country! History does not (perhaps) record an instance, And, "tho' last not least" among the citizens, was where the moral and patriotic character of a city a young barrister whose brilliant talents would place was ever more conspicuous than Boston exhibited him in the front ranks of patriotism, and cause bim on this occasion.
to become an ardent asserter of independence-an It was supposed by many, that the above recited ambassador to England, France and Holland-the horrid event, diù more to effect an alienation of the father of a navy, (ilestined to be the rival of the misaffections of the people of New England from the tress of the sea), and finally the first magistrale of a British government, than any other whatever. great nation. In the council chamber, were mans in
When I bring to any recollection, Mr. Russel, that the height of prosperity and honor, who, in a few solemn and impressive scene, when the high sheriff years, fell from their elevated stations; and a 50was delivering the governor's message from the vernor, who, then basking in the sunshine of royal balcony to the assembled thousands, I am irresisti- favor, was speedily consigned to infamy and ruin, bly drawn to a contemplation of what must have and, it is said, died of a broken heart. been the wonder and astonishment of any one of Such are the wonderful vicissitudes to which the that vast crowd of citizens, if an angel had descend. life of man is subjected. ed from heaven and unfolded to him the events of futurity:-That, in less than seven short years, we I believe it is Voltaire who says, that the publish. should throw off our allegiance to a beloved king, ing of history does not depend on its truth. The and our connection with our mo her country, to only question the publishers ask, is—“Will it sel?” which we then looked with solicitude and affection, which brings to my recollection some circumstances and fondly called it our home! That to establish relative to Gordon's liistory of the American reroour independence, would produce an eight years' lution. zvar, in which all Europe would be directly or in In the year 1784, I became acquainted with an directly engaged! That seven young men, among English gentleman, a bose prejudices against our that populace,would array themselves against their country were as violent, as they had been previous native country, and, finally, become admirals and ge- to his emigration in favor of it. One day when be nerals in the English service! That one of them, then was inveighing most bitterly against our conduct only an apprentice to a Cornhill shop keeper, should and institutions, he mentioned, with great asperity, become distinguished, not only as a British officer, the tarring and feathering of John Malcom, (a Bribut as a general and a count in the German empire! tish custom-bouse officer), before the revolution, A philosopher of a new school, which for usefulness whose only crime, he said, was chastising an impuwould be paramount to all others, and at his death, dent boy. I told hira, that if Mr. Malcom bad not establish a professorship in the university in our have drawn bis sword on the boy, no notice would neighborhood.
have been taken of his conduct. I did not howerer That among them were two youths, a physician attempt to justify the deed, as it was condemned and a bookseller, who would become generals in by good men of both parties; yet I insisted, that the service of their native country; and one of the character of the town or country ought not to be them, by his heroic exertions in defending a posi, implicated, as it was done in the night, by a very few would call forth the astonishment of the oldest ve disorderly persons in disguise, who, if they bad been terans and lose his life in the attempt! That among discovered, would have been amenable to, and puthem were forty young men, members of a military Rished by the laws. I then related to him the concompany, most of whom would become officers of duct of colonel Nesbit, of the 47th British regiment, artillery, and would distinguish themselves, (par. who caused an imocent countryman to be tarred ticularly on one occasion), where they would eshi. and feathered, and carted public y through the streets bit so much science and adroitness, as to command at noon day, with a guard of grenadiers
, and the the admiration of their English and German foes! band of the regiment playing "Yankee doodle," and More wonderful yet—that among the principal off. himself at the head of the party, in defiance of those cers of the 29th British regiment, then arrased laws he was sent to protect and enforce. My Engo against the inhabitants, was one who would becom. lish friend seemed to think I was mistaken in the en highly respected American citizen! would hol. verson of col. Nesbit, and thought it impossible that important offices under the American governent; la colonel of one of his majesty's regiments
, could be
guil:y of such an outrageous act. A few days after w.rk and re-wro:e bis history: the lutier is thought this conversation, we met at Doctor Gordon's, (the to have been much less perfect than the original author of the history of the American Revolution), copy. The writer last alluded to says-} who then lived at Roxbury. I introduced the sub. “If doctor Gordon was compelled to leave out of ject again, when Doctor Gordon spoke of Nesbit's his book some atrocious truths from dread of the conduct in the strongest terms of reprobation; and, pains and penalties of the British laws and customs, on being asked whether he had noticed the event he, on the other side, voluntarily left out some mat. in bis history, he produced the manuscript, and read ters to the discredit of America, which things he to me a detail of that transaction, which, with the read to me from his manuscript, at his residence in observations and reflections connected with it, would Roxbury. I refer here particularly to the subject make three or four pegee of his work.
negro slavery. He was also persuaded to soften In 1790 I embarked for England, where I was in.
bis harsh picture of the illustrious Exempt." troduced to a relation of Doctor Gordon, of whom Binquired how the Doctor had succeeded in his his.
There are very few of the present generation, torg? He smiled and said, “li was not Doctor Gor. wbo have any idea of the humiliations to which don’s history!” On my requesting an explanation, their ancestors were subjected, while under a co. he told me, that on the Doctor's arrival in England, lonial government, from the contumely and insohe placed his manuscript in the hands of an intelli-lence of upstart officers, who, in their own country, gent friend, on whom he could depend, who, (after
had been as servile as the spaniel, but on their ar. perusing it with care), declared that it was not rival kere, aped the port and authority of the lion. suited to the meridian of England, consequently
Not only humiliations, but other severe sufferings would never sell. The style was not agreeable-it and privations were endured by them, with pati. was too favourable to the Americans-above all, it ence and fortitude, and with a moral rectitude, was full of libele against some of the most respecta. which would bave done honor to Greece or Rome, ble characters in the British army and navy-and in their most virtuous days. that if he possessed a fortune equal to the duke of
After the battle of Lexington, the egress of a Bedford's, he would not be able to pay the damages part of the inhabitants of Boston was prohibited that might be recovered against him, as the truth by a breach of faith on the part of Gen. Gage, and would not be allowed to be produced in evidence, those who were permitted to depart, were obliged The doctor had reiurned to his native country, and to obtain passports, as mentioned in my last com: expected to enjoy "otinim cum dignitate.” Over-munication. whelmed with mortification, and almost with de. It was not until the fifth of June that my fa spair, he asked the advice of his friend; who recom-ther became determined to leave the town. OR mended bim to place the manuscript in the hands that day he directed me to make out a schedule of of a professional gentleman, that it might be new the family, agreeably to the rules instituted by modelled, and made agreeable to English readers; general Gage, and demand a pass of major Cain, of this was assented to by the doctor, and the history the army, who was empowered to perform that ser. which bears his name was compiled and written from vice. Such was the crowd of citizens, eagerly press. his manuscript, by another hand!
ing to obtain passports, that it was not until seve. If any of our historical or antiquarian societies, ral hours of exertion that I was enabled to reach could obtain Gordon's original manuscript, it would the door of the major's apartment, and when it was be an invaluable document,
opened, I was so forcibly urged on by the crowd be. On hearing the foregoing narration, I had the cu. hind, that, on entering the chamber, I lost my baziosity to look into Gordon's bistory to learn what lance, which caused me to rush violently into the the "professional gentleman" had said of col. Nesbit room, and though he must have perceived that the and his exploits, when, to my surprise, I found he had act was involuntary, yet he had the brutality to es. devoted only a few lines to that subject, vol. 1, claim (in broad Scotch) "hoot, hoot mon! are you page 307, American edition. The whole of this going to murder me?” I was obliged to bear this statement evinces that all histories published in insolence in silence, though my countenance must England, in wbich that country is concerned, cannot have exbibited marks of indignation, and I walked contain the whole truth.
to a window which looked into the court yard, (Another writer agrees generally in the fact, as to where my feelings were still more excited by a certain alterations in Gordon's history--but states view of my fellow citizens, who, with countenances that the author, indignant at the purgation, went to almost bordering on despair, were waiting a favore
able moment to obtain admission. The first reflec- scowling eyes, be said with great asperity, "Yox tion which presented itself to my mind was, what father, young man, is a damn'd rebel, and cannot be ac. must be the indignation of our king, if he knew commodated with a pass." Not at all intimidated by how his faithful, loyal, and affectionate subjects, his brutality, I asserted with much vehemence, that were abused, insulted, and driven into acts of reluct- my father was no rebel, that he adored the illustrie ant resistance. Which brought to my recollection ous house of Hanover, and had fought for good king a part of Warren's oration, on the preceding 5th George the 2d, in forty-five. Whether it was, that of March, in which he observes, that “The royal he himself had been a real rebel in Scotland, in 1745, ear, far distant from this western world, has been as or whether my mentioning that number reminded assulted by the tongue of slander, and villains, trai. bim of Wilkes' North Briton No. 45, a paper publorous alike to king and country, have prevailed up lished in London, and peculiarly obnosious to the on a gracious prince to clothe his countenance with Scotch-or whether he thought my espression of wrath.” Even then a reconciliation was fondly hop, the house of Hanover, was intended as an insinuaed for by many of the most strenuous assertors of tion against his own loyalty, (which it really was), the rights of the colonies, although blood had been whatever may have been the cause of his irritashed at Lexington; and even after the battle of tion-the moment I had finished speaking he rose Bunker's Hill, the congress presented an humble from his chair, and with a countenance fusming with petition to the king, and an affectionate address to rage, he ordered me out of the room with abusive lantheir fellow subjects in England, in which, (with guage. The centinel at the door had an English much feeling), they say, "ife have not yet leurnt countenance, and, with apparent sympatby, very ci. to rejoice at a victory obtained over Englishmen,” and villy opened it for my departure, which I made bumbly entreated that their grievances might be without turning my back on my adversary. redressed. Ardent hopes were entertained that On inquiry it was afterwards ascertained, that these conciliatory and loyal measures, would in. wbat constituted the crime of my father and caused duce the king to change his ministers, and take to him to be denominated a rebel, was his having been his councils a Chatham, a Cambden, and a Rocking a member of the Whig club! ham. Most fortunately, however, for the eventual The Whig club, in consequence of the perturbed prosperity and happiness of America, they pursued state of the times, had not assembled or met for their mad schemes of burning our towns, hiring more than a year. The gentlemen that had comthe savages of the wilderness and foreign merce-posed it, were James Otis, Dr. Warren, Dr. Church, naries, to spread death and desolation through the Dr. Young, Richard Derby, of Salem, Benjamin Kent, land, which finally weaned us from our fond at. Nathaniel Barber, William Mackay, col. Bigelow, of tachments to an ungrateful and cruel mother, and, Worcester, and about half a dozen more. Through on the glorious 4th of July, 1776, we passed the the instrumentality of my father, I was sometimes Rubicon!!-Never! never! never! to return again admitted to hear their deliberations. There was under her subjection, but to establish a government always at each meeting, a speech or dissertation by of our own, founded on the principles of justice one of the members, on the principles of civil liberand equal laws, the influence of whose example, we ty, and the British constitution. They professed hope, will eventually emancipate the world from loyalty to the king, but were in violent opposition to, tyranny and despotism. America! recollect the the encroachments of the parliament, and their disawful and solemn responsibility which reposes on cussions tended to a consideration of what would be
the duty of Americans if those encroachments were "Contemplate well; and if perchance thy bome
continued. For this purpose they corresponded “Salute thee with a falber's honored name,
with some society in London, the name of which ! "Go call thy sons-instruct them what a DEBT "They owe their ancestors, and make them swear
have forgotton, (probably the Revolution society). "To pay it; by transmitting down intire
Among the names of their correspondents I recollect "Those sacred rights, to which themselves were born." Wilkes, Saville, Barre and Suwbridge. A few years But to return to the object of my communication, previous to the revolution, they sent the London after waiting nearly an hour the major accosted me society two green turile, one of which weighed 45 with, "Well, young man, whai ilo you wani?” Thand. and the other 92 pounds. Those who are acquainted bim a schedule of my father's family, including ed with the history of those times, will easily underthat of bis sister's (the widow of a clergyman). Ile stand to what those numbers alluded. On their ar. examined a small book which contained what the to. rival in London, a grand dinner was prepared, a fies called the “black list,” when slowly raising his which col. Barre presided, and among other disein.
guished guests I recollect bearing the names of earl, nies. Let the king ask of us our aid, and we will grant Temple, lord Cambden, and the lord mayor; and more than he will demand; but we will not be drove,' among the toasts, "The hig club of Boston," and we will not be taxed by the parliament.' "The ninety-two patriots of Massachusetts Bay,” were
Had the government of Great Britain been as condrank with three times three cheers.
ciliatory to Americans, as the honest good bearted About the time of the burning the British govern. Montague was to the collier, we should probably ment schooner Gaspee, at Newport, a few years pre. now be subjects of George IVth!—"The ways of vious to the revolution, admiral Montague, who then heaven are dark and intricate.”—We should still be commanded the ships of war at Boston, took several servile dependants. We should not have a beautiof his officers and proceeded to Newport, to make ful star-spangled banner, peeping into every port personal inquiry into the affair. On his return to in the world, in pursuit of enterprize and wealth.Boston, not far from Dedham, a charcoal cart ob. We should not now have merchants whose capital structed the passage of the coach, when the coach. in trade is equal to that of a province, and making man, feeling much consequence from his exalted magnificent presents in support of literature and station, in driving a British admiral, and knowing science that would do honor to princes. Let Ame. that his master was to dine that day with Mr. B.call. ricans be thankful for these mercies, and a thousand ed, in an insolent manner, to the collier to turn out others and study to appreciate them. and make way for admiral Montague!--who, (not at all intimidated by the splendid equipage, imposing Tea-There have been some doubts concerning manger, and rich livery of the knight of the whip,) the destruction of the tea on the 16th of Decemreplied that he was in the king's high way, and that ber, 1773. The number of the ships, and the place he should not turn out' for any one but the king where they were situated is not quite certain.-One himself, and thanked fortune that he had the law to gentleman, now living, over 70 years of age, thinks support him. The admiral finding an altercation they were at Hubbard's wbarf, as it was then called, had taken place, on discovering the cause, told his about half way between Griffin's (now Liverpool) coachman to get down and give the fellow a thrash- and Foster's wharf, and that the number of ships ing, but the coachman did not seem disposed to was four or five. Another gentleman, who is 75 obey bis commander. One of the officers in the years of age, and who was one of the guard detach. coach, a large athletic man, alighted, reproached the ed from the new grenadier company, says that he coachman with being a coward, and was proceeding spent the night, but one, before the destruction of to take vengeance of the coal driver, who, perceiv. the tea, in company with gen. Knox, then a private ing 90 potent an adversary advancing, drew from bis in that company, on board of one of the tea ships; cart a stake, to use as weapon of defence, and plac- that this ship lay on the south side of Russell's ing himself between bis oxen, in an attitude of de. wharf; and that there were two more on the north' fence, he exclaimed Well, I vow, if I must, darn side of the same wbarf, and he thinks one or two at me! but I'll tarnish your laced jacket if you don't Griffin's wbarf. A gentleman now living, who came keep off.'—By this time the admiral and the other from England in one of the tea ships, thinks there officers had left the coach, and finding that no lau. were but two, but he is uncertain where they lay. rels were to be obtained in such a contest, he made A song, written soon after the time, tells of "Three a conciliatory proposition, and condescended to ask ill-fated ships at Griffin's wharf.” The whole evi. that as a favor, which he had ordered his coachman dence seems to result in this, there were three ships to obtain by force. Ah! now said the collier, you --but whetber at Russell's or Griffin's wharf, or one bebave like a gentleman, as you appear, and if you or more at each, is not certain. The number of had been as civil at first, I vow I would bave driven chests destroyed was, according to the news papers over the stone wall to oblige you—But I won't be of the time, 342. There was a body meeting on drove; I vow I won'r—The coal driver made way, this 16th of December, 1773. This matter of the and the admiral passed on.
- When he tea was the occasion of the meeting. Tbe meeting arrived at Mr. B's he related the occurrence with began at Fanueil Hall, but that place not being much good humour, and appeared much gratified large enough it was adjourned to the Old South, with the spirit and independence of the man. Mr. and even that place could not contain all who came. B. assured the admiral, that "the collier had exhi- Jonathan Williams was moderator. Among the biied a true character of the American people, and spectators, was Jobn Rowe, who lived in Pond that the story he had then related was an epitome street where Mr. Prescott now lives; among other of the dispute between Great Britain and her colo-l things, be said, "Who knows how tea will mingle
with salt water"-and this suggestion was receiv.) it together, a number of patriotic gentlemen gave ed with great applause. Governor Hutchinson was their bonds to the amount of about two bundred at this time at the house on Milton hill where Bar. and sixty thousand pounds, in gold and silver, for ney Smith, esqr. lives. A committee was sent from procuring them. The provisions were providedthe meeting, to request him to order the ships to the army was kept together, and our independence depart.-While they were gone, speeches were was finally achieved. The amount of the bonds was made, for the purpose of keeping the people toge never called for, but it is well to keep in remember. ther. The committee returned about sun set with ance the names of those who in the times that tried his answer, that he could not interfere. At this men's souls, stepped forward and pledged their all moment the Indian yell was heard from the street. towards the support of those wbo were cortending Mr. Samuel Adams cried out, that it was a trick for our liberty. The following is a list of some of of their enemies to disturb their meeting, and re- their names, with the sums respectively subscribed quested the people to keep their places—but the by them. people rushed out, and accompanied the Indians to Robert Morris 110000 Abraham Bickley 12000 the ships. The number of persons disguised B. M'Clennaghan 10000 Robert Bass 2000 as Indians is variously stated-none put it lower Tench Francis
A. Bunner & Co. 6000 Owen Biddle
5500 Jobo Gibson 2000 than 60, none higher than 80. It is said by per James Wilson 5000 Cbarles Petit sons who were present, that nothing was destroyed William Bingham 5000 John Mitcbell 2000 but tea-and this was not done with noise and tu. Samuel Meredith 5000
Richard l'eters 5000 Robert Knox 2000
John Bullock 2000 mult, little or nothing being said either by the James Mease 5000 Joseph Red 2000 agents or the multitude,-who looked on. The im- Thomas Barrlay 5000 Francis Gurney
2000 pression was that of solemnity, rather than of riot Ribert L. H'oper 5000
Samuel Morris, jr. 5000 George Campbell 2000
Jobn Wharton 2000 and confusion.—The destruction was effected by Hug!: Shield 5000 | Benjas i Rush 2000 the disguised persons, and some young men who
5000 Thomas Lawrence 2004
Matthew Irwin volunteered; one of the latter collected the tea which Thomas Irwin
5000 Joseph Bleiver 2000
5000 William Håll 2000 fell into the shoes of himself and companions, and John Benzet
5000 John Patton 2000 put it into a phial and sealed it up;-which pbial is
5000 Benjamin Fuller 2000 John Morgan
5000 Meade & Fiizsimnow in his possession,-containing the same tea. Thomas Willing 5000
2000 The contrivers of this measure, and those who carried Samuel Powell 5000
Andrew Hodge it into effect, will never be known; some few per.
John Nixon 5000 Henry Keppele
2000 Robert Bridges
5000 sons bave been mentioned as being among the dis- John Dunlap
Francis C. Hassen4000
2000 guised; but there are many and obvious reasons why Michael Millegas 4000 Isaac Melcher 2000 secrecy then, and concealment since, were necessa. Einanuel Eyre
William Coates 4000 John Schaffer
4000 Alexander Tod 2000 ry. None of those persons who were confidently said James Bodden
John Purviance 2000 to have been of the party, (except some who were
John Mease 4000 John Wilcocks 2000 then minors or very young men), have ever admit. Thomas Leiper
Jonathan Penrose 2000 ted that they were so. The person who appeared Kean & Nichols 4000
Nathaniel Faikner 2000 to know more than any one, I ever spoke with, re.
Samuel Morris 3000
James Caldwell 2000
Isaac Moses fused to mention names. Mr. Samuel Adams is Charles Thompson 3000
3000 Gerardus Clarkson 2000
John Shee thought to have been in the counselling of this ex. John Pringle 3000
Samuel Caldwell 1000
3000 ploit, and many other men who were leaders in the Samuel Miles
Samuel Penrose 1000
Cadwalader Morris 2500 political affairs of the times;-and the ball of coun. Matthew Clarkson 2500
Williain Turnbull 1000
1000 cil is said to have been in the back room of Edes Thomas M'Kean 2000 Sharp Delany
1000 and Gill's printing office, et the corner of the ally John S einmetz
John Donaldson 2000 | Andrew Doz
Peter Whitesides 1000 lea ding to Battle street church from court street. Benj. Randolph 2000
Andrew Robeson 1000 There are very few alive now, who helped to empty the chests of tea, and these few will pro ARMS OF THE UNITED STATES. bably be as prudent as those who have gone before
Although the study of heraldry may not be very them.
amusing to our readers, yet as the eagle with extend
ed wings, grasping the arms of war and the olive FROM THE PITTSBONG STATESMAX,
of peace, is constantly presented to our eyes, in At a critical period of the revolutionary war, some way or other, it may not be uninteresting is when there was great danger of the dissolution o give a history and an explanation of the arins of our the American army, for want of provisions to keep country.