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they remain such, partake of these holy mysteries p, or be admitted thereunto q.

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Chap. XXX. Of Church Censures.

HE Lord Jesus, as King and Head of his church, hath therein

in the hand of churchofficers, distinct from the civil magistrate a.

IL TO

VIII. p I Cor. xi. 27, 28. (See in man obey not our word by this es letter 1.) v. 29. For he that eateth piltle, note that man, and have no. and drinketh unworthily, cateth and company with him, that he may be drinketh damnation to himself, noc aliamed. V. 15. Yet count him not discerning the Lord's body. 2 Cor. as an enemy, but admonish him as a vi. 14. Be ye not unequally yoked a brother. Mat. vii. 6. Give not that together with unbelievers : for what which is holy unto the dogs, neither fellowship hath unrighteousness with calt ye your pearls before Twine, left unrighteousness ? and what commu- they trample them under their feet, nion hath light with darkaess? v. and turn again and rent you, 15. And what concord hath Christ I. a Ifa. ix. 6. For unto us a child with Belial? or what part hath he is born, unto us a son is given, and that believeth with an iofidel? v. the government shall be upon his 16. What agreement hath the shoulder: and his name hall be temple of God with idols ? for ye called, Wonderful, Counsellor, The are the temple of the living God; mighty God, The everlasting Faas God hath said, I will dwell in ther, the Prince of Peace. V. 7. Of them, and walk in them; and I will the increase of his government and be their God, and they shall be my peace, there shall be no end, upon people.

the throne of David, and upon his 91 Cor. v, 6. Your glorying is kingdom, to order it, and to estanot good: Know ye not that a little blith it with judgment and with ju-, leaven leareneth the whole lump? (tice, from henceforth even for ever : V. 7. Purge out therefore the old the zeal of the Lord of holls will leaven, that ye may be a new lump perform this. I Tim. v. 17. Let the as ye are unleavened. For even Chrit elders that rule well, be counted our passover is facificed for us. v. worthy of double honour, especially 13. But them that are without, God they who labour in the word and judgeth, therefore put away from doctrine, Theff. v. 12. And we among yourselves that wicked per- beseech you, brethren, to know fon. 2 Thef. ii. 6. Now we como then who labour among you, and wpand you, brethren, in the name are over you in the Lord, and adof our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye monith yon. AAS XX. 17. And from withdraw yourselves from every Miletuse sent to Ephesus, and calbrother that walketh disorderly, lcd the idriers of the church. v. 18. and not after the tradition which he And when they were come to him, received of us. V. i4. Aod if any.

Jl. To these officers the keys of the kingdom of heaven are committed, by virtue whereof they have power respectively to retain and remit fins, to shut that kingdom against the impenitent, both by the word and censures; and to open it unto penitent finners, by the ministry of the gospel, and by absolution from censures as occasion shall require b.

III. Church censures are necessary for the reclaiming and gaining of offending brechren, for deterring of others from the like offences, for purging out of that leaven which might infect the whole lump, for vindicating the honour of Christ and the holy profession of the gospel, and for preventing the wrath of God, which might justly fall upon the church, if they should suffer his covenant, and the feals thereof, to be profaned by

notorious

he said unto them, Ye know from ever I have commanded you: and the first day that I came into Asia, lo, I am with you alway, even unto after what manner I have been with the end of the world. Amen. you at all seasons. Heb. xiii. 7. Re. II. b Mat, xvi. 19. And I will give member them who have the rule unto thee the keys of the kingdom over you, who have spoken unto of heaven: and whatsoever thou you the word of God: whose faith. fhalt bind on earth, fall be bound follow, considering the end of their in heaven; and whatsoever thou conversation. . 17. Obey them that falt loose on earth, shall be loosed hare the rule over you, and submit in heaven. Mat. xviii. 17. And if he yourselves; for they watch for your shall neglect to hear them, tellit unSouls, as they that must give account, to the church : but if he neglect to that they may do it with joy, and hear the church, let him be unto Bot with grief: for that is ooprofi. thee as an heathen man and a pubtable for you, v. 24. Salute all them lican, v. 18. Verily I say unto you, that have the rule over you, and all Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth, the saints, They of Italy falute you. shall be bound in heaven: and what1 Cor. xii. 28. And God hath fet foever ye shall loose on earth, fhall fome in the church, first apostles, be loosed in heaven. John XX. 21. fecondarily prophets, thirdly teach- Then said Jesus unto them again, ers, after that miracles, then gifts of Peace be upto you; as my Father healing, helps, governments, diver- hath sent me, even so send 1 you. v. fities of tongues, Mat. xxviii, 18. 22. And when he had said this, he Add Jesus came, and spake unto breathed on them, and faith unto them, saying, All power is given thein, Receive ye the Holy Gboft. v. unto me in heaven and in earth. v. 23. Whose soever fios ye remil, they 19. Go' ye therefore and teach all are remitted; and whose soever fins ye dations, baptizing them in the name retain, they are retained. 2 Cor. ii. 6. of the Father, and of the Son, and Sufficient to such a man is this pupilhof the Holy Ghost : v. 20. Teaching ment, which was inflicted of many. them to observe all ghings whatlo. 5.7. So that contrariwise, ye ought

rather

notorious and obftinate offenders c.

IV. For the better attaining of these ends, the officers of the church are to proceed by admonition, suspension from the facrament of the Lord's fupper for a season, and by excommunication from the church, according to the nature of the crime, and demerit of the person d.

снА Р.

XXXI. Of Synods and Councils.

TOR the better government and further edification of the

church, there ought to be such assemblies as are commonly called synods or councils a.

II. As

Fo

rather to forgive him, and comfort after the tradition which he receive him, left perhaps such a one should ed of us. V. 34. And if any man be swallowed up with overmuch for- obey not our word by this epistle, row, v. 8. Wherefore I beseech you, note that man, and have no comthat you would confirm your love pany with him, that he may be atowards him,

Thamed. v. 15. Yet count him not as III. c (1 Cor. v. ch. throughout.) an enemy, but admonish him as a i Tim. v. 20. Them that fin, rehuké brother. I Cor. v. 4. In the name of before all, that others aiso may

fear. our Lord Jesus Christ, when yc are: Mat, vii. 6. Give not that which is gathered together, and my spirit, holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye with the power of the Lord Jesus your pearls before swine, left they Christ, v. 5. Ta deliver such an one trample chern under their feet, and unto Satan for the destruction of the turn again and rent you. 1 Tim. i. flesh, that the spirit may be saved 20. Of whom is Hymeneus and A. in the day of the Lord Jesus. v. 13: lexander, whom I have delivered But them that are without, God unto Satan, that they may learn not to judgeth, Therefore put away from blaspheme. (1 Cor. xi. 27. to the among yourselves that wicked per. eod.) With Jude 23. And others son. Mat. xviii. 17. And if he thall fave with fear, pulling them out of neglec to hear them, tell it unto the fire : hating even the garments the church; but if he neglect to spotted by the fielh.

hear the church ; lec him be unto IV.id Theff. v. 12. And we be thee as an heathen man and a pubSeech you, brethren, to know them lican. Tit. jü, 10. A man that is which labour among you, and are an beretic, after the first and second over you in the Lord, and admoniíla admonition, reject.. you. 2. Theff. iii. 6. Now we com I. a Ads xv, 2. When therefore mand you, brethren, in the name of Paul and Barnabas had no small difour Lord Jesus Christ, that ye with. fention and disputation with them, draw yourselves from every brother they determined that Paul and Bar. that walketh disorderly, and not dabas, and certain other of them,

should

Il. As magistrates may lawfully call a fynod of ministers and other fit perfons, to consult and advise with about matters of religion b: so, if magistrates be open enemies to the church, the ministers of Christ, of themselves, by virtue of their office; or they, with other fit persons upon delegation from their churches, may meet together in such assemblies c.

III, It belongeth to fynods and councils, ministerially to de- p. 110 termine controverlies of Faith, and cases of conscience; to let down rules and directions the better ordering of the public worhip of God, and government of his church; to receive complaints in cases of mal-administration, and authoritatively to determine the fame: which decrees and determinations, if consowant to the word of God are to be received with reverence and submission, not only for their agreement with the word, but al. so for the power whereby they are made, as being an ordinance

of

should go up to Jerusalem unto the when he had gathered all the chief apostles and elders about this questi- prietts and scribes of the people toon. v. 4.pind when they were come to getber, he demanded of them where Jerusalem, they were received of the Christ should be born.

V. 5. And, church, and of the apostles and el. they said unto him, In Bethlehem ders; and they declared all things of judea : for thus it is written by that God had done with them. v. 6. the prophet. Prov. xii 14. Where And the apostles, and elders came no counsel is, the people fall: but together for to confider of this mat in the multitude of counsellers there ter,

is safety. II. b Ifa. xlix. 23. And kings shall C A&s xv, 2, 4. (See in letter a.) be thy nursing fathers, and their v. 22, Then pleased it the apostles queens thy nursing mothers : they and elders, with the whole church, fhall bow down to thee with their to send chosen men of their own face toward the earth, and lick up company to Antioch, with Paul and the dust of thy fect, and thou shalt Barnabas ; namely, Judas firnamed know that I am the Lord: for they Barsabas, and Silas, chief men 2fhall not be alhamed that wait for mong the brethren.

v. 23. And me. 1 Tim, i. 1. I exhort therefore, wrute letters by them after this that first of all supplications, pray- manner, The apostles, and elders, ers, interceffions, and giving of and brethren send greeting unto the thanks be made for all nen.

brethren who are of the Gentiles in Por kings, and for all that are in Antioch, and Syria, aod Cilicia, v. authority; that we may lead a quiet 25. It seemed good unto us, being and peaceable life in all godliness afsembled with one accord, to send and hooesty, (2 Chron. xix. 8. to the chosen men unto you with our be end.) (2 Chron. xxix. and xxx.

loved Barnabas and Paul. chap. throughout.) Mat, ii, 4. And

III.

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of God appointed thereunto in his word d.

IV. All fynods or councils since the apostles times, whether

general or particular, may err, and many have erred: therei no fore they are not to be made the rule of faith or practice,

but to be used as an help in both e.

V. Synods and councils are to handle or conclude nothing but that which is ecclesiastical: and are not to intermeddle with civil affairs, which concern the commonwealth, unless by way of humble petition, in cases . straordinary; or by way. of advice for satisfaction of conscience, if they be thereunto required by the civil magistrate f. CHA P. XXXII. Of the State of Men after death, and of

the Resurrection of the Dead. HE bodies of men, after death,return to dust, and fee corruption a; but their souls (which neither die nor sleep.)

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III. d Acts xv. 15, 19, 24, 27, 28, being the chief cornerstone.' acts · 29, 30, 31. (See in the Bible.) Acts xvii. 11. These were more poble xvi,

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And as they went thro' the than those in Thessalonica, in that cities, they delivered them the de-. they received the word with all reacrees for to keep, that were ordain-' diness of mind, and searched the ed of the apofties and elders who fcriptures daily, whether those things were at jerusalem. Mat. xviii. 17. were so. 1 Cor. ii. s. That your

faith And if he shall neglect to hear them, should not stand in the wisdom of tell it wto the church : but if he men, but in the power of God, neglect to hear the church, let him 2 Cor. i. 24. Not for that we have be unto thee as an heathen inan and dominion over your faith, but are a publican. v. 18. Verily I say unto belpers of your joy; for by faith ye you, whatsoever ye shall bird on stand. earth, Mall be bound in heaven : V. f Luke xii. 13. And one of the and whatsoever you shall loose on company said unto him, Mafter, earth, shall be loosed in heaven. v. speak to my brother, that he divide 19. Again I say unto you, that if the inheritance with me. v. 34. And two of you shall agree on earth be said unto him, Man, who made as touching any thing that they me a judge, or a divider over you? shall ask, it Mall be done for them John xviii. 46. Jesus answered, My of my Father who is io heaven. v, kingdom is not of this world, if my 20. For where two or three are ga. kingdon were of this world, then thered cogether in my name, there would my servants fight, that I am I in the midst of them.

fould not be delivered to the Jews: Iv. e Eph. ii, 20. And are built but now is my kingdom not from upon the foundation of the apostles hence. and prophets, Jufus Christ himself 1. a Gen. iii. 19, in the sweat of thy

face

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