having an immortal subsistence, immediately return to God who gave them b. The souls of the righteous, being then made perfeet in holiness, are received into the highest heavens, where they behold the face of God in light and gldry, waiting for the full redemption of their bodies c : and the souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torments and utter darkness, reserved to the judgment of the great day d. Besides these two places for fouls leparated from their bodies, the scripture acknowledgech none.

II. At

face shalt thou eat bread, till thóu * Whom the heavens must receive, return unto the ground; for out of until the times of restitution of all it walt thou taken: fordult thou art, things, which God harh spoken by and unto dust thou shalt return. Ads the mouth of all his holy prophets, xiii. 36, For David, after he had since the world began. And Eph. served his own generation by the will. iv. 10. He that descended, is the of God, fell on fleep, and was laid fame also that ascended up far above unto his fathers, and saw corrup- all heavens, that he might fill all tion,

things. b Luke xxiii. 43. And Jesus said d Luke xvi. 23. And in bell he lift unto him, Verily, I say unto thee, up his eyes, being in torments, and To day shalt thou be with me in pa- feeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus radise. Eccl. xii. 7. Then shall the in his bosom. v, 24. And he cried, dust return to the earth as it was : and said, Father Abraham, have and the spirit shall return unto God mercy on me, and send Lazarus that who gave it,

he may dip the tip of his finger in c Heb, xii, 23. To the general al water and cool my tongue ; for I am sembly, and church of the first-born tormented in this flame. Ads i. 25. which are written in heaven, and to That he may take part of this mini. God the Judge of all, and to the stry and apostleship, from which Ju{pirits of just men made perfect. das by transgreffion fell, that he 2 Cor. V, I. For we know, that if might go to his own place. Jude 6. our earthly house of this tabernacle And the angels who kept not their were dissolved, we have a building first estate, but left their own habi. of God, an house not made with tation, he hath reserved in everlast. haods, eternal in the heavens, v. 6. ing chains under darkness, unto the Tberefore we are always confident, judgment of the great day. knowing that whilt we are at home Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and in the body, we are absent from the the cities about them in like manner Lord. v. 8. We are confident, I say, giving themselves over to fornicatiand willing rather to be absent from on, and going after strange flesh, the body, and to be present with the are set forth for an example, fufferLord. Phil. i. 23. For I am in a strait ing the vengeance of eternal fire. betwixt two, having a delire to de- 1 Pet. iii, 19. By which also he went part, and to be with Christ; which and preached unto the Spirits in is far better. With Ads iii, 21. prison.


1. At the last day, such as are found alive shall not die, but be changed e, and all the dead Thall be raised up with the self fame bodies, and none other, altho' with different qualities, which shall be united again to their souls for ever f.

ill. The bodies of the unjust thall by the power of Christ be raised to dishonour; the bodies of the just by his Spirit unto honour, and be made conforinable unto his own glorious body g.

Chap. XXXIII. Of the last Judgment.

T OD liath appointed a day, wherein he will judge the world I in righteousness by Jesus Christ a, to whom all power and judgment is given of the Father b. In which day, not only the


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II. i Thess.iv. 17. Then we who III.g Ads xxiv. 15. And have hope are alive and remain , shall be caught towards God, which they themselves up together with them in the clouds, also allow, that there thall be a reto meet the Lord in the air : and so furrection of the dead, both of the fhall we ever bé with the Lord. just and unjust. John v. 28. Marvel 1 Cor. xv. 51. Behold, I shew you a not at this : for the hour is coming,

mystery; we shall not all Deep, but in the which all that are in their • we shall all he changed, 'v. 52. Ina graves shall hear his voice, v, 29.

moment, in the twinkling of an eye, And hall come forth, they that have at the last trump, for the trumpet done good, unto the resurrection of should sound, and the dead shall be life; and they that have done evil, raised incorruptible, and we shall be 'unto the resurrection of damnation. changed

i Cor, xv. 43. (See in letter f.) Phil. fJob xix. 26. And though after my iii. 21. Who shall charge our vile fkin, worms destroy this body, yet body, that it may be fashioned like in my flesh shall I see God. v. 27. unto his glorious body, according to Whom I shall fee for myfelf, and the working whereby he is able even mine eyes shall behold, and not a to subdue all things unto himself. nother ; though my reins bé con 1. a Acts xviii 31. Because he hath sumed within me: Cor. xv. 42. So appointed a day in the which he will

is the resurrection of the dead. judge the world in righteoufness, by It is sown in corruption, it is raised that man whom he hath ordained; in incorruption : v. 43: It is sown in whereof he hath given assurance une dishonour, it is raised in glory; it is to all men, in that he hath raised sown in weakness, it is raised in him from the dead. power : : P. 44. It is fown a natural

6 John v, 22. For the Father judge body, it is raised a spiritual budy. eth no man; but hath committed ait There is a natural body, and were judgment unto the Son : v. 27. And is a spiritual body.

hath given him authority to execute


apostare angels shall be judged c; but likewise all persons, that have lived upon earth, fhall appear before the tribunal of Christ, to give an account of their thoughts, worde and deeds; and to receive according to what they have done in the body, whether good or evil d.

II. The end of God's appointing this day is for the manifeftation of the glory of his mercy, in the eternal falvation of the elect; and of his justice, in the damnation of the reprobate, who are wicked and disobedient. For then shall the righteous go into everlasting life, and receive that fulness of j - and refrething which shall come from the presence of the Lord; but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the gospel of Jesus Christ, thall be cast into etermal torments

, and be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power e.

iii. As Christ would have us to be certainly persuaded that there ihall be a day of judginent, both to deter all inien from fin,


judgment also, because he is the Son we shall all stand before the judgof man.

meni-feat of Christ. v. 12. So then c I Cor. vi. 3. Know ye not that every one of us shall give account of we shall judge angels ? how much himself to God, Mac. xi. 36. But ! more things that pertain to this life? say unto you, that every idle word Jude 6. (See letter & chapter forego. . that men shall fpeak, they shall give ing.) 2 Pet. ü. 4. For if Gad Spared account thereof in the day of jndgnot the angels that Goued, but caft ment. v. 37. For by thy words thou them down to hell, and delivered shalt be justified, and by thy words them into chains of darkness, to be thou shalt be condemned. reserved unto judgment.

Il. é (Mat. XXV. 31. to the end.) d 2 Cor. vi 10. For we must all Rom. ii. 5. But after thy hardness appear before the judgment feat of and impenitent heart, treasurelt up Chrift, that every one may receive unto thyself wrath against the day the things dope in his body, accord. of wrath, and revelation of the rigla. ing to that he hath done, whether teous judgment of God; v.6. Who it be good or bad. Eccl. xii. 14. For will render to every man according God thail bring every work unto to his deeds. Rom. ix. 22. What if judgment, with every secret thing, God, willing to thew his wrath, and whether it be good, or whether it to make his power koown, endured be evil. Rom. ii. 16. In the day with much long fuffering the veileis when God Mall judge the secrets of of wrath forted to destruction : 7.23. med by Jesus Christ, according to And that h: might make known the my gospel. Rom. xiv. 10. But why riches of his glory on the vessels of dolt thou judge thy brother? or why mercy which he had afore prepared da muu set wino:ghethy brother ? unto glory! Mat. xxv. 21. llis lord

and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversity f. So will he have that day unknown to men, that they may shake off ali carnal security, and be always watchful, because they know not at what hour the Lord will come; and inay be ever prepared to say, Come Lord Jesus, come quickly. Amen g.

said unto him, Well done, thou good coming in a cloud with power and and faithful fervant; thou hast been great glory. v. 28. And when there faithful over a few things, I will things begin to come to pass, then make thee ruler over many things: look up, and lift up your heads ; enter chou into the joy of thy lord for your redemption draweth nigli. Acts iii. 19. Repent ye therefore, and Rom. viii. 23. And not only they, be converted, that your fine may be but ourselves also, who have the blotted out, when the times of ie. first fruits of the Spirit, even we freshing shall come from the presence ourselves groan within ourlelves, of the Lord. 2 Theff. 1. 7, 8, 9, 10. waiting for the adoption, to wit, (See in the Bible.)

the redemption of our body. V. 24. III. s 2 Pet. iii. 11. Seeing then For we are saved by hope : but that all these chings shall be difolv. hope that is feen, is oot hope : for ed, what manner of perfons ought what a man feeth, why doth be yet ye to be in all holy conversation and hope for ? v. 25. But if we hope for godliness? v. 14. Wherefore, be. that we fee not, then do we with loved, feeing that ye look for such patience wait for it. things, be diligent that ye may be g Mat. xxiv. 36, 42, 43, 44. (See found of him in peace, without fpot in the Bible.) Mark xiii. 35. Watch and blemish. 2 Cor v. 10. (See let ye therefore, (for ye know not when. ter d.) VII. Knowing therefore the master of the house cometh ; at the terror of the Lord, we persuade even, or at midnight, or at the cockmen; but we are made manifest unto crowing, or in the morning.) v. 36. God, and I trust also are made mani. Lest coming suddenly, he find you felt in your consciences. 2 Theff. 1.5. fleeping. v. 27. And what I say unto Which is a manifest token of the you, I lay unto you all, Watch, Luke righteous judgment of God, that ye xii. 35. Let your loins be girded a. may be counted worthy of the king. boat, and your lights burning: v. dom of God, for which ye also fuf. 36. And ye yourselves like upto men fer. v. 9. Seeing it is a righteous thing that wait for their lord, when he with God to recompense tribulation will return from the wedding, that to them that trouble you; v. 7when he cometh and knocketh, they And to you who are troubled, rest may open unto him immediately. with us, when the Lord Jesus shall Rev, xxii, 23. He who testifieth these be revealed from heaven, with his things, faith, Surely I come quickmighty angels. Luke xxi. 27. And ly. Amen. Even so, conie, Lord then th. I they see the Son of man Jesus.



Agreed upon by the ASSEMBLY O DIVINES

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A Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Religion betwixt

the Churches of Christ in the Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.


Approved Anno 1648, by the General Assembly of the CHURCH of SCOTLAND, to be a Directory for Catechising such as have made fome Proficiency in the Kaowledge of the Grounds of Religion.

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With the Proofs from the Scripture.

Printed in the Year, M DCC LXVIII.

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