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own g or others good h: but not for any thing that is unlawfuli.
Q. 185. How are we to pray?
À. We are to pray with an awful apprehension of the majesty of God k: and deep sense of our own unworthiness), necessities m,
and sins n; with penitento, thankful p, and enlarged hearts
vency walls of Jerusalem. Pfal. cxxii. 6. up so much as his eyes unto heaven, Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they but smote upon his brealt, saying, God fhall prosper that love thee. be merciful to me a finner. v. 14. I
g Mat. vii. 11. If ye then being e tell you, this man went down to his vil, know how to give good gifts unto house justified rather than the other: your children, how much more shall for every one that exalteth himself,
Father who is in heaven, give hall be abased; and he that humgood things to them that ask him? bleth himself, shall be exalted.
h Psal. cxxv.4. Do good, o Lord, o Pfal. li. 17. The sacrifices of unto thote that be good; and to them God are a broken spirit: a broken that are upright in their hearts. and a contrite heart, O God, thou
i i John v, 14. And this is the 'wilt not despise. confidence that we have in him, that p Phil.iv.6. Be careful for nothing, if we ask any thing according to his but in everything by prayer, and fupwill, he heareth us.
plication with thanksgiving, let your 185. k Eccl. v.d. Keep thy foot requests be made known unto God.' when thou goeft to the house of God, 9 1 Sam. i. 15. And Hannah an. and be more ready to hear, than to swered and said, No, my lord, I am give the sacrifice of fools : for they a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have consider not that they do evil. drunk neither wine por strong drink,
1 Gen. xviii. 27. And Abraham but have poured out my soul before apswered and said, Behold, now, I the Lord. 1 Sam. ii. I. And Hanhave taken upon me to speak upto the nah prayed, and said, My heart reLord, who am but dust and alhes. joiceth in the Lord, mine horn is exGen. xxxii. 10. I am not worthy of alted in the Lord: my mouth is enthe least of all the mercies, and of all larged over mine enemies; because the truth which thou halt shewed I rejoice in thy salvation, unto thy servant;
ri Corxiv.15. What is it then? m Lukexy.17. And when he came I will pray with the spirit, and I will to himself, he laid, How many hired pray with the understanding also.servants of my father's have bread e sMark xi. 24. Therefore I layun. nough and to spare, and I perilh with you, what things foever ye desire hunger ! v. 18. I will arise, and go when ye pray, believe that ye receive to my father, and will say unto him, them, and ye shall have them. Jam. Father, I have finned against heaven, i. 6. But let him ask in faith, noand before thee, v. 19, and am nothing wavering: for he that wavermore worthy to be called thy son: eth is like a wave of the sea, driven make me as one of thy hired fervants. with the wind, and tossed.
n Luke xviii. 13. And the publi Pfal. cxl. 18. The Lord is nigh can standing afar off, would not lift
vency v, love w, and perfeverance x, waiting upon himy wich humble submiflion to his will z.
Q. 186. What rule hath God given for our direction in the duty of prayer?
A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in the duty of praying a; but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which our Saviour Christ taught his disciples, commonly called, The Lord's prayer b.
Q. 187. How is the Lord's prayer to be used?
A. The Lord's prayer is not only for direction, as a pattern according to which we are to make other prayers; but may also be used as a prayer, so that it be done with understanding, faith, reverence, and other graces necessary to the right performance of the duty of prayert.
Q. 188. Of how many parts doth the Lord's prayer confif?
A. The Lord's prayer consists of three parts; a preface, petitions, and a conclufion.
Q. 189. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us!
A. The preface of the Lord's prayer (contained in thefe words, 'Our Father who art in heavend) teacheth us, when we pray, to draw near to God with confidence of his Fatherly goodness, and our interest therein e : with reverence, and all
other unto all them that call upon him, will hear me. to all that call upon him in truth. z Mat. xxvi. 39. And he weat a Pral. xvü. I. Hear the right, o little further, and fell on his face, Lord, attend unto my cry, give ear and prayed, saying, O my Father, untu my prayer that goeth not cut if it be posible, let this cup pass of feigned lips.
from me: nevertheless, pot as ! v Jam.v. 16.- The effe&ual fer. will, but as thou wilt. vent prayer of a righteous man a 186. a 1 John v. 14. And this is vaileth much.
the confidence that we have in him, W I Tim. ii. 8. I will therefore that if we ask any thing according that men pray every where, lifting to his will, he beareth us. up holy hands, without wrath and 6 Mat. vi. verses 9, 10, 11, 12. doubting.
13. After this manner therefore pray * Eph. vi. 18. Praying always ye: Our Father, &c. Luke ti. verwith all prayer and fupplication in fes 2, 3, 4. and he said unto them, the Spirit, and watching thereunto When ye pray, fay, Our Father, with all perseverance, and suppli. &c. cation for all faints.
187.c Mat, vi. 9. compared with y Micah vii. 7. Therefore I will Luke xi. 2. (See above in letter 6.) look unto the Lord. I will wait for 189. d Mat. vi. 9. the God of my salvation: my God Luke xi. 13. If ye then, being e.
other child-like dispositions f, heavenly affections g, and due apprehensions of his sovereign power, majesty, and gracious condescension h: as also, to pray with and for others i.
Q. 190. What do we pray for in the first petition?
A. In the first petition (which is, Hallowed be thy name k) acknowledging the utter inability and indisposition that is inourselves and all men to honour God aright l, we pray, That God would by his grace enable and incline us and others to know, to acknowledge, and highly to esteem him m, his titlesn, attributeso,
vil, know how to give good gifts ven, the great and terrible God, unto your children: how much that keepeth covenant and mercy more shall your heavenly Father give for them that love him and observe the Holy Spirit to them that ask him? his commandments : v. 6. Let thine Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not re car now be attentive, and thine eyes ceived the spirit of bondage again to open, that thou mayest hear the fear; but ye have received the spirit prayer of thy servant, which I pray of adoption, whereby we cry, Ab- before thee now, day and night, for ba, Facher.
the children of Ifrael thy fervants, if Ifa. Ixiv. 9. Be not wroth very and confess the fins of the children sore, O Lord, neither remember ini- of Israel, which we have finned aquity for ever: behold, fee, we be- gainst thee: both I and my father's feech thee, we are all thy people. house have finned.
& Pfal. cxxiii. 1. Unto thee lift I i Acts xii. 5. Peter therefore was up mine eyes, I thou that dwellest kept in prison ; but prayer was made in the heavens. Lam. iii. 41. Let us without ceasing of the church unto lift up our heart with our hands un. God for him. to God in the heavens.
190. k Mat. vi. 9. b Ifa, Ixiii, 16. Look down from 1 2 Cor. ii. s. Not that we are heaven, and behold from the habi- fufficient of ourselves to think any tation of thy holiness and of thy thing as of ourselves: but our fuffi. glory: where is thy zeal and thy ciency is of God. Pfal. li. 15. O Arength, the founding of thy bow. Lord, open thou my lips, and my els, and of thy mercies towards me ? mouth shall new forth thy praise. are they restrained ? 1. 16. Doubt. m Pfal. Ixvii. 2. That thy way lefs thou art our Father, though A- may be known upon the earth, thy braham be ignorant of us, and Isra- saving health among all pations. v. el acknowledge us not: thou, 0 3. Let the people praise thee, O Lord, art our Father, our Redeem- God; let all the people praise thee. er, thy name is from everlafting. m Pfal. Ixxxiv. 18. That men may Neh, i. 4. And it came to pats when know, that thou, whose name alone I heard these words, that I sat down is JEHOVAH, art the most High and wept, and mourned certain days, over all the earth. and falted, and prayed before the o Pfal. Ixxxvi. 10. For thou art God of heaven. v. 5. And said, I great, and doft wondrous things: befeech thee, O Lord God of hea. thou art God alone. v. 11. Teach
ordinances, word p, works, and whatsoever he is pleafed to make himself known by g, and to glorify him in thought, word r, and deeds: that he would prevent and remove atheism t, ignorance v, idolatry w, profane
mercy and truth.
me thy way, O Lord, I will walk extol thee, my God, O King, &c. in thy truth : unite my heart to fear Psal. viii, throughout, o Lord our thy name. 0.12. I will praise thee, Lord, how excellent is thy name O Lord my God, with all my heart: in all the earth! &c. and I will glorify thy name for ever Psal. ciii. 1. Bless the Lord, O more. v. 13. For great is thy mer. my soul : and all that is within me, cy toward me: and thou hast de bless his holy name.
Psal. xix. 14 livered
niy soul from the lowest hell. Let the words of my mouth, and v.15. But thou, O Lord, art a God the meditation of my heart be ac. full of compaflion, and gracious: ceptable in thy Gghs, O Lord my long suffering, and plenteous in strength, and my redeemer,
s Phil. i. 9. And this I pray, that p 2 Thess. iii. 1. Finally, bre, your love may abound yet more and thren, pray for us, that the word of more in knowledge, and in all judgthe Lord may have free course, and ment. V.11. Being filled with the be glorified, even as it is with you. fruits of righteousness, which are Pfal. cxlvii. 19. He sheweth his by Jesus Christ unto the glory and word uoto Jacob, his statutes and praise of God. his judgments unto Israel. V. 20. * Psal. Ixvii. I. God be merciful He hath not dealt so with any oati. unto us, and bless us : and cause on: and as for his judgments, they his face to shine upon us. Selah. v. have not known them. Praise
2. That thy way may be known Lord. Pfal. cxxxviii. 1. I will praise upon earth, thy faving health among thee with my whole heart, before all eations. v. 3. Let the people the gods will I sing praise unto praise thee, O God; let all the peothee. v. 2. I will worship toward ple praise thee. V. 4. O let the nathy holy temple, and praise thy tions be glad and sing for joy: for name, for thy loving, kindness, and thou shalt judge the people rightefor thy truth: for thou hast magni- ously, and govern the nations upon fied thy word above all thy name. earth. Selah. v. 3. In the day when I cried, thou v Eph. i. 17. That the God of anfweredst me: and strengthenedit our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of me with strength in my soul. 2 Cor. glory, may give unto you the spirit ji. 14. Now thanks be unto God, of wisdom and revelation, in the who always caufeth us to triumph knowledge of him: v. 18. The eyes in Christ, and maketh manifest the of your understanding being enfavour of his knowledge by us in e lightened; that ye may know what very place. v. 15. For we are un- is the hope of his calling, and what to God a sweet favour of Christ, in the riches of the glory of his inheri. them that are saved, and in them tance in the faints. that perish.
w Pfal. xcvii. 7. Confounded be . Pfal. cxly, throughout, I will all they that serve graveo images,
nessx, and whatsoever is dishonourable to him y; and, by his over-ruling providence, direct and dispose of all things to his own glory z.
Q. 191. What do we pray for in the second petition?
A. In the second petition (which is, Thy kingdom come a) acknowledging ourselves and all mankind to be by nature under the dominion of fin and Satan b, we pray, That the kingdom of sin and Satan may be destroyed c, the gospel propagated
that boast themselves of idols : wore but they turned from them and deShip him, all ye gods.
stroyed them not : v. 11. Behold, * Pfal. Ixxiv. i 8. Remember this, I say, how they reward us, to come that the enemy hath reproached, O to cast us out of thy possession which Lord, and that the foolish people thou halt given us to inherit. v. 12. have blafphemed thy name.
O our God, wilt thou not judge Arise, O God, plead thine own them ? for we have no might against caufe : remember how the foolish this great company that cometh a. mao reproacheth thee daily. V.23. gainst us : neither know we what to Forget not the voice of thine ene do, but our eyes are upon thee. mies: the tumult of those that rise Pfal. Ixxxiii. throughout. Keep not up against thee, increaseth conti- thou filence, O God: hold not thy
peace, &c. Pfal. cxl.
4. Keep me, y 2 Kings xix. 5. And Hezekiah O Lord, from the hands of the prayed before the Lord, and said, wicked, preserve me from the vioO Lord God of Israel, who dwelleft lent man, who hath purposed to between the cherubims, thou art the overthrow my goingx. v. 8. Grant God, even thou alone, of all the not, O Lord, the desires of the kingdoms of the earth, thou halt wicked, further not his wicked demade heaven and earth. v. 16. vices, left they exalt themselves. Lord, bow down thine ear, and Selah. hear : open, Lord, thine eyes, and 191. a Mat. vi. 10. see : and hear the words of Seona b Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time cherib, who hath sent him to re past, ye walked according to the proach the living God.
course of this world, according to 2 2 Chron. xx. 6. And (Jehosha- the prince of the power of the air, phat) said, O Lord God of our fa- the spirit that now worketh in the thers, art not thou God in heaven? children of disobedience. v. 3. Aand rulelt not thou over all the mong whom also we all had our kingdoms of the heathen and in conversation' in times past, in the thine hand is there not power and Jufts of our flesh, fulfilling the de. might, so that none is able to with fires of the flesh, and of the mind : stand thee? v. 10. And now be- and were by nature the children of hold, the children of Ammon, and wrath, even as others, Moab, and mount Seir, whom thou c Pfal. Ixviii. 1. Let God arise, wouldst not let Israel invade, when let his enemies be scattered: let they came out of the land of Egypt, them also that hate him, fee before