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A. All mankind by their fall lost communion with God g,are under his wrath and curse h, and so made liable to all miseries in chis life to death itself, and to the pains of hell for ever i.
Q. 20. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of fin and misery?
A. God having out of his mere good pleasure from all eternity elected some to everlasting life k, did enter into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of fin and misery,and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a Redeemerl.
Q. 2!. Who is the Redeemer of God's elect.
all bad our conversation in times paft, disobedience : v. z. Among whom in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the also we all had our conversation in desires of the flesh, and of the mind; times past in the lufts of our flesh, and were by nature the children of fulfilling the desires of the flesh, and wrath, even as others. James i. 14. of the mind; and were by nature But every man is tempted, when he the children of wrath even as others. is drawn away of his own luft, and Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of enticed. v.15. Then when lust hath the works of the law, are under the conceived, it bringeth forth fin; and curse: for it is written, Cursed is esin when it is finished, bringeth very one that continueth not in all forth death. Mat. xv. 19. For out things which are written in the book of the heart proceed evil thoughts, of the law to do them. murders, adulteries, fornications, ¿Lam. iii. 39. Wherefore doth a thefts, falfe-witness, blafphemies. living man complain, a man for the
19. 8 Gen. iii. 8. And they heard punishment of his fins ? Rom. vi. the voice of the Lord God walking 23. For the wages of fin is death : in the garden in the cool of the day: but the gift of God is eternal life, and Adam and his wife hid them- thro' Jesus Christ our Lord. Mac. felves from the presence of the Lord xxv. 41. Then fall he fay unto God amongst the trees of the gar. them on the left hand, Depart from den. V. 10. And he said, I heard me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, thy voice in the garden: and I was prepared for the devil and his anafraid because I was naked; and I gels. v. 46. -And these shall go ahid myself. v. 24. So he drove out way into everlafting punishment; the man : and he placed at the east but the righteous iato life eternal. of the garden of Eden, cherubims, 20. k Eph. i. 4. According as he and a flaming sword which turned hath chofen us in him before the every way, to keep the way of the foundation of the world, that we tree of life.
should be holy and without blame b Eph.ii. 2. Wherein in times past before him in love. ye walked according to the course I Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the of this world, according to the prince deeds of the law there shall no desh of the power of the air, the spirit be justified in his fight: tor by the that now worketh in the children of law is the knowledge of fo. v. 21,
Christ m, who, being the eternal Son of God, became maa n, and so was and continued to be God and man in two distinct natures, and one person for ever 0.
Q. 22. How did Chrill, being the Son of God, become man?
A Christ, the Son of God, became man,by taking to himself a true body p, and a reasonable soul g, being conceived by the power of the holy Ghost; in the womb of the virgin Mary,
and But now the righteousnefs of God shall be born of thee, shall be called without the law is manifefted, be the Son of God. Col. ii. 9. For in ing witnessed by the law and the him dwelleth all the fulness of the prophets; v. 22. Even the righte. Godhead bodily. Heb. vii. 24. But oufness of God which is by faith of this man, becaufe he continueth é. Jesus Christ uoto all, and upon all ver, hath an unchangeable priettthem that believe ; for there is no hood. v. 25. Wherefore he is able difference. Gal. iii. 21. is the law also to fave them to the uttermolt, then against the promises of God? that come unto God by him, feeiog God forbid : for if there had been a he ever liveth to make incerceffion law given which could have given for them. life, verily righteoufness should have 22 p Heb. ii. 14. Forasmuch then been by the law. v 22. But the as the children are partakers of Aeth fcripture hath concluded alt under and blood, he also himself like wise fin, that the promise by faith in Je- took part of the fame : that through fas Christ might be given to them death he might deftroy him that had that believe.
the power of death, that is, the de21. m 1 Tim. ii. s. For there is vil : 0.16. For verily he took not on one God, and one Mediator between him the nature of angels; but he God and men, the man Christ Jesus: took on him the feed of Abraham. 4. 6. Who gave himself a ransom Heb.x. 5. Wherefore when he comfor all, to be teftified in due time, eth into the world, he faith, Sacri.
7 Jobni. 14. And the Word was fice and offering thou wouldit not, made fiefh and dwelt among us, (and but a body halt thou prepared me. we beheld his glory, the glory as of 9 Mat. xxvi. 38. Then faith he the only begotten of the Father) full unto them my soul is exceeding forof grace and truth. Gal. iv. 4o Bat rowful, even uato death; tarry ye when the fulness of the time was here, and watch with me. come, God fent forth his Son made Lukei. 27. To a virgin espoused of a woman, made under the law. to a man whose name was Joseph, of
o Rom. ix. 5. Whose are the fa- the house of David; and the virgin's thers, and of whom as concerning name was Mary. *. 31. and behold, the flesh Chrift came, who is over all, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and God blessed for ever. Amen. Luke bring forth a Son, and Dalt call his i. 35. And the angel answered and Dame Jesus. v. 35. And the angel faid unto her, The holy Ghost shall anfwered and faid unto her, The come upon thee, and the power of holy Ghost Shall come upon thee, and the Highest fall overshadow thee: the power of the Highest tall overtherefore also that holy thing which lvadow thee: therefore also chat ko
yet without fin :
Q. 23. what offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer?
A. Christ, as our Redeemer, executeth the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltation t.
Q. 24. How dith Christ execute the office of a prophet?
ly thing which shall be born of thee, him, Thou are my Son, to day bave Mall be called the Son of God. I begotten thee. v.6. As he faith 42. and the spake out with a loud also in another place, Thou art a voice, and said, Bleffed art thou a prielt for ever after the order of Mel. mong women and blessed is the fruit chizedec v. ·7. Who in the days of thy womb. Gal. iv. 4. (See in of his flesh, when he had offered up the preceeding question, letter n.) prayers and fupplications, with
Heb. iv. 15. For we have not an Atrong crying and tears unto him high priest which cannot be touched that was able to save him from death, with the feeling of our infirmities: and was heard in that he feared. but was in all points tempted like as Heb, vii. 25. Wherefore he is able we are, yet without fin. Heb vii. alio to save them to the uttermolt, 26. For such an high priest became that come unto God by him, seeing us, who is holy, harmless, undefil. he ever liveth to make interceffion ed, feparate from finners, and made for them. Psal, ü. 6. Yet have I higher than the heavens.
set my king upon my holy hill of si. 23. + A&ts iii. 21. Whom the hea. on Ila, ix. 6. For unto us a child ven must receive until the times of is born, unto us a Soo is given, and restitution of all things, which God, the government hall be upon his hath fpoken by the mouth of all bis shoulder, and his dame shall be cal. holy prophets, since the world be led Wonderful, Counsellor, The gan. v. 22. For Mofes truly said mighty God, the everlasting Father, unto the fathers, A prophet sall the The Prince of peace. v.7. Of the Lord your
God raile up unto you, increase of his government and peace of your brethren, like unto me; him there (hall be no end, upon the throne shall ye hear in all things, whatsoe- of David, and upon his kingdom, ver he shall say unto you. Heb. xii. to order it and to eltablish it with 25. See that ye refuse oot him that judgment and with justice from speakech : for if they escaped not beoceforth even for ever: the zeal who refused him that spake on earth of the Lord of hosts will perform this niuch more shall not we escape, if Mat. xxi. 5. Tell ye the daughier we turn away from him that speak of Sion, Behold, thy king cometh eth from heaven. Compared with upto thee, meek, and fitting upon 2 Cor. xiii. 3. Since ye seek a proof an ass, and a colt the fole of an als. of Christ speaking in me, which to Psal. ii. 8. Ask of me, and I shall you ward is not weak, but is migh- give thee the heathen for thine inty in you. Heb. v. 5. So allo Christ heritance, and the uttermolt parts glorified not himself to be made an of the earth for thy poffelhon. v. 9, high priest; but he that said unto Thou shalt break them with a rod
to us, by his word and Spirit, the will of God for our falvation v.
25. How doth Christ execute the office of a priest? A. Christ executeth the office of a priest, in his once offer, ing up of himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice w, and reconcile us to God x, and making continual intercession for us y.
Q. 26. How doth Christ execute the office of a king?
6. Christ executeth the office of a king, in subduing us to himself z, in ruling a, and defending usb, and in restraining
and of iron, thou shalt dash them in pie 25. w Heb. ix. 14. How much ces like a potter's vessel. v. 10. Be more shall the blood of Chrilt, who wile now therefore, O, ye kings : be through the eternal Spirit, offered instructed, ye judges of the earth. himself without spot to God, purge V. 11. Serve the Lord with fear, and your conscience from dead works to rejoice with trembling.
serve the living God? v. 28. So 24 v John i. 18. No man kath Christ was once offered to bear the seeo God at any time : the only be fins of many; and unto them that gotten Son, which is in the bofom of look for him shall he appear the sethe Father, he hath declared him, cond time without sin unto salvation, i Pet. i. 10. Of which salvation the * Heb. i. 17. Wherefore in all prophets have enquired, and search things it behoved him to be made like cd diligently, who prophesied of the unto his brethren; that he might be grace that should come unto you ; a merciful and faithful high priest in v. 1. Searching what, or what things pertaining to God, to make remanner of time the Spirit of Christ conciliation for the fins of the people. which was in them did fignify, when у Heb. vii. 24. But this man, beit testified before hand the fufferings 'cause he continueth ever, hath an of Christ, and the glory that should unchangeable priesthood. v. 25. follow. V. 12. Unto whom it was Wherefore he is able also to save revealed, that not unto themselves, them to the uttermolt, that come but uoto us they did miniller the unto God by him, seeing he ever things which are now reported un liveth to make intercession for them. to you, by them that have preach 26. 2 Aets xv. 14. Simon hath ed the gospel unto you, with the declared how God at the first did viholy Ghost fent down from heaven ; fit the Gentiles, to take out of them which things the angels desire to a people for his name. v 15. And to look into. John xv. 15. Henceforth this agree the words of the prophets; I call you por fervants; for the fer, as it is written. v. 16. After this I vant knoweth not what his Lord will return, and build again the tadoth: but I have called you friends; bernacle of David, which is fallen for all things that I have heard of down : and I will build again the my Father, I have made knowo un- ruins thereof, and I will let it up. to you. John xx. 31. But these are a Isa. xxxiii. 22. For the Lord is written that ye might believe that our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, Jesus is the Christ the Son of God, the Lord is our king, he will save us. and that believing ye might have b Isa. xxxii, 1. Behold, a King life through his name.
and conquering all his and our enemies c.
Q. 27. Wherein did Christ's humiliation confift?
À. Christ's humiliation consisted in his being born, and that in a low condition d, made under the law e, undergoing the miseries of this life f, the wrath of God g, and the cursed death of the crofs b; in being buried i, and continuing under the power of death for a time k.
Q. 28. Wherein confifleth Christ's exaltation?
thall reign in righteousnefs, and forrows, and acquainted with grief: princes shall rule in judgment, v. 3. and we hid as it were our faces from And a mao fhall be as an hiding. him; he was despised, and we eplace from the wind, and a covert seemed him not. from the tempeft; as rivers of wa Luke xxii.
And being in an ters in a dry place, as the shadow of agony, he prayed more earneAly, a great rock in a weary land, and his sweat was as it were great
ci Cor. xv. 25. For be muft reign drops of blood falling down to the till he hath put all his enemies un ground. Mae. xxvii 46. And about der his teet. Pfal. xc, throughout, the ninth hour Jesus cried with a
27. d Luke ii. 7. And the brought loud voice, faping, Eli, Eli, lama faforth ber firft born fon, and wrapped bachthani ? that is to say, My God, him in swaddling clothes, and laid my God, why halt thou forsaken me? him in a manger, because there was b Phil. i 8. and being found in no room for them in the ino.
fashion as a man, he humbled him, e Gal iv 4. But when the fulness self, and became obedient unto of the time was come, God fent death, even the death of the cross. forth his Son made of a woman, ii Cor. xv. 3. For I delivered made under the law.
anto you first of all, that which I f Heb. xii. 2. Looking onto Jesus also received, how that Christ died the author and finisher of our faith, for our sins, according to the fcripwho for the joy that was set before tures: v. 4. And that he was buhim, endured the cross, despising the ried, and that he rofe again the fhame, and is fet down at the right third day according to the triptores. hand of the throne of God. V 3 k Ads ii. 24. Whom God hath For consider him that endured such raised up, having loosed the pains contradi&ion of finners against him. of death : because it was not pooble self, left ye be wearied and faint in that he should be holden of it. v. 25. your minds. Ifa. liii. 2. For he For David speaketh concerning him, shall grow up before bim as a ten. I forefaw the Lord always before my der plant, and as a root out of a face, for he is on my right hand dry ground: he hath no form nor that I hould not be moved. v. 26. comelinefs : and when we shall see Therefore did my heart rejoice, and him, there is no beauty that we my tongue was glad; moreover al. Thould defire him. v. 3. He is de. so my fesh shall rest in hope : v. 27, fp Sed and rejected of men, a man of Because thou wilt not leave my foul