The Invention of Capitalism: Classical Political Economy and the Secret History of Primitive Accumulation
Duke University Press, 2000/05/03 - 424 ページ
The originators of classical political economy—Adam Smith, David Ricardo, James Steuart, and others—created a discourse that explained the logic, the origin, and, in many respects, the essential rightness of capitalism. But, in the great texts of that discourse, these writers downplayed a crucial requirement for capitalism’s creation: For it to succeed, peasants would have to abandon their self-sufficient lifestyle and go to work for wages in a factory. Why would they willingly do this?
Clearly, they did not go willingly. As Michael Perelman shows, they were forced into the factories with the active support of the same economists who were making theoretical claims for capitalism as a self-correcting mechanism that thrived without needing government intervention. Directly contradicting the laissez-faire principles they claimed to espouse, these men advocated government policies that deprived the peasantry of the means for self-provision in order to coerce these small farmers into wage labor. To show how Adam Smith and the other classical economists appear to have deliberately obscured the nature of the control of labor and how policies attacking the economic independence of the rural peasantry were essentially conceived to foster primitive accumulation, Perelman examines diaries, letters, and the more practical writings of the classical economists. He argues that these private and practical writings reveal the real intentions and goals of classical political economy—to separate a rural peasantry from their access to land.
This rereading of the history of classical political economy sheds important light on the rise of capitalism to its present state of world dominance. Historians of political economy and Marxist thought will find that this book broadens their understanding of how capitalism took hold in the industrial age.
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LibraryThing Reviewユーザー レビュー - pomonomo2003 - LibraryThing
Laissez-faire for you, State Intervention for us! This is a very good book. It is the revised edition of a book I saw sometime in the (?) eighties. This book decisively shows how the birth of ... レビュー全文を読む
2 The Theory of Primitive Accumulation
3 Primitive Accumulation and the Game Laws
4 The Social Division of Labor and Household Production
5 Elaborating the Model of Primitive Accumulation
6 The Dawn of Political Economy
7 Sir James Steuarts Secret History of Primitive Accumulation
8 Adam Smiths Charming Obfuscation of Class
9 The Revisionist History of Professor Adam Smith
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Adam Smith agriculture America analysis artiﬁcial become beneﬁcial beneﬁt Bentham bourgeoisie Britain British Cantillon capital capitalist development chapter cited classical political economy colonies commodity production concern conﬂict consumption Corn Laws countryside cultivation dependent difﬁculty division of labor economists efﬁciency employed employers employment Engels England English example factory farm farmers feudal ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrm ﬁrst forces Franklin Game Laws garden gentry Gourlay grain household production Hume hunting ibid identiﬁed importance industry inﬂuence interest Ireland Irish labor power land Lenin less Malthus manufactures Marx Marx’s McCulloch means ment modern Narodniks natural noted observed Owen’s peasants petit bourgeoisie Petty Petty’s Physiocrats poor population poverty primitive accumulation proﬁts Rae’s reﬂected Ricardo role Scotland Scottish seems self-provisioning self-sufﬁcient signiﬁcant slavery slaves small-scale Smithian social division social relations society Speciﬁcally subsistence sufﬁcient surplus value theory tion trade traditional wage labor Wakeﬁeld Wealth of Nations workers wrote