of my own weakness. Like those love. It strikes an impression of who have surveyed the moon by awful reverence ; it is indeed that glasses, I can only tell of a new and love which is more properly a shining world above us, but not zeal than passion. It is the raprelate the riches and glories of the ture which anchorites find in prayplace.' ..... Fortune has, indeed, er, when a beam of the Divinity but rendered justice to so much shines upon them; that which excellence, in setting it so high to makes them despise all worldly publick view ; or rather Provi- objects; and yet it is all but condence has done justice to itself, in templation. They are seldom placing the most perfect workman- visited from above ; but a single ship of heaven, where it may be vision so transports them, that it admired by all beholders. Had makes up the happiness of their the sun and stars been seated low- lives.' ... But all my praises are er, their glory had not been com- but as a bull-rush cast upon a municated to all at once ; and the stream ; if they sink not, it is beCreator had wanted so much of his cause they are borne up by the praise, as he had made your con- current, which supports their dition more obscure ; but he has lightness ; but they are carried placed you so near a crown, that round again, and return on the you add a lustre to it by your eddy where they first began. I beauty. You are joined to a prince can proceed no farther than your who only could deserve you ; beauty and even on that too I have whose conduct, courage, and suc- said so little, considering the cess in war, whose fidelity to his greatness of the subject, that, like royal brother, whose love for his him who would lodge a bowl upon country, whose constancy to his a precipice, either my praise falls friends, whose bounty to his ser- back by the weakness of the delivvants, whose justice to merit, ery, or stays not on the top, but whose inviolable truth, and whose rolls over, and is lost on the other magnanimity in all his actions, side.' seem to have been rewarded by heaven by the gift of you. You In a tea conversation, at the are never seen but you are blest; house of Sir Joshua Reynolds, and I am sure you bless all those speaking of Percy's reliques of anwho see you.'..... Thus, madam, cient English poetry, Dr. Johnson in the midst of crowds, you reign ridiculed that kind of writing, by in solitude ; and are adored with addressing, extempore, the followthe deepest veneration, that of si- ing stanzas to the young lady that lence. It is true, you are above made the tea : all mortal wishes ; no man desires.

I pray thee, gentle Renny, dear, impossibilities, because they are

That thou wilt give to me, beyond the reach of nature. To With cream and sugar teinpered well, hope to be a god, is folly 'exalted

Another dish of tea. into madness; but by the laws of

Nor fear that I, my gentle maid, our creation, we are obliged to adore him, and are permitted to

When once unto the bottom I

Have drank the liquor up. love him at human distance. It is the nature of perfection to be Yet hear at last this mournful truth, attractive, but the excellency of

Nor hear it with a frown,

Thou canst not make the tea go fast the object refines the nature of the

As I cao gulp it down Vol. III. No. 1.

Shall long detain the cup,

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Librum tuum legi & quam diligentissime potui annotavi, quæ commutanda, qux eximenda, ar

bitrarer. Nam ego dicere verum assuevi. Neque ulli patientius reprehenduntur, quam qui maxime laudari merentur. Pliny.


esting. To the Memoirs is preMemoirs of the American Academy

fixed the act of incorporation; and of Arts and Sciences. Vol. i. also the statutes of the Academy, 1785. 410. np. 568.

a list of members, and donors

with their respective benefactions. It is honourable to Massachusetts, Then follows A PAILOSOPHICAL that in the year 1780, in the midst DISCOURSE, publickly addressed to of the memorable war, which ter- the Academy by their first Presia minated in the establishment of dent, the honourable JAMES Bowthe independence of the United DOIN, Esq. on his first election to States, the American Academy of that office. Arts and Sciences was incorpora. The learned and excellent pre. ted by her enlightened legislature. sident, after some remarks on the According to the act of incorpor- social affections, and their operaation, « The end and design of the tion in forming societies of variinstitution of the academy is, to ous descriptions, observes, in the promote and encourage the knowl. spirit of true philosophy, with re. edge of the antiquities of Ameri- spect to the American Philosophical ca, and of the natural history of Society, which had been previously the country; and to determine the formed, and the American Academy uses to which the various natural of Arts and Sciences, “ it is hoped, productions of the country may that, as optic glasses, by collecting be applied; to promote and en- the solar rays, do assist and courage medical discoveries, math- strengthen the corporeal sight, so ematical disquisitions, philosoph- the two societies, by concentring ical inquiries and experiments ; in a proper focus the scattered astronomical, meteorological and rays of science, may aid and ingeographical observations ; and, vigorate the intellectual : benefitimprovements in agriculture, arts, ing by their productions, not only manufactures and commerce; and the communities, in which they in fine, to cultivate every art and are respectively instituted, but science, which may tend to ad- America and the world in general : vance the interest, honour, dignity both together resembling some coand happines of a free, independ pious river, whose branches, after ent and virtuous people.” : refreshing the neighbouring re

In prosecuting the object of gion, unite their waters for the fertheir institution, the Society has tilizing a more extensive country.!! presented to the publick in this vol- He afterward takes a cursory ume, the first fruits of their learn- view of the antiquities of America, ed labours. The time, that has and of natural history, two of the elapsed since the publication, will subjects, to which the inquiries of not, we hope, render a review of the Academy are particularly dithe contents useless por uninter- rected by the act of incorporation; Notices the benefits, which the pub- By the Rev. Joseph Willard, prese Lick has derived from Harvard Col. ident of the University, and correslege ; pays a tribute of gratitude to ponding secretary of the American the generous benefactors of that Academy of Arts and Sciences. institution, and addresses to their Previous knowledge of the altidisembodied spirits the effusions tude and longitude of the nonagesof a heart, strongly impressed with imal degree of the ecliptick is rea view of the great and extensive quisite in determining the diurnal good, arising from their donations. parallaxes of the heavenly bodies, Looking forward to the end of a belonging to the solar system, in century from the declaration of latitude and longitude. Such parindependence, he gives a character allaxes are necessarily used in de. of the Academy, to which he ducing the longitude of places from hopes it will then be entitled in the corresponding observations of sopages of some eminent American lar eclipses, as well as in various historian.

other astronomical calculations. The liberal spirit, that animates The late learned and excellent the society,appears in the following president of our university has, in extract. “As the society is formed this memoir, given a method of on the most liberal principles,and is finding the altitude and longitude of no sect or party in philosophy, of the nonagesimal degree, which it wide extends its arms to embrace he thinks is not only different the sons of science of every de- from, but to him easier, if not nomination and wheresoever found; shorter than any other, with which and with the warmth of fraternal he was acquainted. The method affection invites them to a philor is explained with perspicuity, and sophical correspondence : and they illustrated by an example and suitmay be assured, their communica- able figures; and may be easily tions will be esteemed a favour, understood by those, who are acand duly acknowledged by the So- quainted with the stereographick ciety."

projection of the sphere, and spheThis discourse appears to flow rick trigonometry. from a mind, correct, reflecting, In the appendix, rules are given well informed; and from a heart, for calculating the difference of warm with benevolence, patriotism, meridians from corresponding obą love of science, and engaged in servations of solar eclipses; and promoting the best interests of they are exemplified in determinsociety.

ing the longitude of Cambridge Part I. ASTRONOMICAL AND from the celebrated royal obser

MATHEMATICAL PAPERS. vatories of Greenwich and Paris. I. A method of finding the al. Of the calculations by solar and titude and longitude of the nona- lunar tables, in which Mayer's gesimal degree of the ecliptic ; with were used, it was deemed sufficient an appendir, containing calculations to publish merely the results, or from corresponding astronomical ob- particular elements, requisite in servations, for determining the dif; the subsequent parts of the proference of meridians between Har cess. The principles and rules, vard-Hall, in the University of stated in the appendix, are well Cambridge, in the commonwealth of exemplified. It was evidently the Massachusetts, and the royal ob. intention of the author to render servatorice at 1 weenwich and Parie. this method of finding longitude

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