in 1640, governour Winthrop, in historian will consult them, and the Journal, inserts the following passage, careless reader will consult the viz, “ Upon the great liberty which the



historian. king left the parliament to in England, some of our friends there wrote to us,

"Letter from Thomas Mayhew advising, to send over fome to solicit to Gov. Prince,” for us in parliament, giving us hopes we Upon the politicks of the Indians might obtain much : but consulting of the Elizabeth islands and the about it, we (the governour and athltants, Vineyard in 1671. convened in council) declined the motion

“James Walker's letter to Gov. for this consideration, that if we should put ourselves under the protection of

Prince." parliament, we must be subject to all A few particulars about king such laws they should make, or at Philip. least such as they might impose on us; “ Daniel Gookin's letter to Gov. in which course, though they should in

Prince." tend our good, yet it might prove very prejudicial to us.” Here observe, that

"Letter from Gov. Prince to as at this time, so it hath been ever since, Daniel Gookin.” that the colonies, so far from acknowl. “ Instructions from the church edging the parliament to have a right to at Natick to William and Anthony." make laws binding on them in all cases whatsoever, they have ever denied it

They were appointed mediators in any case.

between the Missogkonnog In

dians and the government of Ply. “ The petition of the Earl of mouth in 1671,” Stirling, William PhillipsLee, and “ Copy of a letter from Govern. Mary Trumbull, praying to be put our Prince to Roger Williams.” . in possession of some lands, called This is an answer to a complaint the county of Canada, granted to of Roger Williams about liberty of William Earl of Stirling, in 1635, religious worship, which he feared by the council for the affairs of N. the colonies of Massachusetts,ConEngland. 1760.”

necticut, and Plymouth intended “Letter from Jasper Mauduit, to take from him by conquering his Esq. to the Speaker of the house colony at Providence. of representatives of the province “ James Quanapaug's informa. of Massachusetts-Bay, relative to tion." a reimbursement from pariiament Quanapaug was sent from Nafor the expense of supporting the tick in 1675 to reconnoitre hostile French neutrals from Nova Scotia.” Indians, king Philip, Narragansetts,

“ Letter from Jasper Mauduit, &c. He saw much,and told it well. Esq. to the Speaker of the house “ Letter from Governour Stuyof representatives of the province vesant, of N. York, to the Governof Massachusetts-Bay, relative to our and Council of Massachusetts.” the duty laid by parliament on for Gov. S. complains of the irregueign molasses."

lar proceedings of some English “ Letter from Jasper Mauduit, colonial officers in New-York and Esq. to the Speaker of the house the unjustifiable outrages of a large of representatives of the province company of men on Long Island, of Massachusetts-Bay, relative to and wishes for peaceable accomthe duty on foreign molasses, the modation Boston has long been keeping up ten thousand troops in celebrated for courtesy and kind America, &c.

attention to strangers, and we are The titles explain the subjects proud to mention, that in 1603 of the foregoing papers. The his. Gor. S. thus writes :

Vol. III. No. 6. 2R

The engagement wbereby I confessed he will proceed in the work, for myself obliged unto your honours, to diligence and exactness are not to your citizens, both horse and foot, for

be found in every historian ; and the large respects, honourable reception, and entertainment in the city and colony

these qualities shall always receive of Boston, doth provoke me, by this sea. our praise, though our disapprofonable opportunity, to return all due bation may be sometimes excited and thankful acknowledgment, which by obscurity of style and perplexishould have been done sooner, if my fick

ty of arrangement. As a speci. neis and other intervening occasions, had not occafioned this neglect. But I hope

men of Dr. Bentley's work we init will never be too late to offer this trib sert the character of Roger Wilute of thankfulness, and due engagement, liams, and we are willing to beunto your honours, in any occasion. lieve every commendation of this

extraordinary man ; of one, who « Deposition of Hugh Cole, at was enterprizing, eccentrick, heroPlymouth Court, A.D. 1670," ick, and pious.

About king Philip.

« A Description and History of In Salem, every person loved Mr. Salem, by Rev. William Bentley."

Williams. He had no personal enemies

under any pretence. All - valued his The history of Salem contains

friendship. Kind treatment could win a great variety of facts. Whether him, but opposition could not conquer all the statements are correct, we him. He was not afraid to stand alone are not able to decide ; nor can we for truth against the world ; apd he had point out what is true, and what is

always address enough, with his firm false. Dr. Bentley has investiga

ness, never to be forfaken by the friends

he had ever gained. He had always a ted with diligence the state of pop tenderness of conscience, and feared eveulation, diseases, religious wor ry offence against moral truth. He ship, &c. His opinions and infer- breathed the pureft devotion. He was ences may be open to doubt, but ready in thoughts and words, apd defied

all his vauuting adversaries to publick we are not disposed to withhold

difputation. He had a familiar imagery praise from curiosity of inquiry of 'style, which suited his times, and he and accumulation of results. The indulged even in the titles of his controcharacter given of Roger Williams verlial papers to wit upoa names, espe. is different from that to be drawn

cially upon the Quakers. He knew mao from the statements of former his

better than he did civil govertiment. He

was a friend to human nature, forgiving, torians, and although Dr. Bentley

apright, and pious. He understood the may have correctly estimated that Indians better than any man of the age. singular man, still, as he knew He made not so many converts, but he there were doubts respecting the made more fincere friends. He knew true character of the Patriarch of their pallions, and the restraints they

could endure. He was petrayed into no Providence, he ought to have cited

wild or expensive projects respecting authorities in support of his opin- them. He Itudied their manners and jons. He would have made the their customs and paflions together. His work more luminous, had he divi- vocabulary also proves that lie was famided it into chapters with appro

liar with the words of their language,

if not with its principles. It is an happy priate heads ; for now we cannot

relief in conteinplating fo eccentrická with facility find any particular character, that no sufferings induced any fact, required to be known. The purposes of revenge, for which he after author mentions at the close, that wards had great opportunities ; that the history is to be continued, but great social virtues corrected the firft in the succeeding volumes of the

errours of his opinions; and that he lived

to exhibit to the natives a noble example Historical Collections the continu

unue of generous goodness, and to be the paration does not appear. We hope ent of the independent state of Rhode

Tiland. He died in his colony, in 1683, in the 84th year of his age.

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ART. 27. The Sabbath, a poem. The first

American edition, to which are now added, Sabbath Walks. New-York, printed by Collins, Perkins, & Co. 1805. 12mo. np. 168.

THIS little poem is written with great simplicity and considerable purity of style, excellencies the more welcome, as the more uncommon in the present degeneracy of taste, when a studied magnificence has driven nature from our prose, and sound without sense characterizes our verse.

This poet, who writes in blank verse, has one peculiarity in his versification, which, from its frequent recurrence, he undoubtedly thinks a beauty, but which strikes us, as in the highest degree harsh and inharmonious. He often employs eleven syllables in a line. • His iron-armed hoofs gleam in the

morning ray.'

from laziness, but succeeding bards never presumed to take the same liberty. With the exception of these trivial faults, which, however, it was incumbent on us as reviewers to point out, we can recommend this poem to every class of readers. It has simplicity enough to be intelligible to the illiterate, and sufficient sentiment and poetry to gratify the learned. As the style of the poet is equable, without any occasional flights above its uniform tenor, we have no choice in selection, and shall therefore quote the first forty lines of the poem, as a specimen of the writer's manner. How still the morning of the hallowed day? Mute is the voice of rural labour, hushed The ploughboy's whistle, and the milkmaid's

song. The scythe lies glittering in the dewy wreath of todded grass, mingled with fading flowers, That yester morn bloom'd waving in the breeze, Sounds the most faint attract the ear,-the hum of early bce, the trickling of the dew, The distant blealing, inidway up the hill. Calmness seems thron'd on yon unmoving cloud. To him who wanders o'er the upland Jeas, The blackbird's note comes iellower from the

dalc; And swecter from the sky the gladsome lark Warbles his heav'n-tund song ; the lulling brook Murmurs more gently down the deep-sunk glen ; While from yon lowiy roof, whose curling smoke O'ermounts the unist, is heard, at intervals, The voice of psalms, the simple song of praise. With dove-like wings Peace o'er yon village

broods : The dizzying mill wheel rests; the anvil's din Hath ceas'd; all, all around is quiemess. Less fearful on this day, the limping hare Stops, and looks back, and stops, and looks on

mall, Her deadliest foe. The toil-worn horsc, set free Unheedful of the pasture, roams at large; And, as his stiff unwieldy bulk he rolls, His iron-arm'd hoofs gleam in the morning ray.

But chicfly Man the day of reft enjoys. Hail, Sabbath ! thee I hail, the poor man's day. On other days, the man of toil is doom'd To eat his joyless bread, lonely, the ground Both seat and board, screen'd from the winter's

cold, And summer's heat, by neighbouring hedge of But on this day, embosom'd in his home, He shares the frugal meal with those he loves; with those he loves he shares the heart-felt joy of giving thanks to God, -not thanks of form, A word and a grimace, but rev'rently, with cover'd face and upward cára est cyc.


float.' • The record of her blossoming age

appears.' The authority of Milton is not sufficient to justify a license of this nature, and from the refinement of modern times, and the improvement of our language, we expect from a poet of the present day, at least, smoothness of versification. He also indulges once in a hemistick, or half-verse.

• Beyond the empyreal.' Virgil, who died before his Æneid was completed, left many lines unfinished, and this is the

© only instance, which we have yet found, where an imperfection has been imitated from choice. Dryden indeed adopted the practice

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progress of civilization and imART. 28.

provement towards our Western A new Man of the United States of

frontiers, rendered the publication America, including part of Louis

Louis of the new map peculiarly interisiania. Drawn from the latest esting. quthorities. Boston, published

Gazetteers are serviceable to and sold by John Sullivan, jun,

show with facility the qualities of 1806.

soil, institutions, population, cli.

mates, productions, arts, manners, The science of geography owes and customs of different countries ; its progress to the assistance of but we must look to maps for their maps, as in a less degree history is relative situations, and the connex. indebted to painting ; for of the ion, that one district or territory senses the eye is the most impor. has with another, the extent, situtant, and the objects it embraces ation and direction of rivers, mounin the acquisition of knowledge are tains, &c. most extensive. The ideas receive in the compilation of a map, ed through this medium are gene- made up of different surveys and rally clear and distinct ; the im- descriptions of sınall sections of pressions they make are strong the country, difficulties and emand lasting, and seldom require an barrassments occur, which are not after operation of the mind to con- obvious to a cursory observer. By nect or arrange them. It com- diminishing large, and protracting prehends at once all the propor- small maps of the several states tions, numbers, and divisions of a and territories, and comparing the painting, or piece of architecture ; variable surveys and correcting the beauties are equally stamped the anomalies, which are found in upon the mind, and time, although them, the publisber is liable to it may weaken, can never oblit- commit many errours, and beerate the images.

.comes, in a great measure, answer. These reflections were suggest. able for the inaccuracies of his ed by inspecting the new map, predecessors, whose works he is lately presented to the American obliged to join and associate to publick, by Mr. John Sullivan, jun. form an aggregate of the whole. It comprehends, on a sheet of 4 by Nor are the materials easily ob4 feet, the wliole of the United tained. If he trusts to the nume. States, with part of Louisiana, the rous small maps in circulation, Floridas, and part of the British most of which are extremely deprovinces of Canada, and furnishes fective, his imprudence is inexcua very distinct and valuable expo- sable ; and if he looks for assistsition of the political divisions and ance to original surveys, he will • boundaries of the states.

generally find them incomplete. To give an exact and compre- Nor can an accurate map of the hensive map of the United States United States be expected, without was certainly a great and laudable efficient aid from government. undertaking, and such as the pub- Maps of some of the states have lick, if well executed, ought to en- been published by authority ; but courage by something more than instead of surveyors being eman affectation of patronage. The ployed to fix the exact position of small maps in Morse's Gazetteer, prominent objects, the bearings of the scarcity of Bradley's and the which would correct other surveys, deamess of Arrowsmith's, and the the compiler has been obliged to

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