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EDITORS' NOTES. and Ireland are engaged to furnish Our present number is enrich- the various articles; and the whole. ed with a production from the pen is under the superintendence of of the Hon. J. Q. Adams. By ma- an editor, who has already proved king use of the Anthology for en- himself fully equal to the task. " chasing the jewel, he has conferred That any men should venture to an honour, of which we are not alter such a work would argue no insensible, and a compliment of little hardihood, and he would which we are proud. If the Pro- more probably incur the suspicion fessor of Rhetorick, in his new of overweening confidence, than rambles through poetry and prose, inspire a belief in his capacity to should note any thing of pleasant improve the publication. But aspect” for the general view, we that this should be done by anonyshould be happy in displaying it mous criticks, of whose character for publick applause. We wish for judgment and talents the him complete success in his pres- world knows nothing, is an imperent literary exertions; and though, tinence, for which we cannot find a for each course of his lectures, he name. It transfers the weighty will not receive the splendid Didac- responsibility of the work from tron of Isocrates, a thousand minæ, those, who are able to sustain it, yet we trust, that his discourses to the shoulders of a Mr. Nobody, will be such, as Quintilian might whom we have neither seen nor praise, and that the consequent re- heard. We hesitate not to say, nown will fully compensate the that the whole of the Cyclopædia, scanty pecuniary emolument of as edited by Dr. Rees, ought to be the new professorship.
given to the subscribers. The AMany subscribers to the Amer- merican publishers have an unican edition of Rees's Cyclopædia doubted right to add, to explain, have expressed in strong terms to correct an error, or insert a cautheir disapprobation of the muti- tion, within the limitation we have lated state in which several articles mentioned ; but this right does are exhibited. We shall not give, not extend to mutilation or omis. at present, any opinion respecting sion, which has a tendency to conthe extent of these mutilations ; found all literary authority, and to though, from the respectability of render the ground we tread upon the complainants, we are afraid uncertain and unsure. We desire to they are important. Should this be understood, not as giving a deciappear to be the case, we have no ded opinion how far this has been hesitation in asserting, that such done in the work referred to; but conduct is altogether unjustifiable. are the more earnest in our expresLet the American editors add what sions, because the practice has been they think useful or important, shamefully prevalent in American provided they be careful to dis- re-publications ; so much so that tinguish what they insert, from no literary man is safe in dependthat which rests upon the author- ing upon many of them, as giving ity of the learned and laborious Dr. the ungarbled and unsophisticaRees; but let us have no gar- ted sense of the original author. blings, no mutilations, no index With respect to the work in quesexpurgatorius. The work in ques- tion, we hope to give it, in a future tion is of the most respectable number, a thorough examination, class. Upwards of forty of the and to administer strict justice befirst literary men in Great Britain tween the editors and the publick.
The kingdom of the two Sicilies, ed the greater part of Europe, in Naples, became an independent those ages debased by every species state after the dissolution of the of tyranny and superstition. Eva Roman empire, of which it was a ery invader brought the laws of fragment, and has been from its his own country ; the Neapolitans, origin the perpetual seat of dis- besides retaining the Roman juriscord and civil wars ; subjugated prudence of the Justinian code, by one nation after another, the adopted the Norman code, and, fertility of its climate, and the la- that the confusion might be worse bour of its inhabitants, have been confounded, joined to these, with insufficient to gratify the rapacity the system of feudal rights and of the conquerors. Yet so lavish tenures, Spanish customs and auis nature of her bounty to this thorities, incorporating occasioncountry, that notwithstanding the ally with the rest, a papal ordinatremendous effects of earthquakes tion. and volcanoes, and the devastations This complicated system, or of continual wars, an interval of a rather this confused medley of few years of peace always restored laws, many of which, though they its former prosperity. But the were originally good, yet were so immediate rapine and violence of successfuily veiled in tedious form, these turbulent times, terrible as as to obscure their meaning and they were, have not been so per: destroy their utility,now forms the nicious, as the civil and political unwieldy, intricate system of juconsequences that resulted from risprudence in this kingdom. It the irruptions and transient do- will be easy to imagine the state minion of so many different na- of confusion and uncertainty, in tions. The former only afHicted which such a system must place a single generation, but the latter all sorts of claims or agreements, have been entailed upon posterity subject to legal discussion ; that
This beautiful, but unfortunate the most equitable tenure of propcountry, was successively ravaged erty must be insecure, where such by the Normans, the Germans, a wide field is left open for chicathe Spaniards, and involved in per- nery and legal vexation and delay. petual quarrels with the intriguing Indeed the single fact, that there ambition of the papal power, when are twenty thousand lawyers in the thunder of the Vatican affright. Naples, will give the best idea of
Vol. III. No. 7. 2T
it ; and it may be readily conceiv. er. The fertile island of Sicily, ed,' that from the body of laws once the granary of the Roman just mentioned, (I have been told, empire, hardly gives more consethey sometimes come to court quence to its sovereign, than his with a cartload of volumes to cite kingdom of Jerusalem. Yet from authorities and precedents) it is its immense resources, if inhabiteasy for them to protract any de- ed by an industrious people, whose cision, till the subject of dispute earnings should be protected by has cost more than its intrinsick the laws, this island ought to make value. A fertile soil, a genial sky, its owner a respectable, powerful and the exertions of industry, sovereign. In its present state, would, in a few years after the it is half a desert, and half a conravages of war, again give to the vent. Nor do the continental posgrain its customary protection in sessions afford much greater rethis country against the fervid sources ; the provinces of the two heat of the sun, the luxuriant Calabrias pay no revenues to the shade of the vine, festooning from crown, and their principal contrithe olive, and other fruit trees, bution is a yearly convoy of a planted at regular distances ;...yet hundred ruffians to the galleys at these charming fields must be es- Naples. teemed uncertain wealth, when The Museum at Portici is one they are held on such a precarious monument in favour of the govtenure.
ernment : no recent researches It is a singular fact, that the have been made, though doubtless present sovereign is the first king much remains to be discovered. who was ever born in the country. We would pardon, however, this A patriot king may be an imagin- government for letting the skele. ary being. Surely he cannot be tons of the inhabitants of Pompeia looked for here, where he has not repose in the houses, where they even the slight attachment of have been buried for eighteen birth. Continually subjugated by centuries. This is only disappointforeign nations, they have had a ing the curiosity of the artist and succession of monarchs, strangers antiquarian. But when a stranger to the country they govern- witnesses the degraded state of ed, and more solicitous about their their country, and the indifference personal splendour and power, with which they suffer its great than the happiness of the people, natural resources to lie dormant, over whom they tyrannized. This, he cannot help execrating their with the wretched state of their apathy. laws, sufficiently explains, why this The king of Naples, like his fine country has always been the cousin, the king of Spain, is exprey of others, and why the king- travagantly fond of hunting ; it dom of the Two Sicilies, which seems to be a passion of the Spanfrom the fertility of its soil, the ish line. Yet while the king is genial influence of its climate, and hunting boars in the wilds of its geographical situation, ought to Caserta, his ministers are hunting have been powerful and respecta: his subjects in every part of the ble, has been too weak to resist kingdom. Had the Neapolitan any rapacious invader, and too court been less occupied with the contemptible to excite the pity or pleasures of the chace, or other protection of any respectable pow. pleasures less ferocious, and, economizing their resources, endeav. availed themselves of their advan. oured to excite the industry of the tageous position for commerce,... people ; diminished the herd of the king of the Two Sicilies would insignificant noblesse ; given a have been a powerful sovereign, body of regular laws for civil de- though now obliged to cringe, al. cisions ; occupied the Lazzaróni ternately, to the great powers of in cultivating Sicily, or employed Europe. them in manufactures ; had they
LIFE OF RICHARD BENTLEY, D. D.
PLATO, de Legib. IV. Continued from page 299. The justice as well as the acute- afterwards, when he published anness of these remarks was univer- other edition of his notes in Mesally acknowledged, and Le Clerc nander and Philemon, he did not was sensible that his character as appear, as far as we can remember, a critick was lost, if they remained to have been influenced in any sinunanswered. While he deliberat gle instance by the observations of ed on what measures he should Philargyrius Cantabrigiensis. Maadopt, a manuscript was left at his ny of them display acuteness; but house by a stranger, who in the a settled determination, at all etitle-page called himself Philargy- vents, to defend Le Clerc, and derius Cantabrigiensis. This book preciate Bentley, is too apparent. contained remarks on the frag. It was observed by the learned ments and corrections of several Dr. Salter, the late master of the errours, which had escaped Phile. Charterhouse, that the critical relutherus Lipsiensis, in his emen- marks interspersed through this dations.
work were of little value ; and, in In 1711, Le Clerc published this the discussion of philological subanonymous defence. He prefixed jects, his sentiments deserve attena long preface, in which he at- tion. He was a very accurate tempted to wipe off the stain which Greek scholar. His reading was his critical abilities had received. universal, and extended through His arguments, however, in gen- the whole circle of ancient literaeral, are feeble. He does not name ture. He was acquainted with the Bentlcy as his adversary, but by poets, historians, orators, philososeveral hints points out his suspi- phers, and criticks of Greece and cions.
Rome. His memory was natural. This answer to Bentley was ly tenacious ; and it had acquired written by Pauw, a man of no very great artificial powers, if such an extraordinary abilities. He was, expression be allowable, by using however, a laborious critick, and no notes, when he delivered his tolerably versed in Greek litera- sermons. So retentive, indeed, ture.' The remarks do not de were his faculties, that, till a few serve any exalted commendation. months before his death, he could Bentley, in all probability wholly quote long passages from almost disregarded them, as a few years every author whose work he had