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have despoiled Rome only of what chael Angelo ; the Transfiguration, was most striking and celebrated. of Raphael; the Last Judgment, Their hands were first laid on the of Michael Angelo ; and the Last Laocoon, the Apollo, the Venus, Supper, by Leonardo da Vinci. and the Venus of the Capitol, and The first and second of these, toon the six pictures, which, by dis- gether with the Transfiguration, tinction of pre-eminence, were they succeeded in transporting to called the Six pictures of Rome, the Louvre ; the others, being in viz. The Communion of St. Jerome, fresco, they could not remove. by Dominichino ; the Slaughter But, in the barbarous attempt, the of the Innocents, by Guido ; the Last Supper, and the Descent of Descent of the Cross, by Sebastiano the Cross were ruined. M. del Piombo, as sketched by Mi
LIFE OF RICHARD BENTLEY, D. D.
[Continued from page 414.)
^ PLATO, de Legib. IT. TO return to Johnson. While acquired their author some repuhe was censuring another writer tation. He had already introduced for egotisms, he should have ex- himself to the learned world, by cluded them more carefully from his “Grammatical Commentaries," his preface, in which the de se which were notes on Lilly's Gramdicta are infinitely too numerous. mar, published in 1706, in English.
At the end of the first part of He was a very accurate grammarthese remarks, for he afterwards jan, and investigated authorities continued them, though in a less with uncommon perseverance. As elaborate manner, through the rest a critick, he was able to judge with of Horace's works, he published a accuracy of the Latinity of a phrase, stanza of an old English ballad, but he was very deficient of taste, with English annotations, in the that rare qualification, which is so style of Bentley. There is some essential in the formation of a sound drollery in these remarks, but they critick. The style of his commennever can diminish the value of his taries is beneath criticism, at once criticisms. Mr. Addison's tragedy vulgar and pedantick. Those who of Cato was once burlesqued,* and have read bis book, without any Gray's Elegy in a country church- knowledge of the time in which he yard has been frequently parodied. lived, will scarcely believe that he Homer and Virgil have been tra. was contemporary with Addison, vestied; yet surely no reader ever and lived in the Augustan age of perused these authors with less English literature. pleasure on this account. The
In 1716 or 1717, Bentley was test of truth † will never be found elected Revius Professor of Divini. in ridicule.
ty at Cambridge, and soon after These remarks were highly ex
preached before his Majesty. The tolled by Bentley's eneinies, and
sermon was published. The at. * See Wilkes' History of the Staze. tack on it, and the answer,we hare See Johnson's lives.
already mentioned. But this and Johnson's Aristarchus Anti-Bentlei- Middleton thought himself entitled anus, were not the only source of to demand the return of his four uneasiness which opened upon him guineas, although neither the senin the year 1717. He found him timents of the King, nor of his self involved in a dispute with the lawyers, had pronounced the ProUniversity, about the fees which fessor's claim unjust. were usually paid by Doctors of Bentley refused to give back the Divinity on their creation. He money ; Dr. Middleton sent, and was likewise accused of contempt then called : but the message and towards the Vice-Chancellor. . the visit proved equally fruitless.
This dispute originated in Octo- He next obtained a decree from ber, on the day after his Majesty's the Vice-Chancellor, and a known visit to the University, when sever- enemy of the Professor was sent al Doctors in Divinity, who had on September 23d, to arrest his been named by the royal mandate, person : either through mistake attended at the senate house to re- or design, however, the decree was ceive their degrees. Dr. Bentley, left at Trinity Lodge, and the oron creation, demanded four guinea's ders of the Vice-Chancellor were from each, besides the broad piece, not executed. On Wednesday, the which was the usual present on first of October, another beadle arsuch occasions. A warm dispute rested him, and the Doctor, though ensued, but on his absolutely re- he refused to obey it at first, put in fusing to create those who would bail, and the following Friday was not give the extraordinary fee, Dr. appointed for the day of trial. Middleton and some others agreed Dr. Bentley did not appear, but to pay the money, upon condition sent his proctor. Dr. Middleton that the Professor should return obtained permission of the court it, whenever it was declared by the to appoint another proctor for himKing, or by any authority delegat. self, who accused the Professor of ed from him, that the demand was contempl, for not appearing. The illegal. Those who refused to beadle who went with the first deacquiesce to this proposal he would crec was examined, and a comnot create doctors.
plaint was made out of his ill usage The affair was laid before the at Trinity Lodge. Among other Duke of Somerset, who was Chan- things it appeared that the Doctor cellor of the University, and pro- had said, “ I will not be concluded mised to take cognizance of the by what the Vice-Chancellor and affair, if it was not soon settled. two or three of his friends shall Dr. Bentley, however, still insisted determine over a bottle.” upon his claim, but at last was con- His words were accounted crim. tented with a promissory note from inal, and Dr. Bentley was suspendseveral of them, by which they en- ed by the Vice-Chancellor from all gaged to pay the fee, if the dispute his degrees, without citation, withwas determined in his favour, and out hearing, without notice, who even without money or bond he declared that he would vacate the submitted to create one of the Divinity Professorship in a few King's doctors.
days, if he did not make humble As the Chancellor had declared submission. against this new fee, and as Dr. For several years the affair re. Bentley had created some doctors, mained in this situation. During without either fee or note, Dr. this time several pamphlets were published. Of those against the rious readings of his manuscripts Professor, Dr.Middleton, who must in the notes. have felt the most unbounded ex: In this edition Bentley intended ultation on the degradation of his to have re-published the Latin verenemy, Dr. Bentley, was the prin- sion of St. Hierom, who asserts cipal author.* These are sprights that a literal translation from Greek ly and well written, but facts are into Latin is only necessary in the obstinate antagonists. The names scriptures, where the very order of of the writers who answered him, the words is mystery. From this and took the opposite side, we have passage our critick inferred, what never heard, though one of them on examination he found to be is pointed out by Middleton, who true, that on comparison the ex* began his literary career in this actest resemblance would be found disputent and now first started in between the original text and this to publick notice, as the action translation. He, therefore, deter« which he commenced for the mined to publish them together. recovery of his money gave the first He proposed to confirm bis lecs motion to this famous proceeding." tions, by exhibiting the various
During this suspense, it might reading of manuscripts and trans. be supposed, that Bentley, degrad- lations. He altered not a single ed from his honours, would have word without authority. He of. lost his relish for his classical pur fered no changes in the text, exa suits, and have found his spirits cept in his Prolognmena. He as damped and courage sụnk. But dopted the mode of publishing by this was far from being the case : subscription, on account of the he gave no opportunity to his ene- great expenses that must attend mies to exclaim,
the printing of such a work. It úÕualis erat ! Quantum mutatus ab illo i was to have made two volumes in
folio, and the price was to have He ceased to be Doctor of Divinity, been three guineas for the smaller indeed, but he never ceased to be paper, and five for the larger. Mr. Bentley! The University stripped John Walker, of Trinity College, him of his degrees, but they could was to have corrected the press, not tear from him that conscious and to have shared the profits or dignity of character, which, in all loss of the edition with Bentley. his disputes, proved a firm and · In one part of these proposals certain support.
. he says of himself : “ In this work He still continued to bestow his he is of no sect or party ; his deattention and leisure time on his sign is to serve the whole christian long-promised and long expected name ; he draws no consequences edition of the Greek Testament. in his notes, makes no oblique About the year 1721, he published glances upon any disputed points, his proposals, which consisted of old or new. He consecrates this eight articles. To these he added work, as a Kerpencov, a Konpot coathing the last chapter of the Apocalypse, a Charter, a Magna Charta to the with a Latin version, and the va whole Christian Church, to last
when all the ancient manuscripts * For a list of them see Gough's British Topography, vol. I. p. 244. Thirlby also wrote against Bentley
"The Vice-Master of Trinity College, In one of his pamphlets be styles whom Pope introduced with Bentley himself an author not used to the press. into the Dunciad.
here quoted may be lost and ex- Bentley never assigned any reatinguished.”
sons for declining the publication Such were the views of Dr. Bent- of his Greek Testament. All who ley, and such were his wishes with contributed to this event certainly regard to his edition of the Greek injured the cause of sacred literaTestament. He found, however, ture in the highest degree. The an opponent in Middleton, who had completion of his design was the already, in a great measure, been principal employment of his latter the cause of reducing him to the life; and his nephew, Dr. Thomas situation of the lowest member of Bentley, travelled through Europe, the University. He published an at his expense, in order to collate answer to the proposals, paragraph every manuscript that was accesby paragraph. He was instigated sible. to publish this answer, he says, by Middleton was not the only a thorough conviction, that Bent. champion who attacked our literaley possessed neither materials norry Goliah in 1721. Alexander abilities adequate to the execution Cuninghame, in the same year, of so important a design.
published animadversions on the This pamphlet was published at edition of Horace. A cold, cross a period when the name of Bentley critick, of northern extraction, with had lost part of its dignity. This little genius ; ill-natured and formay, in some measure, account bidding ; correct, but spiritless. for its success, which was wonder. He dedicated his book to Bentley ful, and, in our opinion, far above himself,but with such a marked air its deserts. It is well written, in- of imagined superiority, that it is deed, and sometimes weighty in absolutely disgusting. Let it not, argument ; but still he frequently however, be supposed, that we alrefines too much, and does not low him no merit. We think that treat his adversary with candour he was an opponent of much greator propriety.
er consequence, than any who preAn answer was published to ceded him ; but his decisive mode these remarks, which was attributof stating his objections, and offered to Bentley, and several pamph- ing his own emendations, though lets were published on both sides it might attract a few admirers, yet of the question. The event was, it must be condemned by the learnthat he gave up his design. Ited world in general. Sometimes, were an endless task to pursue the indeed, he improves greatly upon disputes through all the pamphlets, Bentley, and in one of the passages, which were published on the oc- which we formerly quoted, he casion. We must not, however, would read æstuatque, instead of omit that Dr. Colbatch was sup- ejus atque, which is certainly more posed to be the author of the first poetical and better than exeatque, remarks, and was stigmatized in though, perhaps, not so near the the answer, which was published reading of the manuscripts. His with the second edition of the pro- corrections, indeed, are frequently, posal. Upon this attack, he pub- valuable, but, as a writer, he is very. lickly declared, that they were deficient in that strength, that vi-, written without his concurrence gour, and that liveliness of fancy, and knowledge, and the Vice-Chan- which renders the critical works cellor and heads pronounced the of Bentley and Toup so entertainanswer to the remarks a virulent ing, as well as so instructive. and scandalous libel.
To be continued. VOL III. No. 9. 3K
For the Anthology. EXTRACTS TRON A JOURNAL, &c. CONTINUED. Tonday, Sept. 2.... What have the stream, and that it will forever I heard? What have I felt? What scorn the confinements of art. have I seen ? A noise, equal to About two and a half miles down the seven thunders, heard by St. we turn from the road, and, desJohn in the spirit, accompanied cending a winding foot path in the with a perpetual earthquake, and precipitous bank of clay, come to a mighty rushing wind ; a wonder, the level of the river ; and, after to which the sun in his course walking over a flat, covered with through the heavens, beholds noth- thick bushes and constantly wet by ing superiour...the cataract of Nia- the spray, arrive at Table rock. gara.
Just before leaving the road, we After breakfast we started from had seen the little falls, a sight, Chippeway on foot. The bank of worthy of a thousand miles jourthe great river is here not more ney ; but we are now close to the than four or five feet above the main body of this indescribable water ; but, in our course towards cataract. Table rock is level with the falls, it appears gradually to the edge of the falls, and only seven rise to fifty feet and upwards. The or eigfit rods distant. Here is, in land, on which the road runs, is the stillest season, a constant genperhaps a perfect level; of course tle breeze, agitating the leaves of this high bank shews the descent the bushes, while they are continue of the river in its course of two ally refreshed by the spray. On miles before arriving at the im- our hands and knees we creep to mense precipice. About one mile the edge of this rock, and are struck from Chippeway commence the with horrour at beholding nothing rapids, extending across the river to support us. Our guide carries above half a mile ; immediately us a rod or two north, as the river below, it narrows and its surface is runs, and shews us the rock, on much agitated, although 110 rocks which we walked so firmly, which appear above the water. This is is only three feet thick, and seems indeed a very beautiful view. to hang in the air, perhaps one.
Here, where a small part of the hundred and fifty feet or more from stream is divided from the rest by the bottom. One of our party swore a little island, fast on the bank of he never would go on it again. the river, inan has adventured to Leaving this spot, we reascend
erect mills, " scooped out an em- to the level of the road, and walk · pire, and usurp'd the tide." A half a mile through fields, clothed
few rods lower, in a similar situa- with the most luxuriant grass, to tion, is the oldest mill in Canada. a ladder, called, by Volney, SimAt all other falls, I have ever seen, coe's, but it has not usually that the labours of man have tended to or any other name. This ladder dininish the effect on the eye and is perpendicular, and, as it is affix. the mind ; but here the consequen- ed to an overhanging tree at the ces of his mightiest efforts have so top, seems very dangerous, but little influence on the whole, that others had been before us, and we we are convinced of the majesty of descend with courage, which we