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rica, sister of Charles XII. Ad. the liberal patronage it has obtainFred. was chosen successor to the ed (to say nothing of it as an unsrown by the estates of the king, justifiable infringements of the dom, in 1742 or 43, and bore the rights of Dr. Rees, a fellow-mem. title of Crown Prince, or heir to ber of the commonwealth of Ilite. crown, until his accession to the rature), we cannot but hope, that throne, at the death of Frederick, Mr. Bradford will, as it is in his in 1751.
power to do, by real improvements We have not selected these er render his edition superiour to the rours for the purpose of depreciat- original work, and that fon the ing the value of the American edi- labour, anxiety, and hazard, to tion, but as evidence of a degree of which he has exposed himself, he negligence that was not to have may meet with ample remunera. been expected in the second im- tion in the thanks, as well as the pression of a work, which the pub. pecuniary favour of his country. fisher sends out as " revised" and men. : 3,741 51 's bui « corrected” by several literary, 20 iyul ERRATA..! + tudt and scientifick" characters in this Article AALST or Alest. This country. We are also the more second name, we believe,i should particular in our remarks at this be Alost. ! , bobadoo bloe's " ) is fearly stage of the publication that ABASCIA and ABASSA In the there may be the less room for references at the end of these two animadversion in the suceeeding articles, for AB#KAS read ABKHAS. volumes, and from the same mo- ABATEMENT in Law, for « cause tives we would observe, that the or action,” query, if not. cause of typographical errours seem to be action." ! Toomine, at more numerous than we have usu- ABBAISSEUR, for quartour read "ally found in the Philadelphia edi. quatuor, : os cry Dre s s tions; though, perhaps not more ABBREVIATOR, for manore read in proportion than should be ex- minore. 3. PMI 10 V ji. pected, from the difficulty of exe- ABRUTALS, for Sec ABBUTTALS cution of works like the present. read See ABUTTALşdir .is We shall subjoin a list of the more * Under the article ABERRA TION,
important of those which we have the rule for finding the aberration "noted in our copy. roos in right ascension is certainly in* We have now finished our ex- correct, or rather defective. This amination of the first half-volume is copied from Rees' edition, into of the Cyclopedia ; and, notwith- which it appears to have been upstanding we have, as our duty to suspectingly transcribed from Hut. the publick demanded, spoken ton's Mathematical Dictionary. without reserve of the very excep- " ABELARD, for dialects read tionable manner in which certain dialectics/! Conne.... ...., parts of it are re-published, yet we *** ABERNETHY in the Biog. Britan. cannot but commend the enter- is said to have been born on the prising spirit of Mr. Bradford, who 9th Oct. The'.'Cyclopædia says, has ventured upon the re-publica- the 19th Oct: 1680. - 1;;: tion of a work of such magnitude. ABIEL, We believe, is a small While we frankly avow, 100, that town of Estremadura, and not of the conducting of the work, as this Beira, in Portugal..... .. 1 first half-volume has been, would, - ACACIA bastard. The locust in our judgment, be a forfeiture of timber is here, by a whimsical Vol. III. No. 9.
mistake, said to be used for ship- ACANNI OG AKANNI-See Achem; tuernels, instead of trennèls. * which are to be found in the Eng.
ACADEMICS, paragr. 3. For edition, but not in the American.* three sects of ACADEMIES, réad
* Since the above was written, the publither of three sects of ACADEMICKS." ! the American edition has addrelled the following
letter to a number of the subscribers in this town · ACADEMY Naval ; a reference and vicinity in reply to their Remonftrance.
" Philadelphia, Aug. 21, 1806. is here made to ACADEMY, where I take the liberty to answer your communi(as is observed in an English Re
cation by alluring you that the subscribers will not, in future, have any cause of complaint in regard to retrenchments, as I determined, immedi
ately after the publication of the firft half volume, Naval Acadeinies. I " '
to give the text of the English edition entire, ex• ACADEMY of Arts in New-York.
«cept when erroneous in point of facts, and at
"the same time.to counteract the tendency of any We are here told of a valuable col • pernicious doctrines which it might be found
'to contain, by additional remarks and rcferlection called the Piranessi & [and] ences distinguished by crotchets from the origs
inal article. Calcography. Is this the true name,
"You will be pleased to communicate this inor'should it be Piranesian Calcog
formation to the fubfcribers of the remonftrances;
and, at the same time, affure them that, although raphy ?
no exertion has been, or thall be wanting on my
part to render the American edition superiour to ACCELERATION, col. 4th, line
the English copy, I with not to bind á finglé fub8th, from the bottom, for S isi
fcriber to the fulfilment of his engagements with
me, who believes that I have, in any way, intenread S:54. This errour is also
tentionally, forfeited mine with the publick. '
“Although, in the conducting of the American copied from the English edition.' edition 'of the Cyclopædia, the Editořs will not
permit themfelves to be forced from what they ACHILLEUM in ancient geogra conceive their line of duty, by the trifling or cap
tious obje&tions of individuals, or the fear of loting phy is misplaced, as is also
fubfcribers, they will, always, pay respectful at ACHILLEUS or AQUILEUS.
tention to fuggeftions or remarks, originating in la
detire to allitt them in their labours, and tending ACRE (of land) col. 2. for era to the improvement of the work, and the correc.
tion of errours which, but for such friendly ad of France, read area of France. vice, they might inadvertently commit. • ADDITIOx in Algebra contains
have thc honour to be', &c.
SAMUEL F. BRADFORD.. à typographical error of some importance.
ART. 45. Pirmo ** In Adhesion in Philosojihy,
Chart of the harbozens of Salem, col. 3. at bottom, for b=-49 read
chester, from a survey taken in Ad libitum is used in musick,
the years 1804, 5, and 6. By not for“a piacere," but for à piacere,
Nathaniel Borditeh, M. 4. A.S. AEROPHOBIA for raphing read
assisted by Geo. Burchmore and wraffing &c. &c.
* Wm. Rofree, 3d. wth a pamphlet AËROSTATION, practice of, col.2.
of “ Directions," for sailing into In this article there is a gross er- . those harbours. 8vo. 30.. The rour in the calculation of the force
* Chart 'engraved by Hooker & of ascension of balloons of differ
1 Fairman, at Salem, 1806; the ent diameters. This error also is
« Directions" printed at Newcopied from Rees' edition, into
.buryport, by E. M. Blunt. . which it was admitted from Hutton's Muth. Dictionary.
MR. Bowditch is already ad. Near the bottom of the same vantageously known to the pubcolumn there is an errour copied lick by his improved Practical also froin the Eng. edit. It stands Navigatór, a publication which has thus : “ between 1 and is of it.” superseded every other of the kind It should be, " between 14 and 1” in this country. The present
Among the omissions we should work will not lessen his deservedhave mentioned the following ar- ly high reputation. ücjes :
In our review of June last, we ACAM-See Acham and Akem. observed, that it was the complaint of every seaman, that there was necessity of this publication, and not a chart of the extensive shores the great care with which it has of New-England, upon which he been made, will best appear by the could rest the safety of his ships following extracts from the “ DiWe rejoice that the remark has rectious” which accompany, the hardly gone from us, before the chart..., , . grounds of this complaint are in the mich
The only chart (says "Mr. Bowditchy Dart removed, by the present ad- of the entrance of the harbours of SaMirable chart of one of the most lem, Marblehead, Beverly, and Man difficult tracts of our coast. But chester, is that published from the surour joy is a little damped by the vey taken by HOLLAND and his assisreflexion, that a work of this kind tants, just before the American revo
lutionary war. That period was par. does not appear under the sanc- ticularly unfavourable for obtaining an tion of government, as part of a accurate survey of the sea-coast, as the general survey of our extensive Americans were generally opposed to territory. It is certainly among its being done at that time, fearing that the wonders of this wonderful age,
it would give the British the great ad.
vantage of being able safely to enter that a government, whose stability
with their armed ships into any of our is believed to rest on the diffusion harbours. In consequence of this, Hol. of knowledge ; whose wealth may land received but little assistance from be said to spring almost wholly
our pilots, in exploring the surken from commerce ; whose strength
ledges and shoals off our harbours; and and security in a great measure
as it was almost impossible to discover
them without such assistance, they depend upon its sea-faring citizens ;
were generally omitted by him. This ve say, it is a little extraordinary, deficiency renders those charts 'in å that'a government of this nature
great degree useless, though they are should be so insensible to the
accurate as respects the bearings and
distances of the islands and the coast. claims of a large proportion of its
From the time of Holland's survey, citizens, and so indifferent to its till the year 1794, nothing was done toown honour, as to suffer enter. wards obtaining a more accurate chart. prizing individhials to snatch from. In that year a general survey of the state it the only kind of applause wbich was ordered by the legislature ; but it
is to be regretted that this survey was it should be ambitious to obtain ;
; not directed to be made in a manner we mean that applause which is calculated to ensure accuracy in the exthe sure consequence of promoting ecution of it. Instearl of appointing 'Useful national works ; among one or more competent persons to which maps and charts, with a the whole survey, and providing the
best instruments for the purpose, the commercial people, hold the first
sirvey was entrusted to the several rank.' But we repress complaint, towns; in consequence of which, the · and enter upon our subject.
responsibility, which an object of such The chart before us, as has magnitude demanded, was divided &. heen observed in the title compre. mong so many different surveyors (not
to mention other sources of errour, as hends four of the harbours of Mas
the variety of instruments, &c.) that the sachusetts, of which the port of laudable intentions of the legislature Salem is the most important. The were very imperfectly carried into number of vessels belonging to execution ; and the map, formed from that port, many of which being from these different and discordant employed in the East India trade
surveys, was such as was to have been
expected. are of a large burthen, and the nu. merous shoals and rocks in its har. Mr. Bowditch then observes, hour, rendered a correct chart of that in pursuance of this order of it peculiarly necessary. But the the legislature, a survey of the
town of Salem was undertaken by tions are less liable to be erro. the late Capt. John Gibaut, whom neous." Mr. B. assisted ; but the time al. They, who are best acquainted lowed for completing it was so with practical surveying, will best short, that few of the ledges and know how to estimate the labour shoals were satisfactorily explored; of a survey conducted with the so that the survey proved almost care which appears to have been useless for nautical purposes. He used in the present case, and, of then says that in 1804 and 1805, course, will be most ready to ache undertook, with the assistance knowledge the value of Mr. B's of Mr. George Burchmore and chart. Three months, it seemis, Mr. William Ropes 3d, to com- were employed by Mr. Bowditch, plete the survey of Capt. Gibaut ; with his assistants, Messrs. Burch but upon examination, it was found more and Ropes, in the actual la so imperfect, that « it became ne- bour of surveying, (during which cessary to make a new chart from time from two to five persons were observations taken with more pre- hired to assist in sounding and cision ;” and
measuring) exclusive of the days, To do this (says he) an excellent
nay months, which must doubtless theodolite, made by Adams, furnished have been employed on shore in with a telescope and cross wires, was adjusting the various admeasureprocured to measure the angles and ments, and plotting off the whole a good chain to ineasure the distances. chart. Nothing but an ardent With these instruments, the bearings loud
S love of science, united with an arand distances of the shore from Gale's point in Manchester, to Phillip' point dent love of country, we should in Lynn (the two extremities of this think, could carry an unaided insurvey) were carefully ascertained; dividual through so laborious and and the necessary observations were expensive an undertaking. I taken for fixing with accuracy the situ
In a work of such uncommon ation of the islands. Soundings were taken throughout the whole extent of merit as the present we have the survey, particularly round the dan. thought it a duty which we owe gerous ledges and shoals, several of to the science of our country, to which were explored, that were hardly be more than usually particular in known by our best pilots, ás Archer's
our examination ; and in forming Rock, Chappel's Ledge, Martin's rocks, the Rising States Ledge, John's Ledge,
our opinion of the great accuracy Misery Ledge, Pilgrim Ledge, House of this work, 'we have not rested Ledge, and others; most of which were solely on the presumption arising so little known, that names had not from the extraordinary degree of been given to them ; and during the
labour bestowed upon it, (which whole time employed on the survey, which was above eighty days, from two
e from Mr. B's character, we have to five persons were hired to assist in no doubt is faithfully detailed in sounding and measuring. From these the extracts above quoted) but we observations the new chart was plotted have done all that could be done off, and an accurate engraving of it by persons not minutely acquaintmade, &c.
ed with the several harbours laid He further informs us, that the down in it ; we have employed leading marks for avoiding the considerable time, and with great ledges were not taken from the satisfaction, in examining it by the chart, but were determined by side of Holland's chart of the coast, sailing and sounding round them; which is the best extant. Upon so that on this account the direc. comparing the two, we have been
astonished at the deficiencies of will ensure to the able author an Holland's, in the very part which ample indemnity for the time and was most important to mariners expense he has bestowed upon it, the ledges, shoals and soundings, and will reflect credit upon the many of which were wholly omit. science of our country. ted. Among the omissions, we It is proper for us in works of observe the very long tract of foul this kind to speak particularly of ground in the vicinity of Baker's the execution of the engraver's island. The shoal ground, called part ; and it is with great satisfac, the Middle Ground, which the tion we can assure the publick, “ Directions” inform us is a mile in that it has been finely engraved by length, and in which we see sound- Messrs. Hooker and Fairman, at ings marked of no more than five Salem, and, we presume, under feet, does not appear in Holland's the inspection of Mr. Bowditch; chart. Nor do we there find any for he informs us in the “Direcs of the numerous and dangerous tions," that the engraving is cor, ledges between Caney island and rect : It is printed on English su. Peach'ai point, and between the perfine imperial wove paper. It Great Misery and West Beach - would give us pleasure also, if we Bowditch'& Ledge, Misery Ledge, could with truth say that the “ Di. Gale's Ledge, the Whale's Back, rections" were printed in a style and others are not laid down in it. suitable to the elegance of the Satan, or Black Rock, which is laid Chart. The type is good, though down by B. as an island is omitted rather too small; in the paper, by Holland. We venture to say however, we perceive a little of all these are deficiencies in Holland's the odour of what has heretofore chart, because we do not find been called Salem economy, but them there, and we de find them what, in this instance, must be dein Mr. Bowditch's ; and we pre- nomined Newburyport economy, sume this gentleman has not laid for there, it seems, the “ Direc. down any shoal that does not ex- tions" were printed. We cannot ist ; it is more likely that there entertain the suspicion, (if we may may be some inconsiderable ones judge from the liberality which which even his great assiduity has appears in the paper and engrax. not discovered ; though, when we ing of the chart) that Mr. Bow. eonsider how very minute Mr. B. ditch is chargeable with the parsi. has been in the work before us, mony apparent in the “ Direcwe cannot believe there is a single tions." We ought to observe omission of importance to naviga- also, that excellent as the engraytors. · He informs us indeed in the ing of the chart is, the skill of « Directions," that he explored Messrs. Hooker and Fairman several shoals and ledges that doubtless appears to less advantage were hardly known to our best pi- than it would in a map, which af. lots,” and many 4 which were so fords a greater field for a display little known, that names had not of their art. This chart is conbeen given to them.” These are structed on a scale of about three some of the principal advantages, inches to a mile. in our opinion, which this beauti- Such is the admirable work, ful chart has over the best hith- which Mr. Bowditch offers to his erto published ; and they are ada countrymen, and particularly to vantages, which, we feel confident, the sea-faring portion of his fellow,