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dari religion of the government, &c. in the ki
d natural phabitants'; thtoms, man
Criares in Englispitude, iarities of
eral arithmetick, both practical and PROPOSED TO BE PUBLISHED BY SUB theoretical ; originally compiled by T.
SCRIPTION. Dilworth, and revised and adapted to A monthly magazine, to embrace ecche currency of the United States, by ciesiastical history, morality, religion, and D. Hawley. A new and corrected edi. a variety of other useful and interesting tion. Troy, New York. Obadiah Pen- matter. Each number to confift of 32 niman & Co. 12mo. 1805.
pages 8vo. stitched in blue. Price 1,50 An introduction to spelling and read. per annum illued fingly; or 1,25 ia ing, in 2 volumes, being the int and 2d packages of not less than ten each. Danparts of a Columbian exercise. The bury, Conn. John C. Gray & Co. whole comprising an easy and systemat Carr's northern summer. 1 vol. 8vo, Kal method of teaching and learning the fine paper. Portland. Thomas Clark. English language. By Abner Alden, A. Brooke's general gazetteer ; or a new 1. Troy, New York. Obadiah Penni and compendious geographical diction : nan & Co. December 1805.
ary : Containing War in disguise ; or, the frauds of the á description of the empires, kingdoms, states,
provinces, cities, towns, forts, seas, harbours, riv. Deutral flags. London, printed : New
ers, lakes, mountains, capes, &c. in the known York, re-printed by Hopkins & Seymour, world ; with the government, customs, manners,
and religion of the inhabitants; the extent, bounfor I. Riley & Co. &c. 1806. pp. 215.
daries, and natural productions of each country; The Salem collection of clasical fac the trade, manufactures, and curiosities of the ered muuck, in three and four parts,
cities and towns; their longitude, latitude, bear
ings, and distances,in English miles, from remark. consisting of psalm tunes and occasional able places; and the various events, by which pieces, selected from the works of the
they have been distinguished : including a detail.
of the countries, cities, boroughs, market towns, most eminent composers, suited to all the and principal villages in G. Britain and Ireland metres in general use. To which is pre together with a succinct account of, at least, 700
cities, towns, and villages, in the United States, Bred, a short introduction to psalmody. more than has appeared in any preceding edition Salem, Massachusetts. Cushing & Ap of the same work ; in which the numerous mis
takes and deficiencies of European Gazettcers, repleton.
specting this country, are corrected and supplied. The safety of appearing at the day of Illustrated by eight maps, neatly executed. Orijudgment in the righteousness of Christ.
ginally written by R. Brooke, M. D. The first
American from the latest European edition, with By Solomon Stoddard, formerly pastor of great additions and iinprovements in every part. the church in Northampton 12mo. In one 8vo. vol. to contain about 8 or 900 pages
of close printing and well bound. Price to subprice i dol. Northampton, Maff. E. &
scribers 3,50. Philadelphia. Jacob Johnson. S. Butler. 1805.
Milton's Paradise Lost, in miniature.
I vol. Price in morocco 1 dol. ; sheep IN THE PRESS.
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INTELLIGENCE. and paper have been made for this work alone, and Saxon and Gothick characters,
Samuel F. Bradford, of Philadelphia, in the first of the kind executed in the Uni
preparing to put to press, The Works of ted States, have been cast at the expense
Samuel Johnson, LL.D. in eight volumes or the publisher at the foundery of Binny
octavo. This edition, the publisier as. & Ronaldfon. The plates, with which
serts, will be much cheaper and warranthe last edition was ornamented. have ted more correct and more beautiful, allo been engraved for this edition by an
than the latest and best London editions. artist of Philadelphia. Price 2,50 per solume, in boards Philadelphia.
American edition of Hudibras --The subLectures on the gospel of St.Matthew, fcribers have just put to press, and will delivered in the parish church of St. have ready for fale in the spring, a new James, in the years -1798,1799, 1800, and (and, they believe, the first American) 1801. By the Right Reverend Beilby edition of " Hudibras : in three parts Porteus, D. D. Bishop of London. 8vo. written in the time of the late wars--by Tyo volumes in one. The 2d American SAMUEL BUTLER: with annotations, a from the 5tb London edition. North complete index, and a short life of the ampton, Mail. S. & E. Butler.
author." It will be printed from the best The new American Clerk's Magazine, Edinburgh edition, on wove paper, with Hagerstown, Maryland. Dietrick. a neat type, aud will contain about three
hundred pages, duodeciino. To add any is entitled to send to the general afsemi. thing to the merit of a poem, which for bly. With an alphabetical list of the original wit and genuine satire the litera- townships in each county, and their pory world considers unrivalled and inim- pulation, according to the census of itable, would be as unnecessary as it 1800. Illustrated with a handsome map would be difficult.
of the state. Wright, GOODENOW, & STOCKWELL. Troy, N. Y. Jan. 14, 1806.
STATEMENT OF DISEASES, Dr. Cowdery has it in contemplation
FOR JANUARY. to publish a pamphlet, or small volume, THE weather, during the first part to be entitled, The American captives in of this month was cold and clear. 'Tripoli, containing the particulars of the This was succeeded by milder weacapture of the Philadelphia frigate-a ther, with rain and frequent snows. general description of Tripoli, with the Afterwards, extreme cold, continued adjacent country, its curiofities, &c. and and heavy snow, rain with violent a (ketch of the customs and manners of winds followed by a perfect calm, its inhabitants. To which will be added, which has continued through the latthe journal at length, kept during his
ter part of the month, attended with captivity, and an appendix containing
à thaw, and a very moist and foggy the treaties and general relations between
atmosphere. The last circumstances the United States and the Barbary pow
will very probably influence the charers. Some accurate views and drawings will be attached to the work.
acter of disorders in the month of February.
Inflammatory diseases have been Mr. Cushing, of Amherst, Newhampi flire, has issued proposals for continua
most prevalent; but even of these ing the publication of The Piscataqua
the number has been small. Among Evangelical Magazine. This work,
children under three years, there has which was published the last year at
appeared a severe catarrh ; in those Portsmouth, has for its object the pro- above this period, peripneumony ; in motion of religious knowledge and evan- adults, pleurisy and peripneumony. gelical piety, particularly among the com- All these diseases have yielded readily mon people, who, it is believed, usually to the power of medicine. Very few feel the greatest interest in works of this instances of fever have occurred, and nature. This magazine will contain ef- scarcely any of severe rheumatism. says of a moral and religious tendency, Apoplexy has been unusually com. biographical sketches, occasional illustra- mon. tions of scripture, accounts of remarkable providential occurrences, &c. &c. It will be published in numbers every
Editors' Notes. two months, each number containing not less than forty pages octavo.
AMONG the few booksellers, who have trane
mitted to us for our notice or review the books Mr. Joseph Scott, author of the mod. which they have published, we mention with
gratitude meilrs. Riley & Co. of New-York. We ern geographical dictionary, 4 vols. 8vo.
hope they will not accuse tis of neglect in not
having yet noticed any of the numerous volun.es has iffucd proposals for publishing, in a
which we have lutely received from their libur
ality, for in truth the pages destined to reviews, neat duodecimo volume, A geographical in several of our late numbers, have been endescription of the State of Pennsylvania,
tirely filled with materials, which we have had a
long time on hand. including an account of the rivers,mountains, trees, animals, foil, climate, diseases, We have been much surprised at hearing, that
several of our readers believed that the remarks
upon Rev. Dr. Holmes and Mrs. Warren, in the fruit, farms, manufactures, publick im
of the Historical Collections in our laft
of the histor number, were farcutick, illiberal, and disrespect. ful. We certainly never intended to convey Tuch opinions, and we know that a critical analysis of the fentences in the review would not justify such a conitruction. Perhaps however we wero obfcure in the composition, and perhaps fome of our friends were carclefs in the perufal. Wria
ters are not always perfpicuous, and rca ders are Senators and representatives, which each not always intellectual.
FOR THE ANTHOLOGY.
ACCOUNT OF THE ANCIENT LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIÀ.
(Concluded.] 3. A critical examination of the recital of Abulpharagius and Abdollatif We may reasonably suspect that, Asa story is not absolutely inconsince Abdollatif was the first his- testible, because it is related by one torian, Abulpharagius had seen or two witnesses, some have doubtthis passage, and has only commenó ed this. Renaudot, in his history ted upon and embellished it after of the patriarchs of Alexandria, his own manner. Abdollatif does has shaken its authenticity by say: not relate any of the circumstances ing,“ this recital has something suswhich attended the destruction of picious, as is very common among the library : but what confidence the Arabians.” At length Quercl, can be placed in a writer who re the two Assemani, Villoisin, Giblates, that he saw what we know bon, and, in the last place, the auno longer existed at that time ? thor of the German dissertation, * I have seen, savs he, the portico have all declared their disbelief of and the college which Alexander the fact. the Great built, and in which was Gibbon remarks, that two ancontained the superb library.” Now nalists, both of Egypt, have not these buildings were placed in the said one word of a circumstance Bruchion, and since the reign of so remarkable. The first is EutyAurelian, who had caused them to chius, a patriarch of Alexandria, be destroyed, that is to say, at least who lived there three hundred nine hundred years before Abdol years after the capture of the city latif, the Bruchion was no better by the Saracens, and who, in his than a barren wilderness covered annals, has given a very long his with ruins.
tory of the siege and of the events Abulpharagius, on his part, pla- which succeeded. The second is ces the library in the royal palace. El-Macin, a very veracious writer, The anachronism is equally appa: author of the history of the Saratent. The royal buildings, being cens, and who particularly relates all in the Bruchion, could not have in minute detail the life of Omar remained at that time. Besides, and the taking of Alexandria. Is what signified the royal palace in a it to be conceived, is it credible, country which, for a long time that these two historians were igbefore, had had no kings,and which norant of a circumstance so imporhad submitted to the emperours of tant ; that two learned men, whom the east?
such a loss would have greatly in-' Vol. III, No. 2. H
terested, should not have made approves of this dertiand, and se: . any mention of it ; men, who verely prohibits all pillage and dilived, who wrote at Alexandria, lapidation. and one of whom (Eutychius) at an We observe, that Amrou, in his epoch very near the event ; and official relation of his conquest, that we should have the first infor- seeks, as is the custom in our days, mation from a foreigner, who wrote to exaggerate its value and imporsix centuries afterwards on the tance. He does not omit a barfrontiers of Media?
rack, nor a Jew, nor a gardener. Besides,Gibbon further observes, How could he have forgotten the how could the caliph Omar, who was library? He whom Abulpharagius himself by no means an enemy of describes as a friend of the arts the sciences, have acted on this oc- and philosophy ? Could he have casion against his own particular thought, that this celebrated and character, while lie had only, to ex- ancient monument was not of suffi. cuse liimself from such an act of cient value for him to have taken the barbarism, the sentiment of the cas- trouble to render some account of it? uists of the Mussulman law? These El-Macin also records the letter declare (see the third volume of of Amrou, nearly in the same the Dissertations of Reland on the words ; he says not one word of military law of the Mahometans) the library. It may be objected, “ that it was unlawful to burn the that this letter was perhaps never religious books of the Jews or written by Amrou, and that the Christians, on account of the name two historians have forged it : but of God which they contained, and this would be an additional reason, that the works of profane science, why the library should have been of historians or poets, physicians or mentioned, had it remained at that philosophers, may be lawfully ap- time. Would they both have oplied to the use of the faithful.” mitted an article, which must have This decision discovers no spirit appeared of such vast importance of Vandalism.
in the eyes of learned men, inhabTo these reasons Mr. K. Rein- itants of Alexandria ? Would they hard adds his own. He remarks, have prided themselves of appearthat Eutychius in his annals (vol. ing better informed on baths, and ii. page 316) records the words of a of kitchen gardens, than of the liletter, in which Amrou gives an brary ? But if the letter be authenaccount to the caliph Omar of the tick, as its contents give us reason taking of Alexandria, after a long to believe, we must also pay some and obstinate siege. I have taken attention to the answer of the ca. the city, says he, sword in hand, lif, who orders them to spare ev. and without previous capitulation. ery thing found in the city. I cannot describe to you the treas. We may then without much ures it contains. Let it suffice to hazard draw the conclusion, that inform you, that I have found four the library of the Ptolemies no thousand palaces, four thousand longer existed in 640, the time of baths, forty thousand taxable Jews, the taking of Alexandria by the four hundred theatres, twelve hun. Saracens. dred gardeners selling vegetables. We will adduce still further Thy Mussulmen demand the fillage proof, founded on two writers, of the city and a division of the nearly cotemporaries of Omar. soils. Omar, in his answer, dis- One of them, John Philoponun
(whom Gibbon and others have and for which he had a great parconfounded with John the gram- tiality. marian, of whom Abulpharagius If we consult natural probaspeaks), says, in his commentary bilities, we shall find them against on the Analyticks of Aristotle, the recital of Abulpharagius and “ that in the ancient libraries there the existence of a library in the were found forty different books of time of Omar and Amrou. The the Analyticks." He does not ex. books of the ancients were written pressly mention the libraries of on parchiment, or on leaves of the Alexandria ; but he lived, he wrote papyrus. Those of the library of in that city, where they doubtless Alexandria must have been parcalled the libraries by distinction, ticularly of this last kind, as the and he could not here speak of a. papyrus was an Egyptian plant. ny others. We know beside from Now the leaves of the papyrus were Athenæus, Strabo, and Plutarch in very subject to dissolution and to his life of Sylla, that the writings insects, particularly in the warm of Aristotle had been very careful and humid climate of Alexandria, ly collected for the library of the so that it was necessary frequently Ptolemies.
to renew the copies. Can we beBut if there still remains a lieve, that all the necessary care doubt, let us consult the master of could have been given to the presPhiloponus, Ammorius Hermias, ervation of such a library after the in his observations on the Catego- reign of the Ptolemies, in the ries of Aristotle. He lived at A. midst of wars, of insurrections lexandria,before the invasion of the that prevailed, and during which Saracens. “ Ptolemy Philadel. the taste for sciences and letters, phus (says he) has the reputation as we well know, declined ? The of having made great exertions to manuscripts in parchment, which collect the writings of Aristotle, probably were not numerous,might and to have liberally recompensed have lasted a longer time; but all those who collected his produce the others must have become, after tions, in consequence of which two or three centuries, food for many fictitious copies were brought worms. io him, and in the great library Abulpharagius does not deterthere were found forty different mine the number of the books, books of the Analyticks.” It is which, according to him, were very certain, that Ammonius and burnt ; but, says he, they served Philoponus both here refer to the for six months to heat the baths Alexandrian library ; that, which of the city, and we know that these the former calls the great, being amounted to four thousand. “Hear the same, which the latter denom- and wonder !” adds he. It is ininates the ancient library. They deed an object of admiration; books, both mention it as a thing which which heat four thousand baths, had been, and which remained ng during six months. A wit might longer. We may even believe, observe, that Amrou, having taken that they allude to the library of the city precisely in the month of the Serapion ; for Philadelphus, May, there could not have been a who collected with so much care great necessity of hot water in the the writings of Aristotle, would baths of Alexandria The vol. doubtless have placed them among umes or rolls of the ancients were a collection which he originated, not comparable to ours in folios