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trary is the case : they are bur- pendent of the foundation, and thened with a very heavy exercise who may be admitted or dismissed on every half holiday, Tuesday ex- at the master's pleasure. They cepted, which they are required to either belong to boarding-houses, produce in the morning afterwards, or, if their friends reside near, live And I can assure my reader, to at their own homes, and then, exescape this exercise, they would cept in school hours, are not subfreely go without their half holiday. ject to the jurisdiction of the masThe hours, therefore, which many, ters or the ushers, which the boys inflamed with an ignorant rancour who live in the boarding-houses are. against publick schools, have sup- In every respect these day boys posed devoted to idleness and play, have the same advantages of edu. are, in reality, the most busy and cation with the rest, and may pass instructive of any! The whole af- through the school, and obtain all ternoon of the half holiday is spent its profits for the moderate sum of in labouring the exercise for the six guineas per annum ! These next morning, which is first done boys are held in equal respectain a foul book, and thence copied bility with the others ; there is no on a half sheet of paper, and pre- difference that I know of; and sented to the usher, or master, be- many of the opulent families who fore breakfast on the ensuing day. reside all the year in London, preIt is for want of examination that fer sending their children in this publick schools are accused of idlemanner.-Never after this let us ness. The ushers, as I have be- hear of the expense of a publick fore said, are paid partly out of school education in Great-Brithe funds, which are not, however, tain. sufficient for their support ; they 3. I now come to the king's have a guinea, therefore, yearly scholars. This foundation is very from every boy in the form to which different from that of any other they belong; and, as all the board. school. They are forty in numing houses must necessarily have ber, and are supplied by an annual an usher to keep peace and order election from the town boys. Thus among the boys, he obtains the every king's scholar must necessasame sum from each belonging to rily have been a town boy, though the house where he himself re- no town boy, unless chosen, can be sides; and has besides many other a king's scholar. The foundation ways of augmenting his salary. draws to itself, as a centre, all the
The ushers are generally clergy- talents, the industry, and respecta. men, and all at present, I believe, bility of the whole school. It is are handsomely provided with where every father wishes to see church livings, or are fellows of his son ; where greater attention Trinity College, Cambridge. They is paid both to their morals and are men of extensive learning and learning, since the superintendence high respectability, and, without over them is necessarily more lessening their authority, live on strict. It is where the sons of the the most friendly terms with the first families in the kingdom have boys.
been educated; where a Busby 2d. I come next to consider the trained up his scholars ; whence town boys. I must define them by Cowley, Dryden, Smith, Halifax, negatives. They are such as are and all the illustrious men of that not king's scholars, who are inde. age issued, and whence inost of those of the present have imbibed right of claim, and accept of those, the early seeds of education. whom the dean of Christ Church,
Interest forms no part of their who bestows the studentships, does introduction into the college. It not elect to his own college. The is open to talents alone, and a fair election to Oxford is always a mere competition once a year, takes matter of interest, superiority of place between the boys who are talents is totally out of the quescandidates for the foundation. tion. But the boys who are stuThey generally stand out, as it is dious and prudent, may improve termed, from the fifih form, and the advantages of an election to commence their competition about Cambridge to an equal, and sometwo months previous to the time, times superiour profit. when the seniour boys on the foun. 4. I come now to my last condation are preparing for their elec- sideration, the books read, and the tion to Oxford or to Cambridge. method of instruction pursued A great number contend for ad- throughout the school. I have almission, and about eight, or more, ready mentioned the division of according to the vacancies, are ad- the under school into three forms, mitted. The king's scholars wear one of which I shall call a double caps and gowns to distinguish form, namely the third, it consistthem, are never above the age of ing of two distinct forms, and each fourteen when admitted ; they re- being divided into an upper and main four years on the establish- lower part, as with the rest of the ment, and then are either elected single forms. students of Christ Church, Oxford, In the petty or first form, are or are chosen to Cambridge, where taught the rudiments of Latin they mostly succeed to a fellow. grammar. In the second, the ship. The king's scholars live in boys are taught to construe Æsop, what is called the dormitory, but Phædrus, and turn some sacred whether from caprice, pride, or I exercises into Latin know not what, do not choose to In the under third, begins their receive all the profits of the foun- first instruction in prosody. They dation, but are content to dine in here commence their verse exerthe college hall only, and have cise, a species of education, with their other meals from the board- some so much the subject of cening-houses, of which they are term- sure, with others of applause, in ed half-boarders. Thus the educa- all our publick schcols. The boys tion, as a king's scholar, is very read Ovid's Tristia, and Metamlittle cheaper, though, on many orphoses ; Cornelius Nepos is accounts, much to be preferred. their prose author. They turn the The dean and sub-dean of Christ Psalms, and sacred exercises, into Church attend once a-vear, at Latin verse, on Thursdays, and Whitsuntide, to take their equal Saturdays, first beginning with portion of the seniour candidates what are called nonsense verses, and for election, as do likewise the making them approach, as fast as master of Trinity, and some fel. they are able, to an union of sense lows. They have their choice al- and metre. ternately, but as it is esteemed more Inthe upper third, where the under advantageous for the boys to be stu- master presides, the same course dents of Christ Church, the Cam- of discipline is, for the most part, bridge electors always wave their pursued; the exercises being only
only longer, and required to be verses, of the most flowing melomore correct.
dy, and frequently of 1o little poThe upper school is divided into etical elevation. The Greek Tesfour forms ; the fourth, the fifth, tament is read in Easter week, the shell, the sixth, or the upper and Grotius*, with copious compart of it, which is called the seve ments by the master, to infuse enth, generally filled by the seniour proper religious sentiments, on king's scholars. In the fourth, are every Monday morning.t read Virgil, Cæsar's Commenta- 5. I now come to my last conries, and the Greek Testament, sideration. The vacations are with the Greek grammar, not three times a-year. Three weeks taught in any of the under forms. at Christmas, when the king's On Thursdays, the boys turn Mar- scholars perform one of Terence's tial's Epigrams into long and short plays ; the same portion of time verses, and on Saturdays, do a verse at Whitsuntide, and five weeks at exercise from the Bible with the Bartholomewtide. It must be conrest of the upper school. In the fessed, there is here no waste of fifth, are read the same books, with time ; the boys being, moreover, the addition of the Greek epi- employed in long repetitions, and grammatists, some part of Homer holiday tasks, during the vacation. and Sallust. On Monday, a Latin The expenses of the boardingtheme, on Wednesday, an English houses are generally from thirty one, or an abridgment from some to thirty-five guineas per annum, prose author is read in the form ; and the utmost sum paid to the on Thurs<lays, they turn the odes masters is seven guineas. of Horace into another metre, I will now venture to
I will now venture to assert, generally into hexameters and pen- that no man can educate his son tameters ; on Saturdays, Bible at a private school in so inoderate exercise throughout the school. a manner, particularly if he be In the shell, the same course is sent to Westminster as a day. pursued,except, that the only Greek scholar. I have now made menauthor read, is Homer. In the tiori of all that occurs to me. I sixth and seventh, where the head should certainly, however, not have master presides, the higher Greek resisted this opportunity of dwelland Latin authors are all read ing on the strict and most exemsuch as Sophocles, Euripides, De- plary mode of religious education mosthenes, sometimes Aschylus : pursued at Westminster, but that Horace, Juvenal, Cicero, Livy, I can refer my readers to a much Sallust, &e. It would be tedious better account of it in the late Vinto run over all the books, and the dication of the Dean of Westmindifferent times when they are in- ster.
T. L. troduced ; it will be sufficient to add, that a boy who has passed
* Grotius merely serves as a peg. through the sixth form will find
The master takes this opportunity of no difficulty in any Latin or Greek
discussing the fundamental doctrines
of Christianity, and well-grounding the author whatever. Here the verse boys in thein. exercises are carried to the highest † The upper boys, in their turns, perfection, and a boy will produce, speak publickly in the school on every for his Saturday's Bible exercise,
Friday, sometimes in Latin, often in an alcaick ode, or thirty or forty, wlish poets.
Greek, more frequently from the Ensometimes a hundred hexameter Vol. III. No. 12,
For the Monthly Anthology.
TO THE MEMORY OF GEN. HENRY KNOX.
With all of nature's gift, and fortune's claim,
Yet wert thou blest. Ere age with chill delay
for the Mowhly Anthology.
BEND the misty brow of yonder hill,
Blest was his toil with crops of golden grain,
The storm blew bleak, and drifting fast the snow,