young man? And doth it not thew, good judges. Mediocrity is what that, at least, a great part of the disappoints them in their expecta. poet's design in writing this Epistle, tions, though it is not down-rightly FB to give salụtary and effectual bad. rice to his friend Piso ?

But I will venture to say, the ilThe principal argument our poet luftration of this maxim, in the lines vies to discourage Piso from persist. immediately following, is what the ing in his poelical pursuits, which French call outrée : lie therefore places in the front, is, Ut gratas inter menfas symphonia discors; that mediocrity in some things, and Et crassum unguentum ; fardo cum melk in some professions, is useful and papaver Faluable; but in poetry is good for

Offendunt ; poterat duci quia cæna fine iftis ; offendunt

Sic animis natum, inventumque poema juvandis, nothing:

Si paulum fummo deceffit, vergit ad imum, certis aediam ac tolerabile rebus

Which may be thus fairly paraReae concedi ..... Mediecribus elle poetis

phrased: “As, at an agreeable Nez bimizes, non di, non conceffere columna. feast, a wretched band of music,

coarse ointment, and bitter bad And therefore, if a poet produces

re; "t a poet produces fweer-meats, give disgust, because not a poem excellent in its kind, he the supper might have passed very not only loses his labour, but ex. well without any thing of that kind poses himself. But this maxim is at all; in like manner poetry, the to be understood so as to admit de- nature and design of which is to en. grees of excellence in poetry, even tertain and delight the mind, if it in the same kind. Though the an- falls remarkably short of excellence, cients agree in esteeming Homer the is good for little or nothing." Here, prince of epic poets, yet they al- though I fall by no means dispute lowed great poetical merit to Virgil's the truth of the conclusion, yet I Æneid. And Ovid, who has no maintain, that the fimile is not fairly mean opinion of himself, says,

conducted. Symphonia discors, craffum Quantum Virgilius magno conceffit Homero, unguentum, fardo cum melle papaver, Tantum ego Virgilio Naso poeta meo. are in themselves abominable, even Here are three degrees of excel

though they were not contrafted lence implied, and there at a confi. with gratæ menfa ; and yet here they derable distance from one another, are made to run parallel with a copy if the poet is supposed to speak of verses, which only paulum a summo sense: mediocrity is, then, what falls deceffit, without any disadvantageous short of excellence. Excellence in comparison. a poem is what gives pleasure to [To be concluded in our next.)


An Eastern T A L E. TN the neighbourhood of Mecca He had three sons, named AlmoI lived formerly an industrious raddin, Dogandar, and Hanif. These peasant, whose name was Aboucaf. he educated in a religious obser




The History of Almoraddin, Dogandar, and Hanif. British vince of all the precepts of the law: wishes are heard : I am a genie that they shared with him in all his la- presides over fortune, and will enbours, and, by their joint endea- gage to procure you the accomplishvours, they all four procured a sub- ment of your desires, if you do not sistence adequate to their desires. chuse to retract them, as mortals Aboucaf, when he was dying, called often' wish for what, in the end, his three sons to his bedside, and proves the cause of their destrucaddressed them in the following tion.” The three brothers perseterms: “ My fons, live in constant vering in their wishes, the genie preunion, and cultivate with care the sented to each of them a talisman, farm which I leave you : it will whereon were engraved certain maabundantly supply you with all the gic characters, and bid them repair necessaries of life. Let the book to Bagdad. Almoraddin had not of Glory be the chief study and de- long resided there, till, by virtue of light of your souls, and the chief the talisman he had received from object of your attention : in all the the genie, he attracted the notice of various casualties of life depend up- the caliph Haroun-Alraschid, and on it alone. My life draws near its was by him fent to govern a distant end: I already behold the angel of province, which being attacked by death approach.-Farewel: remem- the Tartars, he defended it bravely, ber the advice I have given :-adore and repulfed them with great slaugh. the great Creator of the universe, ter. This raised the jealousy of the and revere Mahomet his prophet.” vizir, who afterwards found means Having uttered these words, he ex- to persuade the caliph, that the inpired, and his sons buried him with tention of Almoraddin was to make true filial piety.

himself a party, and shake off the For some time they followed the yoke of obedience. Hereupon Ha. wife advice which he had given roun-Alraschid, who was extremely them: but one day, as they were at jealous of his authority, sent for work in their fari, a question was him to Bagdad, and, without hearagitated amongst them, which gave ing him speak in his own defence, occasion to all the misfortunes that caused him to be beheaded. afterwards befel them. The dispute Dogandar, after having acquired was concerning what was most de- great riches by commerce, at last sirable, and what should be the firtt perished in a voyage which he made wish of each. Almoraddin, as he in quest of new gair.. was of an aspiring temper, declared The fate of Hanif was, perhaps, that power was the chief object of more wretched than that of either his desires: Dogandar, who was of of his brothers. He married the 2 inore fordid turn of mind, owned beauteons Roufchen, and for some that his wishes concentered in the time their felicity was mutual and parfeffion of wealth; and Hanif extreme. But the fiend jealousy, fighed for the enjoyment of beauty. which so often changes the happiNo fooner were these different wishes ness of lovers into bitterness, at last Yttered, but a genie appeared to put an end to their bliss. them, and addrelled them as fol- ' One of the chief persons of the lows: “ Sons of Aboucaf, your court of Bagdad, named Oglouf

Kan, Kan, having seen Rouschen, and tire from his wife, fell upon her in being enchanted with her beauty, a transport of rage, plunged a dagfound means, by corrupting the ger in her breast, and immediately faves of Hanif, to procure several after stabbed himself in despair. interviews with his wife, who, daz. Thus did these three brothers zled by his elevated station, forgot owe their ruin to the completion of her fidelity to her husband. Hanif, their wishes. having one day seen Oglouf-Kan re

There is such a mixture of extravagance and sagacity in the following Letter,

that we shall give it in the very words of our correspondent, not doubting but it will be remarkably acceptable 10 the reader.

To the Authors of the BRITISH MAGAZINE.


wencher and abandoned prostitute, W Hatever risque I may run of the wiser and better part of man

V being thought a fool, a vi. kind would perhaps think the subfionary, or something worse, in com- ject of little consequence to the municating the following hints, 1 commonwealth: yet, even in that am contented to hazard my charac- case, on a fair scrutiny, the punishter with the public, for the small ment might be found too severe for chance of being able to do some the offence; but when we look good in my day and generation. I round this metropolis, and contemhave often reflected, with that con- plate the miserable objects that incern which a humane being must herit incurable ailments, both of feel for the miseries of his fellow. body and of mind, from parents creatures, upon the havock which whose constitutions were thattered hath been, and daily is, made among by pox and salivation; when we see the race of men, by that peftilen- so many noble and opulent families tial curse upon unlawful pleasure, represented by a set of wheezing, distinguished by the name of the sniveling, waddling, limping, pale, venereal distemper. One would be diseased, dejected, puny wretches, apt to imagine, that it flowed from that seem to have been cobbled by the immediate vengeance of heaven, Nature's worst journeymen ; when denounced against the sons and we reflect upon the progeny that daughters of vice, riot, and debauche- must be produced by these valetudiry, if we did not know that more narians, additionally debilitated by yitious times, and more profligate the consequences of their own de. nations than any now existing on bauchery, and behold with whar the face of the earth, were wholly eagerness even the inferior classes of exempted from this baleful disease; mankind adopt the dissolute man. and that its fatal consequences are ners of their superiors; we cannot extended to the innocent as well as help fearing, that, in a few generato the guilty. Indeed, if its effe&ts tions, pofterity will degenerate into were confined to the incorrigible a species of animals for which there

is now no name, and of which the first appearance o rtog.on, let her most creative fancy can form no be secluded on her fellows, and distina idea.

put under the direction of an able Were it possible for a man to and boceil lorgroo, who will do her reach the fabled age of Nestor, he juilis. Às a further cienk upon might meet with some of his own both sie this trisick, let the descendants in the shapes of inovir. DIOCET in co? hij in one's conwens, and warts, and polypufteatiteko urrier a contain penalty, to and see the boasted masters of the be passed on the ratio ofre fufferer; globe deprived of every lineament and the gallant pay fo: the cure which now helps to constitute the of the direale which he has commuhuman face divine. Who can fore- nicated, on being convited by the fee this calamitous degeneracy, with evidence of the procurer and furout feeling an emotion of tender- geon. ness and pity; without conceiving a This expedient is at best but a with, that fome effectual method palliative, and may be condemned might be taken for the prevention as a scandalous .connivance at vice of such evils, that seem to threaten and debauchery, which I would by even the total extinction of the spe- no means be thought to encourage, cies?

though it might be easily proved, I have often thought that the that such connivance is a necessary ravages made by the venereal dif- evil. I shall therefore propose an. teir per might be, in a great mea- other scheme, which, though appasure, prevented by subjecting the stews rently gigantic, is, I apprehend, not to proper regulations, established impracticable, for the total and final by the legislature, as they were for- expulsion of this plague from the merly in this, and still are in many islands of Great Britain and Ireland : other civilized countries. Even with a scheme which, though it may exout such authority, I conceive, the cite the mirth and ridicule of little master or mistress of a brothel might wits, will one day, I hope, attract acquire a great fortune, and at the the notice and engage the attention same time remarkably conduce to of the legislature. Let the parliathe welfare of the community, by ment enact a law, that, after a cesexercising their occupation in an tain day, every person found infected intelligent and conscientious man- with the venereal diftemper fall ner, Let him, for example, enter- be deemed guilty of felony, without tain in his house a certain number benefit of clergy, voless the case of agreeable curtezans, of whose falls within the following excephealth and sobriety he is assured. tions: That no person may plead Let every voluptuary, who desires to poverty as an excuse, let hospitals have commerce with one of these be opened at the expence of the creatures, pay for his pleasure a public for the reception and cure of price sufficient to indemnify her paupers, whose private circumstances master for a subsequent vacation, cannot afford proper medicines and during which the may be certain attendance : Let officers of health whether or not she has received an be established at all the fea-ports, injury from her gallant. Upon the under the direction of surgeons,


public char pence; if mitances, a certificat medicine rive

#bo shall examine all persons that they give notice, upon oath, to the arrive froin abroad in any part of magistrates appointed to take coge Great Britain or Ireland, who mall nizance of such affairs, and forth. receive certificates of health, if free with subject themselves to a regular from the distemper; or, if other- course of medicine, so as to obtaia wife, be confined until they are a certificate of health. cured, if in good circumstances, at Many objections may, no doubt, their own expence; if poor, at the be started to these crude hints, public charge. Those who have which I propose only as the ourrun any risque of contracting the lines of a plan to be properly and diftemper abroad, though perhaps maturely digested: but where is the it may not have appeared at their scheme, against which plausible obfirft arrival in England, will, for jections may not be offered ? Per.' their own fakes, abstain from any haps such a scheme as I have been venereal commerce for a certain sketching, might not answer the length of time, that they may be purpose in its full extent; neverthecertain of their being uninfected : less, it would certainly reduce the but, thould any symptoms appear Hydra to such a languishing state, during this recess, they shall apply that the breed of men would be to the officers of health, make af- considerably mended, before it could fidavit of the case, and put them- retrieve strength enough to do much felves immediately under the pro- mischief. Nay, I am fully conper regimen ; and, upon a certifivinced in my own mind, that the cate of the case and cure, be deem- venereal diftemper, if not totally ed exempted from all penalty. The extinguished by the vigorous exefame exemption may be pleaded in cution of such a law, might be so favour of those who, after having far subdued, considering the adundergone the regimen prescribed vantage of our insular situation, de by law, hall be found incurable ; tached from all our neighbours, and provided they never attempt to this worst plague of Pandora's box communicate the disease in the se- might be always kept in such a stare quel. The like indulgence should of subjection and debility, that it be thewn to those who can prove would never afterwards have any that the disorder has lurked in their hereditary effect upon the rising geconftitutions longer than the time neration of Britons.. of vacation prescribed, provided

The Fatal Mistake; or, the History of PHILANDER and ASPASIA.

To the Authors of the British Magazine. GENTLEMEN,

discord in families, misunderstanda L ASTY and precipitate judg- ings amongit friends, and miscarIT ments have often been pro- tiages in economy and the manageductive of the greateft misfortunes: ment of domestic affairs. The truth from them has frequently sprung of this assertion will appear abun


« 前へ次へ »